Simone Sterlacchini

Simone Sterlacchini
Italian National Research Council | CNR · Earth System Science and Environmental Technologies Dept.

PhD in Engineering Geology

About

130
Publications
50,512
Reads
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2,316
Citations
Additional affiliations
November 2011 - present
Italian National Research Council
Position
  • Senior Researcher
Description
  • Design and implementation of Decision Support Systems for emergency preparedness and response. Geographic Information Systems and modeling techniques are also widely used to support the decision making process.
October 2002 - present
University of Milan
Position
  • Lecturer
Description
  • Basic and advanced GIS tools and techniques.
January 2002 - January 2014
European University Institutes and Research Centers
Position
  • Lecturer
Description
  • Concepts and methods for hazard, vulnerability and risk assessment and management; GIS, Decision Support Systems and ICT based-tools for emergency preparedness and response.
Education
October 1994 - October 1997
University of Ferrara - Earth Sciences Dept.
Field of study
  • Geomorphology and Engineering Geology

Publications

Publications (130)
Article
Full-text available
A collaborative open-source IT infrastructure is designed and implemented to optimize the process of geological field data collection, integration, validation, and sharing. Firstly, field data collection is carried out by multiple users using free and open-source GIS-based tools for mobile devices according to a predefined database structure; then,...
Preprint
The evaluation of flood impacts to economic activities is characterized by obstacles like the paucity of available data to characterise the enterprises, the lack of high-quality data to derive new models or validate existing ones, and the high variability of activity types which hampers generalisation. This study contributes at improving knowledge...
Article
Full-text available
We present Flood-SHE, a data-driven, statistically-based procedure for the delineation of areas expected to be inundated by river floods. We applied Flood-SHE in the 23 River Basin Authorities (RBAs) in Italy using information on the presence or absence of inundations obtained from existing flood zonings as the dependent variable, and six hydro-mor...
Preprint
Full-text available
Abstract. The increasing availability of free-access satellite data represents a relevant opportunity for the analysis and assessment of natural hazards. The systematic acquisition of spaceborne imagery allows for monitoring areas prone to geohydrological disasters, providing relevant information for risk evaluation and management. In cases of majo...
Article
Full-text available
Groundwater level forecasting is a useful tool for a more efficient and sustainable groundwater resource management. Developing models that can accurately reproduce groundwater level response to meteorological conditions can lead to a better understanding of the groundwater resource availability. Here an autoregressive neural network (NNARx) approa...
Conference Paper
The present short paper describes the functionalities of a desktop tool enabling non-expert users to develop downstream services for the periodic download and processing of data from Sentinel sources. Index Terms: downstream service, flooded area mapping, Sentinel data, spectral indicators.
Article
Full-text available
Planning in advance to prepare for and respond to a natural hazard-induced disaster-related emergency is a key action that allows decision makers to mitigate unexpected impacts and potential damage. To further this aim, a collaborative, modular, and information and communications technology-based Spatial Data Infrastructure (SDI) called SIRENE—Sist...
Chapter
In order to effectively plan both preparedness and response to emergency situations it is necessary to access and analyse timely information on plausible scenarios of occurrence of ongoing events. Scenario maps representing the estimated susceptibility, hazard or risk of occurrence of an event on a territory are hardly generated real time. In fact...
Preprint
Full-text available
Two complementary GIS-based functions are designed and implemented to assess the expected degree of loss due to the occurrence of flood events. Each function processes institutional thematic layers and allows decision makers first to quantify the physical and the economic exposure of the elements at risk in a given study region and then to assess t...
Article
Full-text available
The Maldives islands in recent decades have experienced dramatic land-use change. Uninhabited islands were turned into new resort islands; evergreen tropical forests were cut, to be replaced by fields and new built-up areas. All these changes happened without a proper monitoring and urban planning strategy from the Maldivian government due to the l...
Conference Paper
The paper proposes level-based approximate reasoning on a fuzzy ontology as a modeling framework to support the creation and retrieval of Volunteered Geographic Information (VGI) affected by observation deficiencies causing both uncertainty and fuzziness. The paper recalls the inadequacy of classic ontologies to create VGI, the limitation of the us...
Conference Paper
The paper proposes a novel perspective on Web discovery services of remote sensing images and derived products currently available through the Web portals of providers managing big geo-spatial data repositories. Actual discovery services do not provide facilities for ranking images based on queries specifying spatial-content conditions, i.e. asking...
Article
Full-text available
This paper investigates the causes of imprecision of the observations and uncertainty of the authors who create Volunteer Geographic Information (VGI), i.e., georeferenced contents generated by volunteers when participating in some citizen science project. Specifically, various aspects of imprecision and uncertainty of VGI are outlined and, to cope...
Preprint
Full-text available
Floods are frequent and widespread in Italy and pose a severe risk for the population. Local administrations commonly use flow propagation models to delineate the flood prone areas. These modeling approaches require a detail geo-environmental data knowledge, intensive calculation and long computational times. Conversely, statistical methods can be...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Floods are frequent and widespread in Italy and pose a severe risk for the population. Local administrations commonly use flow propagation models to delineate the flood prone areas. These modeling approaches require a detail geo-environmental data knowledge, intensive calculation and long computational times. Conversely, statistical methods can be...
