Simona Bonelli

Simona Bonelli
Università degli Studi di Torino | UNITO · Dipartimento di Scienze della Vita e Biologia dei Sistemi

PhD

About

142
Publications
58,233
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
1,746
Citations

Publications

Publications (142)
Article
Full-text available
Widespread declines in insects will threaten ecosystem functioning and services. Nevertheless, a lack of data hinders assessments of population and biodiversity trends for many insect groups and thus effective conservation actions. Implementing cost‐effective, unbiased, and accurate monitoring programmes targeting different groups across a larger g...
Article
Full-text available
Since climate change impacts are already occurring, urgent adaptive actions are necessary to avoid the worst damages. Regional authorities play an important role in adaptation, but they have few binding guidelines to carry out strategies and plans. Sectoral impacts and adaptive measures strongly differ between regions; therefore, specific results f...
Preprint
Climate change represents a threat to narrow-ranged mountain species living in low-altitude massifs. We studied the disjunct Apennine population of Lasiommata petropolitana (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae) in the Gran Sasso and Monti della Laga National Park. We quantified the altitudinal shifts undergone in the last decades (1964-2021) in the Alps and A...
Data
Table S1: Summary of the explanatory variables used for MaxEnt and Nmixture analysis, Table S2: Details on the occurrence data used for Maxent analysis, Table S3: Model selection of the selected N-mixture model with different distributions for the � parameter, Figure S1: Cacyreus Marshalli presence points, Figure S2: Model residual diagnostics for...
Article
Full-text available
Cacyreus marshalli is the only alien butterfly in Europe. It has recently spread in the Gran Paradiso National Park (GPNP), where it could potentially compete with native geranium-consuming butterflies. Our study aimed to (1) assess the main drivers of its distribution, (2) evaluate the potential species distribution in GPNP and (3) predict differe...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract In mountain ecosystems, it is crucial to identify conservation strategies to avoid local extinctions mainly due to agropastoral abandonment. For this purpose, identifying appropriate system indicators is required, for example, butterflies, which respond precisely and quickly to environmental changes. Zerynthia polyxena is an ecotonal speci...
Article
Full-text available
The box tree moth (BTM), Cydalima perspectalis Walker, represents one of the recent examples of exotic insect pests native to Asia accidentally introduced in Europe by the nursery trade. In Europe, BTM develops on Buxus sempervirens L., causing significant damage to ornamental and natural plants. (2) Basic aspects of BTM biology were investigated a...
Article
Full-text available
Our work aims to assess how butterfly communities in the Italian Maritime Alps changed over the past 40 years, in parallel with altitudinal shifts occurring in plant communities. In 2019, we sampled butterflies at 7 grassland sites, between 1300–1900 m, previously investigated in 2009 and 1978, by semi-quantitative linear transects. Fine-scale temp...
Article
Full-text available
Polyommatus exuberans is an evolutionarily significant unit (ESU) of the lycaenid butterfly Polyommatus ripartii . This ESU is known to survive at only two sites in the Susa Valley (NW Italy). Lack of correct management, reforestation and frequent wildfires severely threaten this ESU (listed as endangered species in the most recent IUCN Italian Red...
Article
The accomplishment of a Favourable Conservation Status (FCS) for habitats and species is the Habitats Directive's primary goal (HD, 92/43/EEC). As tools for assessing the measurable parameters of conservation status, the European Commission identified Favourable Reference Values (FRVs), and it described the methodology to set them. However, example...
Technical Report
Full-text available
First Technical Report of the activities developed within the Italian Butterfly Monitoring Scheme (ITBMS). The ITBMS has been developed within the European Butterfly Monitoring Scheme network, thanks to ABLE (Assessing Butterflies in Europe) project. Our National scheme has been active since 2019.
Article
Full-text available
• Climate change is causing shifts in the distribution of many species and populations inhabiting mountain tops are particularly vulnerable to these threats because they are constrained in altitudinal shifts. Apennines are a relatively narrow and low mountain chain located in Southern Europe, which hosts many isolated populations of mountain specie...
Article
In insect-plant biology, oviposition choices and larval development on different host plants are crucial factors to be investigated. To design conservation strategies for protected Lepidoptera, which are overall oligophagous but locally monophagous, it is important to understand which host plant species is locally preferred. We thus investigated ov...
