Siting Xiong

Siting Xiong
Shenzhen University · College of Civil and Transportation Engineering

Doctor of Philosophy

About

28
Publications
5,440
Reads
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118
Citations
Additional affiliations
September 2014 - January 2019
University College London
Position
  • PhD Student
Description
  • Application of SAR images in detecting subsurface features in deserts. Radar sounding data processing for tracing englacial layers of ice sheets and for radar stratigraphy analysis on Mars.
September 2011 - June 2014
Peking University
Position
  • Master's Student
Description
  • InSAR and PS-InSAR techniques for detecting land subsidence.
Education
September 2007 - July 2011
Wuhan University
Field of study
  • Remote Sensing

Publications

Publications (28)
Article
The proper use of distributed scatterer (DS) can improve both the density and quality of synthetic aperture radar (SAR) interferometry (InSAR) measurements. A critical step in DS interferometry is the restoration of a consistent phase series from the SAR interferogram stacks. Most state-of-the-art algorithms adopt an approximate likelihood function...
Article
Full-text available
We propose using coupled deep learning based super-resolution restoration (SRR) and single-image digital terrain model (DTM) estimation (SDE) methods to produce subpixel-scale topography from single-view ESA Trace Gas Orbiter Colour and Stereo Surface Imaging System (CaSSIS) and NASA Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter High Resolution Imaging Science Exper...
Article
Deformation monitoring and risk identification of sea-crossing bridges are essential to mitigate hazards and prevent loss of human life and property. Satellite-based Synthetic Aperture Radar Interferometry (InSAR) technology can detect millimeter-scale deformation, showing unique advantages in the safety monitoring of sea-crossing bridges. However,...
Article
Full-text available
The High-Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE) onboard the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter provides remotely sensed imagery at the highest spatial resolution at 25–50 cm/pixel of the surface of Mars. However, due to the spatial resolution being so high, the total area covered by HiRISE targeted stereo acquisitions is very limited. This results...
Article
Full-text available
We demonstrate an end-to-end application of the in-house deep learning-based surface modelling system, called MADNet, to produce three large area 3D mapping products from single images taken from the ESA Mars Express’s High Resolution Stereo Camera (HRSC), the NASA Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter’s Context Camera (CTX), and the High Resolution Imaging...
Article
Full-text available
The lack of adequate stereo coverage and where available, lengthy processing time, various artefacts, and unsatisfactory quality and complexity of automating the selection of the best set of processing parameters, have long been big barriers for large-area planetary 3D mapping. In this paper, we propose a deep learning-based solution, called MADNet...
Article
Full-text available
Higher spatial resolution imaging data are considered desirable in many Earth observation applications. In this work, we propose and demonstrate the TARSGAN (learning Terrestrial image deblurring using Adaptive weighted dense Residual Super-resolution Generative Adversarial Network) system for Super-resolution Restoration (SRR) of 10 m/pixel Sentin...
Article
Full-text available
The synthetic aperture radar interferometry (InSAR) technique has been applied in monitoring the deformation of infrastructures, such as bridges, highways, railways and subways. Persistent scatterer (PS)-InSAR is one of the InSAR techniques, which utilises persistent scatterers to derive long-term displacements. This study applied time-series metho...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract The Central Elysium Planitia (CEP) is one of the youngest geological units on Mars and displays evidence of volcanic and fluvial activities on the surface. The origin of the CEP material has long been debated with a range of hypotheses from purely fluvial to solely volcanic origins. This study presents a comprehensive investigation of SHAl...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
There are abundant resources buried underground that are difficult to be investigated remotely. This thesis is concerned with the development and utility of various novel processing methods for different radar instruments in the field of subsurface mapping on Earth and Mars. Firstly, advanced Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) imaging and Interferometr...
Article
Full-text available
Subsurface layers are preserved in polar regions on Mars, which are considered to be a record of past climate changes on Mars. Orbital radar instruments like the SHAllow RADar (SHARAD) on board Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO) transmit radar signals to Mars and receive a set of signals returned from interfaces having a contrast in dielectric prope...
Article
Digital Terrain Model (DTM) creation is essential to improving our understanding of the formation processes of the Martian surface. Although there have been previous demonstrations of open-source or commercial planetary 3D reconstruction software, planetary scientists are still struggling with creating good quality DTMs that meet their science need...
