Solmaz Mohadjer

Solmaz Mohadjer
Max Planck Institute for Intelligent Systems | IS

PhD

About

32
Publications
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Introduction
Prof. Mohadjer's' research interests are in the linkage between mountain hazards and mountain building processes, continental deformation and erosion. Her past and current projects include: (1) measuring catchment-wide erosion rates in the western Tian Shan, (2) investigating postglacial erosion and the role of rockfalls in the evolution of alpine landscapes, (3) quantifying crustal deformation in the India-Asia orogen, and (4) improving hazard communication with at-risk communities.

Publications

Publications (32)
Article
Full-text available
Earthquakes represent the highest risk in terms of potential loss of lives and economic damage for Central Asian countries. Knowledge of fault location and behavior is essential in calculating and mapping seismic hazard. Previous efforts in compiling fault information for Central Asia have generated a large amount of data that are published in limi...
Article
Previous studies related to the active deformation within the India-Asia collision zone have relied on slip rate data from major faults to test kinematic models for the region. However, estimated geodetic and Quaternary slip rates demonstrate large variability for many of the major faults in the region (e.g., Altyn Tagh and Karakorum faults). As a...
Article
Full-text available
This study addresses the temporal variations in rockfall activity in the 5.2 km2 calcareous cliffs of the deglaciated Lauterbrunnen Valley, Switzerland. We did this using 19 campaigns of repeated terrestrial laser scans (TLS) over 5.2 yr, power-law predicted behavior from extrapolation of the TLS-derived frequency-magnitude relationship, and estima...
Preprint
Full-text available
Reducing disaster risk is critical to securing the ambitions of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), and natural hazard scientists make a key contribution to achieving this aim. Understanding Earth processes and dynamics underpins hazard analysis, which (alongside analysis of other disaster risk drivers) informs the actions required to manage...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, we have created 10 geoscience video lessons that follow the paired-teaching pedagogical approach. This method is used to supplement the standard school curriculum with video lessons, instructed by geoscientists from around the world, coupled with activities carried out under the guidance of classroom teachers. The video lessons intro...
Preprint
Full-text available
There is still a significant lack of diversity and equity in geoscience education, even decades after widespread calls for improvement and action. We propose an approach and specific opportunities for educators to improve diversity in geoscience 20 education within higher education: 1) advocating for institutional change, 2) incorporating diverse p...
Presentation
Full-text available
The Pamir-Tian Shan constitutes the northwestern corner of the India-Asia collision where the indentation of the Pamir has resulted in crustal shortening and rock uplift. To understand the topographic response to tectonic, lithologic and climatic variations over millennial timescales, previous studies determined catchment-wide denudation rates with...
Article
Full-text available
Reducing disaster risk is critical to securing the ambitions of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), and natural hazard scientists make a key contribution to achieving this aim. Understanding Earth processes and dynamics underpins hazard analysis, which (alongside analysis of other disaster risk drivers) informs the actions required to manage...
Preprint
Full-text available
Lack of access to science-based natural hazards information impedes the effectiveness of school-based disaster risk reduction education. To address this challenge, we have created ten geoscience video lessons that follow the paired teaching pedagogical approach. This method is used to supplement the standard school curriculum with video lessons ins...
Article
The full text for this article can be accessed here: https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-020-02141-7
Article
Full-text available
Geodetically derived velocities from Central Asia show that Northern Afghanistan, the Tajik Pamir, and northwestern Pakistan all move northward with comparable large velocities toward Eurasia. Steep velocity gradients, hence high strain rates, occur only across the Main Pamir Fault zone and with lesser magnitude between the northernmost Hindu Kush...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Disaster education in schools can raise awareness among students, teachers, and parents, leading to more accurate risk perception and better understanding of protective measures. For a disaster education curriculum to be effective, particularly in the context of earthquakes, the curriculum must be science-based. For example, to prepare for earthqua...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Earthquakes and mass wasting events represent the highest risk in terms of potential loss of lives and economic damage for countries located in the region of Silk Road. Knowledge of fault location and behavior as well as landslide inventory data are essential in calculating and mapping hazards, and reducing the risks of disasters. Previous studies...
Poster
Full-text available
