Simone Borsci

Simone Borsci
University of Twente | UT · Dept. Learning, Data analysis, and Technology - Cognition, Data and Education group - CODE

PhD Cognitive Psychology, Assistant Prof in Human Factors and Cognitive Ergonomics

About

107
Publications
50,934
Reads
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Citations
Introduction
Dr Simone Borsci is currenlty assistant professor in Human Factors and Cognitive Ergonomics at Twente University, and Honorary Senior Research Fellow in medical device interaction for the NIHR MIC London In Vitro Diagnostics, of Imperial College of London. He is a UX, Usability and Human factors specialists, with several years of work in academia and with industries, for: digital technology and services, VR/AR and medical/assistive and diagnostics devices. He is currently working in i) the integration of human factors and health economics for medical device assessment and development; ii) the concept of trust in use; iii) usability and UX evaluation methods for VR/AR and medical tools;iv) Human Robot interaction, and v) interaction with conversational interfaces and chatbots.
Additional affiliations
February 2018 - present
University of Twente
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
Description
  • Specialist of UX , HCI and VR/AR evaluation of digital and medical technology
February 2015 - January 2018
Imperial College London
Position
  • Researcher
January 2013 - January 2015
University of Nottingham
Position
  • Researcher
Education
January 2007 - May 2010
Sapienza University of Rome
Field of study
  • Cognitive psychology
January 2000 - January 2004
Università degli Studi di Perugia
Field of study
  • Human and Education science

Publications

Publications (107)
Article
Full-text available
The Bot Usability Scale (BUS) is a standardised tool to assess and compare the satisfaction of users after interacting with chatbots to support the development of usable conversational systems. The English version of the 15-item BUS scale (BUS-15) was the result of an exploratory factorial analysis; a confirmatory factorial analysis tests the repli...
Article
Full-text available
Working from home (WFH) remotely is a modality of working that requires the careful design of systems of rules and tools to enable people to exchange information and perform actions. WFH is expected to expand after the COVID-19 pandemic. How to assess and compare in a reliable way the experience of workers with different (sociotechnical) systems of...
Chapter
The COVID-19 pandemic has brought several changes in everyday life, one of them being the application of Remote Working (RW). RW is the new way of working, thanks to this new modality all workers, with certain work requirements, were able to carry out their work from home without having to go to the office. Given the strict rules relating to lockdo...
Article
Full-text available
Digital twins (DTs) have been found useful in manufacturing, construction, and maintenance. Adapting DTs to serve cities, the question arises of what an urban digital twin should contain and how it should be orchestrated to serve a city’s dynamical ecosystem, along with how to enhance the efficiency of the city. We are aligning with the commonplace...
Article
Full-text available
Standardised tools to assess a user’s satisfaction with the experience of using chatbots and conversational agents are currently unavailable. This work describes four studies, including a systematic literature review, with an overall sample of 141 participants in the survey (experts and novices), focus group sessions and testing of chatbots to (i)...
Article
Full-text available
The European Union (EU) Commission’s whitepaper on Artificial Intelligence (AI) proposes shaping the emerging AI market so that it better reflects common European values. It is a master plan that builds upon the EU AI High-Level Expert Group guidelines. This article reviews the masterplan, from a culture cycle perspective, to reflect on its potenti...
Article
Full-text available
Background NG (nasogastric) tubes are used worldwide as a means to provide enteral nutrition. Testing the pH of tube aspirates prior to feeding is commonly used to verify tube location before feeding or medication. A pH at or lower than 5.5 was taken as evidence for stomach intubation. However, the existing standard pH strips lack sensitivity, espe...
Preprint
Full-text available
Introduction: Working from home (WFH) remotely is a modality of working that requires the careful design of systems of rules and tools to enable people to exchange information and perform actions. WFH is expected to expand after the COVID-19 pandemic, and how best to reliably assess and compare the experience of workers with different (sociotechnic...
Article
Artificial Intelligence (AI) systems could improve system efficiency by supporting clinicians in making appropriate referrals. However, they are imperfect by nature and misdiagnoses, if not correctly identified, can have consequences for patient care. In this paper, findings from an online survey are presented to understand the aptitude of GPs (n =...
Chapter
This paper shows a chatbot solution for eGLU-box Pro, a usability testing platform for Italian Public Administration (PA). eGLU-box Pro is a web-based tool designed to help PA practitioners in creating remote usability tests and analyzing participants’ answers and interaction data after they complete the usability tasks. The impact of the chatbot s...