Article
Full-text available
Englacial layering reflects ice dynamics within the ice bodies, which improves understanding of ice flow variation, past accumulation rates and vertical flows transferring between the surface and the underlying bedrock. The internal layers can be observed by using Radar Echo Sounding (RES), such as the Multi-channel Coherent Radar Depth Sounder (MC...
Article
Full-text available
The 2003 Beagle 2 Mars lander has been identified in Isidis Planitia at 90.43° E, 11.53° N, close to the predicted target of 90.50° E, 11.53° N. Beagle 2 was an exobiology lander designed to look for isotopic and compositional signs of life on Mars, as part of the European Space Agency Mars Express (MEX) mission. The 2004 recalculation of the origi...
Article
Full-text available
Spaceborne Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) interferometry has been utilised to acquire high-resolution Digital Elevation Models (DEMs) with wide coverage, particularly for persistently cloud-covered regions where stereophotogrammetry is hard to apply. Since the discovery of sand buried drainage systems by the Shuttle Imaging Radar-A (SIR-A) L-band m...
Article
Full-text available
There has been a revolution in 3D surface imaging of Mars over the last 12 years with systematic stereoscopy from HRSC. Digital Terrain Models (DTMs) and OrthoRectified Images (ORIs) have been produced for almost 50% of the Martian surface. DLR, together with the HRSC science team, produced 3D HRSC mosaic products for large regions comprising aroun...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Extracting lines from an imagery is a solved problem in the field of edge detection. Different to images taken by camera, radargrams are a set of radar echo profiles, which record wave energy reflected by subsurface reflectors, at each location of a radar footprint along the satellite's ground track. The radargrams record where there is a dielectri...
Article
Full-text available
Accumulation of snow and ice over time result in ice sheet layers. These can be remotely sensed where there is a contrast in electromagnetic properties, which reflect variations of the ice density, acidity and fabric orientation. Internal ice layers are assumed to be isochronous, deep beneath the ice surface, and parallel to the direction of ice fl...
Article
Full-text available
Accumulation of snow and ice over time result in ice sheet layers. These can be remotely sensed where there is a contrast in electromagnetic properties, which reflect variations of the ice density, acidity and fabric orientation. Internal ice layers are assumed to be isochronous, deep beneath the ice surface, and parallel to the direction of ice fl...
Conference Paper
Using conventional two-pass interferometry to generate DEM with high frequency SAR data may be confronted with the problem of poor coherence in areas covered by dense vegetation, while DEM generated from low frequency SAR data interferometry is less sensitive to the topographic relief. Therefore, this article aims at generating high quality DEM by...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
As a component of interferometric phase, atmospheric phase influences accuracy of millimetric land deformation measurement. Though Atmospheric Phase Screen (APS) can be estimated by Persistent Scatterer Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (PS-InSAR) technology, they are pseudo without consideration of actual atmospheric state and topography. T...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The sensor calibration accuracy is an important indicator of SAR satellite system's performance and data quality. Towards geometric and radiometric calibration of Radarsat- 2 satellite (RS2), this paper researched the procedure and key techniques of space-borne SAR field calibration, including corner reflectors' (CRs) design, CRs' arrangement in th...
Article
Phase unwrapping is a key step inD-InSAR(Differential Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar) and directly affectsthe precisionof displacement fieldobtained by this technology.In addition, a prerequisite of correctphase unwrapping is the continuity ofinterferogram becausephase unwrapping process totally relies on phase offsetsbetween pixels. Thus...
Article
A variety of small-scale projects have been running during the DRAGON-2 project term involving collaborations between 6 different research groups. There has been continuing interest in geohazards throughout the Three Gorges region and this has stimulated much research focused on the use of frequently acquired SAR images from a variety of sensors. T...
Article
We propose a simple model for solving 3D rectangular coordination transformation adapted to arbitrary rotation, and give the method based on total least-squares and least-squares to solve this model. A simulation example proves the validity of the model, and different results between total least-squares and least-squares are analyzed.

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Projects

Projects (2)
Project
This project aims at applying time-series analysis tools to PS-InSAR derived time-series displacements for monitoring bridges.