Disaster education plays a key role in reducing vulnerability and increasing safety and community resilience to disaster risks. Geoscientists can inform mitigation and resilience strategies as they collect and analyze data relevant to disaster risks. However, many of the approaches they use to engage with the public involve one-way, asymmetric comm...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Disaster education plays a key role in reducing vulnerability and increasing safety and community resilience to disaster risks. Geoscientists can inform mitigation and resilience strategies as they collect and analyze data relevant to disaster risks. However, many of the approaches they use to engage with the public involve one-way, asymmetric comm...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Rockfalls are common in steep U-shaped valleys produced by glaciation. They contribute to valley erosion and pose substantial hazard to people, properties and infrastructure. In this study, we focus on the 5.2 km 2 calcareous cliffs of the deglacited Lauterbrunnen Valley located in the Bernese Oberland, Switzerland. A time series of repeat terrestr...
Article
Full-text available
Rockfall in deglaciated mountain valleys is perhaps the most important post-glacial geomorphic process for determining the rates and patterns of valley wall erosion. Furthermore, rockfall poses a significant hazard to inhabitants and motivates monitoring efforts in populated areas. Traditional rockfall detection methods, such as aerial photography...
Article
Full-text available
Rockfall in deglaciated mountain valleys is perhaps the most important post-glacial geomorphic process for determining the rates and patterns of valley wall erosion. Furthermore, rockfall poses a significant hazard to inhabitants and motivates the monitoring for rockfall occurrence in populated areas. Traditional rockfall detection methods, such as...
Article
Full-text available
Earthquakes represent the highest risk in terms of potential loss of lives and economic damage for central Asian countries. Knowledge of fault location and behavior is essential in calculating and mapping seismic hazard. Previous efforts in compiling fault information for central Asia have generated a large amount of data that are published in limi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The ongoing collision of the Indian subcontinent with Asia controls active tectonics and seismicity in Central Asia. This motion is accommodated by faults that have historically caused devastating earthquakes and continue to pose serious threats to the population at risk. Despite international and regional efforts to assess seismic hazards in Cen-t...
Data
Full-text available
In this course packet, there are a number of hands-on and interactive scientific lesson plans, each inviting students to learn what is known about earthquakes, earthquake hazards, and hazards preparedness. The lessons are developed for Grade Levels 6-12. However, lesson contents can be easily modified for younger students. Lessons are adapted from...
Article
Full-text available
A sparse network of six continuous and two campaign sites in western Pakistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, and northern Afghanistan establish bounds on the modern strain rate across several large fault systems in the region, including the Chaman, Darvaz-Karakul and Herat faults. Prior estimates of slip rate on these faults from a variety of field and r...
Technical Report
http://pubs.usgs.gov/sim/3100/ The rocks of the map area range from Proterozoic age metamorphic rocks of the Kanektok metamorphic complex (Kilbuck terrane) to Quaternary age mafic volcanic rocks of Nunivak Island. The map area encompasses much of the type area of the Togiak-Tikchik Complex. The geologic maps used to construct this compilation were,...
Article
GPS velocities measured in the Pamir and surrounding regions show a total of ~30 mm/yr of northward relative motion between stable Pakistan and Eurasia. The convergence budget is partitioned into 10–15 mm/yr of localized shortening across the Trans-Alai Thrust, which bounds the Pamir on the north, consistent with southward subduction of intact lith...
Article
Full-text available
We developed a middle school earthquake science and hazards curriculum to promote earthquake awareness to students in the Central Asian country of Tajikistan. These materials include pre- and post-assessment activities, six science activities describing physical processes related to earthquakes, five activities on earthquake hazards and mitigation...
Article
Full-text available
[1] Convergence of 29 ± 1 mm/yr between the NW corner of the Indian plate and Asia is accommodated by a combination of thrust and strike-slip faulting on prominent faults and apparent distributed deformation within the Hindu Kush, Pamir, South Tien Shan and Kohistan Ranges. An upper bound to the slip rate of known faults is obtained by ignoring dis...
Conference Paper
Coseismic geodetic observations and four years of postseismic geodesy from the region of the 8 October 2005 Mw=7.6 Kashmir earthquake are inconsistent with any deformation approximation using a single planar discontinuity in a laterally homogeneous half-space, either elastic or viscoelastic. A large crustal discontinuity, the Himalayan Main Boundar...
Article
Full-text available
This study examines a sample of Tajik eighth and ninth graders' perceptions of earthquakes and their hazards with the intent to identify the most effective approaches for conveying earthquake science, hazards, and mitigation techniques to children in Tajikistan. We provide the results of the development of a pilot earthquake education curriculum th...
Thesis
Full-text available
Geodetic Constraints on Slip Rates of Large Central Asian Faults: Deformation throughout the Hindu Kush-Pamir-South Tien Shan section of the Alpine-Himalayan collision, as measured with GPS, shares characteristics in common with neighboring regions in Iran and Tibet, particularly the presence of numerous large faults with relatively low slip rates...

Projects

Projects (3)
Archived project
Central Asia is one of the most tectonically active regions of the world and is influenced by two major climate systems: The west wind zone and the monsoon. CaTeNA is examining the two most serious natural hazards arising from these conditions: Earthquakes and mass movements. The goal is to better understand the underlying processes and triggering factors and to better estimate the resulting risks.