Sofia Serholt

Sofia Serholt
University of Gothenburg | GU · Department of Applied Information Technology

PhD

About

31
Publications
16,365
Reads
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490
Citations
Citations since 2017
22 Research Items
456 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023020406080100
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100
Additional affiliations
February 2018 - May 2019
Högskolan Väst
Position
  • Research Assistant
Description
  • Research assistant in the START project focused on the design and study of a robot tutee in mathematics education for children.
October 2017 - May 2019
Chalmers University of Technology
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Description
  • Postdoctoral researcher in the PLACED project, working on the participatory design and evaluation of digital services for public libraries.
January 2013 - September 2017
University of Gothenburg
Position
  • PhD Student
Description
  • PhD student working on the design and evaluation of empathic robot tutors within the EMOTE project, and studying children's interactions with the robot over time along with ethical perspectives of stakeholders.
Education
January 2013 - September 2017
University of Gothenburg
Field of study
  • Applied Information Technology with specialization in Educational Sciences
August 2006 - June 2012
University of Gothenburg
Field of study
  • Teacher education

Publications

Publications (31)
Article
Full-text available
Robots are increasingly being studied for use in education. It is expected that robots will have the potential to facilitate children’s learning and function autonomously within real classrooms in the near future. Previous research has raised the importance of designing acceptable robots for different practices. In parallel, scholars have raised et...
Article
Full-text available
In recent years, there has been a growing research interest towards exploring the benefit of Child–Robot Interaction for educational purposes through the use of social robotics. Despite the label, such robots are typically only social within scripted activities. The current study takes a critical look at the case of a robotic tutor which was implem...
Chapter
In 2015, and three years prior to the writing of this chapter, a three-month field study of a humanoid empathic robot tutor was conducted at a primary school in Sweden with children in grades 4–6. At that time, video analysis of the children’s interactions with the robot revealed that the children responded socially to the robot, but also that brea...
Article
Full-text available
Social robots are increasingly being studied in educational roles, including as tutees in learning-by-teaching applications. To explore the benefits and drawbacks of using robots in this way, it is important to study how robot tutees compare to traditional learning-by-teaching situations. In this paper, we report the results of a within-subjects fi...
Chapter
What research questions and approaches are currently missing in the field of human-robot interaction research? We discuss humanistic and critical dimensions of critical robotics – an initiative created to investigate a possible paradigm shift in the field of robotics research. Robotic solutions are increasingly presented as a potentially desirable...
Article
Full-text available
Human peer tutoring is known to be effective for learning, and social robots are currently being explored for robot-assisted peer tutoring. In peer tutoring, not only the tutee but also the tutor benefit from the activity. Exploiting the learning-by-teaching mechanism, robots as tutees can be a promising approach for tutor learning. This study comp...
Article
Full-text available
We invite contributions for a Special Issue on Intricacies of Child–Robot Interaction, to be published by the journal Multimodal Technologies and Interaction. Deadline for submission is September 1, 2021.
Article
This paper contributes to the existing body of knowledge on the co-design of novel technologies with children. As part of a three year research project aiming to design and develop a robot tutee for use in mathematics education, we present the initial phases of our design approach with children, in which we draw on principles of Participatory Desig...
Article
Full-text available
Today, robots are studied and expected to be used in a range of social roles within classrooms. Yet, due to a number of limitations in social robots, robot interactions should be expected to occasionally suffer from troublesome situations and breakdowns. In this paper, we explore this issue by studying how children handle interaction trouble with a...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The role of libraries are rapidly shifting, in large part as a consequence of digitization. In addition to providing access to collections of books and other physical media, public libraries today are embracing a new role of becoming urban hubs, in which a wide range of activities take place. In these activities, local knowledge is developed, excha...
Conference Paper
In this paper, we discuss what it means to practice service design in an academic research setting. For a long time, the primary focal point of design research has been the users—of their experiences, needs, desires, and values. By contrast, designers have been relatively anonymous and unlocatable. In shift to the service-centric design paradigm, w...
Conference Paper
This paper presents the initial design of an educational setup where a humanoid robot is used as a game companion to a child while they play an educational arithmetic game together. Drawing on the learning-by-teaching paradigm, the robot’s purpose is to act as the child’s tutee and ask questions related to gameplay and the arithmetic content of the...
Article
Full-text available
Contributions are invited for a Special Issue on Critical Robotics Research, to be published by the AI & Society Journal of Culture, Knowledge and Communication (Springer) http://link.springer.com/journal/146.
Article
Full-text available
As increasingly more research efforts are geared towards creating robots that can teach and interact with children in educational contexts, it has been speculated that endowing robots with artificial empathy may facilitate learning. In this paper, we provide a background to the concept of empathy, and how it factors into learning. We then present o...
Conference Paper
In recent years, we have witnessed a rise in voices advocating more human-centered and holistic approaches to research on robot technology. Towards this end, the adoption of broader perspectives and the exploration of critical questions related to the design and study of these technologies in everyday life have become increasingly pressing. In this...
Conference Paper
In this paper, we discuss opportunities and challenges for technology development and adoption in public libraries. The results are based on a multi-site comparative study and thematic analysis of ethnographic work in three libraries, each in a different European country. The results explore the socio-technical practices, understandings, and perspe...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We present PARTICIPATE, a technology probe exploring how to strengthen the connection between activities taking place at public libraries and their collections, both in the digital realm and in the physical space. Based on ethnographic studies and participatory design activities, we derive three core implications for place- and activity centric lib...
Thesis
Full-text available
Advances in the field of robotics in recent years have enabled the deployment of robots in a multitude of settings, and it is predicted that this will continue to increase, leading to a profound impact on society in the future. This thesis takes its starting point in educational robots; specifically the kind of robots that are designed to interact...
Conference Paper
This paper explores children’s social engagement to a robotic tutor by analyzing their behavioral reactions to socially significant events initiated by the robot. Specific questions addressed in this paper are whether children express signs of social engagement as a reaction to such events, and if so, in what way. The second question is whether the...
Chapter
As robots are becoming increasingly common in society and education, it is expected that autonomous and socially adaptive classroom robots may eventually be given responsible roles in primary education. In this paper, we present the results of a questionnaire study carried out with students enrolled in compulsory education in three European countri...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Within any learning process, the formation of a socio-emotional relationship between learner and teacher is paramount to facilitating a good learning experience. The ability to form this relationship may come naturally to an attentive teacher; but how do we endow an unemotional robot with this ability? In this paper, we extend upon insights from th...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper presents a study that compares a humanoid robotic tutor to a human tutor when instructing school children to build a LEGO house. A total of 27 students, between the ages of 11-15, divided into two groups, participated in the study and data were collected to investigate the participants' success rate, requests for help, engagement, and at...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
User’s attitudes and perceptions of robots are increasingly being explored using a variety of methods. Considering the views of key stakeholders, and allowing such views to shape technology, is a prerequisite for the future of robotics. Yet, eliciting such views in a situation where participants have no frame of reference is no easy task. In our fi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this paper, we describe the results of an interview study conducted across several European countries on teachers' views on the use of empathic robotic tutors in the classroom. The main goals of the study were to elicit teachers' thoughts on the integration of the robotic tutors in the daily school practice, understanding the main roles that the...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This workshop aims to exchange experiences with issues surrounding Child-Robot Interaction. More specifically, the main aims are to discuss how social bonding between children and robots can be evaluated, how robots can be used to aid children in their learning process, but also what ethical issues arise when children learn from and bond with a rob...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Significant work has been devoted to the design of artificial tutors with human capabilities with the aim of helping increase the efficiency achieved with a human instructor. Yet, these systems still lack the personal, empathic and human elements that characterise a traditional teacher and fail to engage and motivate students in the same way a huma...

