SM Paul Khurana

SM Paul Khurana
Amity University Haryana, Gurgaon · Amity Institute of Biotechnology

MSc,PhD,ARS,HFIPA,FPSI,FNAAS, FNABS

About

381
Publications
151,167
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
2,206
Citations
Introduction
Prof. Khurana S.M. Paul, ,PD Research at Kyushu University(2 yrs), Japan and University of Minnesota(1yr), USA. Has tremendous contributions to applied Plant Virology/ Biotechnology, guided 16 Ph.Ds while 2 working; 240research papers; edited/authored 25books, 12 bulletins, 116invited chapters/reviews; a fellow of NAAS; NABS. President, IPS, IPA, 40 awards, Life Time achievement Awards four times, including Sir J.C. Bose Memorial award (2013-14) ,CHAI LTAA 2016 etc
Additional affiliations
August 2010 - May 2015
Amity University
Position
  • Dean, Sci Engg & Technology, Director, Biotechnology
January 2009 - January 2017
Amity University Haryana, Gurgaon
Position
  • Managing Director
November 2004 - October 2009
Rani Durgavati Vishwavidyalaya
Position
  • Vice-Chancellor

Publications

Publications (381)
Article
Full-text available
Plant viruses are the major pathogens that cause heavy yield loss in potato. The important viruses are potato virus X, potato virus Y and potato leaf roll virus around the world. Besides these three viruses, a novel tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus is serious in India. Conventional cum molecular breeding and transgenics approaches have been applied...
Chapter
Advances in materials science are an outcome of novel technologies that emerge from amalgamation of known components. In this arena, hydrogels are a promising material for a series of biomedical and biological applications and can simulate human’s soft tissues, due to their unique 3D matrix, flexibility and high water content. Interestingly, graphe...
Chapter
Nutrients which are required in trace amount for plant growth are known as micronutrients. Adequate amount of micronutrients in soil not only helps the overall development of plants but also increases their endurance against abiotic stresses. Long-term cropping, soil erosion and excessive usage of commercial fertilizers are some of the reasons for...
Article
Full-text available
1 ‫ﻧﻈﺮي‬ ‫ﻧﺎﺻﺮ‬ ، 2 ‫ﻓﺮاﻣﺮزي‬ ‫ﻋﻠﯽ‬ ، 3 ‫ﻗﺮه‬ ‫رﺳﺘﻢ‬ ‫و‬ ‫داﻏﯽ‬ 4 1 ‫دﮐﺘﺮ‬ ‫داﻧﺸﺠﻮي‬ ‫اﯾﺮان‬ ‫ﻣﯿﺎﻧﻪ،‬ ‫آزاداﺳﻼﻣﯽ،‬ ‫داﻧﺸﮕﺎه‬ ‫ﻣﯿﺎﻧﻪ،‬ ‫واﺣﺪ‬ ‫ﺧﺎك،‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻮم‬ ‫ﮔﺮوه‬ ‫ﺧﺎك(،‬ ‫وﺣﻔﺎﻇﺖ‬ ‫)ﻓﯿﺰﯾﮏ‬ ‫ﺧﺎك‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﯾﺮﯾﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﺨﺼﺼﯽ‬ ‫ي‬ ، 2 ‫اﯾﺮان‬ ‫ﻣﯿﺎﻧﻪ،‬ ‫اﺳﻼﻣﯽ،‬ ‫آزاد‬ ‫داﻧﺸﮕﺎه‬ ‫ﻣﯿﺎﻧﻪ،‬ ‫واﺣﺪ‬ ‫ﺧﺎك،‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻮم‬ ‫ﮔﺮوه‬ ‫اﺳﺘﺎدﯾﺎر‬ ، 3 ‫اﺳﺘﺎدﯾﺎر‬ ‫آزاد‬ ‫داﻧﺸﮕﺎه‬...
Chapter
Most natural environments harbor a stunningly diverse collection of microbial species. The different microbial populations live in highly competitive surroundings. They fight, therefore, the resources which determine their survival and genetic persistence. Within these communities, bacteria compete with their neighbors for space and resources. The...
Article
Aims The approach to potentially resectable non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) remains controversial. There is a benefit of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT), but the ideal regimen is unknown. We evaluated the efficacy and safety of dose-dense NACT in potentially resectable NSCLC in this phase II trial. Materials and methods Paclitaxel at 80 mg/m² o...
Article
Full-text available
Now-a-days, the novel coronavirus pandemic has projected millions of deaths around the globe. An effective popular medicinal plant identified during this pandemic is Withania somnifera (L.) Dunal, locally called Ashwagandha or Indian Ginseng. The antiviral activity of this plant is well established in the fight against serious virus infections. Thi...
