Sofie De Kimpe

Sofie De Kimpe
Vrije Universiteit Brussel | VUB · Crime and Society (CRIS)

professor in criminology

About

46
Publications
3,456
Reads
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46
Citations
Citations since 2017
10 Research Items
15 Citations
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Introduction
Sofie De Kimpe is full time Professor of Criminology at the Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB) and member of the Crime & Society CRiS research group. Her main research field is ‘police studies and policing’, whit a strong preference for street-level-policing. In this she acquired experience with qualitative ethnographic police research. Nice to know is that she worked within the federal police organisation as an external expert on a project to reform the Belgian police education system. Current research projects: stop & search (EU COST: POLICE STOPS), policing terrorism, drugs and policing, police diversity, police education. She is a (founding) member of the ESC Working Group on Policing. Important mentioning is her active role in the Flemish Centre of Policing and Security.
Additional affiliations
May 1997 - present
Vrije Universiteit Brussel
Position
  • Professor
Description
  • Crime and Society Research Group (CRiS)

Publications

Publications (46)
Chapter
In this book, the editors have brought together papers that reflect upon recent changes in police organizations and organizational police culture, from the point of view of a conceptual model: the abstract police. All authors participated in the pre-conference ‘Street policing in a smart society’ that took place in September 2019 (preceding the 201...
Article
In this paper, we reflect on the selection procedure of police officers in Belgium, which has changed significantly since the police reform. Since then, the selection has been organised centrally by the Federal Police, and all candidates are screened according to a competence profile during the selection tests. This aimed to address a number of pro...
Article
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate how suspicion that leads to a police stop is developed by police officers in Belgium, and the way in which police department culture influences the creation of suspicion. Design/methodology/approach The data on which this article is based are the result of an ethnographic study within two local B...
Article
We live in a super-diverse society. However, the police do not seem to pick up on the attention for these social developments towards a super-diverse society, which puts them at risk of inefficiency and loss of legitimacy. In an exploratory mixed method study, we examined the situation regarding diversity (policy) among the police in Belgium. The r...
Article
Full-text available
Het beeld van de politie en het politiewerk is overwegend bepaald door onderzoek naar de politie in de grootstedelijke context ('urban policing'). Onderzoek naar 'rural policing' is hierbij achtergebleven (o.a. Mawby & Yarwood, 2011). Het gevolg hiervan is dat het inzicht in politiewerk op het platteland en in hoeverre dat verschilt van politiewerk...
Article
Full-text available
De bevoegdheid tot het uitvoeren van een identiteitscontrole is een vaak toegepaste politiepraktijk. Identiteitscontroles worden geacht bij te dragen aan het opsporen en bestrijden van criminaliteit (gerechtelijke controle) of het handhaven van de openbare orde (bestuurlijke controle). Echter, diverse studies in het buitenland toonden reeds aan dat...
Chapter
Full-text available
De politieopleiding wordt vaak naar voor geschoven als een direct middel om veranderingen in de politieorganisatie door te voeren. Hoewel de verwachtingen veeleer hooggespannen zijn, schetst de (internationale) literatuur, die zich toespitst op de ontwikkeling van de politieambtenaar tijdens en na de politieopleiding, hierover geen al te rooskleuri...
Article
Full-text available
Dit themanummer van de Orde van de Dag gaat over ‘bestellen en schalen’. Wellicht een wat eigenaardige titel zullen sommigen denken. De samenstellers van dit nummer lichten in deze locomotieftekst graag toe waarover het dan wel precies gaat. Afgelopen tijd is wat genoemd wordt de ‘besteldiscussie’ opnieuw actueel. Toen we in ons land in 1998 de pol...
Book
Aangezien ontwikkelingsmogelijkheden voor leidinggevenden vaak beperkt zijn, zou men kunnen veronderstellen dat de top van een organisatie geen nood heeft aan verdere professionalisering of competentieontwikkeling. Bij het uitvoeren van leidinggevende functies zoals korpschef, diensthoofd of directeur blijven voor politieleiders nochtans vaak veel...
Book
Full-text available
Politieleiders zijn zowel managers van een onderneming als hoofd van een publieke organisatie die niet los kan worden gezien van de democratische context waarin de politie functioneert. Politieleiders staan tussen de organisatie en de omgeving in, op een kruispunt van belangen. Cahier 14 geeft aandacht aan politieleiderschap in het algemeen en de k...
Chapter
Full-text available
Onderstaande bijdrage is gebaseerd op een literatuurstudie die werd verricht bij aanvang van het wetenschappelijke onderzoek 4 over het profiel en de evaluatie van de korpschef, leider van een Belgisch lokaal politiekorps 5. In dit artikel willen we op basis van theo-retische en empirische inzichten uit onderzoek naar leiderschap in het algemeen en...
Book
Full-text available
In this book, scholars from different European Member States, Norway and South-Africa focus on the social changers, the problems police are confronted with and the involvement of other public and private police actors. The aim of this book is to take a close look at several countries to find out to what extent and how security issues are dealt with...
Article
Full-text available
Onderstaande bijdrage is de neerslag van een literatuurstudie die werd verricht bij aanvang van het wetenschappelijke onderzoek over het profiel van de korpschef, leider van een Belgisch lokaal politiekorp (zie verder in deze bijdrage). Het eerst deel omvat een overzicht van (eerder theoretische) literatuur over leiderschap. Daarbij gaan we na welk...
Book
In dit Cahier worden twee thema’s behandeld: gezagsrelaties bij de lokale politie en de balans tussen community policing en het gebruik van ingrijpende politietechnieken. Beide onderwerpen vormden elk op zich een thema van een studiedag georganiseerd door het Centrum voor Politiestudies. De teksten van de verschillende sprekers werden hier voor u g...
Chapter
Full-text available
1 Inleiding: Tevredenheid meten? Het meten van de tevredenheid van de burger over politie is een vrij complexe aangelegenheid en wordt door beleidsactoren vaak onderschat. De meeste van deze tevredenheidsenquêtes zijn kwantitatief van aard, bestaan uit gestructureerde vragenlijsten met (hoofdzakelijk) gesloten antwoordcategorieën en worden via tele...
Chapter
Full-text available
The problem of police corruption within the Belgian police force doesn't vary in essence that much from the problem existing in other European countries. The causes and the characteristics of the phenomenon in general are to be found in the globalized meritocratic society, where money and power are considered as being the most important societal ob...