Article
Full-text available
A health technology assessment (HTA) is commonly defined as a multidisciplinary approach used to evaluate medical, social, economic, and ethical issues related to the use of a health technology in a systematic, transparent, unbiased, robust manner. To help inform HTA recommendations, the surveillance of social media platforms can provide important...
Book
This book constitutes the proceedings of the 8th International Conference on End-User Development, IS-EUD 2021, held in July 2021. Due to COVID-19 pandemic the conference was held virtually. The paper track received 26 submissions, of which 11 full and 4 short papers were selected after a rigorous double-blind review process. The papers focus on “D...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
People with disabilities or special needs can benefit from AI-based conversational agents, which are used in competence training and well-being management. Assessment of the quality of interactions with these chatbots is key to being able to reduce dissatisfaction with them and to understand their potential long-term benefits. This will in turn hel...
Article
Introduction: People with disabilities or special needs can benefit from AI-based conversational agents (i.e., chatbots) that are used for competence training and well-being management. Assessing the quality of interactions with these chatbots is key to being able to reduce dissatisfaction with them and to understanding their potential long-term be...
Article
Introduction Individuals with chronic lung disease (eg, cystic fibrosis (CF)) often receive antimicrobial therapy including aminoglycosides resulting in ototoxicity. Extended high-frequency audiometry has increased sensitivity for ototoxicity detection, but diagnostic audiometry in a sound-booth is costly, time-consuming and requires a trained audi...
Article
Introduction: Health technology assessments (HTA) are tools for policy making and resource allocation. Early HTAs are increasingly used in design and development of new technologies. Conducting early HTAs is challenging, due to a lack of evidence and significant uncertainties in the technology and the market. A multi-disciplinary approach is consid...
Chapter
The value of technology to health care is not dependent on clinical and economic considerations alone. In this chapter we describe health related as well as economic, social, legal, ethical, and organizational criteria to include in early health technology assessment. Moreover, we provide recommendations on methods to collect data on these criteria...
Chapter
The main role of human factors and ergonomics professionals within health care is to generate evidence to support the development and the redesign of services and products. To achieve safe and resilient health system environments, both technology and people should collaborate in a resonant way by ensuring an optimal experience to patients. Human fa...
Article
Objective: To ascertain the reliability of a standardised, short-scale measure of satisfaction in the use of new healthcare technology i.e., the LITE version of the usability metric for user experience (UMUX-LITE). Whilst previous studies have demonstrated the reliability of UMUX-LITE, and its relationship with measures of likelihood to recommend...
Article
A recent contribution to the ongoing debate concerning the concept of usability and its measures proposed that usability reached a dead end – i.e. a construct unable to provide stable results and to unify scientific knowledge. Extensive commentaries rejected the conclusion that researchers need to look for alternative constructs to measure the qual...
Chapter
Every day people use multiple technologies to perform complex tasks, such as buying products online, informing their decision making, or supporting their work activities. In many cases, as in healthcare, high risk processes are dependent on the technology to deliver the appropriate service - e.g. diagnostics outcomes, deliver treatments to patients...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives Current health technology assessment (HTA) methods guidelines for medical devices may benefit from contributions by biomedical and clinical engineers. Our study aims to: (i) review and identify gaps in the current HTA guidelines on medical devices, (ii) propose recommendations to optimize the impact of HTA for medical devices, and (iii)...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The reliability and clinical utility of a medical device are required to demonstrate its impact and to enhance its success in the market. To fully establish these attributes it is necessary to investigate the context of use and the needs of the users. In healthcare, there is a growing use of human factors and health economics methods to generate ev...
Article
Aims To test a hypothesis that cataract operating room (OR) productivity can be improved with a femtosecond laser (FL) using a hub-and-spoke model and whether any increase in productivity can offset additional costs relating to the FL. Methods 400 eyes of 400 patients were enrolled in a randomised-controlled trial comparing FL-assisted cataract su...
Chapter
This chapter discusses the relationship between the accessibility and usability constructs and how they relate to the user experience (UX) theoretical approach. We present an integrated model of interaction evaluation, a new evaluation perspective based on UX that is intended to be used as a framework for evaluating users’ interactions with assisti...
