Simone Perna

Simone Perna
University of Bahrain · Department of Biology

Associate Professor - BSc, MSc, PhD, RD, FHEA Fellow UK Academy
Stanford University named Prof. Simone Perna as World's Top 2% Scientists, 2021.

About

230
Publications
64,568
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
2,735
Citations
Introduction
Prof. Simone Perna is Associate Professor at University of Bahrain and authored more than 150 scientific papers, (Scopus Author ID:46661433200), and more than 300 abstracts as conference proceeding. He co-authored 6 book chapters. Currently He works on several researches on epidemiology of infections, metabolic disorders, bioactives and covid 19
Additional affiliations
September 2018 - October 2021
University of Bahrain
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
September 2014 - August 2018
University of Pavia
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
October 2010 - October 2013
University of Pavia
Position
  • PhD Student
Education
September 2019 - August 2020
UK Academy
Field of study
October 2010 - October 2013
University of Pavia
Field of study
  • Statistics
October 2006 - July 2010
University of Pavia
Field of study
  • Medicine

Publications

Publications (230)
Article
Full-text available
Background: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a multifactorial condition characterized by a complex interrelation between genetic and environmental factors that heighten the risk of cardiovascular diseases and all-cause mortality. It is hypothesized that diet may play an important role in the regulation of metabolic syndrome factors and influence the pr...
Article
Full-text available
Background: SARC-F is a simple sarcopenia screening tool. This study aimed to examine the validity of the Italian version of SARC-F. Methods: A total of 97 elderly individuals (37/60 males/females, 65 years and older) who met the study's selection criteria were included. SARC-F was translated into the Italian language in a culturally responsive...
Article
Background: The severe, acute respiratory syndrome COVID-19 that was first reported in China in December 2019 quickly became a global pandemic that has resulted in over 100 million infections and more than 2 million deaths. Study design: This study aimed to assess the awareness level of university students regarding the possibility of becoming i...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose Obesity is a chronic disease characterized by a complex variable clinical presentation with comorbidities. A multidisciplinary residential program (MRP) represents one of the best options for treating obesity. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of 8-week MRP on weight loss, body composition assessed by DXA, and meta...
Article
Full-text available
Background This study aims to investigate the acute effects of a single oral administration of a creatine-based multi-ingredient pre-workout supplement (MIPS) on performance fatigability and maximal force production after a resistance exercise protocol (REP).Methods Eighteen adult males (age: 23 ± 1 years; body mass: 76.4 ± 1.5 kg; height: 1.77 ± 0...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction The aim of the present study was to assess the dropout rate at 2, 6, and 12 months after an inpatient multidisciplinary residential program (MRP) for the treatment of obesity. Furthermore, this study assessed anthropometric and biochemical predictors associated with the dropout. Methods Adult and elderly patients (age 59 ± 14 years) w...
Article
Full-text available
COVID-19 is strongly influenced by age and comorbidities. Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a frequent finding in COVID-19 patients and seems to be associated to mortality and severity. On the other hand, the role of kidney dysfunction in COVID-19 is still debated. We performed a retrospective study in a cohort of 174 hospitalized COVID-19 patients in I...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Cancer is an irregular proliferation of cells that starts with a gene mutation that alters cellular function, is triggered by several factors, and can be inherited or acquired. The aim of this review is to discuss the anticancer activity of basil and its components' strength, focusing on its implication in cancer prevention and treatme...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The classic ketogenic diet (cKD) has been used worldwide as an effective therapy for children with drug-resistant epilepsy. However, there have been no studies performed in Middle Eastern countries in order to assess the efficacy, side effects, predictors of cKD response and factors mostly associated with diet adherence. This study aims...
Article
Background & Aims Visceral adipose tissue (VAT) is a recognized risk factor for cardiometabolic disease, and dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) has been recently validated for the quantification of VAT. This study aims to explore VAT prediction by utilizing bioimpedance analysis (BIA), anthropometric measures and biochemical markers. Methods D...
Article
Full-text available
This review aims to define the effectiveness of the ketogenic diet (KD) for the management of sarcopenic obesity. As the combination of sarcopenia and obesity appears to have multiple negative metabolic effects, this narrative review discusses the effects of the ketogenic diet as a possible synergic intervention to decrease visceral adipose tissue...
