Sonia Jackson

Sonia Jackson
University College London | UCL · Thomas Coram Research Unit

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63
Publications
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Publications

Publications (63)
Article
Full-text available
Coleman's focal theory, developed in relation to adolescents in the general population, appears to offer some explanation for the poor educational achievement and social exclusion of care leavers, but has been little tested empirically. This paper revisits data from two studies of care-experienced young people aged 18–25, drawing on qualitative int...
Article
In all countries where the evidence is available, the educational performance of children looked after away from home falls markedly below that of their peers. In the recent years this has become a subject of intense debate. Is it an inevitable consequence of the adversity they have suffered before coming into care, and only to be expected given th...
Article
Full-text available
People who have been in out-of-home care as children are at high risk of social exclusion as adults. Longitudinal research suggests that this is closely linked to their low level of educational attainment. Yet in the past the education of children in care has attracted little research interest. In particular, almost nothing is known about the educa...
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Full-text available
Young people who have spent all or part of their childhoods in public care are at particular risk of social exclusion as adults and yet the pathway out of exclusion identified by policy-makers at both European and national levels, namely, education, is very difficult to access. Using data from a five-country study of the post-compulsory educational...
Article
The Children Act 1989 ended a period of four decades during which the education of children and young people in care was almost entirely neglected. However, it was another 20 years before education took its rightful place at the centre of provision for the care of children away from home. This article considers the contribution made to this process...
Article
The principles and the practicalities of operating a key person system in the nursery, as defined by the late Elinor Goldschmied, are explained by her colleague Sonia Jackson.
Article
In November 2006 the government began a project in 10 local areas in England to see if boarding school might be a possible option for children and young people who could no longer stay all the time with their parents or carers or who were facing difficulties such as not attending school and not getting on with their families. The evaluation took pl...
Chapter
Children who spend time in public care, particularly in adolescence, are at especially high risk of social exclusion as adults, even taking account of the extremely deprived families from which they originate. Research on long-term outcomes is limited due to lack of follow-up and loss of contact between care leavers and local authorities. However,...
Article
Full-text available
Although it is now widely endorsed that children should as far as possible rate their own health related quality of life (HRQL), there are situations where proxy information on child HRQL may be useful, especially where a child is too ill or young to provide their own HRQL assessment. There is limited availability of generic HRQL scales that have a...
Article
Children in care have a poor record of achievement in school. Those in residential care face particular difficulties, arising from changes of placement, inadequate liaison between children's homes and schools, low expectations among care and school staff, and an environment in which educational needs are not given priority. The experience of one vo...
Article
Full-text available
The availability of health-related quality of life (HRQL) measures that are reliable, valid, brief and comprehensible and appropriate for use with UK children is limited. We report the validation of a HRQL measure suitable for UK use in healthy children, children with chronic disease conditions and socially disadvantaged children. A total of 1238 c...
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Sonia Jackson and Sarah Ajayi report findings from the first UK study of young people in care who go to university. They suggest that foster care could play a major role in enabling more looked after children to access higher education and complete their courses successfully
Article
Children in public care have poor health outcomes despite statutory health assessments. Incomplete immunisation of children entering the care system has been reported. Does this health disadvantage persist for those established in the care system? The immunisation status of 119 children in public care for at least 6 months was compared to that note...
Article
Full-text available
This paper is based on a study of the experiences of people identified as ‘young carers’, commissioned by the National Assembly for Wales as part of a wider review of carers’ needs and services. Following a brief review of some of the previous research in this area, the paper reports key findings of the research, using the words of children and you...
Article
This overview of policy and policy implementation is based on three individual papers presented in November 2001, and on their discussion by Fellows of the Centre for Social Policy at Dartington. It critically examines the challenge of ‘joined‐up’ working, and calls for better engagement of parents and children in action to promote social inclusion...
Article
Research over the past 20 years has consistently shown that children in public care fall behind at school, seldom achieve good qualifications, and are much less likely than their peers to go on to further or higher education. However, a small minority of looked-after children do well academically. This paper examines the opinions of 38 high-achievi...
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Full-text available
• The objective of this report is to provide information on the costs of current arrangements for the education of looked after children (LAC) and the benefits of improving their educational outcomes and other life chances • The report brings together evidence from published sources, research on the education of children in care and outcomes from...
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To assess the health needs and provision of health care to school age children in local authority care. A total of 142 children aged 5 to 16 in local authority care, and 119 controls matched by age and sex were studied. Main outcome measures were routine health care, physical, emotional, and behavioural health, health threatening and antisocial beh...
Article
