Siu-cheung Kong

Siu-cheung Kong
The Education University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong · Dept of Math and Information Technology

PhD

About

132
Publications
54,206
Reads
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2,199
Citations
Introduction
Prof. KONG Siu Cheung currently is Professor of IT in Education in the Department of Mathematics and Information Technology (MIT), and Director of the Center for Learning, Teaching and Technology, the Education University of Hong. Prof. Kong currently is serving as the Editor-in-Chief of the international journals Research and Practice in Technology Enhanced Learning (RPTEL). He is at present serving as the Past- President of the Asia-Pacific Society for Computers in Education (APSCE).
Additional affiliations
September 1995 - present
The Education University of Hong Kong
Position
  • Managing Director
Education
May 1998 - June 2003
City University of Hong Kong
Field of study
  • Computer Science
September 1977 - August 1981

Publications

Publications (132)
Article
This study evaluated a bilingual text-mining system, which incorporated a bilingual taxonomy of key words and provided hierarchical visualization, for understanding learner-generated text in the learning management systems through automatic identification and counting of matching key words. A class of 27 in-service teachers studied a course ‘‘e-Lea...
Article
This study aimed to investigate parents’ understanding of, support for and concerns about e-learning and proposed a school–parent partnership distributing responsibilities to parents and schools based on the results of the study. A total of 61 parents from 21 schools in an e-learning pilot scheme in Hong Kong responded to a questionnaire survey and...
Article
To respond to the growing integration of digital technologies across all sectors of society, a curriculum should be developed to nurture the next generation as creative problem solvers in order to see the world through a computational lens. One way to achieve this goal is to design a curriculum in K-12 to promote computational thinking (CT) through...
Article
Full-text available
Emerging research is highlighting the importance of fostering artificial intelligence (AI) literacy among educated citizens of diverse academic backgrounds. However, what to include in such literacy programmes and how to teach literacy is still under-explored. To fill this gap, this study designed and evaluated an AI literacy programme based on a m...
Article
An important educational goal for the next generation is the ability to think computationally. Cultivating K‐12 students' computational thinking (CT) requires the capacity building of teachers through teacher development programs. However, if students' learning outcomes were not assessed, it is not known whether the enhancement of teacher capacity...
Poster
Full-text available
Call for Paper: The 2nd International Workshop on Metaverse and Artificial Companions in Education and Society (MetaACES 2022Nov)
Article
Full-text available
Artificial intelligence (AI) applications have become prevalent in all walks of life, but efforts to promote AI literacy to educated citizens from diverse study backgrounds are limited. There is a research gap in refocussing AI literacy courses from combining conceptual learning with mathematical formulae and programming codes to emphasising concep...
Article
Full-text available
The ability to formulate problems is an important part of computational thinking (CT) development for nurturing creative problem solvers. However, problem formulation is inadequately addressed in primary school education. This study aimed to investigate the problem formulation processes of primary school students. Students from eight winning teams...
Poster
Full-text available
Call for Abstract: The 1st International Workshop on Metaverse and Artificial Companions in Education and Society (MetaACES 2022)
Article
Although instruments for assessing students' computational thinking (CT) concepts in primary education have been developed, they have rarely been validated in terms of item response theory (IRT). We consider IRT to be a rigorous validation tool and apply it to a CT concepts test for primary education involving 13,670 students. A two-parameter logis...
Article
Full-text available
There have been few systematic discussions of curriculum design and pedagogical delivery to promote artificial intelligence (AI) literacy to university students of diverse academic backgrounds. This study introduces the curriculum and pedagogy of an AI literacy programme for university students, and collects and presents feedback from the participa...
Article
The participatory view of learning emphasises students' identity construction. However, identity research in the context of programming education to cultivate students' computational thinking is scarce. In this study, an instrument of computational identity with components of engagement, imagination and affiliation, was developed and validated. Con...
Article
Full-text available
This study aimed at proposing an e-Learning framework in school education. The proposed framework consisted of technology and pedagogy dimensions. The method of computer-aided analysis of learners’ reflection text was used to evaluate the pedagogical delivery of the proposed framework. A study involving 33 in-service teachers in a teacher developme...