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Projects

Projects (9)
Archived project
Police interrogations are the starting point of criminal procedures against juvenile offenders. Research conducted in the US suggests that particularly juveniles would be vulnerable for the various manipulative and potentially coercive techniques police uses to get suspects to incriminate themselves. However, and in contrast with research on interrogations of child victims of sexual abuse, empirical research on police interrogation of juvenile offenders remains scarce. In Belgium this seems even more true, for there has never been any empirical research on how police interrogates juvenile offenders in daily practice. As a consequence we have no scientific knowledge on how these interrogations are conducted in daily (Belgian) police practice, nor do we know if and how children's rights are practiced during this starting point of the criminal procedures. By means of observations of police interrogations of juvenile offenders we want to analyse how these interrogations are conducted in daily practice and how children's rights are practiced during these interrogations. Besides, to obtain a better understanding of the observed practice we will also conduct complementary interviews with police interrogators to investigate their perspectives on children's rights. Finally, a comparison of these findings with US research can provide important insights into the legal and practical differences between a "child specific" approach of children's rights (in Belgium) and an "adult like" approach of children's rights (in the US).
Project
FWO research This research focuses on police stop and search practices and youngsters. Stop and search is a diverse police practice, because the fact that police officers have large discretionary powers in the process of decision-making during stop and search. Research shows that several target characteristics play a significant role in the decision making practice of stop and search, more in particular age and ethnicity. Youth criminological research shows that (some) youngsters have a very negative perception of and experience with the police. This body of research indicates that stop & search practices are emblematic and at the centre of the “problematic” relationship between youngsters and police forces. However, empirical and qualitative research tackling this specific youth policing practice remains very scarce. And that is what this proposal precisely wants to address. The central research question is: How do police-officers justify their decision-making of stop and search practices of youngsters and what influence the use of discretion in this decision-making? Therefore, this research focuses on the practices of police officers. Methodologically this research is mainly based on an ethnographic study, through observations and interviews, of daily police work. This research is important because the issue remains a blind spot in Belgian police studies. But above all it will shed light on a by youngsters as controversial, discriminating and unfair police practice.
Project
Research has focused over the last 25 years on a critical analysis of the social phenomena of crime and deviance and of the formal and informal reactions to these phenomena. It developed through three main research areas: penology, juvenile criminology and policing and security. This has resulted in a strong interdisciplinary tradition of theoretical and empirical research into crime phenomena (e.g. persistent juvenile delinquency, sex offences, desistance from crime), societal reactions (e.g. risk or exclusive society, neighbourhood watch initiatives, public attitudes towards crime and punishment) and criminal justice policies and practices (e.g. public and private policing, juvenile justice systems, sentencing and implementation of custodial and non-custodial sanctions for adult offenders).