Article
Introduction. The slow adoption of innovation into healthcare calls into question the manner of evidence generation for medical technology. This paper identifies potential reasons for this including a lack of attention to human factors, poor evaluation of economic benefits, lack of understanding of the existing healthcare system and a failure to re...
Article
Full-text available
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s41512-016-0001-y.].
Article
Full-text available
Aims (1) To model the process of use and usability of pH strips (2) to identify, through simulation studies, the likelihood of misreading pH strips, and to assess professional’s acceptance, trust and perceived usability of pH strips. Methods This study was undertaken in four phases and used a mixed method approach (an audit, a semi-structured in...
Data
Semi-structured interview—Results of standardised questionnaire. (DOCX)
Data
Online survey—Results of standardised questionnaire. (DOCX)
Data
Questionnaires and evaluation scales. (DOCX)
Data
Preliminary graphic representation of NG-tube and pH strips use. (TIF)
Data
Revised graphic representation of NG-tube and pH strips use. (TIF)
Article
Full-text available
Aim To provide a quantitative assessment of cataract theatre lists focusing on productivity and staffing levels/tasks using time and motion studies. Methods National Health Service (NHS) cataract theatre lists were prospectively observed in five different institutions (four NHS hospitals and one private hospital). Individual tasks and their timing...
Presentation
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Script of the slides 1. This paint of Giorgio De Chirico expresses the solitude of objects, and the solitude of artists who design a product. I think that this represents quite well the challenges faced by manufacturers when they aim to design something which could potentially change the world. Especially when they try to design products which have...
Conference Paper
Joris de Groot, Christiana Naaktgeboren, Hans Reitsma, Carl Moons Julius Center for Health Sciences and Primary Care, University Medical Center Utrecht, 3584 CG Utrecht, Netherlands Correspondence: Joris de Groot (j.degroot-17@umcutrecht.nl) A major contributor to the rising problem of overdiagnosis, with the subsequent risk of overtreatment, is t...
Presentation
Full-text available
Invited Speech at The 3rd Diagnostics and the Developing World Conference (DDW 2017), London
Presentation
Full-text available
NIHR DEC London: Approach to support design of diagnostics innovation (Workshop)
Article
Full-text available
An empirical analysis was performed to compare the effectiveness of different approaches to training a set of procedural skills to a sample of novice trainees. Sixty-five participants were randomly assigned to one of the following three training groups: (1) learning-by-doing in a 3D desktop virtual environment, (2) learning-by-observing a video (sh...
Article
Full-text available
http://atlasofscience.org/how-much-does-abandonment-of-assistive-technology-cost-italys-national-health-service/
Article
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This paper reports a study which demonstrates the advantages of using virtual-reality-based systems for training automotive assembly tasks. Sixty participants were randomly assigned to one of the following three training experiences to learn a car service procedure: (1) observational training through video instruction; (2) an experiential virtual t...
Article
Use of in-vitro point of care devices - intended as tests performed out of laboratories and near patient - is increasing in clinical environments. International standards indicate that interaction assessment should not end after the product release, yet human factors methods are frequently not included in clinical and empirical studies of these dev...
Article
Full-text available
Background: This study was an extension of research which began in the Umbria region in 2009. Aim: To investigate the extent to which assistive technology (AT) has been abandoned by users of the Italian National Health Service (ULHS) and the reasons for this. Design: Observational study. Setting: Users who received a hearing device (HD) or m...
Article
Purpose: The study brings together three aspects rarely observed at once in assistive technology (AT) surveys: (i) the assessment of user interaction/satisfaction with AT and service delivery, (ii) the motivational analysis of AT abandonment, and (iii) the management/design evaluation of AT delivery services. Methods: 15 health professionals and...
Research
Full-text available
In a telephone interview users were asked to respond to a three-section questionnaire consisting of both open and closed questions. The questionnaire included the Italian versions of the Assistive Technology Use Follow-up Survey (ATUFS) 1.1, adapted to collect data on use and non-use of AT, and the Quebec User Evaluation of Satisfaction with Assist...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Usability and trust have been observed to be related in several domains including web retail, information systems, and e-health. Trust in technology reflects beliefs about the attributes of a technology. Research has shown that trust is a key factor for the success of different systems – e.g., e-market, e-commerce, and social networks. Trust in tec...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The consortium of the Innovate UK funded Live Augmented Reality Training Environments (LARTE) project, composed of Jaguar Land Rover (JLR), Holovis International Ltd and The University of Nottingham, developed a new concept of a 3D multiplatform training system to train the procedural skills of service maintenance operators. The LARTE tool was desi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Short scales of user satisfaction analysis are largely applied in usability studies as part of the measures to assess the interaction experience of users. Among the traditional tools, System Usability Scale (SUS), composed of 10 items, is the most applied quick evaluation scale. Recently, researchers have proposed two new and shorter scales: the Us...
