Sofia Vasilopoulou

Sofia Vasilopoulou
King's College London | KCL · Department of European and International Studies

BA, MA, MSc, PhD

About

60
Publications
28,031
Reads
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1,492
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Introduction
Sofia Vasilopoulou currently works at the Department of Politics, University of York. Sofia does research in Parties, Elections, Public Opinion and Voting Behavior and Comparative Politics. Her current project is 'Euroscepticism: dimensions, causes and consequences in times of crisis'.
Additional affiliations
September 2016 - present
The University of York
Position
  • Lecturer

Publications

Publications (60)
Article
This study demonstrates that voting for the far right has a central affective dimension within the domain of immigration, the effect of which relies on the level of trust one has toward political institutions and equally colors one's estimation of threat. We use representative data from two studies across three countries (Germany, the Netherlands a...
Article
This article puts forward a comprehensive framework for explaining the complex and dynamic relationship between trust in the domestic government and trust in the EU, considering time, country and individual-level variation. Using longitudinal comparative data from 32 Eurobarometer survey waves (2004–2018), we first establish that the link between a...
Article
Free access during 50 days with this link: https://authors.elsevier.com/a/1ca7mXj-jYEK5 This article examines the role of political ideology as a motivation for general and targeted anti-consumption. Using data from a cross-sectional online survey conducted in the United Kingdom, we provide a unified model of the ways in which the economic and the...
Article
What is the emotional impact of extraordinary events and how do they shape subsequent electoral outcomes? We posit that voters’ emotional reactions to such events influence whether they are likely to re-think their prior vote choice. We focus on the Brexit referendum as a prominent example of such an event. The referendum outcome elicited different...
Article
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What is the effect of politicisation on EU representation? We empirically test two competing views through a focus on party-voter congruence, i.e. whether parties share the policy preferences of their voters. The first perspective expects that the process of politicisation –either through party or media contestation– would improve party-voter agree...
Article
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Existing research has primarily focused on the role of utility and identity in shaping individuals’ European Union (EU) preferences. This article argues that macroeconomic context is a crucial predictor of attitudes towards transnational financial assistance, which has been omitted from previous analyses. Using data from the 2014 European Election...
Article
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What explains variation in European citizens’ support for common EU immigration and counter-terrorism policies? We advance extant literature that focuses on the utility versus identity debate by focusing on individuals’ emotional reactions. Drawing on theories of affect, we show that citizens’ emotions about immigration are integral to their prefer...
Article
This article examines how the public perceived Cameron's renegotiation plan, and whether attitudes towards renegotiation followed a similar pattern to attitudes towards Brexit. It asks: are preferences towards renegotiation and Brexit related, and did British citizens perceive them as conflicting or complementary? We model similarities but also dif...
Article
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This article examines the effect of individual and contextual variables on preference formation towards European Union (EU) freedom of movement. Our multilevel analyses of Eurobarometer data show that citizens with low levels of human capital and strong feelings of national identity are more likely to oppose intra-EU migration. However, we argue th...
Article
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What does Brexit really mean? We examine what people expect from the Brexit deal, highlighting three key findings. First, while trade is the key policy priority among the British electorate, opinion is divided on whether the UK should leave the customs union. Second, the public is split on the potential trade-off between remaining in the European s...
Chapter
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This contribution examines the role that the European Union (EU) issue plays in radical right party agendas. It shows that, despite the fact that radical right parties tend to adopt dissimilar positions on the principle, practice, and future of European integration, they all tend to criticise the EU from a predominantly sovereignty-based perspectiv...
Article
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This article traces the trajectory of party Euroscepticism in Greece drawing upon theories of issue competition. It demonstrates that the economic dimension of the multiple crises facing the EU contributed to a Eurosceptic shift in public opinion; the electoral success of Eurosceptic parties; new parties populating the Europhile end of the spectrum...
Book
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Why do parties that belong to the same party family address the EU question differently? This book addresses this question through a systematic analysis of the EU positions of far right parties in Europe. Starting from the assumption that far right parties are rational actors, the book argues that the way in which they may interpret structural inc...
Chapter
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This chapter examines British eurosceptic voting at the 2014 European Parliament (EP) election, analyzing British party politics, party competition and the role of political entrepreneurs and public preferences. It shows that the 2014 EP election campaign did have a European dimension, although not the one intended by the EP. The campaign was domin...
Article