Article
Full-text available
Mycological investigations of 25 samples of stored chickpea food seeds ( Cicer arietinum L.) from grocery stores of Gurgaon and Gorakhpur revealed occurrence of seventeen fungal species belonging to genus viz., Alternaria, Aspergillus, Chaetomium, Colletotrichum, Curvularia, Fusarium, Penicillium, Rhizopus, Rhizoctonia, and Sclerotium . In these As...
Article
Plant diseases cause serious economic losses (5–15%/up to 25%) in all sorts of economic crop plants irrespective of cash, industrial, horticultural, ornamental, food, fodder, fibre, spices, plantation, aromatic and medicinal plants and forest trees especially in the tropics and subtropics. Farmers, due to lack of expertise, can neither identify the...
Preprint
Full-text available
Mycological investigations of 25 seed samples of stored chick pea (Cicer arietinum L.) from grocery stores of Gurgaon and Gorakhpur revealed occurrence of seventeen fungal species belonging to genus viz., Alternaria , Aspergillus, Chaetomium,Colletotrichum, Curvularia, Fusarium,Penicillium,Rhizopus,Rhizoctonia, and Sclerotium. In these Aspergillus...
Chapter
This chapter dealt with the functional biology of potato-virus interactions. In the beginning of the chapter an overview of important potato viruses and their strains and genome organization are given. Then under defense mechanism and resistance genes, the genes responsible for hypersensitive response and extreme resistance, and their location on p...
Chapter
Chromium exists in different oxidation states ranging from −IV to +VI, in relation to human exposure. Chromium contaminated ecosystems through ore refining, chemical and refractory processing, cement plants, automobile brake lining and catalytic converters for automobiles, leather tanneries and chrome pigments. It’s having carcinogenic and mutageni...
Chapter
Full-text available
Plant viruses have to conquer cellular barriers for their entry and exit across cell wall and subcellular compartments for successful infection. Viral movement proteins are the main workhorses in viral transport facilitating short- and long-distance movement of viral genome. Also, movement proteins along with virus encoded accessory proteins enable...
Chapter
Full-text available
Biological control is an application of beneficial organisms, genes, and their products in the form of metabolites. This may reduce the negative activity of plant pathogens on plants. Trichoderma comes in the category of the most useful biocontrol agents and is used widely in agriculture as a bio-fungicide. The registered bio-fungicides covering up...
Article
Full-text available
Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera (L.) is a perennial medicinal plant that belongs to family Solanaceae. This is popularly known as Indian ginseng as it has rejuvenating and stimulating potential. The rapid and indiscriminate use of antimicrobial synthetic drugs, have necessitated the need to use ashwagandha as an antimicrobial source plant. The plan...
Chapter
Vaccine development and its usage over the years have accomplished significant reduction in infections and diseases. Improved knowledge of immune protection and advancements in genetic engineering have led to the introduction of variety of new types of vaccines through manipulation of DNA, RNA, proteins, and sugars. Creation of attenuated mutants,...
Book
This book provides a comprehensive overview of the recent trends in various Nanotechnology-based therapeutics and challenges associated with its development. Nanobiotechnology is an interdisciplinary research that has wide applications in the various fields of biomedical research. The book discusses the various facets of the application of Nanotech...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract Sixteen fungal species belonging to Alternaria, Aspergillus, Fusarium, Penicillium, Rhizopus, Trichoderma and Trichothecium genera were found to be associated in stored wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) grains and Fusarium oxysporum, Aspergillus niger, A. ochraceus and A. terreus were identified to be associated with wheat storage. The essentia...
Article
Full-text available
ABSTRACT Lesser grain borer Rhyzopertha dominica (F.) is a destructive insect pest of stored grains. Both larvae and adults of the pest attack whole, sound grain and cause extensive damage. Larvae are internal feeders whereas adults are free living and bore into the commodity and can fly. Fumigation is the most useful and effective method to manage...
Chapter
Plant viruses always posed extensive losses to crop production. Thus, it is of utmost importance to plant virologists and biologists to accurately identify culprit host plant proteins which participate in plant-virus interactions. Advancements in molecular virology and plant biotechnology have led to many major breakthroughs in past years enabling...
Chapter
Full-text available
Virus-induced gene silencing (VIGS) is widely used to analyse the gene functions in model plants and in the plant species where generation of stable genetic transformants to downregulate gene expression is laborious and time-consuming. Plant viruses serve as a suitable candidate for understanding functional genomics by their modification as Virus I...
