Sophie Boutillier

Sophie Boutillier
Université du Littoral Côte d'Opale (ULCO) | ULCO · Département d'Economie-Gestion

About

144
Publications
19,192
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
414
Citations
Introduction
Skills and Expertise

Publications

Publications (144)
Article
Since its discovery in the late 18th century and mass production in the early 20th century, titanium dioxide has been used in a wide range of applications like paints, cosmetics, energy storage, photocatalysis and food. The questioning of its use as a food additive (E171 in Europe) is mainly linked to the presence of nanoparticles whereas it should...
Article
The territorial footprint of coworking The years late 2000s have been witnessed of the development of co-working approaches in large cities (San Francisco, Paris, Barcelona, etc.). Such co-working spaces promote an alternative working approach based on creative and collaborative way. This phenomenon quickly spreads to many countries. In many depres...
Article
This article studies the current controversy about the food additive titanium dioxide (E171), marked by the French decision to temporarily suspend the placing on the market of foodstuffs containing it, beginning on January 1st 2020. It aims to understand the scientific and technological content of the controversy, which implies a better assessment...
Article
Full-text available
Les articles publiés dans ce numéro d’Innovations présentent des études de cas d’espaces de coworking, fablabs et living labs dans différentes régions françaises (la région Parisienne, la Bretagne, le Lyonnais, la région Sud) et en Afrique francophone. Les auteurs s’interrogent sur l’articulation des espaces de coworking étudiés avec le territoire...
Article
Full-text available
The objective of this paper is to analyze the capacity of the small entrepreneur to innovate and especially eco-innovations. The entrepreneur is a social agent embedded in a given territory and a local community (work, family, school, and so on) from which he is identified by three types of resources: knowledge, financial, and social resources; we...
Article
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to study the nature of the relationship between the entrepreneur and the banker, which is central to any analysis of business creation and innovation management. The author’s main purpose is to understand how this relationship has been studied by the pioneer economists of the entrepreneur and to highlight their...
Cover Page
Full-text available
Do digital technologies contribute to the reorganization of work? Does the decentralization of individual, creative and innovative activities herald a new mode or models of production? What are the economic and societal challenges for creative individuals, for the entrepreneur, for the organization, or even for society in terms of improving social...
Cover Page
Full-text available
Appel à contributions - Numéro thématique - Revue INNOVATIONS Espaces de coworking, fab labs, living labs, makerspaces… les nouvelles formes d'organisation du travail créatif : objectifs et défis Editeur(s) invité(s) : Sophie Boutillier, Université du Littoral-Côte d’Opale Ignasi Capdevila, PSB Paris School of Business Laure Morel, Université de...
Article
Full-text available
For over twenty years, coworking has been become a world phenomenon. It is analyzed as a revolution such as the Taylorist revolution at the beginning of the 20th century. Form of collaborative work, thanks to digital technologies, coworking transforms radically work organization. Workers are more autonomous and creative. Nevertheless, the reality i...
Chapter
The invention of dynamite in 1867 and that of gelignite in 1875 by Alfred Nobel are two examples of invention that would be due to chance. Born into a family of industrialists, Nobel, like many historical entrepreneurs, was born into the corporate world where he learned the professions of both chemist and entrepreneur. Nobel, a Lutheran free thinke...
Chapter
The resources potential has been established as an attempt to face the difficulty that neoclassical economists experience in trying to define with precision entrepreneurs and their modernizing effect on the economy, especially by building on Granovetter and Aldrich's contributions. This chapter defines innovative entrepreneurs based on the major ec...
Article
The objective of this paper is to study the supply side of the silver market, which is usually neglected by research on this topic. Adopting a systemic approach to innovation, our main goals are to identify the nature of the innovations developed, the way innovations are created, and the issues related to their emergence and diffusion. Our research...
Article
Full-text available
Innovation is indeed at the heart of our ability to cope with climate change in many sectors such as energy, transport, construction, insurance, health, water or agriculture. But what are the characteristics, the conditions and the expected impacts of these innovations, which can be technological, organizational or social? How are they effectively...