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How do emotions affect public opinion on the European Union? This article advances existing literature that focuses on cue-taking, utilitarianism and identity by arguing that emotional reactions are important to understanding citizen attitudes towards the European Union. This is because discrete emotions such as fear, anger and enthusiasm affect ho...
Chapter
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This chapter investigates the extent to which transnational dimensions of Euroscepticism have become visible in the European public sphere. It does so by comparing the news visibility of Eurosceptic MEP candidates during the 2009 and 2014 election campaigns in nine countries from the North, South, East and West of Europe. The underlying rationale o...
Chapter
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This contribution examines the state of the art in the study of Euroscepticism. It shows that Euroscepticism is a multi-dimensional phenomenon. It can be directed to the system as a whole, its institutional design, specific policies, or the perceived general direction of the EU's regulatory system. A meta-analysis of a total of fifty-four articles...
Article
This article shows that key to understanding the referendum outcome are factors such as a profoundly eurosceptic public, high levels of citizen uncertainty, divided mainstream political parties on the EU and lack of unity within the 'Leave' campaign. The Brexit referendum is more than just about domestic issues and government approval. Utilitarian...
Chapter
This article provides an overview and analysis of the Greek elections of June 2012. Placing the elections within the broader framework of the Greek socio-political and economic context, it discusses the electoral campaign and results, juxtaposing them to the 6 May electoral round. 'The election results confirmed many of the trends of the previous r...
Article
Why has the extreme right Greek Golden Dawn, a party with clear links to fascism experienced a rise defying all theories that claim that such a party is unlikely to win in post-WWII Europe? And, if we accept that economic crisis is an explanation for this, why has such a phenomenon not occurred in other countries that have similar conducive conditi...
Article
Full-text available
his paper focuses on the impact of the Golden Dawn on the dynamics of domestic party competition by examining whether there has been a change in issue salience since the party’s dramatic rise. Our main goal is to examine the salience of topics in the Golden Dawn’s agenda from a comparative perspective vis-à-vis the other actors in the system, in or...
Chapter
This entry explores the complex relationship between nationalism and globalization. Various perspectives are examined to show whether the two processes are contradictory or complementary, under what conditions nationalism may thrive with increasing globalization, and whether nationalism preceded or followed globalization.
Article
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Greece’s economic instability has become the Western world’s longest-running monetary crisis. Will Germany allow the EU to keep propping up Greece’s unstable financial system? Will the country leave the eurozone? Will such a departure, if it occurs, unravel the idea of “Europe”? All valid questions. But behind them stands another equally profound s...
Book
What explains the dramatic rise of the extreme, ultranationalist Golden Dawn in a country that has experienced Nazi invasion and a military dictatorship? This book places the rise of the Golden Dawn in the context of the Eurozone crisis and argues that its rise is not merely the product of economic malaise. Rather, the success of the Golden Dawn is...
Chapter
This chapter focuses on the second component of the Golden Dawn’s nationalist solution, namely, the fascist myth of national rebirth. The chapter places the Golden Dawn’s palingenetic vision within the framework of ethnic election and examines the ways in which the party draws upon available cultural reservoirs. Its main proposition is that the Gre...
Chapter
This chapter contextualises the rise of the Golden Dawn within the framework of the Greek crisis. It commences with a short overview of the Golden Dawn’s electoral performance over time since its establishment in the 1980s, with an emphasis on the breakthrough the party experienced in 2012. The chapter continues with an analysis of the Greek crisis...
Chapter
The aim of this chapter is twofold. First, it summarises the main arguments and findings of the book, focusing on demand- and supply-side dynamics. More specifically, the chapter discusses the ways in which the Golden Dawn has capitalised on social discontent by putting forward its ‘nationalist solution’, that is, a discourse, which emphasises the...
Chapter
This chapter focuses on the ways in which the Golden Dawn has shaped its own demand through its ideology, discourse and programmatic agenda. It examines the Golden Dawn’s nationalist solution to the Greek crisis within the framework of fascist political myths and, more specifically, the myth of social decadence. The chapter first examines fascism a...
Chapter
This chapter evaluates demand-side explanations for the rise of the Golden Dawn through an examination of the socio-demographic profile and political attitudes of its prospective supporters. It places support for the Golden Dawn within the broader European comparative framework, which identifies two main models of far right-wing party support, that...
Article
Members of the European Parliament (MEPs) represent their citizens in European Union policy making, having the power to approve, amend or reject the near majority of legislation. The media inform EU citizens about their representatives and are able to hold them publicly accountable. However, we know little about whether, and to what extent, MEPs ar...
Article
The May 2014 European Parliament (EP) elections were characterised by the success of far-right Eurosceptic parties, including the French Front National, UKIP, the Danish People's Party, the Hungarian Jobbik, the Austrian FPÖ, the True Finns and the Greek Golden Dawn. However, a closer look at the results across Europe indicates that the success of...
Article
