Sonali Shah

Sonali Shah
University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign | UIUC · Strategy & Entrepreneurship Group, Department of Business Administration

PhD

About

44
Publications
9,899
Reads
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4,660
Citations

Publications

Publications (44)
Article
Full-text available
Openness and collaboration in scientific research are attracting increasing attention from scholars and practitioners alike. However, a common understanding of these phenomena is hindered by disciplinary boundaries and disconnected research streams. We link dispersed knowledge on Open Innovation, Open Science, and related concepts such as Responsib...
Article
Industry evolution scholars define industry inception as first instance of product commercialization, focusing on subsequent time periods of growth and maturity. Left understudied are the triggers, actors, and actions preceding industry inception. We integrate recent research in a preliminary framework conceptualizing the incubation stage as activa...
Article
Universities are widely recognized as a critical source of technological innovation and are heralded for the entrepreneurial ventures cultivated within their walls. To date, most research has focused on academic entrepreneurship—new ventures that spin out of academic laboratories. However, universities also give rise to startups that do not directl...
Article
Innovative new ventures are at the heart of economic development, particularly when these startups are created by employee, academic, and user innovators. We synthesize across literature streams examining each phenomena to document distinctions between firms originating from different “knowledge contexts.” We then integrate the knowledge context in...
Article
Users are an important source of innovation. Scholars have suggested that established firms will gain valuable innovative insights by working with user innovators. However, no study compares the extent to which knowledge sourced from innovative users, as compared to other external sources of knowledge, triggers the creation of new technologies and...
Article
Little is known about the paths individuals traverse prior to founding firms and the ramifications of these different paths on entrepreneurial outcomes. We investigate one particular path and its effects: user entrepreneurship. User entrepreneurship describes entrepreneurship by individuals who create innovative products or services because they ne...
Article
Full-text available
We build on multiple theoretical perspectives to investigate the unique and joint effects of individual- and opportunity-level factors affecting job creation in new firms. We tested hypotheses using survey data from individuals who transitioned from unemployment to self-employment under the auspices of a German public policy program. Our findings r...
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Full-text available
New firms are endowed with knowledge and experience at birth through the human capital of their founder(s). Existing empirical research suggests that this pre-entry knowledge and experience will influence the firm's chances of survival; however, the mechanisms underlying this relationship have yet to be investigated. We seek to better understand an...
Article
Job creation is a poorly understood, yet critical, outcome variable in entrepreneurship and labor markets research. We develop and test a multi-level framework investigating the individual, organizational, and environmental drivers of job creation using survey data from founders who transitioned from unemployment to self-employment with support fro...
Article
Little is known about the factors that drive a founder’s ability to generate employment for others. In this paper, we develop and test a theoretical framework to investigate the multi-level causal factors promoting job creation (that is, generating employment for individuals in addition to the founder) in start-up firms. In developing our framework...
Article
We develop a process model of how users, an understudied source of entrepreneurship, create, evaluate, share, and commercialize their ideas. We compare and contrast our model to the classic model of the entrepreneurial process, highlighting the emergent and collective nature of the user's entrepreneurial process. Users are often ‘accidental’ entrep...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of multimedia computer-assisted instruction (MCAI), traditional instruction (TI), and mixed instruction (MI) methods on learning the skill of setting in Volleyball. Forty-eight middle school students of seventh and eighth grade were randomly assigned into three teaching method groups: TI, MCAI and...
Article
Qualitative methods for data collection and analysis are not mystical, but they are powerful, particularly when used to build new or refine existing theories. This article provides an introduction to qualitative methods and an overview of tactics for ensuring rigor in qualitative research useful for the novice researcher, as well as more experience...
Article
Open source software projects rely on the voluntary efforts of thousands of software developers, yet we know little about why developers choose to participate in this collective development process. This paper inductively derives a framework for understanding participation from the perspective of the individual software developer based on data from...
Chapter
Teams of employees at firms innovate. Scientists and engineers at universities and research institutions innovate. Inventors at private labs innovate. Regular people consume. Wrong! Regular people innovate, too. Users have been the source of many large and small innovations across a wide range of product classes, industries, and even scientific dis...
Article
Academics and practitioners have long been interested in understanding the sources and causes of innovative activity and the relationship between innovation and industrial change. Existing theory assumes innovative activity to be the domain of firms and research institutions, and commercial activity to be the domain of firms and entrepreneurially-m...
Article
The "community-based" model has generated many of the innovations we use on a daily basis. The social structure created by this model has cultivated many entrepreneurial ventures and even seeded new industries and product categories. The model is based upon the open, voluntary, and collaborative efforts of users - a term that describes enthusiasts,...
Article
Academics and practitioners have long been interested in understanding the sources and causes of innovative activity and the relationship between innovation and industrial change. Existing theory assumes innovative activity to be the domain of firms and research institutions, and commercial activity to be the domain of firms and entrepreneurially-m...
Article
This article focuses on two questions related to community-based product development: why do participants voluntarily work within and contribute to communities that provide, support, and maintain a public good, and how to large numbers of participants coordinate their work efforts? The article states that main reasons why an individual might partic...
Article
The actions of collectives who primarily meet on-line have recently captured the attention of the media, general public, business executives, and academics. File-sharing, open-source, and computer viruses are all carried out by loosely bounded collectives, rather than by firms or other formal organizations. These collectives operate in concert to a...
Article
Open source software projects rely on the voluntary efforts of thousands of software developers, yet we know little about the factors that drive and shape initial and continued developer participation. This paper inductively derives a framework for understanding participation--reasons to create code, reasons to contribute code, and knowledge of the...
Article
This study contributes to our understanding of the innovation process by bringing attention to and investigating the process by which innovators outside of firms obtain innovation-related resources and assistance. This study is the first to explicitly examine how user-innovators gather the information and assistance they need to develop their ideas...
Article
Full-text available
This study contributes to our understanding of the innovation process by bringing attention to and investigating the process by which innovators outside of firms obtain innovationrelated resources and assistance. This study is the first to explicitly examine how userinnovators gather the information and assistance they need to develop their ideas a...
Article
Academics and practitioners alike express interest in uncovering, explaining, and potentially manipulating the sources of innovation. There is empirical evidence that innovations can be developed by those holding any of a number of functional relationships to them, such as manufacturers, users, or materials suppliers. Past studies focused on indust...
Article
With sincere thanks to Eric von Hippel and Nana Admadjaja, the many innovators who gave graciously of their time, and my wonderful family and friends. Responsibility for all views expressed lies with the author.
Article
Full-text available
You've submitted the manuscript to the journal. The waiting begins. Tick, tock, tick, tock. When the decision letter finally arrives, you almost wish you could postpone the moment that is finally upon you. Perhaps with trembling hands, you click on (or tear open) the mail. For a first submission, you know that the chances of an outright acceptance...
Article
Full-text available
New firms are endowed with knowledge and experience at birth - through the human capital of their founder(s). Existing empirical research suggests that this pre-entry knowledge and experience will influence the firm's chances of survival; however the mechanisms underlying this relationship have yet to be investigated. We seek to better understand a...
Article
Full-text available
Little is known about the paths that individuals traverse prior to founding firms and the ramifications of these different paths on entrepreneurial outcomes. We investigate one particular path and its effects: user entrepreneurship. User entrepreneurship describes entrepreneurship by individuals who create an innovative product or service because t...