Simon Puaud

Simon Puaud
French National Centre for Scientific Research | CNRS · UMR 6566 Centre de Recherche en Archéologie Archéosciences Histoire / Rennes

PhD

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74
Publications
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Publications

Publications (74)
Article
Mirak is a Palaeolithic site in Iran comprising several localities ("mounds") scattered over a dry floodplain environment extending from the southern foothills of the Alborz Mountains to the northern edge of the Central Desert in the Semnan area. The area has been studied since 2015 by an Iranian-French archaeological mission. The archaeological ex...
Article
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Level 4.1 from the Abri du Maras (Ardèche, France) is chronologically attributed to the beginning of MIS 3 and is one example of late Neanderthal occupations in the southeast of France. Previous work on the faunal and lithic remains suggests that this level records short-term hunting episodes of reindeer associated with fragmented lithic reduction...
Article
Corrigendum Corrigendum to "Neanderthal faunal exploitation and settlement dynamics at the Abri du Maras, level 5 (South-eastern France)" [Quat. Sci. Rev. 243 (2020) 106472]
Article
This pioneering research performed at the Abri du Maras (Ardèche, South-East France) explores the potential of non-pollen palynomorphs (NPP) to provide new insights into the relationships between Neanderthals and plant resources. Remains of endophytic fungi found during the analysis are key indicators of the local presence of plants, which could ha...
Article
In this paper, we examine previously unstudied archaeological fish remains recovered during Mansuy's first excavation in 1902 from the inland Samrong Sen midden site in Cambodia, and which are currently stored at the Musée de l'Homme, Paris, France. The remains are dated by association to the Neolithic/Bronze Age between 2206 and 1892 cal. BC from...
Article
Over the past two decades, taphonomic and zooarchaeological studies have focused on Neanderthal settlement patterns and subsistence strategies. The south-eastern margins of the Massif Central constitute one of the regions with the most abundant archaeological evidence of Neanderthal occupations in France. The faunal record of level 5 of Abri du Mar...
Article
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Due to the richness of its coastal environments, particularly lagoons and mangrove, the low-lying areas of the Omani coastline attracted settlements very early. However, the low-lying coasts are highly mobile landscapes, whose evolution is controlled by multiple factors acting at different timescales, from episodic (extreme events) to millennial ti...
Article
The use of ochre in mortuary practices was widespread during prehistory. In northern Thailand, several painted rock-shelters attributed to Iron age or Neolithic cultures have provided burials characterized by the presence of pigment fragments and ochres deposits. In the case of Doi Pha Kan, data collected during excavations have highlighted the imp...
Preprint
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The Gravettian technocomplex was present in Europe from more than 30,000 years ago until the Last Glacial Maximum, but the source of this industry and the people who manufactured it remain unsettled. We use genome-wide analysis of a ~36,000-year-old Eastern European individual (BuranKaya3A) from Buran-Kaya III in Crimea, the earliest documented occ...
Article
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Discoveries of quartzite artefacts on the highest terrace: Early or Middle Pleistocene occupation of the Rhône Valley? - Volume 93 Issue 369 - Marie-Hélène Moncel, Simon Puaud, Ludovic Mocochain, Evelyne Debard, Bernard Gely
Article
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The northern edge of the Iranian Central Desert has provided valuable evidence of terminal Pleistocene human settlements. Mirak constitutes one of the largest open-air lithic scatters in the region, consisting of eight natural mounds. Fieldwork was initiated in 2015 by the joint Iranian-French program at Mirak 8. Preliminary results have demonstrat...
Article
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Monospecific exploitation of reindeer by Neanderthals is a common behaviour in the Upper Pleistocene of Western Europe. However, reindeer-dominated assemblages have largely been reported from regions of northern Germany and south-western France, with few examples noted in south-eastern France, where faunal assemblages yield most of the time a varie...
Article
The arrival of modern humans into Europe, their dispersal and their potential interactions with Neanderthals are still in debate. Whereas the first appearance of anatomically modern humans in Western Europe seems to be well understood, the situation is quite different for Eastern Europe, where data are more scarce. The Buran-Kaya III site in Crimea...