Chapter
Full-text available
Selecting appropriate indicators of NBS performance and impact can be challenging, and is context-dependent. In this chapter, we present case studies from a variety of NBS demonstrations across Europe and Asia that illustrate the application of the NBS indicators and methods presented in Chapter 4 and thoroughly described in Evaluating the Impact o...
Article
Full-text available
Gerandryus aetnensis (Rottenberg, 1871) is a rare and localized beetle, previously known only for Maritime Alps and Sicily. In this paper we provide a revision of geonemy, ecology and status of conservation, including a proposal for a new assessment of its extinction risk in the framework of the European saproxylic beetles, based upon several new r...
Article
Endemics co‐occur because they evolved in situ and persist regionally or because they evolved ex situ and later dispersed to shared habitats, generating evolutionary or ecological endemicity centres, respectively. We investigate whether different endemicity centres can intertwine in the region ranging from Alps to Sicily, by studying their butterfl...
Book
Full-text available
Il rapporto ISPRA 330/2020 riporta i risultati della sperimentazione dell’efficacia delle misure previste dal Piano di Azione Nazionale per l’uso sostenibile dei prodotti fitosanitari (PAN - DM 22/1/2014 – punto A.5.8 – che attua la Dir. 2009/128/CE e il D.Lgs. 150/2012) volte alla tutela della biodiversità, da applicare in particolare in Siti Natu...
Article
1. Intraspecific variation plays important roles in ecology and evolution. Yet, information on how species and populations vary remains scarce, particularly for insects and regarding functional traits. This lack of knowledge can be problematic in trait‐based ecology because traditional approaches assume negligible intraspecific variation, even for...
Article
Full-text available
1. Intraspecific variation plays important roles in ecology and evolution. Yet, information on how species and populations vary remains scarce, particularly for insects and regarding functional traits. This lack of knowledge can be problematic in trait-based ecology because traditional approaches assume negligible intraspecific variation, even for...
Article
Full-text available
Lycaena dispar Hawort (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae), a protected butterfly, is declining in Europe, but it thrives in rice fields in northern Italy. Here, agrochemical usage could threaten its long-term survival. We investigated, by micronucleus (MN) assay, the genotoxic effect of glyphosate, a common herbicide, on L. dispar larvae. Micronuclei (MNi) a...
Article
Full-text available
Trait-based analyses explaining the different responses of species and communities to environmental changes are increasing in frequency. European butterflies are an indicator group that responds rapidly to environmental changes with extensive citizen science contributions to documenting changes of abundance and distribution. Species traits have bee...
Technical Report
Full-text available
In this report, we update the European Grassland Butterfly Indicator, present new butterfly indicators for widespread species, woodland butterflies, as well as butterflies in urban environments, in Natura 2000 areas and as climate change indicators. The indicators use field data up to and including the 2018 field season. The method for calculating...
Poster
Full-text available
Farfalle in ToUr is an innovative Citizen Science project that promotes social inclusion through butterfly conservation in Turin urban areas (NW Italy). The project was born in 2014 thanks to the proposal of doctors of Mental Health Centres, who immediately involved scientists. Farfalle in ToUr involves fragile people, in all the project activities...
Article
To stabilise nomenclature in its prevailing usage, the authors designate three lectotypes, respectively for the nominal taxa Pontia daplidice race nitida Verity, 1908 (Museo di Storia naturale della Università di Firenze, sezione di Zoologia, ‘La Specola’ MZUF), for Euchloe crameri Butler, 1869 (Natural History Museum UK, NHMUK) and for Euchloe aus...
Article
Here we report the strong decline of a population of the endangered species Parnassius mnemosyne (Linnaeus, 1758) (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae) in the National Park of Foreste Casentinesi, Monte Falterona and Campigna (Italy). We compared historical presence data (before 1969) with current data from two years of monitoring (2018–2019) and provided ev...
Article
Populations inhabiting Mediterranean islands often show contrasting genetic lineages, even on islands that were connected to the mainland during glacial maxima. This pattern is generated by forces acting in historical and contemporary times. Understanding these phenomena requires comparative studies integrating genetic structure, functional traits...
