Skye Marshall

Skye Marshall
Nutrition Research Australia

BNutr&Diet(Hons); PhD

About

73
Publications
17,745
Reads
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1,177
Citations
Introduction
Skye is the Scientific and Education Director at Nutrition Research Australia (nraus.com), and Assistant Professor at Bond University. Research focus: evidence-based practice in dietetics and health services; specifically in fields of ageing nutrition, gastroenterology, oncology, and bariatrics. Skye’s approach to research is outcomes focused, ensuring all projects have measurable impact on health.
Additional affiliations
January 2020 - present
Nutrition Research Australia
Position
  • Managing Director
September 2014 - September 2020
Bond University
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
Description
  • Research Convener to the Masters of Nutrition & Dietetics Practice prorgram.
Education
January 2014 - June 2016
Bond University
Field of study
January 2007 - December 2010

Publications

Publications (73)
Article
Health promotion campaigns have advocated for individuals to ‘eat a rainbow’ of fruits and vegetables (FV). However, the literature has only focused on individual color pigments or individual health outcomes. This umbrella review synthesized the evidence on the health effects of a variety of color-associated bioactive pigments found in FV (caroteno...
Article
Australian children consume 35% of energy from discretionary food and beverages which increases their risk of non‐communicable diseases like type 2 diabetes. Despite this concerning statistic, broad analysis of the profile of discretionary food intake has not been fully undertaken. This study asks: what is the discretionary food and beverage intake...
Article
Introduction The menopause, or the cessation of menstruation, is a stage of the life cycle which will occur in all women. Managing perimenopausal and postmenopausal health is a key issue for all areas of healthcare, not just gynecology. Aim To provide recommendations for the curriculum of education programs for healthcare professionals worldwide,...
Article
Aim: Determine the discretionary energy intake of Indigenous Australian adolescents and its relationship with sex, body image, health, and geographical remoteness. Methods: Cross-sectional data from the 2012 to 2013 National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey (n = 264, 15-17 years). Dietary data were col...
Article
Background Emerging evidence supports the health benefits of ginger for a range of conditions and symptoms; however, there is a lack of synthesis of literature to determine which health indications are supported by quality evidence. Objectives This umbrella review of systematic reviews aimed to determine the therapeutic effects and safety of any t...
Article
Full-text available
Background The laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) and the incisionless endoscopic sleeve gastroplasty (ESG) weight loss procedures require further investigation of their efficacy, safety and patient-centered outcomes in the Australian setting. Methods The aim was to examine the 6- and 12-month weight loss efficacy, safety, and weight-related qu...
Article
Full-text available
The high prevalence of non-communicable disease in New Zealand (NZ) is driven in part by unhealthy diet selections, with food costs contributing to an increased risk for vulnerable population groups. This study aimed to: (i) identify the nutrient density-to-cost ratio of NZ foods; (ii) model the impact of substituting foods with a lower nutrient de...
Conference Paper
Background: European colonisation has disrupted Australian Indigenous traditional dietary patterns and hunter-gatherer traditions. Consequently, Indigenous diets are typically characterised by energy-dense, processed foods. Aims: To investigate the predictors of discretionary energy intake (DEI) among Indigenous Australian adolescents. Methods: D...
Article
Full-text available
Food costs are a barrier to healthier diet selections, particularly for low socioeconomic households who regularly choose processed foods containing refined grains, added sugars, and added fats. In this study, the objectives were to: (i) identify the nutrient density-to-cost ratio of Australian foods; (ii) model the impact of substituting foods wit...
Article
Full-text available
Aim: Biophenol-rich nutraceuticals may be an adjuvant treatment for Crohn's disease (CD), ulcerative colitis (UC), symptomatic uncomplicated diverticular disease (SUDD), and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to determine the efficacy and safety of biophenol-rich nutraceutical supplementation on CD, UC,...
Article
Dietary guidelines for many Western countries base their edible oil and fat recommendations solely on saturated fatty acid content. This study aims to demonstrate which nutritional and bioactive components make up commonly consumed edible oils and fats; and explore the health effects and strength of evidence for key nutritional and bioactive compon...