Article
Full-text available
Quercetin, for its crucial properties, fulfills the need for a multifactor action that is useful for the potential counterbalance of a COVID-19 infection. Given this background, the aim of the study was to evaluate the potential effect of 3 months’ supplementation with Quercetin Phytosome® (250 mg twice a day) as prevention against symptomatic COVI...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose This study aims to evaluate the effects of a VLCKD combined with omega-3 supplementation (VLCKD diet only lasted for some weeks, and it was followed by a non-ketogenic LCD for the rest of the study period) on body composition, visceral fat, satiety hormones, inflammatory and metabolic markers. Methods It has been performed a pilot open lab...
Article
Full-text available
Botanicals are natural alternatives to pharmacological therapies that aim at reducing hypercholesterolemia. In this context, despite bergamot being effective in modulating lipid profile, some subjects failed to achieve a satisfactory response to supplementation. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the association of 600 mg of bergamot phy...
Preprint
Full-text available
Purpose Since obesity is a pathology characterized by a complex variable clinical presentation with comorbidities, multidisciplinary residential program (MRP) represents one of the best options for treating obesity. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of 8-weeks MRP on weight loss, body composition assessed by DXA and metabo...
Article
The increased prevalence of obesity, metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes has prompted scientists to look for new active and safe molecules that may help the prevention of metabolic disorders: hyperglycemia, insulin-resistance, dyslipidemia. Berberine is an alkaloid compound derived from plants, and it is largely used in traditional chinese medic...
Article
Full-text available
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is the most frequent endocrine disease in females of reproductive age and is characterized by multifactorial unhealthy conditions related to hormonal unbalance and also to dysmetabolism and inflammation. Recently, increasing evidence has shown that natural plant-based products may play a role in PCOS management. The...
Article
In vitro and animal model studies have shown that B vitamins (VB) deficiency have negative consequences on bone, as a result of direct or mediated activity of hyperhomocysteinemia. However, there are still no precise indications regarding a possible VB role in order to maintain bone health. So, the aim of this narrative review was to consider the s...
Article
Full-text available
Proactive prediction of the epidemiologic dynamics of viral diseases and outbreaks of the type of COVID-19 has remained a difficult pursuit for scientists, public health researchers, and policymakers. It is unclear whether RT-PCR Cycle Threshold (Ct) values of COVID-19 - or any other virus - as indicator of viral load, could represent a possible pr...
Article
Full-text available
In 2009 EFSA Panel concludes that a cause and effect relationship has been established between the dietary intake of magnesium (Mg) and maintenance of normal bone. After 2009, numerous studies have been published, but no reviews have made an update on this topic. So, the aim of this narrative review was to consider the state of the art since 2009 o...
Article
Introduction: The American Geriatrics Society recommends a minimum daily supplement of 1,000 IU and underlines that a dosage lower than 600 IU do not prevent falls in elderly people. Evidence acquisition: Review author searched on PubMed, Medline, Embase, Scopus database (last search May 30, 2021), with the MeSH terms and keywords of vitamin D,...
Article
Full-text available
In animals it has been demonstrated that Saccharomyces boulardii and Superoxide Dismutase (SOD) decrease low-grade inflammation and that S. boulardii can also decrease adiposity. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of a 60-day S. boulardii and SOD supplementation on circulating markers of inflammation, body composition, hunger sens...
Article
Full-text available
While in vitro and animal studies of osteoblastic and osteoclastic activity as well as bone resistance for copper are numerous, and the results encouraging in terms of regulation, human studies are scarce. The aim of this narrative review was to investigate the correlation of blood copper, daily copper intake, and copper supplementation with bone m...
Article
Full-text available
Moringa oleifera (MO) has started to focus the attention of many researchers, especially in the last decade, due to its rich nutrient content and bioactive compounds that have numerous pharmaceutical potentials. In this systematic review, 36 research articles were included that explored the anti-obesity potential of MO through in-vitro and in-vivo...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: To evaluate various factors affecting energy drink consumption among Bahraini youth (from the ages of 15 through 24 years old). Moreover, this study aimed to assess the participant's level of knowledge about the contents of energy drinks. Design: A cross-sectional study Setting: Kingdom of Bahrain Methods: The cross-sectional study was c...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background COVID-19 severity and mortality are strongly influenced by age and comorbidities. Among comorbidities, kidney dysfunction seems to play a crucial role. Indeed, acute kidney injury (AKI) is a frequent finding in hospitalized COVID-19 patients and seems to be associated to mortality and severity. On the other hand, the role of chronic kidn...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) was first reported in China in December 2019 and has become a pandemic that resulted in more than one million deaths and infected over 35 million people worldwide. In this study, a continent-wide analysis of COVID-19 cases from 31st December 2019 to 14th June 2020 was per...