Within the broader debate on the Greek crisis, the theory of ‘populist democracy’ postulates that populism is fundamental to the sustenance of the Greek political system and is at the heart of Greece's endemic domestic weaknesses. This article tests this assumption empirically through the use of a sophisticated framing analysis of speeches delivere...
Article
Full-text available
This article provides an overview and analysis of the Greek elections of June 2012. Placing the elections within the broader framework of the Greek socio-political and economic context, it discusses the electoral campaign and results, juxtaposing them to the 6 May electoral round. The election results confirmed many of the trends of the previous ro...
Article
Full-text available
The European Parliament has often been accused of its inability to link to European citizens. This article employs quantitative measures to investigate levels of congruence between individual MEPs and their voters on core policy issues following the 2009 EP elections. Operationalizing congruence as a ‘many-to-one’ relationship, it suggests that on...
Article
Euroscepticism has been treated as a marginal phenomenon in European Union studies. It has been portrayed as exceptional, belonging to the realm of pariah politics. This article contests this view arguing that although the term was first coined during the mid‐1980s in Britain, its features were present since the early stages of integration. Pointin...
Article
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This article examines the relationship between nationalism and liberal values, and more specifically the redefinition of boundaries between national communities and others in the rhetoric of radical right parties in Europe. The aim is to examine the tension between radical right party discourse and the increasing need to shape this discourse in lib...
Article
The process of approving a Greek drawing on funds provided by the international community is now familiar. There is concern about the prospect of securing an agreement between the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the European Union (EU), the European Central Bank (ECB), and Greece, which satisfies all parties. This paper suggests that all parties...
Article
This paper asks what explains similar Eurosceptic positions between radical right and radical left parties. In answering this question, it focuses on the paradoxical role of nationalism as an integral part of the discourse of both radical right and radical left wing parties. Although these two party families differ in terms of origins, transnationa...
Book
Nationalism and globalisation are two central phenomena of the modern world, that have both shaped and been shaped by each other, yet few connections have been made systematically between the two. This book brings together leading international scholars to examine the effect of globalisation on nationalism, and how the persistence of the nation af...
Article
This article argues that radical right parties can be seen as displaying three patterns of opposition towards European integration: rejecting, conditional and compromising. These three patterns are identified through the careful examination of party attitudes on four different aspects related to European integration and the EU. These include the id...
Thesis
Full-text available
The thesis analyses the phenomenon of party-based Euroscepticism with specific reference to radical right parties. It provides a bridge between the literatures on party behaviour, radical right parties and the study of Euroscepticism. Challenging the notion that parties belonging to the same party family display similar positions on European in...
Article
This article examines the ways in which the BNP utilises the elements of British national identity in its discourse and argues that, during Griffin's leadership, the party has made a discursive choice to shift the emphasis from an ethnic to a civic narrative. We put forward two hypotheses, 1: the modernisation of the discourse of extreme right part...
Article
Full-text available
The European extreme right has been understood as a monolithic entity regarding its Euroscepticism. Contrary to this, it is demonstrated in this article that in fact the extreme right adopts varying positions on Europe. Theoretically, party positions on Europe are conceptualised as a three-fold dimension, namely positions on first the principle, se...
Article
Nationalism has been criticised as an irrational doctrine associated with some of the most violent right-wing movements of the 20th century. Because it tends to be understood in terms of ethnic exclusion, nationalism is considered a prerogative of radical right-wing parties. This view, however, is based on the problematic assumption that nationalis...
Article
This paper is concerned with the robustness of democracy within the European context during the current economic crisis. Under what circumstances is economic crisis likely to be associated with the rise of the extreme right? Greece and Spain are both experiencing severe economic crisis. They also share many similarities often cited as prohibiting f...
Article
This article aims to make both a conceptual and an empirical contribution to the study of party-based Euroscepticism. First, while critically evaluating current definitions, it puts forward a novel typology of Euroscepticism based on three indicators, namely the principle, the practice and the future of European integration. The typology presented...

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Projects

Projects (2)
Project
To examine far right parties' positions on European integration, to identify different patterns of Euroscepticism, and to explain how the EU issue features in far right party competition.
Project
The project aims at (1) mapping and identifying the different dimensions of Euroscepticism and understanding whether these have changed as a result of the crisis; (2) exploring the underlying causes of Euroscepticism and explaining variation in levels of Euroscepticism at the country, party and individual levels; and (3) assessing the ways in which Euroscepticism feeds back into national politics by testing its consequences on domestic political behaviour. The project is funded by the Economic Social and Research Council Future Leaders scheme (2016-2018). For more info, please visit http://euroscepticism.org/