Article
Full-text available
Estimating distribution and abundance of species depends on the probability at which individuals are detected. Butterflies are of conservation interest worldwide, but data collected with Pollard walks - the standard for national monitoring schemes - are often analyzed assuming that changes in detectability are negligible within recommended sampling...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
D’Antoni S., Bellucci V., Bianco P., Rivella E., Bonelli S., Vercelli M., Ferri V., 2020. LE MISURE DEL PIANO D’AZIONE NAZIONALE (PAN) PER L’USO SOSTENIBILE DEI PRODOTTI FITOSANITARI PER LA TUTELA DEGLI IMPOLLINATORI: BUONE PRATICHE E SPERIMENTAZIONE DELLA LORO EFFICACIA. Comunicazione. Giornata formativa per il monitoraggio e la tutela degli impol...
Poster
Full-text available
The project, funded by the Ministry of the Environment from 2015, is coordinated by ISPRA and carried out in collaboration with the Piedmont Regional Environmental Protection Agency (ARPA) and the Universities of Turin (DBIOS and DISAFA) and Rome Tor Vergata (DIBIO). According to the 2009/128/EC Directive the Member States have to define and implem...
Article
Full-text available
Plant-lepidopteran interactions involve complex processes encompassing molecules and regulators to counteract defense responses they develop against each other. Lepidoptera identify plants for oviposition and exploit them as larval food sources to complete their development. In turn, plants adopt different strategies to overcome and limit herbivoro...
Article
Full-text available
The globalization of food markets and the recent upgrade of the European regulation on novel foods open up new possibilities for the introduction of edible jellyfish in the diet of Europeans. In spite of no tradition of eating jellyfish in Italy and, more generally, in Western countries, several Mediterranean jellyfish species have biological and n...
Article
Full-text available
Ant nests and their surrounding territories represent a hoard of trophic resources, as well as of stable and protected environments for many arthropods involved in commensal, mutualistic, or parasitic associations. Among these organisms, called myrmecophiles, several are butterflies. Here, we explore the amazing diversity of strategies developed by...
Data
The multi-locus phylogenetic tree for all European butterfly species. Families and subfamilies are indicated, as well as supports for nodes (BS support, see legend).
Article
Full-text available
Understanding the dynamics of biodiversity, including the spatial distribution of genetic diversity, is critical for predicting responses to environmental changes, as well as for effective conservation measures. This task requires tracking changes in biodiversity at large spatial scales and correlating with species functional traits. We provide thr...
Article
Full-text available
Mountain ecosystems are particularly sensitive to changes in climate and land cover, but at the same time, they can offer important refuges for species on the opposite of the more altered lowlands. To explore the potential role of mountain ecosystems in butterfly conservation and to assess the vulnerability of the alpine species, we analyzed the sh...
Article
• Eusocial insects exhibit different kinds of collective behaviours which are the outcomes of interactions among several individuals without central control. Ant societies are ideal models to study group behaviours performed by cooperative individuals at caste or at the colony level. In addition to the ecological constraints, such as the costs of m...
Article
Full-text available
Cacyreus marshalli (Butler, 1898) is the only alien butterfly species in Italy, introduced from Southern Africa via the trade of ornamental Pelargonium plants (family Geraniaceae). In 2008, Quacchia and colleagues demonstrated that if Pelargonium plants are not available, females can lay eggs on Geranium spp., developing fertile offspring. C. marsh...
Article
Full-text available
Cacyreus marshalli (Butler, 1898) is the only alien butterfly species in Italy, introduced from Southern Africa via the trade of ornamental Pelargonium plants (family Geraniaceae). In 2008, Quacchia and colleagues demonstrated that if Pelargonium plants are not available, females can lay eggs on Geranium spp., developing fertile offspring. C. marsh...
Article
Full-text available
Red Lists are very valuable tools in nature conservation at global, continental and (sub-) national scales. In an attempt to prioritise conservation actions for European butterflies, we compiled a database with species lists and Red Lists of all European countries, including the Macaronesian archipelagos (Azores, Madeira and Canary Islands). In tot...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The project entitled “productive Green Infrastructure for post-industrial urban regeneration (proGIreg)” aims at implementing eight distinct types of nature-based solutions (NBS) in specific post-industrial sites of four different cities (called front runner cities - FRC). One of the main goals of the project is to assess the benefits produced by t...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The project entitled “productive Green Infrastructure for post-industrial urban regeneration (proGIreg)” aims at implementing eight different types of nature-based solutions (NBS) in specific post-industrial sites of four different cities (called front runner cities - FRC). One of the main goals of the project is to assess the benefits produced by...