Article
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Mirak is one of the open-air Paleolithic sites in the Iranian Central Plateau and the only Iranian archaeological open-air site which has been excavated extensively. The site is comprised of 8 mounds, located in a dry floodplain some kilometers south of Semnan in the northern fringes of the Iranian Central Desert, aka. Dash-I Kavir. Mirak mound no....
Article
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Relatively high 15N abundances in bone collagen of early anatomically modern humans in Europe have often been interpreted as a specific consumption of freshwater resources, even if mammoth is an alternative high 15N prey. At Buran-Kaya III, access to associated fauna in a secured archaeological context and application of recently developed isotopic...
Article
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To evaluate the sensitivity of high-Throughput DNA sequencing for monitoring biowarfare agents in the environment, we analysed soil samples inoculated with different amounts of Bacillus atrophaeus, a surrogate organism for Bacillus anthracis. The soil samples considered were a poorly carbonated soil of the silty sand class, and a highly carbonated...
Article
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Upstream of Vierzon city, the fossil fluvial system of the Cher River is composed of seven sandy alluvial formations, which include four stepped sheets deposited on the western slope of the valley and three formations stacked in the fault trough where the river is currently flowing. According to the available geochronological data (ESR on optically...
Article
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In the middle Cher river valley (Centre-Val de Loire Region, France) fieldworks and researches allowed a geological, geo chronological and paleoenvironnemental framework for the fluvial system and associated prehistoric sites. At Brinay (Cher department), the sandy alluvia of the Les Fougères Formation that overlap the Acheulian Site of la Noira wa...
Article
The prehistoric site of "la Terre-des-Sablons" is located near by the palaeontological Site of Rosières at Lunery (Cher department, France). During 1980's, about 50 prehistoric artifacts were discovered in a quarry at the base of a sandy fossil fluvial formation. The lithic assemblage show similar techno-typological characters as Early Palaeolithic...
Article
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Situé près du site paléontologique de Rosières, le site préhistorique de « la Terre-des-Sablons » à Lunery (Cher) a été découvert dans les années 1980 et environ 50 pièces taillées préhistoriques typologiquement attribuables à un Paléolithique très ancien (Mode 1) y avaient alors été récoltées dans une sablière exploitant des formations alluviales...
Article
Full-text available
Upstream of Vierzon city, the fossil fluvial system of the Cher River is composed of seven sandy alluvial formations, which include four stepped sheets deposited on the western slope of the valley and three formations stacked in the fault trough where the river is currently flowing. According to the available geochronological data (ESR on optically...
Article
Full-text available
In the middle Cher river valley (Centre-Val de Loire Region, France) fieldworks and researches allowed a geological, geochronological and paleoenvironnemental framework for the fluvial system and associated prehistoric sites. At Brinay (Cher department), the sandy alluvia of the Les Fougères Formation that overlap the Acheulian Site of la Noira was...
Article
Full-text available
Goda Buticha is a cave site near Dire Dawa in southeastern Ethiopia that contains an archaeological sequence sampling the late Pleistocene and Holocene of the region. The sedimentary sequence displays complex cultural, chronological and sedimentological histories that seem incongruent with one another. A first set of radiocarbon ages suggested a lo...
Article
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This study is the first in-depth archaeological examination of a pottery assemblage found in the Indonesian part of Borneo Island. It aims to balance the regional knowledge of this large island, since the majority of information comes from sites located in the Malaysian northern part. Excavations in the Liang Abu rock shelter (East Kalimantan) led...
Article
The Acheulean site of la Noira was fossilized beneath the Fougères fluviatile formation dated by the ESR method at 655 ± 55 ka. Coarse deposits were left at the base after the end of the Cher incision and served as raw material deposits for hominins. The occupation level has yielded bifaces, cores and a flake assemblage in lacustrine millstone. The...