Conference Paper
Under the COVID-19 pandemic, on-campus classes were disrupted and remote teaching and learning had to be resorted to. To overcome the limitations posed by atypical teaching and learning arrangements, various kinds of alternative assessments had been used and discussed. Broadly speaking, alternative assessments embrace non-traditional ways to assess...
Article
Developing students’ computational thinking (CT) to encourage their creative problem-solving skills has increasingly become a focus of K-12 education. However, there is a shortage of capable teachers to implement CT. In this study, we propose a Computational Thinking Teacher Development framework for the design of a teacher development programme. T...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In the digital era, as the application of Artificial Intelligence (AI) permeates every corner of the world, public AI literacy is becoming essential. This study aims to promote AI literacy for citizens of digital-era societies. We propose a three-dimensional conceptual framework of AI literacy: the cognitive dimension involves educating people abou...
Article
Full-text available
A few limited efforts have been made to promote artificial intelligence (AI) literacy for citizens. The objective of this study was to design, implement and evaluate an AI literacy course for university students. One of the study's research questions was whether university students from a variety of disciplines could develop a conceptual understand...
Article
Programming is perceived to be an indispensable type of literacy in the digital era. To effectively promote and implement programming in K–12 education, it is necessary to understand school principals' perception of programming education. This study adopted a mixed methods design to explain principals’ understanding, expectations, and support for p...
Article
This study expands the scope of cognitive evaluation theory (CET) with flow theory by providing a potential explanation for the missing link between motivation and motivational outcomes of students in visual programming learning. It aims to investigate how parental roles impact young students' flow experience in learning from the parents' point of...
Article
The study presents outcomes of students at a higher education institution in walking through a learning trail guided by a mobile application for enhancing their understanding of academic integrity. A framework which consisted of topic-specific bilingual keywords was proposed to support students to reflect on the key concepts embedded in the learnin...
Article
Computational thinking (CT) practices have gained increasing importance in primary school education. However, there are few tools to measure primary school students’ CT practices that are based on rigorous psychometric approaches. This study developed an operational definition for CT practices by exploring the key dimensions of their composition an...
Article
Full-text available
This research aims to study the perception of school practitioners on the core values of information literacy in the ubiquitous information society. An information literacy framework has been proposed that includes four dimensions and eleven derived standards. Seventeen focus group discussion sessions were conducted to gain an understanding of the...
Article
Computational Thinking (CT) concepts and practices involve higher-order cognitive skills. Higher-order cognitive skills can be assessed using a performance-based assessment of programming processes. This study presents EasyCode, a performance-based assessment platform for developing CT in students. Distinct from existing methods that rely on the st...
Article
Computational Thinking (CT) concepts and practices involve higher-order cognitive skills. Higher-order cognitive skills can be assessed using a performance-based assessment of programming processes. This study presents EasyCode, a performance-based assessment platform for developing CT in students. Distinct from existing methods that rely on the st...
Article
Computational thinking (CT) skills are becoming essential in all aspects of work and life, and CT has become part of the K-12 curriculum around the world. Yet, more research is needed to better understand how to help elementary school students acquire CT skills effectively. The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of partial pair...
Article
The implementation of effective professional development courses for K-12 teachers on computational thinking (CT) in relation to programming remains a challenge. There is a lack of high-quality empirical research on teacher development in CT in relation to programming. This study addressed that situation by providing empirical evidence of the desig...
Article
Full-text available
In response to the call from the founders of the Interest-Driven Creator (IDC) theory, this study aimed to explore the relationship of the interest loop with creativity in the context of robotics education. Specifically, we designed a programmable robotics course for primary school students. We attempted to explore in detail how interest loop, i.e....
Article
This study aimed at investigating whether Computational Thinking (CT) Perspectives can foster Computational Identity (CI) among primary school students in programming learning from the perspective of situated learning theory. This study conceptualized CT perspectives as a multidimensional construct that comprises (1) ability to connect, (2) ability...
Article
Full-text available
The interest-driven creator (IDC) theory is being developed as a group endeavor by Asian researchers to articulate a holistic learning design theory for future education in Asia. The theory hypothesizes that students, driven by interest, can be engaged in the creation of knowledge (generating ideas and artifacts). By repeating this creation process...
