Sonia Piacente

Sonia Piacente
Università degli Studi di Salerno | UNISA · Dept. Pharmacy

Doctor of Pharmacy

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365
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Publications

Publications (365)
Article
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The Stachys L. genus has been used in traditional medicine to treat skin inflammations, stomach disorders, and stress. The aim of this study was to investigate the chemical profile and biological activity of the methanolic extract of Stachys spreitzenhoferi Heldr. (Lamiaceae) aerial parts, collected on the island of Kythira, South Greece. The analy...
Article
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Pergularia tomentosa L., a milkweed tropical plant belonging to the family Asclepiadaceae, is a rich source of unusual cardiac glycosides, characterised by transfused A/B rings and a sugar moiety linked by a double link, generating a dioxanoid structure. In the present report, five cardenolides isolated from the aerial parts of the plant (calactin,...
Article
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Foeniculum vulgare is a perennial aromatic plant whose cultivation produces large amounts of waste rich in bioactive compounds with promising anti-inflammatory activities. Nine selected metabolites were quantified through Ultra Performance Liquid Chromatography (UPLC) hyphenated to QTRAP mass spectrometry by using MRM (multiple reaction monitoring)...
Article
To simulate a typical market-oriented cultivation in laboratory, plants of basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) were grown from seedling to flowering stages in a new-concept microcosm device that enables roots and aerial parts to grow as under real crop conditions. To test the device efficacy, two microcosms were used with the same lighting architecture, te...
Article
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Globe artichoke (Cynara cardunculus L. var. scolymus (L.), is a perennial plant widely cultivated in the Mediterranean area, known for its edible part named capitula or heads. Its functional properties are related to its high levels of polyphenolic compounds and inulin. “Carciofo di Paestum”, an Italian traditional cultivar, is a labeled PGI (Prote...
Article
Mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana L.), known as “the queen of fruits”, is one of the most praised tropical fruit due to its delicious taste. In the last years, the use of mangosteen in functional products has been increasing, mainly in food beverages and nutraceutical formulations due to its biological activities related to the content of xanthones....
Article
Considering the ongoing interest in foods rich in nutrients like polyunsaturated fatty acids and bioactive polar lipids, the chemical and biological investigation of Portulaca oleracea (purslane), a herbaceous plant typically appreciated in Mediterranean and Asiatic diet, was carried out. The LC-ESI/HRMS/MSⁿ analysis of extracts and lipid enriched...
Article
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This study aimed to assess and correlate the phenolic content and the antioxidant activity of the methanol extracts of the stems, roots, flowers, and leaves of Echinops spinosus L. from north-eastern Algeria. Qualitative analysis was performed by high-resolution mass spectrometry (HR) LC-ESI-Orbitrap-MS and (HR) LC-ESI-Orbitrap-MS/MS). Forty-five c...
Article
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Corylus avellana hard shells, green leafy involucres, leaves, and male flowers have shown to be a source of diarylheptanoids, a class of natural products with promising biological activities. Cyclic diarylheptanoids, named giffonins, were isolated from the Italian cultivar “Tonda di Giffoni.” Even if many efforts have been made to establish the che...
Article
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Melanoma is a highly malignant solid tumor characterized by an elevated growth and propagation rate. Since, often, melanoma treatment cannot prevent recurrences and the appearance of metastasis, new anti-melanoma agents need to be discovered. Salvia miltiorrhiza roots are a source of diterpenoid derivatives, natural compounds with several biologica...
Article
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The fruit of Garcinia mangostana (mangosteen) is known in ancient traditional Asian medicine for its antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory and anticancer activities. These effects are mainly due to the action of polyphenols known as xanthones, which are contained in the pericarp of the fruit. In recent years, there has been a growing int...
Article
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The interest in plant extracts and natural compounds in cosmetic formulations is growing. Natural products may significantly improve cosmetics performance since they have both cosmetic and therapeutic-like properties, known as cosmeceutical effects. Glycyrrhiza genus, belonging to the Leguminosae family, comprises more than 30 species, widely distr...