Article
Background and purpose: Minimal evidence regarding the safety and efficacy of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use during chemotherapy is accompanied with a high prevalence of use and nondisclosure to health professionals. This study aimed to explore patients’ perspectives, experiences, support needs, and sources of information regardin...
Article
Aim: There is limited information on the snacking behaviour of Australian adults, and the role of snacking in the diet may depend on how it is defined. This study aimed to compare the dietary snacking behaviours and associated nutritional intake and body composition in Australian adults, using an objective vs a subjective definition for snacking....
Article
Full-text available
Background To describe a-priori diet quality indices used in children and adolescents, appraise the validity and reliability of these indices, and synthesise evidence on the relationship between diet quality and physical and mental health, and growth-related outcomes. Methods Five electronic databases were searched until January 2019. An a-priori...
Article
Full-text available
Little is known about the mineral composition of pink salt. The aim of this study was to evaluate for the first time the mineral composition of pink salt available for purchase in Australia and its implications for public health. Pink salt samples were purchased from retail outlets in two metropolitan Australian cities and one regional town. Color...
Article
Full-text available
Quality of life and mental health are important outcomes of bariatric therapy. This review aimed to determine endoscopic bariatric procedures’ impact on postprocedural quality of life and mental health. Four electronic databases were systematically searched. Studies with adults > 18 years who underwent an endoscopic bariatric procedure and reported...
Article
Full-text available
Aim In Australian adults, this study seeks to describe the experiences and factors associated with the perceived outcomes of using a very low calorie diet (VLCD) program for ≥4 weeks. Methods A mixed method study using the method perspective was conducted to analyse individual semi‐structured interviews conducted via videoconference and cross‐sect...
Article
Aim: Current literature regarding the prevalence and consequences of poor dietary intake and risk of malnutrition in older adults is limited to wealthier regions including the United States, Europe and Australasia. With a rapidly ageing population in India, this prospective observational study aimed to evaluate hospital food intake and malnutritio...
Article
Background: Observational data have established a link between the consumption of whole grains and reduced risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD); however, there is a need to review interventional research. Objective: Our aim was to determine whether interventions providing whole grain or whole pseudo-grain for dietary consumption improved CVD-rel...
Article
Background: Despite increasing incidence of CKD, no evidence-based lifestyle recommendations for CKD primary prevention apparently exist. Methods: To evaluate the consistency of evidence associating modifiable lifestyle factors and CKD incidence, we searched MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, and references from eligible studies from database inception th...
Article
Introduction Globally, 985 million women are aged 50 and over, leading to increasing concerns about chronic conditions such as cardiovascular disease, osteoporosis, dementia, and cognitive decline, which can adversely affect quality of life and independent living. Aim To evaluate the evidence from observational studies and randomized trials on the...
Article
Full-text available
There is evidence from both in vitro and animal models that the consumption of edible mushrooms has beneficial effects on health. It is unclear whether similar effects exist in humans and which bioactive compounds are present. This review synthesises the evidence on the world's most commonly consumed mushroom, Agaricus bisporus to (i) examine its e...
Article
Full-text available
Background: During childhood and adolescence leading behavioural risk factors for the development of cardiometabolic diseases include poor diet quality and sedentary lifestyle. The aim of this study was to determine the feasibility and effect of a real-world group-based multidisciplinary intervention on cardiorespiratory fitness, diet quality and...
Article
Full-text available
This systematic review and meta‐analysis of intervention studies aims to evaluate the effect of preoperative and/or post‐operative support for adults who elect bariatric surgery delivered by a multidisciplinary team (MDT) on post‐operative body composition, mental health, co‐morbidities, quality of life, and side effects. Six electronic databases w...
Article
Dietary fibre and probiotics may play a role in the management of diverticular disease. This systematic review synthesises the evidence on the effects of dietary fibre modifications, with or without the use of probiotics, on the incidence in older adults of asymptomatic (AS) or symptomatic uncomplicated diverticular disease (SUDD), as well as on ga...
Article
Background: Ginger has been proposed as an adjuvant treatment for chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting. Objective: The aim of this systematic review with meta-analyses is to evaluate, in adult cancer patients receiving chemotherapy, the effects of ginger supplementation dose and duration on the incidence, duration, and severity of chemothera...
