Soora Naresh Kumar

Soora Naresh Kumar
Indian Agricultural Research Institute | IARI · Centre for Environment Science and Climate Resilient Agriculture

PhD

About

112
Publications
69,826
Reads
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5,734
Citations
Introduction
Additional affiliations
August 2008 - present
Indian Agricultural Research Institute
Position
  • Principal Investigator
September 1995 - August 2008
Central Plantation Crops Research Institute
Position
  • Senior Researcher

Publications

Publications (112)
Article
This study involves the effects of gradient ambient air pollutants on wheat cultivars (HD2967 and HD3086) that are grown on farmers’ fields located in 8 villages, namely - Jamuha, Singanpur, Parwaha, Bahadurpur, Jawaharpur, Ghasa Ka Purwa, Hajiyapur, and Murhi which are present in the vicinity of the Thermal Power Plant (TPP) at Auraiya. The pres...
Article
Climate change affects nitrogen dynamics in crops and diazotrophic microorganisms with carbon dioxide (CO2) sequestering potential such as cyanobacteria can be promising options. The interactions of three cyanobacterial formulations (Anabaena laxa, Calothrix elenkinii and Anabaena torulosa–Bradyrhizobium japonicum biofilm) on plant and soil nitroge...
Article
This study investigates the spatio-temporal changes in maize yield under projected climate and identified the potential adaptation measures to reduce the negative impact. Future climate data derived from 30 general circulation models were used to assess the impact of future climate on yield in 16 major maize growing districts of India. DSSAT model...
Article
CONTEXT An accurate crop yield forecast with sufficient lead time is critical for various applications, such as crop management, resources mobilization, agri-commodity trading, crop insurance, etc. Accurate yield forecasting well ahead of harvest at field scale with minimal field input data remains a challenge. OBJECTIVE This study aimed to develo...
Article
Full-text available
An experiment was conducted by growing Pusa 44 rice (Oryza sativa L.) variety under different treatments: Ambient, Elevated O 3 (EO 3 : 60 ± 10 ppb), Elevated CO 2 (ECO 2 : 550 ± 10 ppm) and Elevated CO 2 and O 3 (550 ± 10 ppm CO 2 and 60 ± 10 ppb EO 3) in free air carbon dioxide and ozone enrichment facility (FACE-O 3) with the objective to assess...
Article
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Present experiment was conducted (2015-16 and 2016-17) comprising different levels of water stress and environmental conditions for the model parametrization and validation of Info Crop-wheat v2.1 model. The model was calibrated and validated for popular wheat variety HD-2967 under semi-arid environmental conditions. The important genetic coefficie...
Article
Global and regional climate models are reported to have inherent bias in simulating the observed climatology of a region. This bias of climate models is the major source of uncertainties in climate change impact assessments. Therefore, use of bias corrected simulated climate data is important. In this study, the bias corrected climate data for 30 y...
Article
Soil organic matter dynamics in terrestrial ecosystems are controlled by complex interactions between various factors such as climate, soil, and agricultural management practices. We utilized a process-based crop model, APSIM, to simulate long-term soil organic carbon (SOC) dynamics for a soybean-wheat cropping system under nitrogen (N) and farmyar...
Article
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Extreme temperature events derived from the global climate models (GCMs) are used for climate change impact studies in several sectors, especially in agriculture. Reducing the uncertainty in simulated crop yields based on extreme temperatures is an important task for reliable and relevant adaptation decisions. This study compared the performance of...
Article
Evaluation of crop simulation model for growth and development of crops at farmers' field is uncommon, as large variability exists in management practices at farmers' fields. The present study was attempted to evaluate the suitability of the InfoCrop v2.1 model for prediction of growth, development, and yield of the wheat crop at farmers' fields us...
Article
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Climate scenarios derived from the global climate models (GCMs) are used for climate change impact studies in several sectors including agriculture, hydrological, and health. Globally, more than 50 climate models exist and choosing suitable models based on reproducibility of observed weather for a study region is a challenging task. This step is im...