Article
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Discovered and initially excavated by Cécile and Roland Mourer in the 1960s, Laang Spean cave was re-excavated in 2009 by the Franco-Cambodian Prehistoric Mission (MNHN-Ministry of Culture and Fine Arts, Phnom Penh). The large amount of archaeological remains collected during the previous excavations has been complemented by new discoveries, and a...
Article
The new excavations at the site of Maras (Middle Palaeolithic, Ardèche) allow the identification of a thick layer (No. 4). It contains two human occupation phases (4.1 and 4.2) associated with beds of limestone fragments separated by sterile lœss. Their study shows that they contain volcanic minerals that are not concentrated in tephras levels. Nat...
Article
The prehistoric site of la Noira, located in the Cher Valley, a tributary of the Loire River in the center of France, has yielded a lithic assemblage composed of large bifacial tools, cores and flakes. The archaeological level, lying on the Tertiary lacustrine limestone bedrock, was covered and fossilized by a 6 m-thick fluvial sandy formation. The...
Poster
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Les fouilles menées sur le site de Laang Spean au Cambodge (Mission Préhistorique FrancoCambodgienne) et sur 3 sites de l’Est de Kalimantan en Indonésie (Mission Archéologique Française à Bornéo) ont livrées un riche mobilier céramique attribué au Néolithique (3300 cal BP) pour le Cambodge et daté entre 1500 et 5000 cal BP pour Bornéo. À la suite d...
Article
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This paper contributes to understand the palaeoenvironment and the exploitation of vegetal resources during the Mid-Holocene in the southern Crimean Mountains. To address these questions, we apply a multi-proxy approach based on charcoal, seeds/fruits and phytoliths analyses from Neolithic layers (5800–5300 cal BC) of Buran-Kaya IV, a rock-shelter...
Article
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Ce PCR regroupait en première année de fonctionnement 47 chercheurs professionnels et bénévoles, plusieurs collaborateurs occssionnels et un prestataire privé pour analyses spécialisées, autour de la thématique « espaces et subsistances » dans le sud-est du Massif central, entre moyenne montagne et couloir rhodanien. Les travaux conduits s’appuient...
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The preservation of palaeoenvironmental and archeological records in cave and rock shelter contexts is often called into question for Pleistocene sequences. Records are always fragmentary and the preservation of sediments and archaeological remains is partial and differential, according to site history. The karst deposits are often frequently descr...
Article
Here we present a palynological and sedimentological record from a 96-cm sediment core covering the last 13 ka aiming to document palaeoecological changes in the central South Caucasus driven by climate and/or human impact. The core was retrieved from Lake Paravani (2073 m asl, 41°27′N, 43°48′E), located in the steppic grasslands of South Caucasus...
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he thermal behaviour of silica rocks upon heat treatment is dependent on the constituent minerals and petrographic texture types. These constituents can be shown to be mainly quartz in the form of two types of chalcedony (Length-fast (LF) chalcedony and Length-slow (LS) chalcedony, the latter also being termed quartzine) and moganite. Even though t...
Article
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D’après l’étude des sites préhistoriques qui ont livré des outils lithiques, le peuplement de l’Asie semble être plus ancien que ce qui était précédemment admis, du moins en Inde ou en Chine. Ce peuplement ancien reste, cependant, une question en suspens pour le Sud-est asiatique continental, alors que des hommes fossiles et outils lithiques ancien...
Article
New investigations conducted in 2008 at Ranc-Pointu No. 2, a small cave located along the Ardèche River, led to the complete revision of the infilling and assemblages, confirming at least one human occupation in this small cave. There may have been two periods of occupation, but only the main one located at the top of the sequence (level ‘c’) has b...
Article
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Buran-Kaya III is a rockshelter located in Crimea (Ukraine). It provides an exceptional stratigraphic sequence extending from the Middle Paleolithic to the Neolithic. Nine Paleolithic layers have been attributed to the Streletskaya or eastern Szeletian, Micoquian, Aurignacian, Gravettian, and Swiderian cultural traditions. Human remains from the ri...