Soomi Lee

Soomi Lee
University of La Verne · Public Administration

Ph.D. in Economics and Political Science

About

31
Publications
5,737
Reads
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94
Citations
Citations since 2016
26 Research Items
92 Citations
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Introduction
I am a Professor in the Department of Public Administration at the University of La Verne. My research and teaching interests include an array of issues in state and local public finance, urban and regional economics, and political economy. I teach quantitative research methods, public economics, and public policy. I earned my Ph.D. in Economics and Political Science from the Claremont Graduate University.
Additional affiliations
May 2019 - June 2020
The Czech Academy of Sciences
Position
  • Visiting Scholar
January 2019 - June 2019
University of California, Irvine
Position
  • Fellow
September 2011 - present
Claremont Graduate University
Position
  • Research Associate
Education
August 2005 - May 2011
Claremont Graduate University
Field of study
  • Economics
March 1995 - February 2000
Ewha Womans University
Field of study
  • Political Science

Publications

Publications (31)
Article
In response to the Covid-19 pandemic, the US federal government distributed US$800 billion in Paycheck Protection Program (PPP) loans to small businesses to preserve employment. Since PPP funding was transmitted through private banks, the characteristics of the regional banking market may have unevenly affected the programme’s reach. This paper exa...
Article
Full-text available
In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, the U.S. federal government distributed $800 billion in Paycheck Protection Program (PPP) loans to small businesses to preserve employment. Since PPP funding was transmitted through private banks, the characteristics of the regional banking market may have unevenly affected the program's reach. This paper exami...
Article
Full-text available
We propose the concept of inclusive economic resilience to examine intra-regional economic recovery in American metropolitan areas after the Great Recession. Previous studies have treated regional and municipal economic resilience separately, with little attention to within-region variations in economic resilience. We contribute to the understandin...
Article
Full-text available
Universal Basic Income (UBI) is a periodic cash payment to all residents in a jurisdiction, without obligation. Universalism and unconditionality distinguish UBI from other redistributive policies that require means testing and certain behaviors to gain and maintain eligibility. Despite an increased interest in UBI, it is poorly understood how thes...
Chapter
This chapter examines collaborative public management (CPM) in the context of the existing, fragmented regional governance structure. In particular, I discuss the limitations of CPM in managing orderly land use planning and intra-regional fiscal inequity due to the inherent tension between localism and regionalism in American fiscal federalism. Res...
Presentation
Full-text available
We propose the concept of “inclusive economic resilience” and examine intra-regional economic recovery in American metropolitan areas after the Great Recession. Previous studies have treated regional and municipal economic resilience separately and almost exclusively concerned economic growth. We contribute to the understanding of regional economic...
Article
This paper examines parcel taxes in California counties, cities, and special districts. Unique in California, the parcel tax is commonly known as a lump-sum tax applied to parcels of real property to finance local public services. Scholars and practitioners argue that because of its simplicity, the parcel tax can be a good source of local revenue....
Conference Paper
This paper examines whether the adoption of a parcel tax improves fiscal conditions in California local governments. A parcel tax is commonly known as a lump-sum property tax on a unit of parcel. Because of the ad-valorem tax cap in the state constitution, a non-ad-valorem property tax is one of the ways to extract tax revenues from real estate. Lo...
Article
The ability to engender trust is a critical skill for mediators, especially when conducting online dispute resolution. The purpose of this empirical research is to examine the extent to which parties can trust a mediator when communicating in a video-collaborated environment known as telepresence. Will parties who have never met a mediator prior to...
Article
This paper examines the effect of home price distribution on the likelihood of parcel tax adoption in California school districts. A parcel tax is a regressive tax imposed as the same amount per unit of property regardless of property values, and requires a two-thirds supermajority vote to be adopted. Despite the growing role that local parcel taxe...
Presentation
This paper presents findings from newly compiled data on parcel tax ballot measures in California counties, cities, and special districts. Unique in California, a parcel tax is commonly understood as a lump-sum tax applied to parcels of real property to finance local public services. Although parcel tax ballot measures have become more frequent, st...
Preprint
Full-text available
This research note examines a relationship between public attitudes toward Universal Basic Income (UBI) and country-level social and economic conditions in 21 European Countries. Despite abundant theoretical and empirical research on, a comparative analysis on the public appetite for UBI has been available due to data limitation. This research note...
Conference Paper
This paper examines the effect of the tax-base sharing program in the Minneapolis-St. Paul metropolitan area on various fiscal and economic outcomes using the synthetic control method. In most American metropolitan areas, land use decisions are made purely by local logic to maximize revenues from land development. Scholars and urban planners have...
Article
