Simona Sacco

Simona Sacco
Università degli Studi dell'Aquila | Università dell'Aquila · Department of Life, Health and Environmental Sciences

MD

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277
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Publications

Publications (277)
Article
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Background Monoclonal antibodies acting on the calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) or its receptor have changed migraine preventive treatment. Those treatments have led to reconsidering the outcomes of migraine prevention. Available data mostly considered benefits in terms of relative efficacy (percent or absolute decrease in monthly migraine da...
Article
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Background A previous European Headache Federation (EHF) guideline addressed the use of monoclonal antibodies targeting the calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) pathway to prevent migraine. Since then, randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and real-world evidence have expanded the evidence and knowledge for those treatments. Therefore, the EHF pane...
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In this editorial we aim to provide an overview of Narrative-based Medicine (NBM) and highlight what it may offer to the care of individuals with headache disorders.
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PurposeThe management of tandem extracranial internal carotid artery and intracranial large vessel occlusion during endovascular thrombectomy (EVT) for acute ischemic stroke (AIS) has been under-investigated. We sought to investigate outcomes of AIS patients with tandem occlusion (TO) treated with carotid artery stenting (CAS) compared to those not...
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The identification of patients who can benefit the most from the available preventive treatments is important in chronic migraine. We explored the rate of excellent responders to onabotulinumtoxinA in a multicenter European study and explored the predictors of such response, according to different definitions. A pooled analysis on chronic migraineu...
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Objective Cranial autonomic symptoms (CAS), including conjunctival injection, tearing, nasal congestion or rhinorrhea, eyelid edema, miosis or ptosis, and forehead or facial sweating ipsilateral to headache, are often reported by patients with migraine during headache attacks. CAS is a consequence of the activation of the trigeminovascular system,...
Article
Background The best management of basilar artery occlusion (BAO) remains uncertain. The BASICS (Basilar Artery International Cooperation Study) and the BEST (Basilar Artery Occlusion Endovascular Intervention Versus Standard Medical Treatment) trials reported neutral results. We sought to understand physicians’ approaches to BAOs and whether furthe...
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Background: It is well known that the course of migraine is influenced by comorbidities and that individual psychological characteristics may impact on the disease. Proper identification of psychological factors that are relevant to migraine is important to improve non-pharmacological management. This study aimed at investigating the relationship...
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Introduction: There is uncertainty regarding the optimal timing for initiation of oral anticoagulation in patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) due to atrial fibrillation (AF). Methods: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized-controlled clinical trials (RCTs) and prospective observational studies to assess the efficacy...
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Migraine is a complex condition in which genetic predisposition interacts with other biological and environmental factors determining its course. A hyperresponsive brain cortex, peripheral and central alterations in pain processing, and comorbidities play a role from an individual biological standpoint. Besides, dysfunctional psychological mechanis...
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We aimed to examine the association between Careggi Collateral Score (CCS) and radiological outcomes in a large multicenter cohort of patients receiving thrombectomy for stroke with occlusion of middle cerebral artery (MCA). We conducted a study on prospectively collected data from 1785 patients enrolled in the Italian Registry of Endovascular Trea...
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Background: Prior studies indicated a decrease in the incidences of aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage (aSAH) during the early stages of the COVID-19 pandemic. We evaluated differences in the incidence, severity of aSAH presentation, and ruptured aneurysm treatment modality during the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic compared with the precedin...
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IntroductionAccessibility of treatment with monoclonal antibodies targeting the calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) signaling pathway is impeded by regulatory restrictions. Affected individuals may seek out other services including non-pharmacological therapies. Thus, we found it timely to ascertain the use of non-pharmacological therapies in in...
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Background In patients with atrial fibrillation who suffered an ischemic stroke while on treatment with nonvitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants, rates and determinants of recurrent ischemic events and major bleedings remain uncertain. Methods This prospective multicenter observational study aimed to estimate the rates of ischemic and bleeding...
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Background: Migraine is a recurrent headache disorder that has a still unclear pathophysiology, involving several circuits of both the central and peripheral nervous system. Monoclonal antibodies acting on the calcitonin gene-related (CGRP) pathway (CGRP-MAbs) are the first drugs specifically designed for migraine; those drugs act peripherally on...
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Introduction: Nonketotic hyperglycemic hyperosmolar state (NKHHS) is associated with a wide spectrum of neurological syndromes including acute stroke-like deficits. Clinical features and etiology have not been established yet. Methods: Here we provide a case illustration and systematic review on non-epileptic acute neurological deficits in NKHSS...
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Migraine is a major neurological disorder affecting one in nine adults worldwide with a significant impact on health care and socioeconomic systems. Migraine is more prevalent in women than in men, with 17% of all women meeting the diagnostic criteria for migraine. In women, the frequency of migraine attacks shows variations over the menstrual cycl...
Article
Background and purpose We sought to investigate whether there are gender differences in clinical outcome after stroke due to large vessel occlusion (LVO) after mechanical thrombectomy (EVT) in a large population of real-world patients. Methods From the Italian Registry of Endovascular Thrombectomy, we extracted clinical and outcome data of patient...
