Sofía Marinaro

Sofía Marinaro
National University of Tucuman | UNT · Instituto de Ecología Regional (IER)

15.69
 · 
Dr. en Ciencias Biológicas

About

14
Publications
4,133
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168
Citations
Introduction
The general objective of my research plan is to advance in the understanding of the dynamics among social actors, and between them and environmental factors, and in how these dynamics configure land uses. Thus, the plan focuses on the concept of socio-ecological systems characterized by trade-offs and synergies between social actors, determined by the use of natural resources and the appropriation of ecosystem services. In particular, my plan emphasizes on features of socio-ecological systems in agricultural frontier zones, which influence their vulnerability to extreme environmental and socio-economic changes, and their capacity for resilience.
Research Experience
April 2009 - present
National University of Tucuman
Position
  • Becaria PostDoc CONICET

Publications

Publications (14)
Article
Full-text available
Rising global demand for agricultural products results in agricultural expansion and intensification, with substantial environmental trade-offs. The South American Dry Chaco contains some of the fastest expanding agricultural frontiers worldwide, and includes diverse forms of land management, mainly associated with different land tenure regimes; wh...
Article
Disparity between the knowledge produced and knowledge required to address complex environmental challenges, such as biodiversity conservation and climate adaptation, continues to grow. Systems thinking under the Open Standards for Conservation framework can help close this gap by facilitating interdisciplinary engagement, advancing conversations o...
Chapter
The Dry Chaco is mostly known as a forested ecosystem. However it includes natural grasslands, savannas, scrublands, and wetlands. With one of the highest global deforestation rates in the last two decades and only 12% of the area protected, the concern about land-use change in this ecoregion has raised exponentially; but conservation initiatives d...
Article
Full-text available
Background: South America faces strong environmental pressures as a result of agriculture and infrastructure expansion and also of demographic growth, demanding immediate action to preserve natural assets by establishing protected areas. Currently, 7.1% of the (sub)continent is under strict conservation categories (I to IV, IUCN), but the spatial...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: South America faces strong environmental transformations due to agriculture and infrastructure expansion and due to demographic growth, demanding immediate action to preserve natural assets by means of the deployment of protected areas. Currently, 7.1% of the (sub)continent is under strict conservation categories (I to IV, IUCN), but th...
Poster
Full-text available
Estudiamos la relación espacio-temporal entre la composición de aves y la fenología y estructura de los bosques del Chaco Seco.
Article
Full-text available
Increasing global food demand requires the exploration of agricultural production systems that minimise the conflict between food production and biodiversity conservation. Cattle ranching is a main land-use in tropical and subtropical South American semi-arid ecosystems, such as the Chaco eco-region of sub-tropical Argentina, one of the most active...
Article
In most tropical and subtropical biomes, conservation strategies are mainly focused on the preservation of forests. However, neotropical dry forest and savanna ecoregions include open habitats that may deserve conservation attention. We analyzed the historical patterns and potential distribution of natural grasslands, as well as their biodiversity...
Article
Full-text available
The design of transport paths in consuming entities that use routes to access food should be under strong selective pressures to reduce costs and increase benefits. We studied the adaptive nature of branching angles in foraging trail networks of the two most abundant tropical leaf-cutting ant species. We mathematically assessed how these angles sho...
Article
Full-text available
Environmental factors and land use control habitat quality and resources availability, thus regulating species distribution. Land tenure in general, and particularly traditional indigenous properties, strongly influence land use in forest ecosystems, but their association with biodiversity is poorly explored. We surveyed 43 forests in the Northern...
Article
Full-text available
Studies to assess the relationship between agriculture production and biodiversity conservation usually focus on one gradient ranging from a natural reference land cover type (typically forest) to an intensive productive land use. However, many semi-arid ecoregions such as the dry Chaco are characterized by a mosaic of different land covers, includ...
Article
Full-text available
Argentina has a long history of protected areas creation which allows assessing temporal, territorial and biogeographical trends in relation to macroeconomic and political changes. In this paper, we created an index to quantify the originality of the contribution of each newly created national park to the conservation of the biogeographic diversity...

Network

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Projects

Project (1)
Archived project
El objetivo general de mi plan de investigación es avanzar en la comprensión de las interacciones de factores socio-económicos y ambientales como consecuencia de la competencia entre diferentes actores sociales, con expectativas diferentes expectativas en cuanto a la obtención de servicios ecosistémicos. Para ello, el plan se centra en el concepto de sistemas socio-ecológicos caracterizados por trade-offs y sinergias de servicios, pero también enfatiza en la distribución de los servicios entre los diversos actores sociales.