While large-scale social program expansions are under way in many Asian countries, fiscal sustainability to fund those programs is in question. Despite the common belief that people are unwilling to pay more taxes, a considerable number of people support the expansion even with tax increases in these countries. Nonetheless, the determinants of this...
Article
Full-text available
This research note examines the relationship between public attitudes toward universal basic income (UBI) and country-level socio-economic conditions in 21 European Countries. Despite abundant theoretical and empirical research on UBI, a comparative analysis of public appetite for UBI has been unavailable due to data limitations. This research note...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This study presents a new database of parcel tax elections in California counties, cities, and special districts (excluding school districts). The parcel tax is a unit tax that can be applied to each parcel of real property in the state. It originated as a way for localities to impose property taxes while not violating restrictions placed in the Ca...
Article
Full-text available
To constrain legislative taxing power, 16 U.S. state constitutions require a supermajority in both chambers to increase or impose taxes. Existing studies report mixed results on the effect of the supermajority rules. In addition, it is little known how states respond to the rule and whether they circumvent them. This study documents states’ legisla...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper examines a spatial interdependence of innovation and diffusion of a new tax base in the case of parcel tax adoption across California school districts. Parcel tax is a non-ad valorem tax that is imposed per parcel of real properties. As widely known, California’s Proposition 13 was passed in 1978 to impose a statewide ad valorem proper...
Article
Full-text available
This paper examines parcel taxes in California counties, cities, and special districts. Unique in California, parcel taxes have been commonly understood as a lump-sum tax applied to parcels of real property to finance local services. Recently, more local governments have adopted a parcel tax despite the supermajority vote requirement. However, the...
Article
We revisit the claim that ethnic heterogeneity—the degree to which different ethnic groups make up the population—reduces local government spending on various public goods. Our analysis suggests that heterogeneity does not necessarily reduce local public spending due to two factors: (1) the low price elasticity of demand for local public goods and...
Article
Since 2011, the demand for welfare programs has significantly increased in South Korea. Yet, the motivation behind the surge is under-explored. I argue that it is driven by changes in the income prospect due to increasing income inequality and deteriorating social mobility since the 1990s. I test the prospect of an upward mobility hypothesis using...
Article
This paper examines determinants of parcel tax adoption in California as a means to supplement local public school funding. A parcel tax is a regressive tax imposed on a unit of property and in California requires a two-thirds supermajority vote to adopt. Despite its increasing role as a local funding source, the school parcel tax has not been well...
Article
Since 2011, the demand for welfare programs has significantly increased in South Korea. Yet, the motivation behind the surge is under-explored. I argue that it is driven by changes in the income prospect due to increasing income inequality and deteriorating social mobility since the 1990s. I test the prospect of an upward mobility hypothesis using...
Article
This paper examines the claim that ethnic heterogeneity reduces government spending on various local public goods. Our analysis suggests that higher ethnic heterogeneity does not necessarily reduce local public spending due to two factors: (1) the low price elasticity of demand for local public goods and (2) the substitution between public goods. U...
Article
My paper examines whether supermajority vote requirements (SMVR) to raise taxes (SMVR) in California’s constitutions suppresses state tax burdens in California. SMVR is a politically popular but contentious measure that 16 states adopted and many other states have attempted to adopt. The rationale behind the rule is to contain the growth of governm...
Article
This study investigates the relationship between racial heterogeneity and Medicaid expenditures as a share of state public expenditures in the U.S. states from 1999 to 2010. Extant studies predict that increasing racial heterogeneity reduces the share of expenditure on “productive public goods” such as health and education spending. The relationshi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Objectives: This paper examines the association between parental and child’s own citizenship status and health insurance status among young children of immigrants. Methods: I conducted a secondary data analysis using the 2009 California Health Survey Interviews. I estimated the likelihood of lacking health insurance by parental and child’s own citi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
My paper examines the role of procedural fairness as a reconciling mechanism among heterogeneous preferences for public spending levels in four policy areas: education, health, unemployment insurance, and old-age pensions. I offer a model that explains how procedural fairness brings acceptable compromises among citizens who have heterogeneous publi...

Questions

Question (1)
Question
How do public opinion researchers define a public opinion, attitudes, sentiment, and beliefs without having each other in their definitions? I understand there are different views about each of the terms and I would welcome them. Thank you.

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Projects

Projects (4)
Archived project
In this project, I examine the effects of the constitutional supermajority rule to increase taxes and revenues in the U.S. States.
Archived project
Does racial and ethnic diversity reduce public good provision? In this research project, I examine the relationship between ethnic division and state and local public goods.