Book
This book starts with a historical review of CTE, beginning from the pioneering ideas of Seymour Papert on promoting the need to think computationally, the seminal work by Jeanette Wing, who argued that computational thinking (CT) should be an essential skill for everyone, and efforts to incorporate CT into K-12 education, such as those made by the...
Book
Full-text available
This book is an edited volume with a specific focus on computational thinking (CT) education. A group of world-renowned scholars and contributed the chapters researchers, who pioneered research on CT education. To enable readers with various interests to advance their knowledge in this fresh yet important field, this book covers sub-themes that wil...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter provides an overview of this edited volume on Computational Thinking Education (CTE). It starts with a historical review of CTE, beginning from the pioneering ideas of Seymour Papert on promoting the need to think computationally, the seminal work by Jeanette Wing, who argued that computational thinking (CT) should be an essential skil...
Chapter
Full-text available
The challenge of introducing Computation Thinking (CT) education to K-12 is how to evaluate learners’ CT development. This study used information from previous studies to identify essential components and methods for evaluation. A review of literature from 2010 onwards aimed to identify all studies related to CT evaluation to contribute to the deve...
Chapter
Full-text available
Computational Thinking (CT) is a universal competence that young learners should acquire. This study illustrates the development of CT through app development for the learning of composite and prime numbers in primary school mathematics. Learners begin with inquiry activities regarding the meaning of composite numbers and prime numbers, and they ar...
Conference Paper
It is essential to enhance young learners' digital competency skills in the hope of empowering them in the digital world. Although past studies have examined measurements of university learners' digital empowerment, the literature has lacked discussion of digital empowerment in the primary school context. This study aims to develop and validate an...
Article
Background and Context: Positive youth programming development (PYPD) was conceptualized to measure various positive qualities of students in programming education. Objective: This study aimed to develop a valid PYPD instrument in the pilot before exploring students’ positive qualities in two follow-up studies. Method: A multi-study design was adop...
Conference Paper
To promote computational thinking (CT) education in primary schools, in-service teachers need to attend CT teacher development programmes. One of the intended learning outcomes of the programme is to improve CT practices of teachers, which is one of the three key elements in the CT framework proposed by Brennan and Resnick. Assessing one's CT pract...
Article
This study proposed frameworks for designing inquiry approaches with multimedia in science e-textbooks through exploring the extent and features of inquiry approaches with science topics in a digital textbook. Results revealed that the experiential, evidence-based and predict-observe-explain approaches are designed in 70% of the science topics. Suc...
Article
Asian education is known for its examination-driven orientation, with the downsides of distorting the processes of learning and teaching, diminishing students’ interest in learning, and failing to nurture twenty-first century competencies among students. As a group of Asian researchers, we have been developing Interest-Driven Creator (IDC) Theory,...
Article
Full-text available
Building on Seymour Papert's view of empowering students by mastering programming, this study conceptualized programming empowerment as consisting of four components: meaningfulness, impact, creative self-efficacy, and programming self-efficacy. A sample of 287 primary school students in grades four to six completed a corresponding survey. Confirma...
Article
This study aims to establish a robust measurement to obtain a comprehensive understanding of perceptions of programming education (POPE) of teacher and principal groups. In this study, the POPE scale contains three dimensions: (a) understanding in programming (UP), (b) support for programming (SP), and (c) expectation of programming (EP). Self-repo...
Article
Schools around the globe increasingly realized the importance of technology and its application in the education system. To guarantee a successful educational innovation, schools seek out different parties for valuable opinions. Among them, parents are the important feedback providers, because their attitudes are influential on children’s academic...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Novel pedagogical approaches supported by digital technologies such as blended learning and flipped classroom are prevalent in recent years. To implement such learning strategies, learning resources are often put online on learning management systems. The log data on those systems provide an excellent opportunity for getting more understanding abou...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
With the increasing use of blended learning approaches in classroom, various kinds of technologies are incorporated to provide digital teaching and learning resources to support students. These resources are often centralized in learning management systems (LMSs), which also store valuable learning data of students. The data could assist teachers i...
Chapter
Higher education institutions around the world have increasingly been concerned with staff professional development (SPD) programmes for academic and teaching (A/T) staff. Since its establishment in 1994, an education university in Hong Kong (which we will refer to as the University) has offered primarily teacher education to foster the development...