Chapter
In response to some studies showing an association between menopausal hormone therapy (MHT) and risk of cancer and cardiovascular events, there has been increasing interest in nonhormonal- and nonmedication-based approaches to managing menopausal symptoms and optimising post-reproductive health. The aim is to maintain and promote good quality of li...
Article
Context: Saffron (Crocus sativus L.) has gained interest as a potential treatment in psychiatry. Objective: This systematic review and meta-analysis sought to investigate the effect of saffron supplementation, as both an adjunctive therapy and monotherapy, on symptoms of depression and anxiety in clinical and general populations compared with ph...
Preprint
BACKGROUND Interventions to improve the nutritional status of older adults and the integration of formal and family care systems are critical research areas to improve the independence and health of ageing communities; and are particularly relevant in the rehabilitation setting. OBJECTIVE In malnourished older adults, does the FREER intervention d...
Article
Background: Interventions to improve the nutritional status of older adults and the integration of formal and family care systems are critical research areas to improve the independence and health of aging communities and are particularly relevant in the rehabilitation setting. Objective: The primary outcome aimed to determine if the FREER (Fami...
Presentation
Available Here: https://bit.ly/2OdCVrm DESCRIPTION In June 2017 a full day multidisciplinary Master Class on Cancer Cachexia, was held at Bond University on the Gold Coast. This event included presentations on the latest research, novel models of care, knowledge translation and implementation science, and panel discussions from local and internati...
Article
Background: protein-energy malnutrition is a major health concern in home-dwelling older adults, particularly in the context of an ageing population. Therefore, a systematic review and meta-analysis was undertaken to determine the prevalence of malnutrition among older adults living independently in the community according to geographical region,...
Article
Background and objectives: Vitamin D plays an important role in bone and muscle function, and cell prolifera-tion. The impact of chemotherapy and associated behavioural changes such as fatigue and sun avoidance on vit-amin D (25(OH) D) is unknown. This study aims to evaluate variations in serum vitamin D during chemotherapy and the predictive valu...
Article
Aim There is significant recent interest in the role of ginger root (Zingiber officinale) as an adjuvant therapy for chemotherapy‐induced nausea. The supplemental prophylactic intervention for chemotherapy‐induced nausea and emesis (SPICE) trial aims to assess the efficacy by reduced incidence and severity of chemotherapy‐induced nausea and vomitin...
Poster
Full-text available
Gingerol and shogaol compounds in ginger likely interact with multiple components of the CINV pathway. Previous systematic reviews (Marx et. al. 2013 and Lee & Oh 2013) found no consistent effect of ginger as an adjuvant therapy. Research aim: To update previous systematic reviews which evaluate the efficacy of ginger supplementation in prevention...
Presentation
Full-text available
Protein-energy malnutrition is a major health concern in homedwelling older adults, particularly in the context of population ageing. Therefore, a systematic review and meta-analysis was undertaken to examine the international prevalence of malnutrition in older adults living independently in the community; including examination of geographical reg...
Article
The polyphenol fraction of extra-virgin olive oil may be partly responsible for its cardioprotective effects. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the effect of high versus low polyphenol olive oil on cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors in clinical trials. In accordance with PRISMA guidelines, CINAHL, PubMed, Em...
Article
Context: The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate clinical trial data regarding the effect of resveratrol supplementation on cognitive performance and mood in populations that are healthy and in the clinical setting. Data sources: Using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines, a systema...
Article
Telehealth offers a feasible method to provide nutrition support to malnourished older adults. This systematic review and meta-analysis aims to determine the efficacy of telehealth methods in delivering malnutrition-related interventions to community-dwelling older adults. Studies in any language were searched in five electronic databases from ince...
Article
Full-text available
In practice, nutrition recommendations vary widely for inpatient and discharge management of acute, uncomplicated diverticulitis. This systematic review aims to review the evidence and develop recommendations for dietary fibre modifications, either alone or alongside probiotics or antibiotics, versus any comparator in adults in any setting with or...
Article
Background: observational studies have shown that nutritional strategies to manage malnutrition may be cost-effective in aged care; but more robust economic data is needed to support and encourage translation to practice. Therefore, the aim of this systematic review is to compare the cost-effectiveness of implementing nutrition interventions targe...
