Solveig Lena Hansen

Solveig Lena Hansen
Universität Bremen | Uni Bremen · Faculty 11: Human and Health Sciences

Lecturer for Ethics

About

58
Publications
3,765
Reads
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113
Citations
Introduction
I work at the Faculty of Human and Health Sciences at the University of Bremen, doing ethics for and with BA/MA students of public health. Before that, I worked at the Department for Medical Ethics and History of Medicine, University Medical Center Göttingen. My research focusses on the intersections of Bioethics, Public Health, Cultural Theory, and Communication/Narratives. I use participatory, hermeneutic and qualitative socio-empirical approaches.
Additional affiliations
October 2020 - present
Universität Bremen
Position
  • Lecturer
February 2007 - September 2020
Universitätsmedizin Göttingen
Position
  • Research Associate
Education
October 2004 - March 2010
Georg-August-Universität Göttingen
Field of study
  • Comparative Literature, Gender Studies

Publications

Publications (58)
Article
Organ transplantation is a well-established practice in modern medicine. However, many countries, especially those with an opt-in regulation, face the problem of low donation numbers. Respective public campaigns attempt to increase the number of donors by swaying public opinion with the use of carefully selected bits of information. Germany serves...
Article
In the traditions of narrative ethics and casuistry, stories have a well-established role. Specifically, illness narratives provide insight into patients’ perspectives and histories. However, because they tend to see fiction as an aesthetic endeavour, practitioners in these traditions often do not realize that fictional stories are valuable moral s...
Article
Full-text available
Given the need for organs, public organizations use social marketing strategies to increase the number of donors. Their campaigns employ a variety of moral appeals. However, their effects on audiences are unclear. We identified 14 campaigns in Germany from over the last 20 years. Our approach combined a multimodal analysis of categorized posters wi...
Article
Full-text available
With regard to organ donation, Germany is an 'opt-in' country, which requires explicit consent from donors. The relatives are either asked to decide on behalf of the donors' preferences, if these are unknown or if the potential donor has explicitly transferred the decision to them. At the core of this policy lies the sociocultural and moral premise...
Article
Full-text available
The British writer John Wyndham (1903-1969) explored societal effects of surprising or mystical events. A paradigmatic example is The Midwich Cuckoos (1957), which portrays identical-looking children born without sexual intercourse. I propose a reading strategy that focuses on the fictional spatial order and analyses how the construction of the chi...
Chapter
Fragen der medizinischen Ethik haben mit existentiell herausfordernden Situationen am Lebensanfang, in Krankheit und am Lebensende zu tun. Sie sind deshalb ein herausragender Stoff für Filme. Religionen sind hier ebenfalls mit Sinnangeboten, Beratungen, manchmal auch mit starken Wertungen präsent wie in kaum einem anderen Feld der Ethik. Deshalb is...
Chapter
Fragen der medizinischen Ethik haben mit existentiell herausfordernden Situationen am Lebensanfang, in Krankheit und am Lebensende zu tun. Sie sind deshalb ein herausragender Stoff für Filme. Religionen sind hier ebenfalls mit Sinnangeboten, Beratungen, manchmal auch mit starken Wertungen präsent wie in kaum einem anderen Feld der Ethik. Deshalb is...
Article
The idea for this special issue arose from years of multidisciplinary exchange on participation and communication in technology and medicine. Which epistemological, normative, and empirical questions do arise, when endeavors of public participation deal with rejection, skepticism, and critique? This question guides our multidisciplinary perspective...
Experiment Findings
Full-text available
This is the first digital plattform to find mentors, collaborators, PhD students ... or whatever you need in medical ethics and connected areas. We also announce opportunities for exchange (research visits), jobs, and much more.
Book
Full-text available
This collection features comprehensive overviews of the various ethical challenges in organ transplantation. International readings well-grounded in the latest developments in the life sciences are organized into systematic sections and engage with one another, offering complementary views. All core issues in the global ethical debate are covered:...
Chapter
This collection features comprehensive overviews of the various ethical challenges in organ transplantation. International readings well-grounded in the latest developments in the life sciences are organized into systematic sections and engage with one another, offering complementary views. All core issues in the global ethical debate are covered:...
Experiment Findings
Full-text available
We are experimenting on mapping all milestones...
Experiment Findings
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Designed, printed and then spread amongst the community.
Article
Full-text available
Background: The issue of body weight poses a challenge in doctor—patient communication. Objectives: This study examines the communication preferences of people with obesity. On this basis, we develop practical recommendations for counselling patients. Materials andmethods. Qualitative content analysis of semi-structured, guideline-based interviews...
Article
Full-text available
Background The issue of body weight poses a challenge in doctor—patient communication. Objectives This study examines the communication preferences of people with obesity. On this basis, we develop practical recommendations for counselling patients.Materials and methodsQualitative content analysis of semi-structured, guideline-based interviews with...
Chapter
Full-text available
In der öffentlichen Debatte wurden humane induzierte pluripotente Stammzellen (hiPS-Zellen) im Vergleich zu humanen embryonalen Stammzellen (hES-Zellen) oft als moralisch unproblematische Alternative zur verbrauchenden Forschung mit Embryonen dargestellt. Doch bei genauerer Betrachtung wird klar, dass insbesondere die klinische Translation der Fors...
Chapter