Data
The original publication of this article unfortunately contained an error. The surnames and forenames of the author group were swapped. The correct author group is given in this correction. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10841-019-00138-w
Article
Full-text available
The range of hosts exploited by a parasite is determined by several factors, including host availability, infectivity and exploitability. Each of these can be the target of natural selection on both host and parasite, which will determine the local outcome of interactions, and potentially lead to coevolution. However, geographical variation in host...
Article
Full-text available
In natural ecosystems, relationships between organisms are often characterised by high levels of complexity, where vulnerabilities in multi-trophic systems are difficult to identify, yet variation in specific community modules can be traceable. Within the complex community interactions, we can shed new light on dynamics by which co-evolutionary out...
Article
Full-text available
Species inventories represent a key instrument by which the biodiversity of an area can be better understood and are essential in developing optimal management plans for conservation. We present an annotated checklist of the butterfly fauna (Lepidoptera, Papilionoidea) of the Special Area of Conservation Alpi Veglia – Devero – Monte Giove, in the n...
Article
A model of interspecific host competition in a system with one parasite (butterfly—Maculinea) and multiple potential hosts (ants—Myrmica) is presented. Results indicate that host interspecific competition increases the occurrence of multiple host behaviour in Maculinea natural populations but decreases the ability of the parasite populations to ada...
Article
Full-text available
Butterflies of the European Euphydryas aurinia complex include a series of taxa, showing morphological and eco-ethological differences. All of them are threatened by changes in land use affecting both the structural and functional connectivity of habitat patches, as well as habitat quality. In this framework, we analysed the use of resources by two...
Poster
Full-text available
Originally from Southern Africa, Geranium Bronze (Cacyreus marshalli) is an invasive species in Europe, where its larvae pest Pelargonium spp. Because of the potential threat for native Geranium-consuming lycaenids (Quacchia et al. 2008) to evaluate the risk of naturalisation, we investigate in Gran Paradiso National Park: i) C. marshalli current p...
Article
The Italian biodiversity is among the richest in Europe. In particular, the Italian butterfly fauna includes almost 300 native species, and within the Euro-Mediterranean area is second in species richness only to Turkey. Italy, however, has suffered from the lack of suitable instruments to evaluate the extinction risk of individual butterfly specie...
Article
We present a theory for the evolution of multiple host use in the parasite-host system Maculinea-Myrmica. A mathematical model supporting the theory is presented and some results from simulations discussed. Qualitative predictions from simulations of the model are tested using empirical data on the chemical profiles of population of hosts and paras...
Article
Aim: We describe fine-scale diversity patterns of the entire butterfly fauna occurring on the Tuscan Archipelago. By assessing the traits associated with population diversification, haplotype uniqueness and extinction, we aim to identify the factors determining the origin and maintenance of genetic diversity, and population vulnerability to environ...
Poster
Full-text available
Interaction between Maculinea butterflies, Myrmica ants and larval host plants.
Poster
Full-text available
The perception of disgust for certain sources of food is one of the factors that highlights the cultural differences between Western people and other cultures. The fact that one food (e.g. insects) is considered delicious for some cultures and at the same time disgusting for others suggests that this distinction unfortunately has a cul-tural matrix...
Poster
Full-text available
The accomplishment of a Favourable Conservation Status (FCS) for habitats and species is one of the main biodiversity goals advocated by the EU legislation, under the Habitats Directive (HD, 43/92/CEE). FCS is a legal concept that must be understood and applied by scientists, managers and policy makers to ensure effective conservation of HD species...
Article
Full-text available
Aim: We describe fine-scale diversity patterns of the entire butterfly fauna occurring on the Tuscan Archipelago. By assessing the traits associated with population diversification, haplotype uniqueness and extinction, we aim to identify the factors determining the origin and maintenance of genetic diversity, and population vulnerability to environ...
Article
Full-text available
Demographic parameters such as survival, sex ratio and abundance can profoundly affect the viability of populations and thus are of primary importance in species of conservation concern. Although numerous studies have been published on certain aspects of the ecology and evolution of the endangered Large Blue butterfly Maculinea arion, there is stil...