The Children Act 1989 requires local authorities in England and Wales to look after children whose parents are unable to do so and to promote their welfare. Despite a variety of initiatives over recent years by central government, local authorities, researchers, practitioners and trainers, the outcomes for the majority of young people who spend any...
Article
Research over the past twenty years shows that children in public care are massively disadvantaged within the education system. The scale of the problem has been highlighted by the rise in exclusions, with over a third of looked after children denied their right to education altogether. But even those who attend school regularly are unlikely to rea...
Article
SUMMARY Assessment and Action Records, a key component of the widely adopted Looking After Children system, have been criticized by Knight and Caveney (1998) for imposing white middle class assumptions about child development, for undermining the Children Act principle of partnership, and for blaming individuals instead of structural factors for sh...
Article
As part of a review of the role and effectiveness of Area Child Protection Committees (ACPCs), the authors examined a number of aspects of the involvement of member agencies in the process of joint development of child protection policies. Interviews with agency representatives and analysis of documents were used to explore ACPC composition, attend...
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A growing consensus among researchers and practitioners that the current emphasis on identification and investigation of child abuse may be counter‐productive has been slow to produce changes at the policy level. Using the operation of interagency Area Child Protection Committees as an example, this paper suggests that professional and managerial p...
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The planning, development, and review of child protection services and policies (management) is vitally important and yet to date has received very little consideration. This paper explores the balance between three components of child protection policy: prevention, investigation, and treatment. As part of a review of the management of child protec...
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The authors compare eight Child Protection Procedures handbooks in Wales and consider six topics, analysing them using two criteria: a) how fully the issue was covered in the handbook, and b) how closely the material in the handbook adhered to government guidance. Apart from registration and deregistration, there was considerable variation between...
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The involvement of police in child protection services has undergone substantial changes since the mid 1970s when there was a dramatic increase in emphasis placed on interagency coordination and cooperation. However, the literature on child protection, whilst addressing issues of how agencies work together in individual cases of abuse, says very li...
Article
Among the many disadvantages suffered by children looked after by local authorities, low educational achievement probably has the most serious consequences for their future life chances. This article reviews research over nearly twenty years which consistently shows that children in residential and foster care fall progressively behind those living...
Article
The value of preschool education was already well recognised 30 years ago but the UK, unlike other European countries, has never developed a coherent system of public provision for young children. Reliance on private, voluntary and self-help facilities to fill the gaps has produced diversity but variable quality and little real choice. Over the sam...
Chapter
All major political parties in Britain are committed to ‘supporting the family’. The value and importance of the family was a consistent theme throughout the twelve years of the Thatcher administration, and was if anything reiterated with increasing vehemence. The same period saw a series of government measures combine to shift the costs of childre...
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The complexity of the concept of outcome has discouraged research into the impact of the care experience on the child. This Note summarizes the conceptual thinking behind a comprehensive system of assessment which is being piloted in four local authorities, and reports on the preliminary results.
Article
The article describes a new approach to social work education, using problem-based learning in place of traditional didactic methods. The curriculum is built on ‘study units’, scenarios and problems encountered in practice, rather than on subject-based courses. The approach aims to integrate more effectively college work and practice learning, to b...
Chapter
Research on outcomes in child care presents formidable conceptual and methodological problems. Probably this is why the majority of publications in the child care field focus on evaluation of service provision. Measures of outcome either relate to short term objectives or use relatively crude indicators such as placement breakdown. This paper propo...
Article
The Childminding Research Unit is engaged on the first major study of illegal child-minding, and from a close analysis of its nature and extent is seeking to establish what might be the most successful policies — and what resources are required. This research was commissioned by the Social Science Research Council. From the beginning the Unit has s...
Article
BlackstoneTessa, Education and Day Care for Young Children in Need: The American Experience, Bedford Square Press of the National Council of Social Service for the Centre for Studies in Social Policy, London, 1973, Doughty Street Paper No. 1. 72 pp. 75p. - Volume 4 Issue 2 - Sonia Jackson
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Private fostering occurs where a child who is under the age of 16 (or 18 if disabled) is cared for by someone other than their parent or a close relative, for 28 days or more. Regulation of private fostering was first introduced in the Children Act 1948 and has been repeated in subsequent Children Acts. However, it is widely recognised...
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Full-text available
Introduction A Boarding Provision for Vulnerable Children Pathfinder was launched by the government in November 2006, with the aim of exploring whether boarding school placements might be used to a greater extent by local authority children's services to provide support, stability and educational opportunities for vulnerable children and young peop...
Article
Traducción de: People under three: young children en day care Incluye bibliografía e índice

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Projects

Projects (3)
Project
revisiting two studies of care leavers in post-compulsory education to see if they might have achieved better outcomes if their out-of-home care had been informed by Coleman's 'focal theory' of adolescent development