Chapter
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Climate change, a key global environmental issue of the day, refers to the gradual increase in temperature of the Earth’s atmosphere. It is believed to be caused by the increase in atmospheric concentration of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases (GHGs). Concerned by the serious consequences of anthropogenic climate change, several global init...
Chapter
Food processing is a major thriving industry globally and provides livelihood to millions of workers. Food processing is an energy intensive process and often has an impact on the environment which remains undiagnosed and hence not quantified. Food processing industry comprises the organized as well as unorganized sector with varying levels of ener...
Article
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Conservation agriculture has multiple benefits. Research on this aspect may be emphasized; awareness among the farmers to be created and large scale adoption can be promoted. A study was conducted on rice (cultivar Pusa Sugandh 5) under rice-wheat cropping system at IARI farm, New Delhi, during the kharif season of 2017 with conventional (transplan...
Article
Efforts to limit global warming to below 2°C in relation to the pre‐industrial level are under way, in accordance with the 2015 Paris Agreement. However, most impact research on agriculture to date has focused on impacts of warming >2°C on mean crop yields, and many previous studies did not focus sufficiently on extreme events and yield interannual...
Article
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Wheat grain protein concentration is an important determinant of wheat quality for human nutrition that is often overlooked in efforts to improve crop production. We tested and applied a 32‐multi‐model ensemble to simulate global wheat yield and quality in a changing climate. Potential benefits of elevated atmospheric CO2 concentration by 2050 on g...
Article
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ABSTARCT Potato is the major cash crop of West Bengal widely grown on fertile land of Indo Gangetic plains. Being heat sensitive temperature is the only yield limiting factor under well irrigated and fertilized condition for crop. Therefore, the challenges that climate variability causes to crop productivity, require precise tools to predict the re...
Article
A recent innovation in assessment of climate change impact on agricultural production has been to use crop multi model ensembles (MMEs). These studies usually find large variability between individual models but that the ensemble mean (e‐mean) and median (e‐median) often seem to predict quite well. However few studies have specifically been concern...
Article
Solar UV radiation reaching the Earth's surface is known to have various effects on human health and on the ecosystem. Ground-based measurements of surface UV radiation are spatially sparse and in many cases do not provide long time series. Higher spatial coverage can be provided by measurements from satellite based instruments, but these measureme...
Article
The study presents the first experimental evidence of the effects of atmospheric particulate matter (PM) deposition on two basmati (scented) rice varieties [Pusa Basmati-1509 (PB-1509) and Pusa Sugandh-5 (PS-5)] grown in Indo-Gangetic Plains (IGP) of India. Atmospheric PM load at the experimental site during rice crop growth period (August–November...
Article
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The data set reported here includes the part of a Hot Serial Cereal Experiment (HSC) experiment recently used in the AgMIP-Wheat project to analyze the uncertainty of 30 wheat models and quantify their response to temperature. The HSC experiment was conducted in an open-field in a semiarid environment in the southwest USA. The data reported herewit...
Preprint
Nendel 38 | Jørgen Eivind Olesen 37 | Taru Palosuo 44 | John R. Porter 42,45,46 | Eckart Priesack 39 | Dominique Ripoche 47 | Mikhail A. Semenov 48 | Claudio Stöckle 17 | Pierre Stratonovitch 48 | Thilo Streck 33 | Iwan Supit 49 | Fulu Tao 50,44
Chapter
Coconut palms are grown in diverse environments in different tropical regions of the world. Palms experience several cycles of different stresses during their life period and respond to external factors at morphological, anatomical, physiological, biochemical and molecular levels. Significant developments are made in unravelling the physiological a...
Article
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The CO2 fertilization effect is a major source of uncertainty in crop models for future yield forecasts, but coordinated efforts to determine the mechanisms of this uncertainty have been lacking. Here, we studied causes of uncertainty among 16 crop models in predicting rice yield in response to elevated [CO2] (E-[CO2]) by comparison to free-air CO2...