Seit mehr als zehn Jahren können differenzierte Körperzellen, wie etwa Hautzellen, im Labor derart verändert („induziert“) werden, dass humane pluripotente Stammzellen entstehen. Diese sogenannten humanen induzierten pluripotenten Stammzellen (hiPS-Zellen) besitzen – ebenso wie humane embryonale Stammzellen (hES-Zellen) – das Potenzial, jeden belie...
Chapter
Der vorliegende Beitrag befasst sich mit den ethischen Problemen der klinischen Forschung mit humanen induzierten pluripotenten Stammzellen. Wir diskutieren insbesondere solche Aspekte, die über die bei Forschungsprojekten typischerweise auftretenden und in nationalen und internationalen Gesetzen und Richtlinien geregelten ethischen Probleme der Fo...
Article
Experimental therapies with embryonic stem cells (hESCs) and, more recently, human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) are steadily gaining ground in clinical practice. The implementation of such novel high-risk/high-potential treatments calls for proper safeguards for the interests of the public and, most importantly, of research participants...
Article
Full-text available
This art-science-interaction article focuses on moral implications of a recent science announcement. Against the background of literary and cultural theories, it compares a YouTube story with narratives employed in fictional stories.
Article
This paper gives an introduction to the interdisciplinary special section. Against the historical and ethical background of reproductive technologies, it explores future scenarios of human reproduction and analyzes ways of mutual engagement between fictional and academic endeavors. The underlying idea is that we can make use of human reproduction s...
Article
Seit 2012 fordern Akteure des deutschen Gesundheitssystems die ergebnisoffene Aufklärung zur Organtransplantation. Der vorliegende Beitrag identifiziert 63 Websites, die solche Aufklärung bereitstellen, und analysiert an fünf Einzelbeispielen, inwiefern sie der Forderung nachkommen und damit eine autonome Entscheidungsfindung der Nutzer ermöglichen...
Article
Definition of the Problem Public health communication is aimed at large groups of populations with a spectrum of communicative techniques. However, current approaches rarely scrutinize the normative implications and the moral threshold with this spectrum. The contribution develops minimum conditions for health communication’s ethical acceptability....
Article
Definition of the problem Concepts of stakeholder engagement are well established in business ethics and medical ethics. However, current approaches tend to see it as an end in itself. Thereby, two important aspects are often neglected: first, the general normative presuppositions of stakeholder engagement; second, moral implications concerning dif...
Article
In Germany, as well as in other countries, organ shortages are usually explained by a relative unwillingness to donate among a population which is assumed to be caused by a lack of information and mistrust of the system. As we can see in the data of our qualitative research (focus groups and interviews), lack of information or mistrust are not the...
Article
Full-text available
Der vorliegende Beitrag erläutert anhand ausgewählter Beispiele das Potential von Dystopien für die Bioethik. Hierfür werden bestehende Ansätze narrativer Ethik kritisch rekonstruiert und erweitert. Mittels eines Theorieangebots aus der Literaturwissenschaft wird vorgeschlagen, moralische Überzeugungen, die Dystopien motivieren, in kohärentistische...
Article
Full-text available
Background In Germany, two events regarding organ donation in 2012 happened: media reported about allocation scandals and regulations concerning regular public information were implemented. Public mistrust as a result of the scandals was repeatedly utilized to explain the current decrease in donation rates. Methods To test for public attitudes towa...
Article
Full-text available
In the film Never Let Me Go (UK/USA 2010), clones are forced to donate their organs anonymously. As a work of fiction, this film can be regarded as a negotiation of limited agency, since the clones are depicted as vulnerable individuals. Thereby, it evokes a confrontation with underprivileged positions in technocratic societies, encouraging the aud...
Article
Full-text available
Im Spielfilm Never Let Me Go werden Klone als vulnerable und heteronome Individuen dargestellt, die zur anonymen Organspende gezwungen werden. In diesem Beitrag wird die Darstellung dieser Figuren in ihrer individuellen Entwicklung und gesellschaftlichen Sozialisation unter der Frage untersucht, welche Bezüge sich zu bioethischen Aspekten ergeben....
Article
Background In the movie Never Let Me Go, clones are depicted as highly vulnerable and heteronomous individuals, forced to donate their organs anonymously. In this paper, we analyze the depiction of the clones’ socialization and personal development, scrutinizing references to bioethical aspects. Arguments As a symbolic work of fiction, this movie...
Article
Die Verbreitung kommerzieller Leihmutterschaft und ihr wachsender globaler Markt hat zu einer breiten Diskussion sowohl unter Wissenschaftlern als auch unter Aktivisten geführt. In diesem Aufsatz eröffnen wir durch die Auseinandersetzung mit einem Dokumentarfilm ethische Fragen, die mit der transnationalen indischen Leihmutterschaft in Verbindung s...
Chapter
Gerade unter dem Aspekt der Globalisierung rückt die wechselseitige Prägung von Raum und Geschlecht zunehmend in den Blick einer kultur- und sozialwissenschaftlichen Forschung. Dieser Band versammelt interdisziplinäre Beiträge, die den Konstruktionscharakter von Raum- und Gender-Begriffen analysieren, der für soziale, kulturelle, politische Welten...
Article
Full-text available
Initiiert durch das Institut für Ethik und Geschichte der Medizin wurden in einem Göttinger Kino zwölf Spiel- und Dokumentarfilme zum Verhältnis von Biomedizin und Gesellschaft gezeigt. Anschließend wurden diese mit Expert_ innen und interessierten Bürger_innen diskutiert. Dabei standen die (möglichen) Folgen von biomedizinischen Technologien ebens...

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Projects

Projects (4)
Project
Empirical-ethical analysis of organ donation campaigns in Germany with a special focus on critical/reluctant groups
Project
Web: https://en.junge-medizinethik.de/ Twitter: @JMedizinethik