Article
Full-text available
Two complementary GIS-based functions are designed and implemented to assess the expected degree of loss due to the occurrence of flood events. Each function processes institutional thematic layers and allows decision makers first to quantify the physical and the economic exposure of the elements at risk in a given study region and then to assess t...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This contribution proposes a customizable SDI architecture to create, map, manage and share VGI in a full interoperable way by exploiting external knowledge on the context for which VGI is created, consisting of both domain ontologies and a representation of the entities of interest. The whole process of VGI creation by a smart app, VGI deploy on t...
Article
Full-text available
Currently, the best practice to support land planning calls for the development of Spatial Data Infrastructures (SDI) capable of integrating both geospatial datasets and time series information from multiple sources, e.g., multitemporal satellite data and Volunteered Geographic Information (VGI). This paper describes an original OGC standard intero...
Article
Full-text available
Floods are frequent and widespread in Italy and pose a severe risk for the population. Local administrations commonly use flow propagation models to delineate the flood prone areas. These modeling approaches require a detail geo-environmental data knowledge, intensive calculation and long computational times. Conversely, statistical methods can be...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this paper is to model July 1987 flooding event occurred in Valtellina (central Alps, northern Italy): at that time, a set of meteo-hydrogeological phenomena affected the study area causing huge direct and indirect physical and socio-economic consequences. The methodology proposed in this study combines GIS and CAD systems to model t...
Article
First-level inspections could be provided by skilled volunteers or technicians to pre-screen the functional status of check dams. This paper discusses the design and testing of a support method in collaboration with the responsible technicians in evaluating inspection reports. Reports are based on linguistic rating scales that are systematically ag...
Article
In this paper we propose a procedure consisting of a first collection phase of social network messages, a subsequent user query selection, and finally a clustering phase, defined by extending the density-based DBSCAN algorithm, for performing a geographic and temporal exploration of a collection of items, in order to reveal and map their latent spa...
Article
Full-text available
Two complementary GIS-based functions are designed and implemented to assess the expected degree of loss due to the occurrence of flood events. Each function processes institutional thematic layers and allows decision makers first to quantify the physical and the economic exposure of the elements at risk in a given study region and then to assess t...
Chapter
In this chapter we propose a framework for collecting, organizing into a database and querying information in social networks by the specification of content-based, geographic and temporal conditions to the aim of detecting periodic and aperiodic events. Our proposal could be a basis for developing context aware services. For example to identify th...
Article
Full-text available
This study had three aims. The first was to assess the performance of the weights-of-evidence (WofE) landslide susceptibility model in areas that are very different in terms of size, geoenvironmental settings, and landslide types. The second was to test the appropriate strategies to sample the mapped landslide polygon. The final aim was to evaluate...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Within the last decade, there have been established and maintained various digital geographic information sources by both the public and citizens, in addition to traditional or official (authoritative) sources. This new type of information, commonly named by several neologisms such as crowdsourced information, Volunteered Geographic Information (VG...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The CHANGES network (Changing Hydro-meteorological Risks – as Analyzed by a New Generation of European Scientists) aimed to develop an advanced understanding of how global changes (related to environmental and climate change as well as socio-economical change) will affect the temporal and spatial patterns of hydro-meteorological hazards and associa...
Article
Full-text available
Agriculture is a global issue nowadays. At the European level, it is a sector, in which we are investing many resources. In particular, the Agri-Food sector plays a central role in the policies of the European Commission and the Horizon 2020 research and innovation program, as well as being the main theme of Expo 2015 that will be held in Milan, Lo...
Article
Full-text available
The paper presents an ongoing research within a multidisciplinary collaboration aiming at improving information and tools to prepare local authorities, volunteers and citizens (at a municipal and/or inter-municipal level) to anticipate, cope with, resist against and recover from the impacts of hydro-geological hazards. In particular, the paper aims...
Article
Full-text available
Adaptation to complex and unforeseen events requires enhancing the links between planning and preparedness phases to reduce future risks in the most efficient way. In this context, the legal-administrative and cultural context has to be taken into account. This is why four case study areas of the CHANGES1 project (Nehoiu Valley in Romania, Ubaye Va...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Landslide risk is not a static concept but changes continuously in time due to changes in triggering factors (e.g. climate change, earthquake occurrences, etc.), landslide conditional factors (e.g. land-use, geomorphology, etc.) and due to changes in elements at risk (e.g. location, vulnerability, value, etc.). The challenge of addressing the chang...
Article
Full-text available
Volunteers have been trained to perform first-level inspections of hydraulic structures within campaigns pro- moted by civil protection of Friuli Venezia Giulia (Italy). Two inspection forms and a learning session were prepared to standardize data collection on the functional status of bridges and check dams. In all, 11 technicians and 25 volunteer...
Article