Article
Full-text available
Several studies have described a strong correlation between diet, weight loss, and gut microbiota composition. The aim of this review was to evaluate the potential effects of energy-restricted diets, namely very low calorie diets (VLCDs), very low calorie ketogenic diets (VLCKDs), and very low carbohydrate diets (VLCarbDs), on the composition of th...
Article
Full-text available
The evidence regarding a deficiency of manganese (Mn) in humans is scarce. So the aim of this narrative review was to consider the state of the art on the relation between manganese and bone health in humans and the effectiveness of manganese supplementation (alone or with other micronutrients) on bone mineralization. This review included 4 eligibl...
Article
Background and aims Obesity is characterized by fat mass excess (FM), extra cellular water increase (ECW) and, with ageing, decrease in fat free mass (FFM). The validity of body impedance analysis (BIA) in patients with mild to severe obesity is still debated. The purpose of this study is to describe the Resistance (Rz) and Reactance (Xc) values ob...
Article
Full-text available
In animal models it has been shown that ascorbic acid (AA) is an essential cofactor for the hydroxylation of proline in collagen synthesis. However, there are still no precise indications regarding the role of AA in maintaining bone health in humans, so the aim of this narrative review was to consider state of the art on correlation between bone mi...
Article
Full-text available
The consumption of dietary amino acids has been evaluated for therapeutic and safety intervention in obesity. In particular, three molecules have been shown to be effective: arginine, glutamine and leucine (and its metabolite beta-hydroxy-beta-methylbutyrate, HMB). This randomized, double-blinded pilot study in obese postmenopausal patients aimed t...
Article
Full-text available
Bone matrix is predominantly made up of collagen, and in vitro and in animal models studies have shown that silicon is linked to glycosaminoglycans and plays an important role in the formation of cross-links between collagen and proteoglycans, determining the beneficial effects on strength, composition, and mechanical properties of bone. However, t...
Article
The most studied n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFAs) are eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA; 20:5n−3) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA; 22:6n−3), and their intake seem to have a positive effect on skeletal muscle. This systematic review and meta-analysis aims to investigate the effect of n-3 EPA and DHA supplementation on fat free mass, and on differe...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: In case of zinc (Zn) deficiency, this mineral becomes a nutrient limiting muscle and bone synthesis. The study in humans on zinc and bone health are few and no reviews have been published on this topic. So, the aim of this narrative review was to consider the state of the art on the correlation between blood zinc, daily zinc intake,...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to assess the effectiveness of pro-biotics in inducing body weight loss in patients with overweight or obesity with related metabolic diseases. The research was carried out on PubMed and Scopus, focusing on studies reporting the effect on anthropometric measures (weight, body mass Index (BMI),...
Article
Full-text available
The consumption of green tea catechins (GTC) is associated with modulations of fat metabolism and consequent weight loss. The aim of this systematic review was to investigate the effect of GTC on resting metabolic rate (RMR), energy expenditure (EE), and respiratory quotient (RQ). Eligible studies considered both the chronic and acute intake of GTC...
Article
Full-text available
Rice germ (RG) may be a safe and effective dietary supplement for obesity in menopause, considering its high protein content and considerable amounts of essential amino acids, good fatty acids, and fiber. This pilot randomized, blinded, parallel-group, placebo-controlled pilot trial investigated the effectiveness of 4-weeks RG supplementation (25 g...
Article
Full-text available
The term sarcopenia refers to the loss of skeletal muscle mass and strength that generally occurs during aging. The interventions that have proved most effective in reducing the severity and preventing the worsening of sarcopenia include physical exercise, especially resistance, and the administration of dietary supplements in association with a ta...
Article
Full-text available
Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is a communicable disease caused by a recently discovered coronavirus. The disease was first reported in Wuhan, China at the end of 2019 and has resulted in 1.71 million global deaths and over 77 million infections. Common symptoms of the disease include fever, dry cough, and fatigue. This literature review aims to su...