Article
Full-text available
Nature Plants 3, 17102 (2017); published online 17 July 2017; corrected online 27 September 2017.
Conference Paper
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Data mining techniques are widely used to analyze the large amount of data. Classification is an important technique which classifies data of various real world applications. This paper aims to compare the performance of classification algorithms for weather data using Waikato Environment for Knowledge Analysis (WEKA). Performance analysis done usi...
Article
Increasing the accuracy of crop productivity estimates is a key element in planning adaptation strategies to ensure global food security under climate change. Process-based crop models are effective means to project climate impact on crop yield, but have large uncertainty in yield simulations. Here, we show that variations in the mathematical funct...
Article
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Assessing disease risk has become an important component in the development of climate change adaptation strategies. Here, the infection ability of leaf blast (Magnaporthe oryzae) was modeled based on the epidemiological parameters of minimum (Tmin), optimum (Topt), and maximum (Tmax) temperatures for sporulation and lesion development. An infectio...
Article
A field experiment was conducted during winter (rabi) season of 2014-15 and 2015-16 at IARI, New Delhi to evaluate the performance of wheat varieties exposed to unseasonal extreme rainfall and wind stress. Six wheat varieties differing in duration, viz. two short duration (K 9423, K 7903), two medium (WR 544, HD2985) and two long duration (HD 2967,...
Article
Transitory starch plays a vital role in maintenance respiration as its degradation products provide substrate for the night respiration. A study was conducted with two contrasting rice cultivars: Vandana (high night temperature susceptible) and Nagina 22 (high night temperature tolerant) by subjecting them to increase in transition temperature from...
Article
Full-text available
Martre P, Reynolds MP, Asseng S, Ewert F, Alderman PD, Cammarano D, Maiorano A, Ruane AC, Aggarwal PK, Anothai J, Basso B, Biernath C, Challinor AJ, De Sanctis G, Doltra J, Dumont B, Fereres E, Garcia-Vila M, Gayler S, Hoogenboom G, Hunt LA, Izaurralde RC, Jabloun M, Jones CD, Kassie BT, Kersebaum KC, Koehler AK, Müller C, Kumar SN, Liu B, Lobell D...
Article
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A field experiment was conducted consecutively during the kharif season of 2014 and 2015 at the Indian Agricultural Research Institute in New Delhi, India to assess the effects temperature on early and late sown mungbean (Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek) in rain-fed conditions across natural seasonal temperature gradient and elevated temperatures. Eleva...
Article
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The potential impact of global temperature change on global crop yield has recently been assessed with different methods. Here we show that grid-based and point-based simulations and statistical regressions (from historic records), without deliberate adaptation or CO2 fertilization effects, produce similar estimates of temperature impact on wheat y...
Article
We compare 27 wheat models' yield responses to interannual climate variability, analyzed at locations in Argentina, Australia, India, and The Netherlands as part of the Agricultural Model Intercomparison and Improvement Project (AgMIP) Wheat Pilot. Each model simulated 1981–2010 grain yield, and we evaluate results against the interannual variabili...
Article
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A potato crop multi-model assessment was conducted to quantify variation among models and evaluate responses to climate change. Nine modeling groups simulated agronomic and climatic responses at low- (Chinoli, Bolivia and Gisozi, Burundi) and high- (Jyndevad, Denmark and Washington, United States) input management sites. Two calibration stages were...
Chapter
The plantation crops, owing to their perennial nature, live through the cycles of several types of stresses. Abiotic stresses such as droughts, dry spells, high and low temperatures and floods significantly affect the growth, development and yield of the plantations. At seedling stage, the high light intensity stress causes seedling mortality if no...
Article
Full-text available
Adaptation strategies that can minimize the negative effects of climatic risk were implemented in over 2000 farms in 12 villages of Mewat district in Haryana, In-dia. Detailed household (HH) level data from 120 farm families for two periods (prior to intervention and end of project period) indicated: (i) agricultural profit of adapted farmers was m...
