Sinéad M Hynes

Sinéad M Hynes
National University of Ireland, Galway | NUI Galway · Department of Occupational Therapy

PhD, BSc (Hons) Occupational Therapy

About

41
Publications
5,670
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151
Citations
Introduction
Sinéad M Hynes is based at the School of Health Sciences , National University of Ireland, Galway. Dr Hynes’ research interest lie largely in the area of neurorehabiltation. Her research to date has been with people with multiple sclerosis, older adults, people with brain injury and people with dementia. More information www.sineadhynes.com

Publications

Publications (41)
Article
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Background: Recent reports suggest that intensive, progressive training on working memory tasks can lead to generalized cognitive gains. Case study: A patient, following hypoxic brain damage, showed significant difficulties in working memory and time-perception. This study examined the impact and specificity of any benefits resulting from automa...
Article
Background: Multitasking measures, in which a series of tasks must be completed within a naturalistic setting not fully under the experimenter's control, have been shown to be more sensitive than traditional measures in detecting organisational problems in people with difficulties in executive functioning. There are a number of drawbacks to such t...
Article
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Background: A community-based occupational therapy intervention for people with mild to moderate dementia and their family carers (Community Occupational Therapy in Dementia (COTiD)) was found clinically and cost effective in the Netherlands but not in Germany. This highlights the need to adapt and implement complex interventions to specific natio...
Article
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Cognitive impairments are common in MS and affect personal, social, and occupational functioning. There is a developing body of evidence highlighting the role of cognitive rehabilitation, but still no evidence for a validated holistic approach. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of COB-MS for improving daily life and cognitive im...
Article
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Background: Cognitive difficulties experienced by people with multiple sclerosis (MS) impact their quality of life and daily functioning, from childcare and work, to social and self-care activities. Despite the high prevalence of cognitive difficulties seen in MS, there is a lack of developed programmes that target cognition, while also supporting...
Article
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Introduction: For occupational therapy students, international experiences and access to a global curriculum develops understanding of broad cultural and contextual determinants of health and wellbeing. International placements or study abroad opportunities are not possible for many students and many universities are developing alternative internat...
Article
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Background and aim The process of trial recruitment is vital, given its impact on resources, statistical power and the validity of findings. A participant information leaflet (PIL) is often the initial and primary source of information engaged by potential participants during recruitment. Research suggests that a variety of manipulations to a PIL c...
Article
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Reliable remote cognitive testing could provide a safer assessment of cognitive impairment in multiple sclerosis (MS) during the COVID-19 pandemic and thereafter. Here we aimed to investigate the reliability and feasibility of administering Brief International Cognitive Assessment for MS (BICAMS) and the Trail-Making Test (TMT) to people with MS on...
Article
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Background : The number of older LGBTQIA+ adults is set to rise significantly in the coming years. The rising numbers sit together with the rise in the number of people in Ireland diagnosed with dementia. In Ireland, no dementia-specific services exist for people from the LGBTQIA+ community. The aim of this research was to 1) identify the future ne...
Article
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Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a neurological condition which usually manifests between the ages of 20–40 years. This is a critical period for developing relationships, particularly romantic relationships. People with MS can experience sexual dysfunction, limb weakness, fatigue, pain, reduced mood and bladder/bowel dysfunction; potentially affecting th...
Article
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In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, students, service users and community partners have had to adapt and reform the collaborative approach to service learning. In this paper, we describe the Build-A-Box Campaign, an innovative, pilot, service-learning project that endeavoured to mitigate the impacts of COVID-19 on vulnerable communities. The part...
Article
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Background Eligibility guidelines in research trials are necessary to minimise confounds and reduce bias in the interpretation of potential treatment effects. There is limited extant research investigating how being deemed ineligible for such trials might impact patients’ perceptions of themselves and of research. Better understanding of the impact...
Article
Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has likely had a negative impact on rehabilitation and quality of life (QoL) research in multiple sclerosis (MS). Method: We explored perceived barriers to research among 87 researchers, representing 18 countries, both prior to and since COVID-19. Results: A Wilcoxon signed-rank test found that significantly m...
Article
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The current study-within-a-trial explored individuals’ decisions to decline participation in research trialling a chronic illness-focused therapy (i.e. multiple sclerosis). Four themes were identified from seven semi-structured interviews with participation decliners and were confirmed by the host trial’s Patient & Public Involvement (PPI) panel: a...
Article
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In this Open Letter we present reflections from three different perspectives on the integration of public and patient involvement (PPI) in a research trial. We reflect on the experience of having a patient employed as a contract researcher, with no prior research experience, on a feasibility trial of cognitive rehabilitation in multiple sclerosis....
Article
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This article describes an innovative transnational education project involving three European universities, funded through ERASMUS+. One of its aims was to develop and provide a curriculum to facilitate students’ understanding and identification of occupational (in)justice by exposing them to marginalised people living in three European communities...