Article
Full-text available
This research aimed to assess the effects of Ramadan intermittent fasting (RIF) on different dimensions, namely calorie intake, fullness and hunger sensations, mental health, body weight, waist circumference (WC), quality of sleep, body composition, hydration and nutritional status among female students at the University of Bahrain. A prospective s...
Article
Background: The treatment of symptomatic uncomplicated colonic diverticular disease (SUDD) is still under debate, and new data show a pathogenic role of dysbiosis and low-grade inflammation in intestinal mucosa. Recent research has highlighted the anti-inflammatory effects of botanical extracts such as Curcuma longa L. and Boswellia serrata Roxb....
Preprint
Full-text available
Introduction: Proactive prediction of the epidemiologic dynamics of viral diseases and outbreaks of the likes of COVID-19 has remained a difficult pursuit for scientists, public health researchers, and policymakers. It is unclear whether RT-PCR Cycle Threshold (Ct) values of COVID-19 (or any other virus) as indicator of viral load, could represent...
Article
Full-text available
It has recently been demonstrated that chronic supplementation with nonanimal chondroitin sulfate (nonanimal CS) in overweight subjects with knee osteoarthritis (OA) improves the function, pain and inflammation, but there are no studies of its effectiveness in an acute setting. In 48 obese subjects with moderate knee OA, we investigated the effecti...
Article
Full-text available
Bergamot has been traditionally used for the relief of diseases related to oxidative stress. Our aim was to investigate the effect of bergamot phytosome on visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and on metabolic profile, in overweight and obese subjects with mild hypercholesterolemia. A total of 64 participants were randomized into two groups for 12 weeks:...
Article
Full-text available
From Pauling's theories to the present, considerable understanding has been acquired of both the physiological role of vitamin C and of the impact of vitamin C supplementation on the health. Although it is well known that a balanced diet which satisfies the daily intake of vitamin C positively affects the immune system and reduces susceptibility to...
Article
Full-text available
Impaired fasting glucose (IFG) is a condition that precedes diabetes and increases the risk of developing it. Studies support the hypoglycemic effect of Cynarascolymus (Cs) extracts due to the content of chlorogenic acid, which is a potent inhibitor of glucose 6-phosphate translocase and of dicaffeoylquinic acid derivatives that modulate the activi...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: This study aimed to investigate the effect of bariatric surgery on degree of weight loss, as well as the prevalence of nutritional deficiencies, postoperative complications and adherence to dietary and lifestyle recommendations in a cohort of patients from Bahrain. Methods: This retrospective cohort study took place between March and...
Article
Background: Dysphagic patients are not always able to meet their energy, micro and macronutrients needs for various causes and therefore are at high risk of malnutrition. The aim of the present study is to evaluate the effectiveness on satisfaction of the meal (by a 10-cm visuanalogical scale), food intake (by visual estimation of food waste), nut...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Sarcopenia is a disease associated with aging and a negative prognosis. Consensus-based treatment consists in targeting muscle mass and function through physical exercise, optimization of protein intake, and vitamin D supplementation, but evidence is lacking. We evaluated the safety and efficacy of a muscle-targeted nutritional support...
Article
Full-text available
Emerging literature suggests that diet plays an important modulatory role in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) because diet is an environmental factor that affects inflammation, antigen presentation, antioxidant defense mechanisms and gut microbiota. Patients with RA frequently ask their doctors about which diets to follow, and even in the absence of advic...
Article
Full-text available
This study aimed to establish the Dual-Energy X-ray Absorptiometry (DXA)-derived Visceral adipose tissue (VAT) reference values for gender and assess the metabolic outcomes associated to the VAT in a cohort of elderly patients. The sample included 795 elderly patients (226/569: men/women) aged 65–100 years (mean age 80.9 ± 7.5ys). Body composition...
Article
Full-text available
The use of dietary supplements for weight loss has gained significant momentum. Polyglucosamine, a chitosan derivative, is a dietary supplement increasingly used for weight loss. In this meta-analysis, we systematically summarized and quantified the key findings of four randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trials examining the effects of polyglu...
Article
Plastics of different sizes (micro- and nano-sized) are often identified in aquatic environments. Nevertheless, their influence on marine organisms has not been widely investigated. In this study, the responses of the microalga Chlorella vulgaris to micro- and nanoplastics exposure were examined using long term toxicity test. The plastics tested we...