Book
Innovation is, indeed, at the heart of our ability to cope with climate change in many sectors such as energy, transport, construction, insurance, health, water or agriculture. But what are the characteristics, the conditions and the expected impacts of these innovations, which can be technological, organizational or social? How are they effectivel...
Book
This book presents the economic theories with regards to the entrepreneur of yesterday and those of more recent years, on which issue research has been developing exponentially since the last third of the 20th Century. Much of this book will be devoted to contemporary theories. This presentation of economic theories of the entrepreneur leads us to...
Chapter
Quantifying entrepreneurship means having a better understanding of its impact on the economic environment, first and foremost in terms of the creation of activities and jobs; it also facilitates understanding and analysis of an economic fabric. Quantifying entrepreneurship is, however, necessary if we want to get a sense of the phenomenon and guid...
Chapter
Since the beginning of the 1980s, business creation has been an extremely important economic and social issue. The term &;#x00027;entrepreneur&;#x00027; not only refers to the creator, owner and manager of a business, but also to the project leader of a business. To define the entrepreneur, two problems relating to the behavior of economic agents m...
Chapter
Between 1945 and 1975, the theory of the entrepreneur was sidelined in favor of the theory of managerial capitalism, which stems from Schumpeter's analysis in Capitalism, Socialism and Democracy. Ronald Coase plays dialectically on the relationship between the firm and the market. In an article published in 1968, William Baumol openly placed himsel...
Chapter
Entrepreneurs are mainly found in the industrial sector, a transformative field by definition. Before the first Industrial Revolution, an entrepreneur was not a trader or a manufacturer, but more generally someone who took an economic risk. An entrepreneur was first and foremost a merchant. This chapter talks about the structural changes to the eco...
Chapter
To escape the straightjacket of the “economy of the Prince”, Richard Cantillon looked to the entrepreneur, distinguishing between those with certain and uncertain incomes and placing the entrepreneur in the second category. Adam Smith emphasized the individual and the competitive relationship in The Wealth of Nations. Like Jean-Baptiste Say, Turgot...
Article
Full-text available
The Theory of the Entrepreneur, Its Evolution and Its Contextualization Few economists have considered that the entrepreneur is at the center of the global dynamics of capitalism, which is more important than the economic actor itself. Nevertheless, three economists, Cantillon, Say, and Schumpeter, have developed an analysis where the entrepreneur...
Article
Economics becomes a science at the end of the 18th century with the Classical and Physiocratic schools. These both schools of thinking consider the market as the ideal form of the economic activity and they did not analyze the problem of depletion of natural resources. Work and trade are at the heart of the wealth of nations. Nevertheless, pollutio...
Chapter
The degree of density or business concentration, socio-productive profiles or even contiguity phenomena are as much factors which carry weight in relation to territorial performance. This chapter concerns with phenomena relating to the diversity of trajectories for territorial development, emphasizing the role of coordination methods for the variou...
Chapter
To analyze the internal operation of entrepreneurial ecosystems and to show the overall architecture of it, this chapter bridges the two fields of economic analysis which generally remain separate. On the one hand, the authors use works from industrial economics, and more particularly the economics of the firm, to pinpoint the determinants of growt...
Chapter
Economic thinking, which has developed gradually over the centuries, places more emphasis on the aim of studying the economic actors than their actual geographical environment. This chapter presents a short assessment of territorial economics. It shows that the territorial aspect of economic development has not followed a lineal course from ignoran...
Article
What is a sustainable entrepreneurial territory ? To analyze the dynamics of innovation in industrial areas where conversion ensues from the development of activities related to environment and sustainable development, the researcher has to answer to several crucial questions : How to define innovative entrepreneurship ? How to promote ecoinnovativ...
Book
In today's rapidly changing business landscape, entrepreneurship is growing and actively promoted by policy makers. Several reports explore the influence of entrepreneurship on the economy and put some emphasis on its positive influence GDP per capita, unemployment and exports. However, entrepreneurship does not go per se and it is now broadly admi...
Article
Entrepreneurship, as an academic field of research, is relatively recent. Nevertheless since the beginning of the First Industrial Revolution, economists have been interested in the entrepreneur, who symbolizes the change towards a new techno-economic trajectory characterized by the development of mass production and the economy of change. This pap...
