Simon Bernhard OttoÉcole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne | EPFL · School of Life Sciences
Simon Bernhard Otto
Master of Science
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Citations since 2017
7 Research Items
Simon Bernhard Otto currently works at EPFL as an assistant-doctorant. Their most recent work is 'Privatisation of biofilm matrix in structurally heterogeneous biofilms'.
Polysaccharides present in plant biomass, such as pectin, are the main carbon source for filamentous fungi. Aspergillus niger naturally secretes pectinases to degrade pectin and utilize the released monomers, mainly D‐galacturonic acid. The transcriptional activator GaaR, the repressor of D‐galacturonic acid utilization GaaX, and the physiological...
Bacteria in the soil compete for limited resources. One of the ways they might do this is by producing antibiotics, but the metabolic costs of antibiotics and their low concentrations have caused uncertainty about the ecological role of these products for the bacteria that produce them. Here, we examine the benefits of streptomycin production by th...
Biofilms are closely packed cells held and shielded by extracellular matrix composed of structural proteins and exopolysaccharides (EPS). As matrix components are costly to produce and shared within the population, EPS-deficient cells can act as cheaters by gaining benefits from the cooperative nature of EPS producers. Remarkably, genetically progr...
Biofilms are communities of bacteria protected by a self-produced extracellular matrix. The detrimental effects of nonproducing individuals on biofilm development raise questions about the dynamics between community members, especially when isogenic nonproducers exist within wild-type populations. We asked ourselves whether phenotypic nonproducers...
The self-produced biofilm provides beneficial protection for the enclosed cells, but the costly production of matrix components makes producer cells susceptible to cheating by non-producing individuals. Despite detrimental effects of non-producers, biofilms can be heterogeneous, with isogenic non-producers being a natural consequence of phenotypic...
Bacteria in the soil compete for limited resources to survive and proliferate. One of the ways they might do this is by producing antibiotics, but the costs of antibiotic production and their low concentrations in soils have led to uncertainty about the role of these natural products for the bacteria that produce them. Here, we examine the fitness...