Article
Full-text available
Nowadays, practitioners extensively apply quick and reliable scales of user satisfaction as part of their user experience (UX) analyses to obtain well-founded measures of user satisfaction within time and budget constraints. However, in the human-computer interaction (HCI) literature the relationship between the outcomes of standardized satisfactio...
Article
Full-text available
Nowadays, practitioners extensively apply quick and reliable scales of user satisfaction as part of their user experience (UX) analyses to obtain well-founded measures of user satisfaction within time and budget constraints. However, in the human-computer interaction (HCI) literature the relationship between the outcomes of standardized satisfactio...
Article
Full-text available
While simulation methods have proved to be very effective in identifying efficiency gains, low stakeholder engagement creates a significant limitation on the achievement of simulation modeling projects in practice. This study reports causal factors—at two hierarchical levels (i.e., primary and secondary)—that could significantly affect low stakehol...
Article
The debate on effectiveness of virtual and mixed reality (VR/MR) tools for training professionals and operators is long-running with prominent contributions arguing that there are several shortfalls of experimental approaches and assessment criteria reported within the literature. In the automotive context, although car-makers were pioneers in the...
Article
Il protocollo eGLU 1.0 (scaricabile dal sito http://www.funzionepubblica.gov.it/glu) è stato creato con lo scopo di individuare le aree di un sito web percepite come problematiche dagli utenti, al fine di determinare, in maniera efficace ed efficiente, in quali sezioni del sito occorra investire e coinvolgere esperti in valutazione per un’analisi a...
Article
Full-text available
Background. The assistive technology assessment (ATA) process developed by Federici and Scherer [1] provides professionals with guidelines for an effective outcome in the AT selection and assignment process with the aim to match person and assistive technology (AT). Purpose. A case study open out as the ATA process is put into practice, leading the...
Article
Full-text available
Manufacturers are well informed about the role of human factors in managing risk and in identifying problems in the use of medical devices. However, there are many myths and conceptual misunderstandings that act as barriers toward a full integration of assessment methods in the product life cycle. The difficulty of balancing costs, the necessary ac...
Article
It is important for practitioners to conceptualize and tailor a prototype in tune with the users’ expectations in the early stages of the design life cycle so the modifications of the product design in advanced phases are kept to a minimum. According to user preference studies, the aesthetic and the usability of a system play an important role in t...
Article
Full-text available
Background. The introduction of assistive technology (AT) into people’s lives is a deliberative and long-term process, which presupposes teamwork as much as professionalism, time, and experience. The aim of the assistive technology assessment (ATA) process is to suggest guidelines to follow in order to reach valid results during the AT selection an...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of the present work is to present some aspects of the Assistive Technology Assessment (ATA) process model [1] compatible with the Position Paper 2012 by AAATE/EASTIN [2]. Three aspects of the ATA process will be discussed in light of three topics of the Position Paper 2012: (i) The dimensions and the measures of the User eXperience (UX)...
Article
Full-text available
Before releasing a product, manufacturers have to follow a regulatory framework and meet standards, producing reliable evidence that the device presents low levels of risk in use. There is, though, a gap between the needs of the manufacturers to conduct usability testing while managing their costs, and the requirements of authorities for representa...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The abandonment of assistive technology (AT) is strictly related to the subjective quality of the service delivery regarding the whole AT assignation process. Starting from this consideration, the aim of this work is to show the design of a Web-based follow-up model (WFM) aimed at overcoming the hearing aid abandonment in the Italian Umbria Region...
Article
Full-text available
Questo articolo presenta gli elementi essenziali della metodologia di educa- zione attraverso la vita di mare (sail training) sviluppata nel nostro Paese dalla Fondazione «Tender To Nave Italia». Basata sull’educazione esperien- ziale, sulla outdoor education e sul modello bioecologico di sviluppo umano, questa metodologia consente a enti e associa...