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Eleonora De Matteis, Simona Sacco, Raffaele Ornello Neuroscience Section, Department of Applied Clinical Sciences and Biotechnology, University of L’Aquila, L’Aquila, ItalyCorrespondence: Simona Sacco, Department of Applied Clinical Sciences and Biotechnology, University of L’Aquila, Via Vetoio, L’Aquila, 67100, Italy, Tel +39 0862433561 ; +39 0863...
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Importance: Tenecteplase is being evaluated as an alternative thrombolytic agent for the treatment of acute ischemic stroke (AIS) within ongoing randomized clinical trials (RCTs). In addition, nonrandomized clinical experiences with off-label use of tenecteplase vs alteplase for AIS treatment are being published. Objective: To evaluate the avail...
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Chronic migraine (CM) diagnosis is nowadays based on the threshold of 15 headache days/month for three consecutive months, of which at least eight have migraine headache features. In recent years, proposals for reducing the threshold to 8 days/month have been proposed. The sole frequency parameter, however, is partial considering the variability in...
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Introduction Assessing the impact of migraine preventive treatments on acute medication consumption is important in clinical evaluation. The number of acute medication intakes per each monthly migraine day (MMD) could provide insights on migraine burden and represent a new proxy of treatment effectiveness in clinical trials and real-life studies. W...
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The safety and efficacy of mobile stroke units (MSUs) in prehospital stroke management has recently been investigated in different clinical studies. MSUs are ambulances equipped with a CT scanner, point-of-care lab, telemedicine and are staffed with a stroke specialised medical team. This European Stroke Organisation (ESO) guideline provides an up-...
Article
Importance: So far, uncertainty remains as to whether there is sufficient cumulative evidence that mobile stroke unit (MSU; specialized ambulance equipped with computed tomography scanner, point-of-care laboratory, and neurological expertise) use leads to better functional outcomes compared with usual care. Objective: To determine with a systema...
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Background and Purpose: Tenecteplase is being evaluated as an alternative intravenous (IV) thrombolytic agent for the treatment of acute ischemic stroke (AIS) within ongoing randomized controlled clinical trials. However, several research teams have published their real-world experience with tenecteplase for the treatment of AIS. Methods: We search...
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Objective: We reported gender-specific data on the efficacy and safety of erenumab, a monoclonal antibody antagonizing the calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) receptor. Methods: Our pooled patient-level analysis of real-world data included patients treated with erenumab and followed up for 12 weeks. We considered the following outcomes at weeks...
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Patent Foramen Ovale (PFO) is a common postnatal defect of cardiac atrial septation. A certain degree of familial aggregation has been reported. Animal studies suggest the involvement of the Notch pathway and other cardiac transcription factors (GATA4, TBX20, NKX2-5) in Foramen Ovale closure. This review evaluates the contribution of genetic altera...
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Background Triptans and erenumab are both migraine-specific agents acting on the calcitonin gene-related peptide pathway. Therefore, response to triptans might be associated with response to erenumab. Main body In our study, consecutive patients referring to the Headache Centers of the Abruzzo region from January 2019 to March 2020 and treated wit...
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Background New treatments are currently offering new opportunities and challenges in clinical management and research in the migraine field. There is the need of homogenous criteria to identify candidates for treatment escalation as well as of reliable criteria to identify refractoriness to treatment. To overcome those issues, the European Headache...
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Background There is currently a wide therapeutic arsenal for migraine patients, without a single first-line preventive drug and we choose the different available alternatives taking into account comorbidities, national guidelines, previous treatments and personal experiences. Our objective was to evaluate the differences in the use of migraine trea...
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Background Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) could counteract the pathophysiological triggers of migraine attacks by modulating cortical excitability. Several pilot randomized controlled trials (RCTs) assessed the efficacy of tDCS for migraine prevention. We reviewed and summarized the state of the art of tDCS protocols for migraine pr...
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Background There are few large population-based studies of outcomes after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) than other stroke types. Methods We pooled data from 13 population-based stroke incidence studies (10 studies from the INternational STRroke oUtComes sTudy (INSTRUCT) and 3 new studies; N=657). Primary outcomes were case-fatality and functional...
Article
Background: Due to coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) pandemic, Italian outpatient clinics were suspended in March-April 2020 and subsequently slowed down. Telemedicine was shown to be useful in headache clinics, despite absence of a detailed protocol for its development. Objective: To describe the implementation of a structured telemedicine protoco...
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Aim: To assess the efficacy of remote ischemic conditioning (RIC) in patients with ischemic stroke within 9 h of onset, that are not candidates for recanalization therapies. Sample Size Estimates: A sample size of 80 patients (40 in each arm) should yield 80% power to detect a 20% difference in early neurological improvement at 72 h at p = 0.05, tw...
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Background TIA and stroke, both ischemic and hemorrhagic, may complicate Fabry disease at young-adult age and be the first manifestation that comes to the clinician’s attention. No definite indications have yet been elaborated to guide neurologists in Fabry disease diagnostics. In current practice, it is usually sought in case of cryptogenic stroke...