Chapter
The improvement of student learning is the chief goal of higher education institutions all around the world and is the ultimate purpose of scholarship of learning and teaching (SoLT). The chapters in this book contribute to the four interrelated themes of SoLT, namely staff professional development, enhancement of student learning experience, asses...
Chapter
The Scholarship of Learning and Teaching (SoLT) has the chief goal of improving student learning, which can be achieved through scholarly inquiry, reflection, and dissemination of research findings on learning and teaching. The idea originates from the report written by Boyer (1990), who suggested that teaching in higher education should be regarde...
Chapter
Generic attributes have become important learning outcomes in higher education. This chapter presents the implementation of an initiative which aims to assess students’ generic attributes through self-assessment survey and ePortfolios at a higher education institution. Seven generic attributes are identified in the initiative based on the review of...
Chapter
This chapter presents an approach in mathematical teaching and learning that centers on facilitating student’s coherent concept image formation via guided reinvention. The key to forming a coherent concept image lies in the proper understanding of a particular concept. To do this effectively, instead of passively receiving a mathematical notion fro...
Article
The study aims at investigating university students’ acceptance of a statistics learning platform to support the learning of statistics in a blended learning context. Three kinds of digital resources, which are simulations, online videos, and online quizzes, were provided on the platform. Premised on the technology acceptance model, we adopted a re...
Book
In this book, we put forward a holistic conceptual framework for implementing Scholarship of Learning and Teaching (SoLT) in higher education. Unlike previous SoLT studies, which usually focus on a specific aspect, here various aspects are integrated into a holistic framework. Further, it identifies three main stakeholders, namely, the higher educa...
Article
Full-text available
Contributing reviewers The Editors express their thanks to the persons named below for contributing to the review process in respect of paper submissions received in 2015.
Conference Paper
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Previous studies suggested that computational thinking is an important skill that schools should start equipping children with from primary school education. This study proposes way to develop a mobile app coding curriculum in primary 4 to 6 to nurture students' computational thinking. It will guide students to undergo learning stages from developi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
An online community for promoting students to naturally develop true interest and sustainable habit of Chinese reading has been set up among six primary schools in Hong Kong. The approach of Reading of Tomorrow is adopted, which integrates the rationale of Modeled Sustained Silent Reading (MSSR) and the use of a game-based learning platform " Books...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Computer-supported cognitive tools (CT) featuring visualization are promising e-resources that can support, guide and mediate the cognitive processes of learners in mathematics. This study was conducted to examine the effectiveness of a specially designed CT with manipulative visualization scaffolds for supporting the development of the concept of...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Academic integrity education is of concern in higher education. This research designs a learning trail to enable students to reflect their understanding of academic integrity. Students' discussion about their understanding of academic integrity before and after working with learning materials along the learning trail were collected and compared wit...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Previous studies found that students' learning would be enhanced if they are interested in the subject matter. This study proposes an interest-driven approach of guiding students to learn coding. It suggests that the prevalence potential of mobile app development might increase students' interest to build practical apps for daily use. The design pr...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Collective intelligence (CI) is the behavior performed by individuals acting as an aggregate in a social context with favorable outcomes as a group. With the support of online learning platforms and social learning tools, individual learning activities can be effectively organized and connected to generate knowledge collectively. This study discuss...
Article
Teaching professionals are crucial for the successful realization of e-Learning in school education. Major Asian cities/regions such as Singapore, Hong Kong, Taiwan, and Beijing continuously invest in teacher development on e-Learning to empower frontline teachers and school leaders to advance school education in the digital era. This article aims...
Article
Despite the fast development of digital technologies and the booming of seamless learning pedagogical practices, mobile-assisted seamless learning generally happens only in specific and defined learning episodes leveraged by a uniform type of mobile devices. How school students use their own devices to support their seamless learning and what affor...
Chapter
This paper discusses the development and validation of the smart classroom scale (SCS). The SCS is derived from existing technology integration learning environment instruments, including TROFLEI, TICI and CCEI. To accurately describe the smart classroom, the scales of flexibility use of smart classroom, learning data, and learning experience are a...