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Projects

Projects (4)
Project
The aim of this project is to explore when, how and why (or why not) children and adults conform to social robots. Questions relating to different robot embodiments and behaviors will be investigated, as will the impact of individual differences between people such as age and previous technology experience. Project website: https://www.gu.se/en/research/conformity-in-human-robot-interaction
Project
The purpose of this project proposal is to explore and evaluate a novel Human-Robot educational setting where the student acts as a tutor and the robot acts as a tutee, instead of the more common reversed roles. In START (Student Tutor And Robot Tutee) students teach a humanoid, social robot to play an educational game targeting conceptual understanding in basic mathematics. The purpose of the robot tutee is to behave as a curious, inquisitive learner that raises thought-provoking questions related to the tutor’s actions in order to stimulate the student tutor to reflect, reason and provide explanations. The concept is rooted in pedagogical theories of learning-by-teaching, inquiry learning and social robotics. The aim of the START learning concept is on behalf of the student tutor and is three-fold; 1) to develop an effective robotic learning companion, 2) to leverage learning of the educational content by combining game-based and inquiry-based learning, and 3) to model ideal learner behaviour such as scientific inquiry reasoning for the tutor to be inspired by and to imitate. We will explore if the robot tutee concept and its potential benefits can be effectively realized and used in an authentic classroom setting.
Archived project
PLACED (Place- and Activity-Centric Dynamic Library Services) is a 3-year European research project aimed at developing a new type of place- and activity-centric digital library services. Whereas library services typically focus on providing access to a collection of media, PLACED services support activities in the library. The groundbreaking aspect is that these services capture knowledge generated through these activities, make them a part of the library’s collection, and allow future library users to explore and access them. In this way, PLACED services help break down the institutional walls of the library and make it an integrated part of urban life by creating an ever-evolving collection built on urban activities and knowledge generation.