Article
The first industrial revolution (expression always in debate) is generally analyzed as the result of a quick and sudden increase of the number of large industrial enterprises. Nevertheless, a more detailed study shows that the evolution was slower and also that the number of small and medium enterprises has increased very quickly. The aim of this a...
Article
From the salaried society to the entrepreneurial society towards new job creation models. A critical analysis To face the increase of unemployment, the governments in industrialized and developing countries have developed public policies to promote business creation. The salaried society, which is based on the stable mass employment, has been repla...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this conceptual paper is to study the origin of the entrepreneur's function. We examine the construction of the entrepreneur's ‘resource potential’ (the set of knowledge, relations and financial resources gathered together by the entrepreneur) and the role of the socio-economic background in this matter. The ‘organic square of entreprene...
Book
L’innovation ou l’introduction de toutes sortes de nouveautés dans l’économie, devient un réel sujet d’étude dans la seconde partie du 20e siècle et, à partir des années 1970, s’immisce dans les cursus universitaires d’économie, de management, de sociologie, d’ingénierie, etc. L’innovation constitue l’intersection de trois thématiques clés : la cro...
Article
Is the entrepreneur an innovator or simply an economic agent who creates his own job? The response varies according to the historical context. In a context of economic growth, the entrepreneur is for the majority of economists an innovator but in periods of crisis, he is no more a hero. The aim of this paper is not to present an exhaustive analysis...
Article
The Historical Footprint of the Theory of the Entrepreneur : Learning from Jean-Baptiste Say’s and Joseph Aloïs Schumpeter’s Analysis Jean-Baptiste Say and Joseph Aloïs Schumpeter are two key-economists in the theory of the entrepreneur. Both assigned to the entrepreneur the role of an economic engine, moved by innovation. Moreover, both lived in p...
Article
Schumpeter invented the entrepreneur to conceptualize the innovation act that the model of pure economy of Walras was unable to explain. In doing so, he converged to Marx. Walras and Marx, marked the work of Schumpeter. Admiring the one and the other, Schumpeter aimed to go further. On the one hand, in Schumpeter's work, the entrepreneur remains an...
Article
Historical entrepreneurs in the luxury industry and permanent innovation While the history of luxury, as a craft activity, is a very long one, the luxury goods industry as we currently know it, is relatively young. At the end of the 19th century some entrepreneurs created a new industrial logic focused on luxury goods. Nicole-Barbe Ponsardin-Cliquo...
Article
The 1929 crisis or the unlearned lesson of History Between the two World Wars, the 1929 crisis has been perceived as being the consequence of the First World War and the Second World as the solution to the 1929 crisis. It remains today the most severe economic and financial crisis, and each crisis is an opportunity to compare to this crisis. If eac...
Article
Full-text available
Schumpeter invented the entrepreneur to conceptualize the innovation act that the model of pure economy of Walras was unable to explain. In doing so, he converged to Marx. In this paper, we propose to come back to the two nodal economists, Walras and Marx, who marked the work of Schumpeter. Admiring the work of the one and of the other, Schumpeter...
Article
The subject of this paper is studied in the context of the evolutions of enterprises’ strategies towards the contribution to a dematerialized economic growth able to respond to ecological and social issues at the territorial level. Contributing to the debate on the possible responses to the ecological, economic, financial or energy crisis, we analy...
Article
Full-text available
Network or open innovation is not fundamentally new phenomenon. The paper examines the major determinants of the globalization of firms’ R&D by referring to the Evolutionist Theory, which stresses the fact that the accumulation of knowledge is a means of innovation and is the basis of the transformation of firms’ structures. The aim is to develop a...
Book
Alors que dans le monde entier l’utilisation des ressources naturelles ne cesse de croître et l’environnement de se dégrader, les économistes,les managers et les politiques s’inquiètent avant tout de la perte de compétitivité de leurs entreprises et de leurs économies. Ils focalisent aussi leur attention sur les performances financières des système...