Chapter
Lichens are composite organisms formed upon symbiotic association of fungi and algae doing photosynthesis (blue green algae). Lichenized fungi produce unique secondary metabolites which bears a wide spectrum in biological activities viz., anti-HIV, production of antibiotics, anti-protozoan, anticancer etc. This review focuses primarily on the antib...
Chapter
Full-text available
Previous two to three decades have witnessed Abiotic (temperature, light, water, salt etc.) and Biotic (bacteria, fungi, viruses etc.) stresses in crop plants to be increasing and documented as a severe menace to global food security, making it hard for the plants to endure in such circumstances. With the fast-growing population, it is now mandator...
Chapter
Full-text available
A Bioremediation process includes bioinjection, bioaugmentation and phytoremediation and relies on the management of suitable plants and soil microorganisms, either natural or tailor made, that can degrade, sequester, or remove environmental contaminants and are capable of catabolizing the contaminants. Actinobacteria are present in high concentrat...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Background Despite being a rare disease entity, Thymoma and Thymic carcinomas represent the most common cause of anterior mediastinal mass. Clinical course is widely varied from an indolent course to florid metastatic disease with paraneoplastic manifestation. Treatment guidelines are based on small phase 2 studies. Data of chemotherapy in advanced...
Preprint
Full-text available
Gain a greater understanding of the genetics and genomics of veterinary, avian and fishery science Genomics and Biotechnological Advances: in Veterinary, Poultry, and Fisheries is a comprehensive reference covering important topics to guide animal biotechnologists, veterinary clinicians, fishery scientists, and anyone who needs to understand the la...
Chapter
Full-text available
Banana is an important and affordable source of food for millions of people of the developing tropical countries. It comes in the category of export fruits in the world. Banana wilt is a limiting factor for growth of the banana industry. It is one of the most destructive diseases of banana. The main causal organism of wilt of banana is Fusarium oxy...
Chapter
Pesticides have been widely used after the Second World War in management of weeds, diseases and pests of plants. Most of these have persistent nature and cause serious environmental concerns. They can be managed only through the biological agents for remediation of agricultural soils. The crop fields are normally over polluted through pesticides....
Article
Full-text available
In the present study, a new set of primers of gyrA and gyrB genes of the phytoplasma genome were designed and validated for the successful detection and taxonomic classification of the previously identified phytoplasma strains of ‘Candidatus P. asteris’ (16SrI-B subgroup) associated with Catharanthus leaf yellows, sesame phyllody and the leafhopper...
Article
Full-text available
Plant viruses are among the most important plant pathogens causing diverse symptoms. Plant virologists need complete knowledge about viral infection and of effects on host plants so that correct control procedures can be implemented. Specificity of plant viruses varies greatly. Some of them can colonize different species and some are specific or in...
Article
Lucky Bamboo (Dracaena sanderiana Sander ex Mast) is a tropical evergreen perennial woody, shrubby species. This is native of Cameroon area in tropical West Africa. This has flexible strap-shaped leaves and slender stems. Being an indoor house plant it grows very well under indirect lighting and have gained popularity because of adoption of new age...
Chapter
Ahimsa—founded on the bedrock of amity, forgiveness, tolerance to foster global non-violence, peace and harmony—can be the way forward for humanity. Stern disciplinary actions and coercive approaches may help maintain law and order, but yet individuals may resort to violence and force to achieve their narrow aims more often than not, disrupting pea...
Book
Refinement in sequencing technologies and potential of genomic research resulted in meteoric growth of biological information such as sequences of DNA, RNA and protein requiring databases for efficient storage, management and retrieval of the biological information. Also, computational algorithms for analysis of these colossal data became a vital a...
Chapter
Microsporum, Trichophyton and Epidermophyton are the most common potential dermatophytes responsible for skin infections. Their spread is fast, but available management is not up to the mark. This is mainly due to resistance developed by dermatophytes. The high manufacturing cost, non-ecofriendly nature, many side effects and even high toxicity of...
Conference Paper
Background The 2013 NHS England service specifications for severe asthma aimed to develop a limited number of high volume specialist hub centres. These centres would have a multi-disciplinary team (MDT) working to improve patient outcomes and reduce healthcare costs. In the North West we have developed a networked approach to specialised severe ast...
Conference Paper
Background Asthma is a heterogenous disease characterised by chronic airway inflammation and variable airflow obstruction. We use surrogate markers of inflammation and evidence of atopy to help aid the diagnosis and monitor disease.The aim of this project was to explore the relationship of markers of eosinophilia to asthma symptoms in new patients...