Article
Full-text available
End-stage kidney disease is a strong risk factor for cardiovascular-specific mortality. Polyphenol-rich interventions may attenuate cardiovascular disease risk factors; however, this has not been systematically evaluated in the hemodialysis population. Using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines,...
Poster
Full-text available
Due to a lack of evidence regarding the dietary management of acute uncomplicated diverticulitis, practice varies for discharge nutrition recommendations, and may include modified dietary fibre diets, fibre supplementation, and/or probiotic supplementation. Therefore, this systematic review aims to review the evidence and develop recommendations...
Poster
Full-text available
Background: Accurate diagnosis is a key step in managing the protein-energy malnutrition. This review seeks to determine the criterion (concurrent and predictive) validity and reliability of nutrition assessment tools in making a diagnosis of protein-energy malnutrition in the general older adult community. Methods: A systematic literature review w...
Poster
Full-text available
Despite the belief that dietary fibre prevents diverticulosis and diverticulitis (diverticular disease), little evidence exists examining this relationship. Therefore, there are no evidence-based dietary management guidelines for the prevention of diverticulosis and progression to acute diverticulitis. A systematic review of the literature was un...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Carnitine deficiency has been implicated as a potential pathway for cancer-related fatigue that could be treated with carnitine supplementation. The aim of this systematic literature review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the literature regarding the use of supplemental carnitine as a treatment for cancer-related fatigue. Methods:...
Article
Background & aims: Malnutrition is a significant barrier to healthy and independent ageing in older adults who live in their own homes, and accurate diagnosis is a key step in managing the condition. However, there has not been sufficient systematic review or pooling of existing data regarding malnutrition diagnosis in the geriatric community sett...
Presentation
Full-text available
Due to lack of evidence and conflicting clinical guidelines, the inpatient and discharge treatment approach for acute, uncomplicated diverticulitis varies widely in practice in Australia and internationally. Dietary management for acute, uncomplicated diverticulitis may include some combination of bowel rest, food deprivation, a standard diet, a lo...
Article
Background: The validity of the Malnutrition Screening Tool (MST) in geriatric rehabilitation has been evaluated in a research environment but not in professional practice. Objective: In older adults admitted to rehabilitation, this study was undertaken to compare the MST scoring agreement (inter-rater reliability) between health professionals w...
Article
Full-text available
Protein-energy malnutrition is common amongst people aged 65 years and older, has a multifactorial aetiology, and numerous negative outcomes. Domiciliary carers (non-clinical paid carers) and family carers (including friends and neighbours) are required to support the increasing demand for in-home assistance with activities of daily living due to t...
Poster
Full-text available
Quality Nutrition: A review of intervention evidence in residential aged care.
Article
Full-text available
Background: To improve perceived value of nutrition support and patient outcomes, the present study aimed to determine the nutrition and food-related roles, experiences and support needs of female family carers of community-dwelling malnourished older adults admitted to rehabilitation units in rural New South Wales, Australia, both during admissio...
Article
Full-text available
In developed countries the prevalence of protein-energy malnutrition increases with age and multi-morbidities increase nutritional risk in aged care residents in particular. This paper presents a narrative review of the current literature on the identification, prevalence, associated risk factors, consequences, and management of malnutrition in the...
Article
Methods of identifying malnutrition in the rehabilitation setting require further examination so that patient outcomes may be improved. The purpose of this narrative review was to: (1) examine the defining characteristics of malnutrition, starvation, sarcopenia and cachexia; (2) review the validity of nutrition screening tools and nutrition assessm...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: Understanding the nutritional journey that older adults make from rehabilitation to home will help to target nutrition screening and intervention programs. This study aimed to determine the nutritional status, physical function and health-related quality of life amongst malnourished older adults admitted to two rural rehabilitation unit...
Article
Full-text available
Accurate identification and management of malnutrition is essential so that patient outcomes can be improved and resources used efficaciously. In malnourished older adults admitted to rehabilitation: 1) report the prevalence, health and aged care use, and mortality of malnourished older adults; 2) determine and compare the criterion (concurrent and...