Article
Full-text available
Depuis la nuit des temps, le travail est synonyme de torture et de contrainte dans nombre de sociétés humaines. Chez les Grecs de l'antiquité il était réservé aux esclaves. Symbolisé par des activités généralement manuelles, le travail engendrait aussi une forme de dégradation physique, à l'image d'Héphaïstos, dieu des forgerons et des artisans dan...
Article
The persistence of small enterprises: test analysis using the theories of the firm and of the entrepreneur What have been the rule and the place of small enterprises in industrialized countries since the late 19th century? Are they a relic of the past, an area of innovation or are they an opportunity of employment in a period of high unemployment?...
Article
Full-text available
De l'économie sociale à l'économie populaire solidaire via l'économie solidaire. Quelles leçons tirer du social business ? Telle est la question retenue par Abdourahmane Ndiaye et Sophie Boutillier pour entrer dans la controverse conceptuelle et théorique de l'ESS. Ils tiennent à distinguer " économie sociale " née en Europe à la fin du XIXe siècle...
Article
Full-text available
La nature systémique des relations qui caractérisent un milieu économique et social explique en effet ce qui favorise ou non l’acte d’innover. Seulement, doit-on réduire l’innovation, produit du milieu, aux seuls échanges inter-individuels débouchant sur une nouvelle combinaison productive ? Résulte-t-elle uniquement d’une organisation spécifique d...
Article
Full-text available
Pendant les années 1960-1970, pour les pays industrialisés et en développement une économie moderne était une économie de grandes entreprises. Dans les pays en développement plus particulièrement, les grandes entreprises étaient soit des entreprises publiques, soit des multinationales. Les petites et moyennes entreprises étaient considérées comme d...
Article
Les dynamiques migratoires féminines s’inscrivent dans un contexte marqué par ce que certains ont appelé, les migrations mondialisées (Le Bras, Lang, 2006) Si dans le passé, les femmes migraient en tant qu’épouses, aujourd’hui, les migrations féminines africaines s’inscrivent dans des logiques individuelles et d’entraide familiale. Les femmes migra...
Article
Nous exposons dans ce texte notre méthodologie pour l’étude de l’entreprise artisanale ou de la très petite entreprise. Cette méthodologie est construite sur deux binômes grande entreprise / entreprise artisanale et entrepreneur générique / entrepreneur-artisan. L’économie des pays industriels est fondée sur la grande entreprise (entreprise fordist...
Article
Since the beginning of the 1990’s, the social entrepreneur has become a fundamental actor within capitalism. But, what is a social entrepreneur, one must ask? The question is debated and defies consensus. Is an entrepreneur social because he founds a nonprofit enterprise? If so, then how can he live in the free market economy? Alternately, is the e...
Article
Full-text available
Ce document de travail retrace l’évolution de la création d’entreprises à Dunkerque entre 1993 et 2005, selon le concept du potentiel de ressources de l’entrepreneur. Alors que la grande industrie s’était développée à Dunkerque depuis les années 1960 avec le soutien de l’Etat, les stratégies de création d’entreprises répondent actuellement au besoi...
Article
L'objectif de l'ouvrage est d'analyser les transformations économiques et politiques engendrées par les réformes politiques et sociales des années 1990 pour dessiner un système économique nouveau. Depuis 1991, l'économie russe est entrée dans une période de transformation d'une économie planifiée à une économie de marché. Ce processus a des conséqu...
Article
Entrepreneurs have been at the centre of economists’ concerns and public policies since the beginning of the 1980s in capitalist economies. Entrepreneur in the contemporary economy is a socialized entrepreneur because he develops his activity in a particular economic environment which is structured by big firms (the network firms) and the directive...
Article
Full-text available
La investigaci�n pretende evaluar las grandes tendencias internacionales de la evoluci�n del empleo asalariado en el sector industrial, manufacturero, a partir de los datos de La Organizaci�n Internacional del Trabajo OIT, en el per�odo de 1985-2007; a fin de demostrar que pese a las grandes diferencias entre los niveles de desarrollo de los pa�ses...
Article
A partir de l’enquête réalisée en 2005 sur la création d’entreprises à Dunkerque, nous avons analysé les résultats en distinguant trois profils d’entrepreneur: entrepreneur technologique, entrepreneur de proximité et entrepreneur traditionnel en fonction de leur potentiel de ressources (capital financier, capital connaissance et capital social). Le...