Article
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Helichrysum italicum is a medicinal plant from the Mediterranean area, widely used in traditional medicine for its anti-inflammatory, antibacterial and antioxidant properties and for its preventive effects on microcirculation diseases. Due to these properties, it finds large applications in cosmetic, food and pharmaceutical fields. Additionally, hy...
Article
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The blackberry’s color is composed mainly of natural dyes called anthocyanins. Their color is red–purple, and they can be used as a natural colorant. Anthocyanins are flavonoids, which are products of plants, and their colors range from orange and red to various shades of blue, purple and green, according to pH. In this study, the chemical composit...
Article
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Pouteria lucuma Ruiz and Pav., known as the ‘Gold of the Incas’ or ‘lucuma’, is a subtropical fruit belonging to the Sapotaceae family, with a very sweet flavor, used to prepare cakes, ice creams as well as in the baking and dairy industries. To date, the content of primary metabolites is known, but little information is reported about the composit...
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Food industries produce a high amount of waste every year. These wastes represent a source of bioactive compounds to be used to produce cosmetic and nutraceutical products. In this study, the possibility to retrain food waste as a potential source of bioactive metabolites is evaluated. In particular, metabolite profiles of different parts (bulb, le...
Article
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Over the centuries, humans have traditionally used garlic (Allium sativum L.) as a food ingredient (spice) and remedy for many diseases. To confirm this, many extensive studies recognized the therapeutic effects of garlic bulbs. More recently, black garlic (BG), made by heat-ageing white garlic bulbs, has increased its popularity in cuisine and tra...
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This work proposes for the first time a model for reusing almond (Prunus dulcis cv. Casteltermini from Sicily, Southern Italy) skin to formulate a new functional blackberry (Rubus ulmifolius Schott) jam. For this purpose, blackberries were analysed fresh and as jam, traditionally prepared with a minimum fruit amount of 80%. Different percentages of...
Article
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From the MeOH extract of the aerial parts of Scutellaria brevibracteata subsp. subvelutina 12 secondary metabolites including eight iridoid glycosides (1-8), three flavonoids (9-11) and one phenylethanoid glycoside (12) were isolated. Their structures were elucidated as catalpol (1), globularin (2), scutellarioside II (3), picroside III (4), penste...
Article
Overall 90 volatile compoundswere recognized in well-watered and mild drought-stressed samples of two wild Iranian ecotypes of S. reuterana Boiss., namely S. reuterana A and S. reuterana B, and of S. officinalis L. (control) during the main phenological stages (vegetative, pre-flowering and flowering). In water-stressed S. officinalis the total lev...
Article
BACKGROUND There is an increasing attentiveness and interest in the potential health benefits of consumed spontaneous plants due their high content in bioactive phytochemicals. This study investigated the chemical profile and the biological activities of Diplotaxis erucoides subsp. erucoides (L.) DC. (Brassicaceae) collected in Sicily (Italy). RES...
Article
With the aim to explore the ability of diarylheptanoids to reduce oxidative changes in human plasma proteins, a phytochemical investigation of the MeOH extract of Corylus avellana leaves was perfomed. Analysis by LC-ESI/LTQOrbitrap/MS/MS n guided the isolation of two new diarylheptanoid derivatives, giffonins W (1) and X (2). The structures 1 and 2...
Preprint
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Background: Pergularia tomentosa L. is a milkweed tropical plant. In the Middle Est, the aerial parts of P. tomentosa are traditionally used as an anti-diabetic remedy. In order to find scientific evidence for the traditional use of this plant, the effect of an aqueous extract of P. tomentosa aerial parts by in vivo assay was investigated. Moreover...
Article
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The Italian “Marrone di Roccadaspide” (Castanea sativa), a labeled Protected Geographical Indication (PGI) product, represents an important economic resource for the Italian market. With the aim to give an interesting opportunity to use chestnuts by-products for the development of nutraceutical and/or cosmetic formulations, the investigation of bur...