In this chapter, a soft fusion approach of a set of aligned registered images is described, in which each image represents a distinct theme of the same territory. The objective of the fusion is to evaluate the spatial units of the territory, pixels or cells, by a group of experts through associating to the spatial units scores representing their su...
Chapter
Early-Warning Systems (EWS) include the provision of timely and effective information, through identified institutions, that allows individuals exposed to hazard to take action in order to avoid or reduce risk and prepare for effective response. EWS are extensive frameworks that integrate different components of risk governance and disaster risk re...
Chapter
Full-text available
Risk assessment is the process of determining the likelihood or threat of a damage, injury, liability, loss, or other negative occurrence that is caused by external or internal vulnerabilities and that may be neutralized through preventive action. More precisely, risk assessment is the systematic prospective analysis aimed at defining, as quantitat...
Article
Full-text available
Volunteers have been trained to perform first level inspections of hydraulic structures within campaigns promoted by Civil Protection of Friuli Venezia Giulia (Italy). Two inspection forms and a learning session were prepared to standardize data collection on the functional status of bridges and check dams. Six structures were inspected by technici...
Article
Full-text available
The need for continuous adaptation to complex and unforeseen events requires enhancing the links between planning and preparedness phases to reduce future risks in the most efficient way. In this context, the legal-administrative and cultural context has to be taken into account. This is why four case study areas of the CHANGES1 project (Nehoiu Val...
Article
Full-text available
Landslides are one of the most common hazards in the Romanian Curvature Carpathians and Subcarpathians, covering a wide range of geomorphic mass wasting forms and processes. The purpose of this paper is to present a susceptibility analysis at regional scale for the Buzau County (Romania), focusing on shallow and medium-seated (sensu Bălteanu 1983)...
Article
Full-text available
Landslide risk analysis is one of the primary studies providing essential instructions to the subsequent risk management process. The quantification of tangible and intangible potential losses is a critical step because it provides essential data upon which judgments can be made and policy can be formulated. This study aims at quantifying direct ec...
Book
This book offers a cross disciplinary treatment of the rapidly growing field of integrated approaches in risk assessment in mountainous areas. All major aspects related to hazard and risk assessment, risk management, and governance are illustrated with a wide range of case studies. The first part of the book focuses on new techniques for assessing...
Article
Full-text available
Quantitative landslide risk assessment requires information about the temporal, spatial and intensity probability of hazardous processes both regarding their initiation as well as their run-out. This is followed by an estimation of the physical consequences inflicted by the hazard, preferentially quantified in monetary values. For that purpose, det...
Conference Paper
Forecasting natural disasters, as wildfires or floods, is a mandatory activity to reduce the level of risk and damage to people, properties and infrastructures. Since estimating real-time the susceptibility to a given phenomenon is computationally onerous, susceptibility maps are usually pre-computed. So, techniques are needed to efficiently query...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Always considered an undisturbed Eden, Maldives are better known for resorts and uninhabited islands, beautiful seawater and coral reefs. Although, in this paradise of international tourism there are also several islands inhabited by locals. They were highly modified in the last fifteen years and the deepest changes regard the land use. This projec...
Article
Full-text available
The paper presents an approach to manage Volunteered Geographic Information (VGI) to point out anomalous conditions of the environment. This can help administrators in charge of the governance and maintenance activities of the territory to plan mitigation and safeguard interventions. To this end, a system is designed to collect VGI reports and oper...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Modern approaches for emergency management promote exchange of information between local authorities and community aiming at more appropriate and effective ways to manage hydro-meteorological risks1. In this framework, risk communication should not only start during the build-up of the hazard, but also in pre-warning and 'peace' time and it contrib...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of the study was to assess the degree of spatial agreement of different predicted patterns in a majority of coherent landslide prediction maps with almost similar success and prediction rate curves. If two or more models have a similar performance, the choice of the best one is not a trivial operation and cannot be based on success and pred...
Article
Full-text available
Landslide susceptibility models are a key component for quantitative hazard assessments at medium to regional scales. The analysis and the evaluation of susceptibility models prepared for different test sites have been used to verify their flexibility and effectiveness. By comparing models in areas with different physio-graphic, climatic, and geolo...
Article
Increasing availability of geo-environmental data has promoted the use of statistical methods to assess groundwater vulnerability. Nitrate is a widespread anthropogenic contaminant in groundwater and its occurrence can be used to identify aquifer settings vulnerable to contamination. In this study, multivariate Weights of Evidence (WofE) and Logist...
Article
Full-text available
Statistical methods are extensively used by hydrogeologists for assessing groundwater vulnerability. Several of these methods require to express the response variable as binary and to select a threshold distinguishing between positive and negative indicators of contamination that are usually identified as occurrences and non-occurrences, respective...
Article
According to the aim of the CHANGES network, an EU funded project, research is carried out towards the improvement of the emergency management strategies for hydro-meteorological hazards under the effects of climate and the pressure of socio-economic changes. Aim supported on the need to enhance local resilience to these hazards under different sce...