Sivan Hirsch-Hoefler

Sivan Hirsch-Hoefler
Interdisciplinary Center Herzliya | IDC · Lauder School of Government, Diplomacy and Strategy

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28
Publications
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621
Citations

Publications

Publications (28)
Article
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A multi-national sample was used to investigate mechanisms that were hypothesized to moderate the relationship between exposure to political violence and symptoms of posttraumatic stress (PTS). We hypothesized that a) the phase of the conflict and b) the status asymmetry of the conflicting parties would moderate the relationship between exposure an...
Article
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What explains citizens’ willingness to fight for their country in times of war? Using six waves of the World Values Survey, this study finds that individual willingness to fight is negatively related with country-level income inequality. When income inequality is high, the rich are less willing to fight than the poor. When inequality is low, the po...
Article
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The implementation of a peace agreement between adversarial parties often carries a price, such as the imposition of political change on a population that opposes the peace agreement. The current research employs a resistance to change perspective and focuses on Jewish settlers in the West Bank as a case example of reactions to potential imposed po...
Article
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The relationship between gender and political aggression is hotly debated and the empirical evidence is often mixed. While many surveys find a gender gap, with women less supportive of politically motivated aggression and violence than men, numerous case studies point to women’s active involvement in political violence and refute the association of...
Article
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Does individual-level exposure to political violence prompt conciliatory attitudes? Does the answer vary by phase of conflict? The study uses longitudinal primary datasets to test the hypothesis that conflict-related experiences impact conciliation. Data was collected from Israeli Jews, Palestinians, and Protestants and Catholics in Northern Irelan...
Article
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The current research investigates what motivates people to engage in normative versus non-normative action. Prior research has shown that different emotions lead to different types of action. We argue that these differing emotions are determined by a more basic characteristic, namely, implicit theories about whether groups and the world in general...
Article
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Does religious identity prompt radical action? This article presents a model of individual-level radical action. Drawing mostly on collective action theory the piece posits that organizational membership drives the effect of religious identity on individual-level radical action. Using survey data the paper assesses the behavior of Jewish settlers i...
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Does exposure to political violence prompt civilians to support peace? We investigate the determinants of civilian attitudes toward peace during ongoing conflict using two original panel datasets representing Israelis (n=996) and Palestinians in East Jerusalem, the West Bank and Gaza (n=631) (149 communities in total). A multi-group estimation anal...
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This article examines the phenomenon of “ecoterrorism” from a conceptual and empirical perspective. We explore the political and academic debates over the meaning and use of the term ecoterrorism, and assess the validity of the concept of “ecoterrorism” and of the alleged threat of the Radical Environmentalist and Animal Rights (REAR) movement by a...
Article
Over the last two decades a number of theoretical perspectives have emphasized the growing phenomenon of extremist political challenges. These challenges come from two main sources: largely secular radical right-wing populism and religious fundamentalism. Yet the relationship between the two is still theoretically and empirically limited. Researche...
Chapter
While social movements are defined as “collectivities acting with some degree of organization and continuity outside of institutional or organizational channels for the purpose of challenging or defending extant authority, whether it is institutionally based or culturally based in the group, society, culture, or world order of which it is a part” (...
Article
How do changes in the structure of political opportunities and threats shape movement-countermovement interaction in composite regimes where different groups within the population are divided along ethnonational lines? In cases where one movement is structurally disadvantaged and the other is structurally advantaged, valuable theoretical insights i...
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This analysis begins by exploring various reasons that the concept of terrorism has evaded a widely agreed upon definition for so long despite the efforts of so many writers. Emphasis is placed on the difficulties associated with all “essentially contested concepts.” In addition, the investigation calls attention to such problems as conceptual “str...
Article
Major political events such as terrorist attacks and forced relocation of citizens may have an immediate effect on attitudes towards ethnic minorities associated with these events. The psychological process that leads to political exclusionism of minority groups was examined using a field study among Israeli settlers in Gaza days prior to the Disen...
Article
In recent years, political scientists have shifted the focus of explaining political phenomena from the purely cognitive perspective to an integrated emotion-cognition one. Yet most studies which examine antecedents of political intolerance ignore the potential role played by “gut feelings” or group-based negative emotions in endorsing those attitu...
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Article
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Does economic inequality diminish the capacity of democracies to extract voluntary sacrifice? And does inequality undermine citizen’s willingness to do their civic duty when the state is under threat? We address these questions by linking income inequality with people’s willingness to fight for their country with the help of individual-level data f...

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