Article
In recent years, the use of organic substances has been increased to improve the production of specialized metabolites in aromatic and medicinal plants. Salvia officinalis L., known as sage, is an important medicinal and aromatic plant, whose leaves are commonly used as a condiment in food but mainly as a raw material in pharmaceutical and perfumer...
Article
Introduction: The twig of Capparis decidua has been traditionally used as an antidiabetic agent but its medicinal use has not been scientifically proved yet. The present study evaluated the antidiabetic effect and antioxidant activities of aquatic extract of twig of C. decidua on the liver and pancreas of diabetic rats induced by streptozotocin (ST...
Article
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Perovskia artemisioides is a perennial and aromatic plant distributed in the Baluchestan region of Iran. In the present work, an n-hexane extract of P. artemisioides aerial parts showed excellent capabilities to both inhibit the formation of biofilms by different Gram-positive and Gram-negative pathogens and block the cell metabolism within microbi...
Article
Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L. Moench.) is a vegetable crop very popular in North-Eastern African countries for its edible fruits. Nowadays, this species can be easily found in European local markets, as a basic ingredient in many local and traditional dishes. Although its extensive and spread use, there is no comprehensive literature about its ch...
Article
Silene species are known for their use in traditional medicine in treating several diseases. To the authors’ knowledge there is no report on the chemical composition of S. odontopetala. Therefore, the phytochemical investigation of the methanol extract of S. odontopetala was carried out, leading to the isolation of six undescribed oleanane-type gly...
Article
The health benefits of almonds along with their ability to prevent atheroschlerosis as well as cardiovascular and diabetes risks are well known. Previous works were focused mainly on the lipid fraction, thus a lack of information about the polar constituents still persists. In order to provide deeper insight into the chemical composition of almond,...
Article
The ethanolic extract of Callisia fragrans aerial parts showed a significant strong in vivo anti-inflammatory and in vitro antioxidant activities with a high in vivo gastrointestinal safety profile and a very low in vitro cytotoxicity on peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) with an IC50 > 1000 μg/ml. The alcoholic extract of C. fragrans has b...
Article
PurposeAngiogenesis related abnormalities underlie several life-threatening disorders. Despite approved therapies, scientists have yet to develop highly efficient, low cost approaches with minimal side effects.Methods We evaluated the antiangiogenic activity of 50% hydroalcoholic extracts of Pergularia tomentosa L. root and aerial parts along with...
Article
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Preparations of comfrey (Symphytum officinale L.) roots are used topically to reduce inflammation. Comfrey anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties have been proven in clinical studies. However, the bioactive compounds associated with these therapeutic activities are yet to be identified. An LC–ESI–Orbitrap–MSn metabolite profile of a hydroalcoho...
Article
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The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is a dynamic organelle essential for intracellular homeostasis maintenance, controlling synthesis, the folding of secreted and membrane-bound proteins, and transport of Ca2+. During cellular stress, ER dysfunction leads to the activation of unfolded protein response (UPR) due to accumulated misfolded proteins in the E...
Article
The new flavone glycosides tanoside I and II in addition to three known flavonoids and daucosterol were isolated from the Georgian endemic species Astragalus tanae Sosn. Their structures were elucidated as chrysoeriol-7-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl-4′ -O-α-L-rhamnopyranoside, chrysoeriol-4′ -O-α-Lrhamnopyranoside, kaempferol-3-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl(2→1)-O-α...
Article
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Plants produce a vast array of biomolecules with beneficial effects for human health. In this study, polyphenol and anthocyanin-rich extracts (PAE) from pigmented tubers of Solanum tuberosum L. varieties “Blue Star”, “Magenta Love”, and “Double Fun” in comparison with the more extensively studied “Vitelotte” were evaluated and compared for antiprol...
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Plants produce a vast array of biomolecules with beneficial effects for human health. In this study, polyphenol and anthocyanin-rich extracts (PAE) from pigmented tubers of Solanum tuberosum L. varieties “Blue Star”, “Magenta Love”, and “Double Fun” in comparison with the more extensively studied “Vitelotte” were evaluated and compared for antiprol...
