Sivakumar Palaniappan

Sivakumar Palaniappan
Indian Institute of Technology Madras | IIT Madras · Department of Civil Engineering

About

20
Publications
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391
Citations

Publications

Publications (20)
Conference Paper
Significant amount of resources such as materials, energy, water, and land are consumed during the design, construction, operation, maintenance, and end-of-life phases of buildings. There is an increased focus on reducing the environmental footprints associated with buildings. Green building ratings are used as practical tools for implementing sust...
Article
The consumption of cement in India and other emerging economies is expected to increase because of the continuing push towards development of housing and infrastructure. The increasing production of cement and utilization of concrete are bound to have a major impact on sustainability. The present work proposes a framework for sustainability assessm...
Article
The present situation vis-á-vis increased energy use and environmental emissions has urged the building sector to contribute more towards sustainable construction. This is possible only through appropriate choice of building materials and technologies that minimize the environmental impacts. Nevertheless, the adoption of the same need to necessaril...
Article
Full-text available
Cement is one of the most widely used materials in construction. This study presents a process-wise evaluation of energy use and CO2 emissions for clinker, Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC) and Portland Pozzolana Cement (PPC) using the principles of life-cycle assessment. Two cement plants located in India are considered as typical case studies. The g...
Article
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to focus on life cycle cost analysis (LCCA) of 1 MW roof-top Solar Photovoltaic (PV) panels installed in warm and humid climatic region in Southern India. The effect of actual power generated from solar PV panels on financial indicators is evaluated. Design/methodology/approach LCCA is done using the actual pow...
Article
Full-text available
The Government of India is on a mission to meet the housing needs of all in the society by 2022. This implies that about 27 million houses are expected to be constructed in the next 5 to 10 years. As of today, 5.1 million houses have been sanctioned under the Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana. Houses for Economically Weaker Section (EWS) group and Low Inc...
Poster
Full-text available
The poster discusses the preliminary LCA analysis of GFRP based windmill blade manufacturing. It provides a process flow chart (gate to gate), inventory, and energy break up using the data from case study and literature
Article
Green building rating schemes are used in industry practice as a practical tool for sustainable development. Green building ratings facilitate conservation of natural resources and reduction in environmental impacts while satisfying the user requirements. The credit structure, indicators, level of certification, priorities allocated to environmenta...
Article
The consumption of cement in India and other emerging economies is expected to increase because of the continuing push towards development of housing and infrastructure. The increasing production of cement and utilization of concrete are bound to have a major impact on sustainability. The present work proposes a framework for sustainability assessm...
Article
Infrastructure projects are classified into two types namely major infrastructure projects and mega infrastructure projects. This study analyses the time overrun and cost overrun in 30 mega infrastructure projects in India using the quarterly reports available at the Ministry of Statistics and Program Implementation web portal. These projects repre...
Conference Paper
Sewage treatment plants are the major consumers of energy throughout the world and most of the studies consider completely self-sufficient treatment plants or off-grid solar PV. This study presents the findings of the techno-economic feasibility study of using on-grid fixed-tilt polycrystalline solar photovoltaic (PV) modules to generate power for...
Article
There is tremendous focus in the construction industry to quantify and minimize energy footprint, carbon footprint, material footprint and water footprint and undertake initiatives toward a sustainable built environment. The Economically Weaker Section (EWS)-type residential buildings represent 82% of India’s total housing shortage. It is aimed to...
Article
This study presents the findings of life cycle energy assessment of two multi-storey residential buildings. These buildings consist of a total of 60 homes. The usable floor area is 43.14 m² (463.36 ft²) per home. A detailed estimation of embodied energy is carried out by considering the use of materials during building construction. Major contribut...
Article
The building life cycle consists of production, on-site construction, operation and demolition phases. The energy use due to construction (i.e. materials and on-site construction) represents a significant component of life cycle energy in case of naturally ventilated or partially air-conditioned buildings. Earthmoving is one of the major parts of c...
Conference Paper
The energy use for materials and on-site construction assumes significance after we reach a threshold regarding building operational energy efficiency. Integration of energy use and emissions into construction planning and monitoring tools will enable planners to evaluate alternate construction schedules based on time, cost, productivity, and envir...
Article
The life cycle energy of a building consists of construction energy, operational energy and demolition energy. Construction refers to initial construction as well as recurring maintenance and repair work. Initial construction represents manufacturing of construction materials, transportation and site related on-site construction processes. Only a f...
Article
The use of cooperative cranes can improve the cost effectiveness of heavy lift operations. However, the complexity in developing a reliable lift plan prevents the widespread use of cooperative crane lifts. The availability of a computer-aided planning system can improve planning efficiency and reliability. Path planning is an important subtask of t...

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Projects

Project (1)
Project
To use the concepts of sustainability and design optimization in the development of composite based products. In detail, the project studies the possibilities of using fiber composite materials (e.g. glass/carbon fiber and polymer composites) as material replacement with same functionality and reduced mass. The project considers the application of Multi Objective Optimization (MOO) in the design of composite based products. The sustainability aspects are also studied and tried to include as a parameter in the MOO based design optimization