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Introduction: Migraine is mostly a female disorder because of its lower prevalence in men. Less than 20% of patients included in the available studies on migraine treatments are men; hence, the evidence on migraine treatments might not apply to men. The aims of the present study were to provide reliable information on the effectiveness of onabotul...
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Despite intensive investigations, about 30% of stroke cases remains of undetermined origin. After exclusion of common causes of stroke, there is a number of rare heritable and non-heritable conditions, which often remain misdiagnosed, that should be additionally considered in the diagnosis of cryptogenic stroke. The identification of these diseases...
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The original version of this article unfortunately contained a mistake. Figure 3 caption is incorrect and co-author name should be E.Tournier-Lasserve.
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To the Editor The USPSTF recommends against screening asymptomatic adults for carotid stenosis.¹ However, we believe that detection of asymptomatic carotid stenosis might encourage treatment adherence to pharmacological—and nonpharmacological—primary prevention strategies. Demonstration of an objective lesion in the carotid artery may increase pati...
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Objective To provide a critical appraisal on the evidence from randomized-controlled clinical trials (RCTs) on the utility of direct endovascular treatment (dEVT) compared to the combination of endovascular treatment preceded by intravenous thrombolysis (bridging therapy, BT) for patients with acute large vessel occlusion (LVO). Methods Eligible R...
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Background: Patients who are in a coma, a vegetative state or a minimally conscious state present a clinical challenge for neurological assessment, which is a prerequisite for establishing a prognosis and planning management. Several scales have been developed to evaluate these patients. The Wessex Head Injury Matrix is a comprehensive tool but is...
Article
Facial expressions are important threat cues that can induce attentional biases, particularly among anxious in- dividuals, facilitating precautionary behaviour. However, no study has assessed earthquake victims for atten- tional bias related to emotional facial expressions. In this study, we set out to bridge this gap by testing biases for emotiona...
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Migraine is a disabling primary headache disorder that directly affects more than one billion people worldwide. Despite its widespread prevalence, migraine remains under-diagnosed and under-treated. To support clinical decision-making, we convened a European panel of experts to develop a ten-step approach to the diagnosis and management of migraine...
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The optimal blood pressure (BP) management in acute ischaemic stroke (AIS) and acute intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH) remains controversial. These European Stroke Organisation (ESO) guidelines provide evidence-based recommendations to assist physicians in their clinical decisions regarding BP management in acute stroke. The guidelines were develope...
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Migraine course is influenced by female reproductive milestones, including menstruation and perimenopause; menstrual migraine (MM) represents a distinct clinical entity. Increased susceptibility to migraine during menstruation and in perimenopause is probably due to fluctuations in estrogen levels. The present review provides suggestions for the tr...
Article
Full-text available
The optimal blood pressure (BP) management in acute ischaemic stroke (AIS) and acute intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH) remains controversial. These European Stroke Organisation (ESO) guidelines provide evidence-based recommendations to assist physicians in their clinical decisions regarding BP management in acute stroke. The guidelines were develope...
Chapter
Real-life data on the efficacy of anti-calcitonin gene–related peptide (GCRP) monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) have significantly enriched the knowledge on these innovative treatments indicated for migraine prevention. As of August 2020, ten observational studies on the efficacy and safety of erenumab have been published and a preliminary study on galc...
Chapter
During the last decade, the evidence-based treatment of headaches has gained important advances. Several guidelines to perform research in this field have been published. The specificity, innovative mode of administration, and excellent safety profile of monoclonal antibodies acting on the CGRP or its receptor has several implications for present a...
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Background: The restrictions taken to control the rapid spread of COVID-19 resulted in a sudden, unprecedented change in people's lifestyle, leading to negative consequences on general health. This study aimed to estimate the impact of such changes on migraine severity during 2020 March-May lockdown. Methods: Patients affected by migraine with o...
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Introduction: OnabotulinumtoxinA (BT-A) is a preventive treatment for chronic migraine (CM), which needs to be administered regularly by a trained clinician every 3 months. The spread of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 pandemic has forced many patients to momentarily stop the scheduled BT-A injections. The goal of this study was...
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Objectives: The study aims to assess the impact of the second COVID-19 pandemic wave on migraine characteristics. Methods: This is an observational cross-sectional study conducted on migraine patients previously interviewed during the first Italian pandemic outbreak. A second structured telephone interview was conducted between 20 November 2020...
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IntroductionOnabotulinumtoxinA (BT-A) quarterly was the first treatment approved specifically for chronic migraine (CM). It is unclear whether three cycles are better than two to assess early BT-A response.Methods We performed a retrospective analysis on real-life prospectively collected data in 16 European headache centers. All the centers provide...
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Background: We aimed to assess the differences between menstrual and non-menstrual headache in women with chronic migraine treated with erenumab. Methods: We included fertile women from a single center. Patients were defined as responders to erenumab if reporting a ≥50% decrease in monthly headache days, as compared to pre-treatment for more tha...
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Introduction Cervicogenic headache (CGH) is a secondary headache disorder caused by cervical spine or neck soft tissues lesions. Despite few available evidence-based pharmacological treatments are available, greater occipital nerve blocks (GONBs) are considered as therapeutic option. Area covered In June 2020, the authors conducted a systematic re...