Article
In Italy a particularly valuable chestnut is "Marrone di Roccadaspide", a protected geographical indication (PGI) product, deriving from a Castanea sativa cultivar, typical of Salerno province in Campania region. As chestnut industrial processes yield a large amount of shell by-products, in this study the possibility to retrain this waste food as p...
Article
Garcinol, a polyisoprenylated benzophenone isolated from Garcinia genus, has been reported to inhibit eukaryotic topoisomerase I and topoisomerase II at concentrations comparable to that of etoposide (∼25-100 μM). With the aim to clarify the underlying molecular mechanisms by which garcinol inhibits human topoisomerase IIα and topoisomerase IIβ, bi...
Article
Liquid preparations such as tinctures and infusion derived from Ribes nigrum L. (black currant) leaves are widely used in Europe. Despite the various uses reported for the infusion and hydroalcoholic extracts of the leaves of this species, their chemical profile has not yet been defined. In the present study, the infusion, hydroalcholic and methano...
Article
Corylus avellana (hazelnut) is one of the most popular tree nuts on a worldwide basis. The main products of C. avellana are kernels, a nutritious food, with a high content of healthy lipids, contained in a hard shell. In recent years, along with the ongoing research carried out on hazelnut kernels, a growing interest has been addressed to the hazel...
Article
Background: Cucurbitacin E (CuE) is an oxygenated tetracyclic triterpenoid isolated from the fruits of Citrullus colocynthis (L.) Schrad. Purpose: This study outlines CuE's cytotoxic activity against drug-resistant tumor cell lines. Three members of ABC transporters superfamily, P-glycoprotein (P-gp), breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP) and...
Article
Full-text available
Symphytum officinale, commonly known as comfrey, constitutes a traditional medicinal plant with a long-standing therapeutic history, and preparations thereof have been widely used for the treatment of painful muscle and joint complaints, wound and bone healing, and inflammation. Today, its topical use is based on its analgesic and anti-inflammatory...
Article
Full-text available
Lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) is a popular vegetable with the health-enhancing properties determined by high levels of antioxidant polyphenols as chlorogenic acids and other derivatives of caffeic acid or flavonoids. In this study, changes in the phenolic compound profiles in the lettuce leaves induced by application of CaCl2 before harvest and cold...
Article
Ziziphus jujuba Mill. leaves are receiving a great attention for their ability to improve sleep, exerting beneficial effects for both the heart and the central nervous system. With the aim to obtain a comprehensive analysis of the specialised metabolites occurring in the leaves of Z. jujuba, a LC-ESI/(HR)Orbitrap/MS profile in negative ion mode of...
Article
The use of some Stachys genus as herbal remedies is known and the aerial parts have a pharmaceutical interest, being used in Anatolia and Iran as wild tea. In this study, chemical composition, antimicrobial, antioxidant, and antiproliferative activities of the methanolic extract and essential oil (EO) of Stachys parviflora L. (S. parviflora) were e...
Article
The species Myrtus communis L. represents a significant economic resource in Sardinia region (Italy), in fact its tissues are used both for the preparation of myrtle liquor and for essential oils or extracts with important pharmacological activities. Identification and quantification of polyphenolic compounds in leaves of M. communis L. appears int...
Article
Introduction Prunus dulcis Mill. is a plant cultivated for the production of its edible seeds, known as sweet almonds. In the last decades almond demand has highly increased due to their wide use in the industrial manufacturing of almond‐based foods; this has led to a huge production of waste materials, mainly corresponding to shells and husks. Ob...
Article
The LC-MS analysis of the MeOH extract of the aerial parts of Pergularia tomentosa led to the isolation of 23 compounds, of which the structures were elucidated unambiguously by NMR spectroscopic data analysis. Three new doubly linked cardenolides (4, 13, 14) along with several known cardenolides (1-3, 5, 7, 8, 15-23) and flavonol glycosides (6, 9-...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Predicting the potential habitat of plants in arid regions, especially for medicinal ones, is very important. Although Pergularia tomentosa is a key species for medicinal purposes, it appears in very low density in the arid rangelands of Iran, needing an urgent ecological attention. In this study, we modeled and predicted the potential...