Article
Full-text available
Symptomless grape plants (Vitis vinifera) cultivated in Jind, Punjab, have been found to carry a Grapevine red blotch virus (GRBV). Evaluation of full length DNA sequence (3204 bp) of the virus (KU522121) has revealed similarity with mastrevirus, begomovirus, and other Grapevine red blotch viruses reported in the US and Canada. Similar to naturally...
Article
Full-text available
Grapevine leafroll disease (GLD), caused by a complex of serologically and genetically distinct or related viral species termed as Grapevine leafroll associated viruses (GLRaVs), is a serious threat to the grape production worldwide. Recently, Grapevine leafroll-associated virus 4 (GLRaV-4) has been reported in the Indian vineyards, mostly as a mix...
Book
Full-text available
Plant viruses are significant as they affect our food supply and are capable of rapidly spreading to new plant species, so a comprehensive study of plant viruses is important in understanding their pathogenesis and prevention. This book focuses on the plant virus evolution, their molecular classification, epidemics and management. The key features...
Article
Full-text available
This chapter provides a brief impression of an assortment of techniques obtainable for the recognition of plant virus diseases, in the subsequent sections, with special emphasis on Next generation sequencing (NGS), Microarrays, Biosensors, Remote sensing, Spectroscopy approaches, Quantum Dots etc as the state-of-the-art detection methods of viral d...
Chapter
Full-text available
Genetic engineering of plants to make a production system for recombinant proteins to produce medicinal and industrial compounds of human value is called Plant Molecular Farming. Using plants as bioreactor for recombinant protein production has several advantages, including the low cost of establishment, and the scalability of plants and products g...
Chapter
Full-text available
For the successful viability of Geminiviruses to endure and maintain itself in order to complete theirlife cycle, their transmission from one host to another is a necessity. Allthe Geminivirus species exploit homopterans as a carrier/vector for infectivity and survival in plants,which is regarded by a particular level of specificity
Chapter
Full-text available
There are a large number of threats to the agricultural crops across the world. Many insect pests harmthe crops and reduce the yield, but apart from these there are other microscopic pathogens that causea great annual loss to the agriculture sector and the livelihood of Indian farmers and world agriculturaleconomy. Worldwide expansion of agricultur...
Article
Hitherto unknown fungal infection of Cordia dichotoma with leaf chlorosis distortion-reddening was observed in naturally growing plants at various places near Panchgaon Manesar, Gurgaon in March 2014 onwards covering 70% area of both surfaces. The pathogen was primarily identified as Taphrina sp. on the basis of morphology of asci and ascopsores. A...
Article
Full-text available
Posttranscriptional processes, such as splicing, play a crucial role in gene expression and are prevalent not only in nuclear genes but also in plant mitochondria where splicing of group II introns is catalyzed by a class of proteins termed maturases. In plant mitochondria, there are 22 mitochondrial group II introns. matR, nMAT1, nMAT2, nMAT3, and...
Article
Full-text available
An extensive survey on rose cultivars in New Delhi showed phytoplasma-suspected symptoms such as leaf chlorosis, phyllody, virescence, and little leaf in 35 rose cultivars. Vegetative propagation through stem and tissue culture was performed. The cuttings/budded plants raised from infected plants showed the symptoms of phytoplasma disease. Phytopla...
Article
Full-text available
In a 2013-15 survey, typical symptoms of grapevine leafroll disease were observed in vineyards of Western and North-Eastern India. Twelve grapevine cultivars were infected with Grapevine leafroll-associated virus 4 (GLRaV-4), as shown by ELISA. The coat protein (CP), heat shock protein 70 homologue (HSP70h) and p23 genes of GLRaV-4 isolates from In...
Article
A new isolate of Bacillus licheniformis SC produced extracellular xylanase when grown on 3% wheat bran, without xylanase multiplicity. The enzyme was partially purified by ammonium sulphate and gel filtration using Sephadex G-100 column. The purified xylanase showed optimum pH at 8.0 and half maximum activity at pH 4.5. The pH stability profile sho...
Article
This review highlights pharmaceutical profile of Cordia dichotoma G. Forst which is an important edible medicinal plant, belonging to family Boraginaceae. In this paper the phytochemistry, general medicinal uses and pharmacological activities of various parts of the plant have been reviewed. The plant is rich in diverse phytochemicals including fla...
Article
Full-text available
Plant viruses are catastrophic despite their small size. They pose threat to crops depending on the strains, variety, season, seed, vector etc. affecting quality/quantity, reducing yields & profits by 5 to 15%. To reduce losses, virus management is achieved by use of healthy seed production through serological/ molecular detection. Virus detection...