Article
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Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to measure performance of India in food and nutrition security relative to other Asian countries like Bangladesh, China, Africa and also developed countries from 1991 to 2016. Design/methodology/approach – The study is based on FAO food security indicators under four dimensions, namely, food availability, acc...
Article
The data set includes a current representative management treatment from detailed, quality-tested sentinel field experiments with wheat from four contrasting environments including Australia, The Netherlands, India and Argentina. Measurements include local daily climate data (solar radiation, maximum and minimum temperature, precipitation, surface...
Article
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Several drought indices have been developed during the past decades for monitoring the onset, duration and intensity of drought in different agro-climatic regions. The present study attempts to monitor drought in two underprivileged districts, i.e., Mewat of Haryana and Dhar of Madhya Pradesh state of India, using the remote-sensing-derived Vegetat...
Article
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The elevation of CO2 and temperature could affect soil microbial mineralization and nutrient cycling in perennial crop systems. To understand this, microbial enzyme activities in the rhizosphere soil and soil-plant nutrient status in coconut (Cocos nucifera L.) seedlings were investigated. Coconut seedlings were grown in elevated CO2 at 550 ([CO2]5...
Article
Regional climate models (RCMs) are considered to be more useful than general circulation models for assessing impacts of climate change scenarios in agriculture. In this communication, the climatic outputs of an RCM-PRECIS (providing regional climates for impact studies) model were analysed by comparing its baseline simulation daily weather data on...
Chapter
Full-text available
Many simulation studies have been carried out to predict the effect of climate change on crop yield. Typically, in such study, one or several crop models are used to simulate series of crop yield values for different climate scenarios corresponding to different hypotheses of temperature, CO2 concentration, and rainfall changes. These studies usuall...
Article
Crop models are essential tools for assessing the threat of climate change to local and global food production1. Present models used to predict wheat grain yield are highly uncertain when simulating how crops respond to temperature2. Here we systematically tested 30 different wheat crop models of the Agricultural Model Intercomparison and Improveme...
Article
Full-text available
Increasing atmospheric CO 2 concentration is one of the factors driving climate change. We have investigated the individual effect of elevated CO 2 and temperature on oxidative stress and antioxidant enzymes activity in coconut (Cocosnucifera L.) seedlings. Three cultivars (WCT, LCT and COD) and two hybrids (WCT 9 COD and COD 9 WCT) were grown in s...
Article
Crop models of crop growth are increasingly used to quantify the impact of global changes due to climate or crop management. Therefore, accuracy of simulation results is a major concern. Studies with ensembles of crop models can give valuable information about model accuracy and uncertainty, but such studies are difficult to organize and have only...
Article
A simulation study has been carried out using the InfoCrop mustard model to assess the impact of climate change and adaptation gains and to delineate the vulnerable regions for mustard (Brassica juncea (L.) Czernj. Cosson) production in India. On an all India basis, climate change is projected to reduce mustard grain yield by ∼2 % in 2020 (2010–203...
Article
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Uncooked and cooked germinated seeds and germinated ripened beans of the mangrove wild legume Canavalia cathartica of Southwest coast of India were evaluated based on hot-extraction (Soxhlet) and cold-extraction (chloroformmethanol- water) methods to evaluate total lipids and fatty acid methyl esters (FAMEs). Cooked germinated seeds and ripened bea...
Article
Global mean air temperatures are projected to increase by 1.8 to 4.0 °C by the end of this century. Higher temperatures coupled with increased CO2 levels could result in altered growth and productivity of crops. Since rice is sensitive to high temperatures, a simulation analysis was carried out to quantify the impact of increased temperatures (1, 2...
Article
In this paper, the climate change scenarios of A2 and B2 for 2070-2100 time scale (denoted as 2080) for several key locations of India and its impact on rice and wheat crops based on regional climate model (PRECIS) were described. The PRECIS projects an increase in temperature over most parts of India especially in the IGP (Indo-Gangetic Plains), t...