Article
Two new amino acid-sesquiterpene lactone conjugates, named centaureolide A (1) and centaureolide B (2) along with a germacrane derivative (3), five flavonoids (4–8) and one quinic acid derivative (9) have been isolated from the aerial parts of Centaurea pungens (Asteraceae). Their structures were established by a combination of one- and two-dimensi...
Article
Extracts obtained from Pompia intrea (PI), a traditional candied fruit whose main ingredient is the pompia fruit (Citrus monstruosa L.) were evaluated for the first time. Volatile compounds were evaluated by headspace solid-phase microextraction (HS-SPME) followed by GC-FID/MS analyses. Polar compounds were identified by high-performance liquid chr...
Article
Hazelnut represents one of the most consumed food, containing a large range of bioactive and health-promoting compounds. Investigation of the fatty component of C. avellana nut has been widely carried out, but little is known about its phenolic content. In order to achieve deeper insight into the polar fraction of the n-butanol extracts of both fre...
Article
Corylus avellana L. (Betulaceae) leaves, consumed as infusion, are used in traditional medicine, for the treatment of hemorrhoids, varicose veins, phlebitis, and edema due to their astringent, vasoprotective, and antiedema properties. In previous works we reported from the leaves of Corylus avellana cv. "Tonda di Giffoni" diarylheptanoid derivative...
Article
Full-text available
This study aims to evaluate the in vitro cytotoxic, in vitro and in ovo anti-angiogenic effects and antimicrobial activity of sesquiterpene lactones (SLs) from two plants Centaurea behen and Rhaponticum repens (L.). Five SLs, including cynaropicrin (1), 4β,15-dehydro-3-dehydrosolstitialin A (2), aguerin B (3), janerin (4), cebellin E (5), and a fla...
Article
Hazelnuts are a popular tree nut used whole or as an ingredient in a variety of bakery, candy and chocolate products. Based on the nutritional value and nutraceutical properties, mainly due to the lipid content, US Food and Drug Administration has recognized hazelnut as “heart-healthy” food. “Nocciola di Giffoni” is a Protected Geographical Indicat...
Article
Chemical investigations on Glycyrrhiza spp. have mostly been focused on G. glabra (typically cultivated in Europe, henceforth called European licorice), G. uralensis and G. inflata (known as Chinese licorice) with little information on the constituents of other Glycyrrhiza species. According to the growing interest in further Glycyrrhiza spp. to be...
Article
Two new sesquiterpene lactones, rhizantholide A (1) and rhizantholide B (2), together with five known compounds (3-7) have been isolated from the aerial parts of Centaurea rhizantha (Asteraceae). Sesquiterpene lactones belong to guaianolide class, and rhizantholide B is a rare guaianolide characterized by a free primary alcoholic function at C-10 a...
Article
Prunus dulcis leaves have been reported to exert some biological activity, in particular potent free radical-scavenging capacity, but so far there is limited information on their chemical composition. With the aim to achieve deep insight on the chemical constituents of the leaves of P. dulcis cultivars "Toritto" and "Avola", the most appreciated in...
Article
A new steroidal glycoside, 3-O-β-d-glucopyranosyl-3β,25-dihydroxy-5β-cholest-7-en-6-one 25-O-β-d-glucopyranoside (1), together with six known steroidal derivatives (2-7), one cerebroside (8) and one flavonoid (9) were isolated from Silene montbretiana Boiss (Caryophyllaceae), a perennial herb growing mainly in the Middle and East Anatolia, Azerbaij...
Article
Extract of Brassica campestris was tested as potential corrosion inhibitor for Cor-Ten steel in NaCl and acidic solutions, simulating a marine and an urban-industrial environment, respectively. Potentiodynamic polarization and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) were performed both in absence and in presence of the extract at room temperat...