Article
Full-text available
This paper aims to discuss the design of an online collaborative writing platform for primary school students. With minimal face-to-face input from teachers, students went through process writing (a learner-centric learning approach with brainstorming, drafting, revising and publishing stages), and created their own storybooks with visual support,...
Article
Full-text available
This paper discusses the development and validation of the Smart Classroom Inventory (SCI). The SCI is derived from existing technology integration learning environment instruments, including TROFLEI, TICI and CCEI (ergonomic). To accurately describe the features of smart classroom, the factors of flexibility, learning data, learning experience are...
Book
This book provides an archival forum for researchers, academics, practitioners, and industry professionals interested and/or engaged in the reform of the ways of teaching and learning through advancing current learning environments towards smart learning environments. The contributions of this book are submitted to the International Conference on S...
Article
Full-text available
The acceleration of e-Learning around the world has driven the major cities/regions in the Asia-Pacific region such as Singapore, Hong Kong, Taiwan, and Beijing to plan and implement official policies on e-Learning for enhancing the quality of school education. This article aims to review experiences and then draw lessons of these four major Asian...
Chapter
Full-text available
Scaffolding referred to adults helping a child in a process of tutorial interactions. However, when the novice who is scaffolded becomes capable, the scaffolds should be faded in order to return controls back to the students. In terms of Vygotsky’s theory (1978), capable people as a form of scaffolding can help students develop their potentials tha...
Article
Full-text available
This paper reports an initial study on investigating inquiry-based learning in science in an upper primary class guided by an inquiry-based learning model in a seamless learning environment. Two questions are addressed: (1) how students advanced their domain knowledge?; and (2) how students developed their inquiry skills? One teacher and 27 Grade-f...
Article
Full-text available
An inquiry-based learning pedagogy coupled with a seamless learning environment is a potential way to realise the educational goal of learner-centred learning in digital classrooms in the 21st century. An overarching research framework is proposed for preparing teachers to effectively develop pedagogical designs that are premised on theoretical pri...
Article
Full-text available
One of the curriculum goals of e-learning in school education is to develop learners for 21st century skills through their daily learning activities. This paper aims to discuss the research issues and policy implications critical for achieving such a curriculum goal. A review of literature in the related fields indicates that K-12 schools should ta...
Article
An inquiry-based learning pedagogy coupled with a seamless learning environment is a potential way to realise the educational goal of learner-centred learning in digital classrooms in the 21st century. An overarching research framework is proposed for preparing teachers to effectively develop pedagogical designs that are premised on theoretical pri...
Article
This study investigates the relationship among personal characteristics, CMC behaviours and the perceived positive and negative effects of CMC on learning. Based on the survey on college students, the study finds asynchronous and private CMC usage are correlated more strongly with the positive effects of CMC on learning, and the students who have h...
Article
This study investigates the relationship among personal characteristics, CMC behaviours and the perceived positive and negative effects of CMC on learning. Based on the survey on college students, the study finds asynchronous and private CMC usage are correlated more strongly with the positive effects of CMC on learning, and the students who have h...
Article
This study investigates Hong Kong primary science teachers’ understandings of inquiry learning, perceived difficulties in implementing inquiry learning, as well as their current practices of and resistance to using online resources, in order to identify their needs and propose suggestions to address these needs. An online survey has been used to co...
Article
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of using mobile devices for promoting subject learning in school education. A total of 43 Chinese students from two Primary 4 classes in a primary school in Hong Kong participated in this study. One class was randomly assigned as the experimental class, while the other class as the cont...
Chapter
The goal of the study in this chapter is to support learners to engage in the active learning of common fraction operations from the constructivists’ perspective. An Internet-based Fraction-learning Intelligent Learning Environment (IFILE) is designed under the knowledge-based approach to model the learning process of the target topic. It is intend...
Article
With respect to the increasing trend that students acquire information from the Internet for their formal or informal learning, we aim at analyzing the use of social bookmarking to help students collaboratively access useful and creditable Web resources, facilitating collaborative learning. We also investigate the use of social bookmarking for afte...
Chapter
The goal of the study in this chapter is to support learners to engage in the active learning of common fraction operations from the constructivists’ perspective. An Internet-based Fraction-learning Intelligent Learning Environment (IFILE) is designed under the knowledge-based approach to model the learning process of the target topic. It is intend...