Article
Full-text available
La responsabilité sociale des entreprises a été développée dans les grandes entreprises dans les années 1950 avec les travaux de H. Bowen sur la responsabilité du dirigeant. Depuis les années 1990, le développement durable est le nouvel objectif à atteindre: efficacité économique, éthique sociale et respect de l’environnement. Au niveau de l’entrep...
Article
en France, seulement 30% des entreprises sont créées par des femmes. 68 entrepreneures ont été interrogées en 2006 à Dunkerque à partir du concept du potentiel de ressources afin de définir les raisons (indépendance, chômage, innovation, etc.) qui les ont amenées à créer leur entreprise et comment elles ont réuni les ressources nécessaires pour y p...
Article
About 30 percent of new enterprises founded in France today are founded by women. This article presents the main conclusions of a case study that occurred in Dunkirk (in the North of France) in 2006. Sixty-eight women entrepreneurs were interviewed to learn their motivations: Were their enterprises started primarily to create businesses, or were th...
Article
Full-text available
Entrepreneurial society emerged particularly in the early 1980’s, characterized by the development of individual initiative including the founding of new businesses in high tech areas, and social areas, also. Social entrepreneurs have developed programs oriented toward market segments that are not served adequately by either the free market or the...
Chapter
The genesis and diffusion of innovation depends upon the density of the cognitive and market relationships among individuals, organisations and institutions at both the micro- and macro-economic level. By addressing the nature of these relationships, which include cooperation, competition and power, this book presents an important and progressive e...
Chapter
Entrepreneurs have been at centre of economists’ concerns and public policies since the beginning of the 1980s. This fact is relatively new. Since the end of the Second World War, the paradigm of the big company has prevailed. A paradigm (Kuhn, 1983) is defined as a set of interrogations, assumptions and responses starting from which a given realit...
Article
Full-text available
La crise économique des années 1970 a provoqué dans les pays industrialisés et en développement des bouleversements économiques, sociaux, technologiques et politiques très importants. Le modèle économique de l’après guerre est face à ses limites. La reconstruction est achevée. Les besoins solvables que l’entreprise fordiste pouvait offrir sont satu...
Article
Full-text available
L’entrepreneur est une question théorique majeure. J. A. Schumpeter le définit comme l’agent économique qui réalise de nouvelles combinaisons de facteurs de production. L’entrepreneur est défini par l’acte d’innovation. Nous concevons la théorie de l’entrepreneur de Schumpeter comme une métaphore : l’entrepreneur schumpétérien apporte une explicati...
Article
Full-text available
L’entrepreneur est-il un innovateur ou plus simplement un agent économique qui crée son emploi ? La réponse que les économistes ont apportée à cette question est en grande partie déterminée par le contexte historique. Dans un contexte de croissance économique, l’entrepreneur est pour une majorité d’économistes un innovateur. En revanche, en période...
Article
Full-text available
Pendant la crise des années 1930, l’idée fondamentale de J. M. Keynes est de soutenir la demande pour créer des marchés. Aider les pauvres, c’est aider le capitalisme ! Les années de croissance 1950-1970 en ont bénéficié. La crise économique des années remet en cause ce schéma d’intervention, en raison de l’intensification de la concurrence interna...
Article
The place of the women in research : training and production and valorization of knowledge This paper questions the place of the women at the University by replaçant it in one historical prospect. Through portrait of scientific women, the authors show how they had to remain a long time in clandestinity in order to continue their research. Higher st...
Article
Full-text available
Comment expliquer l’augmentation des créations d’entreprises ? Le profit ? L’innovation technologique ? Une part très importante de la population, qualifiée et non qualifiée, est confrontée au chômage. Crise économique et crise de l’Etat social, les responsables politiques ont fait de la création d’entreprises un instrument de lutte contre le chôma...
Article
Les relations entre les institutions du savoir (universités, centres de recherche publics ou privés) et les femmes ont toujours été difficiles : accès à l’éducation et reconnaissance d’une production de savoirs scientifiques (publications, manifestations scientifiques, carrière professionnelle). Pour accéder et participer à la production de savoirs...