Article
Full-text available
In this Open Letter we present reflections from three different perspectives on the integration of public and patient involvement (PPI) in a research trial. We reflect on the experience of having a patient employed as a contract researcher, with no prior research experience, on a feasibility trial of cognitive rehabilitation in multiple sclerosis....
Article
Full-text available
Background We aimed to estimate the clinical effectiveness of Community Occupational Therapy for people with dementia and family carers–UK version (Community Occupational Therapy in Dementia–UK version [COTiD-UK]) relative to treatment as usual (TAU). We hypothesised that COTiD-UK would improve the ability of people with dementia to perform activit...
Article
Background Early withdrawal from the workforce is associated with a diagnosis of multiple sclerosis (MS), with employment retention rates also lower than in the general population. Despite legal requirements, equality in the workplace for people with MS has not been achieved. Disclosure of multiple sclerosis at work is essential for the implementat...
Article
Aim We reviewed the evidence regarding the effectiveness of occupational therapy interventions in improving outcomes for adults with multiple sclerosis. Method We completed a scoping review of literature in the area of occupational therapy and multiple sclerosis following a methodological framework for conducting scoping reviews. Search included a...
Article
Full-text available
Background: This protocol describes a double-blind, randomised non-inferiority study-within-a-trial (SWAT), comparing the effects of a patient-designed-and-informed participant information sheet with a standard, researcher-designed participant information sheet on recruitment, retention, decision certainty, participant information sheet understandi...
Article
Full-text available
Background: This protocol describes a double-blind, randomised non-inferiority study-within-a-trial (SWAT), comparing the effects of a patient-designed-and-informed participant information sheet with a standard, researcher-designed participant information sheet on recruitment, retention, decision certainty, participant information sheet understandi...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Cognitive rehabilitation research in multiple sclerosis is ever-developing, but the impact of cognitive difficulties, seen in 40% to 80% of people, on daily occupations is not well known. The aim of this study is to explore the needs of people with MS who have self-reported cognitive deficits. Methods: An exploratory qualitative descri...
Article
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Introduction: Cognitive difficulties have been reported to have the greatest effect on function and quality of life in people with multiple sclerosis, affecting 50-60% of people. To date, few interventions have been developed to treat cognitive issues in multiple sclerosis. Here we report on a Cognitive Occupation-Based programme (COB-MS) for peop...
Article
Objective: The objective of this longitudinal study examined, first, whether people with multiple sclerosis who previously advocated for angioplasty to treat chronic cerebral spinal venous insufficiency (CCSVI) through YouTube continued reporting benefits. Second, it examined a new cohort reporting on CCSVI treatment, and third, whether perspective...
Article
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Introduction To develop occupational therapy’s evidence base and improve its clinical outcomes, occupational therapists must increase their research involvement. Barriers to research consumption and leadership are well documented, but those relating to delivering research interventions, less so. Yet, interventions need to be researched within pract...
Conference Paper
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Occupational therapists support and enable people to partake in occupations or activities that are important to them; that they need/want/are expected to do. Occupational therapists are increasingly involved in services addressing the impact that social inequalities can have on peoples’ wellbeing. One way in which occupational therapy students in N...
Article
Introduction A national survey was conducted with United Kingdom (UK) occupational therapists to scope occupational therapy service provision for people with dementia and their family carers in the community. Method This was an online questionnaire with topics on occupational therapists’ roles, service provision, referral, assistive technology and...
Article
Computerised training has been shown to benefit cognitive function in older adults but rarely, if ever, enhances performance in everyday life. This study examines how an entirely internet-based cognitive programme can generalise to daily functioning. This is an exploratory study (n = 25) of computer and video-based strategy training with older adul...
Article
Executive function is best measured in loosely structured, multi-component tasks that reflect real-life demands. These tasks require participants to develop a strategy, keep a plan in mind and monitor time. Errors include ignoring stated goals (‘goal neglect’), over-allocation of time to one task and violating rules. Teasing apart such errors can b...
Article
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In the Netherlands, Graff et al. found Community Occupational Therapy in Dementia (COTiD) demonstrated benefits to people with dementia and family carers. In this study, focus groups took place with people with dementia and family carers to explore how to make COTiD relevant to the UK context. Six focus groups (three with people living with dementi...
Article
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Introduction This study translates and assesses the psychometric properties of an Irish-language version of the Rivermead Behavioural Memory Test — Second Edition (Wilson et al 2003), a screening measure for memory impairment in adults. Method All four versions of the Rivermead Behavioural Memory Test — Second Edition were translated to Irish and...
Article
This thesis investigates computerised cognitive training in older adults, with a focus on training working memory and fluid intelligence. A series of studies is reported, with two broad aims. The first was to develop and validate outcome measures appropriate for use in this population, and the second was to examine whether established gains in cogn...

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Projects

Projects (4)
Project
Cognitive rehabilitation for people with MS with a focus on improving occupational participation.
Project
Valuing Active Life in Dementia (VALID) is a research study led by Professor Martin Orrell and Dr Jennifer Wenborn that will evaluate community occupational therapy for people with dementia and their family carers. VALID aims to promote independence, meaningful activity and quality of life for people with dementia and their family carers living in the community.