Simon Cuthbert

Simon Cuthbert
AGH University of Science and Technology in Kraków | AGH · Faculty of Geology, Geophysics and Environment Protection

PhD

About

61
Publications
9,860
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
1,404
Citations
Citations since 2016
14 Research Items
522 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100

Publications

Publications (61)
Article
Full-text available
Ultra-high-pressure (UHP) eclogites and ultramafites and associated fluid inclusions from the Western Gneiss Region, Norwegian Caledonides, have been analysed for F, Cl, Br and I using electron-probe micro-analysis, time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry and neutron-irradiated noble gas mass spectrometry. Textures of multi-phase and fluid i...
Article
This paper presents and discusses petrological observations from high- to ultrahigh-pressure (U)HP metamorphic terrains in relation to existing geophysical and numerical models for subduction and exhumation processes in orogenic belts. The interpretations are mostly based on observations from gneiss terrains bearing abundant bodies mafic (meta-)ecl...
Article
Potentially toxic elements (PTEs) are present in some natural geological materials and the black shales of southeastern Nigeria provides an example of this. The concentration and distribution of these PTEs such as Cd and Pb in shale rocks and soil-water-plant systems are spatially examined in this study. Geochemical surveys were undertaken in 6 sha...
Article
Full-text available
The negative impact from industrial pollution of the environment is still a global occurrence, and as a consequence legislation and subsequent regulation is becoming increasingly stringent in response, in particular, to minimising potential impact on human health. These changes have generated growing pressures for the steel industry to innovate to...
Article
The first find of microdiamond in the Nordøyane ultra-high-pressure (UHP) domain of the Western Gneiss Region (WGR) of the Scandinavian Caledonides reshaped tectonic models for the region. Nevertheless, in spite of much progress regarding the meaning and significance of this find, the history of rock that the diamonds were found in is complex and s...
Article
Full-text available
There is a pressing need for innovative waste management approaches as environmental regulations become more stringent worldwide alongside increasing demand for a more circular economy. Sequential chemical extraction (SE) analysis, which has previously been applied to environmental media such as soils and sediments, offers the potential to provide...
Article
Full-text available
Spinel-bearing ultramafic rocks, metamorphosed in high-pressure conditions, are described from the metamorphic complexes of the western part of the Central Asian Orogenic Belt (CAOB) in the Chu-Yili region in Southern Kazakhstan. They comprise small bodies of magnetite-bearing serpentinites, Cr-spinel-bearing serpentinized and amphibolitized dunite...
Article
Full-text available
The Southern Uplands-Down-Longford Terrane (SUDLT) within the British Caledonides hosts several economically significant gold occurrences, including a 45 km-long gold trend in central Ireland that includes the proven deposit at Clontibret. However, the region is relatively underexplored for gold and the well-constrained geology and tectonic history...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Caledonian orogenic belt of the northern British Isles hosts some significant gold deposits. However, gold mineralization in the region is underexplored. Some of the most prospective areas identified by rich alluvial gold anomalies are environmentally and culturally sensitive. Traditional mineral exploration methods can have a range of negative...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The relationships between regional tectonic, magmatic and metamorphic events and hydrothermal mineralisation in orogenic settings are controversial [1]. The geotectonic development of the Caledonian orogenic belt of the northern British Isles, which hosts some significant gold deposits, is well-constrained and provides an excellent framework for in...
Article
The Anrakhai Metamorphic Complex (AMC), located in the SE part of the Chu-Ili Mountains of Southern Kazakhstan in the western part of Central Asian Orogenic Belt, exhibits occurrences of HP metamorphic rocks in the form of eclogites and garnet clinopyroxenites with peak metamorphic conditions of 750 – 850° and 15 – 19 kbar estimated with both conve...
Article
Full-text available
As waste management regulations become more stringent, yet demand for resources continues to increase, there is a pressing need for innovative management techniques and more sophisticated supporting analysis techniques. Sequential extraction (SE) analysis, a technique previously applied to soils and sediments, offers the potential to gain a better...
Article
A hydrogeological study was conducted at the Udi Local Government Area in south-eastern region of Nigeria to examine the hydrochemical constituent of groundwater and determine the quality for drinking and agricultural purposes. Results show that groundwater in the area is slightly acidic to slightly basic, soft and potable, when compared with the W...
Article
Full-text available
Lateral variation and asynchronous onset of collision during the convergence of continents can significantly affect the burial and exhumation of subducted continental crust. Here, we use 3D numerical models for continental collision to discuss how deep burial and exhumation of high and ultrahigh pressure metamorphic (HP/UHP) rocks are enhanced by d...
Article
Far-traveled allochthons (>100 km) within collisional orogenic wedges may have undergone significant lateral movement by passive transport (in addition to thrusting) where they lie tectonically above large, exhumed, high-pressure/ultrahigh-pressure (HP/UHP) metamorphic terranes. Continental collision results in the subduction of one craton beneath...
Article
Full-text available
Many collisional orogens are cored by extensive metamorphic terranes composed of reworked continental crust that developed high pressure/ultrahigh pressure (HP/UHP) metamorphic assemblages during subduction into the mantle. The return of these large, buoyant masses to shallow crustal levels has a major effect on orogenic architecture. A model is pr...
Article
Formation and exhumation of high-pressure (HP) to ultrahigh-pressure (UHP) metamorphic rocks in continental subduction zones are the two fundamental geodynamic aspects of collisional orogensis. This volume is based on the Session 08c titled “Geochemical processes in continental collision zones” at Goldschmidt 2010 in Knoxville, USA. It focuses on m...
Article
Substantial parts of ultra-high pressure (UHP) terrains probably represent subducted passive continental margins (PCM). This contribution reviews and synthesises research on processes operating in such systems and their implication for the wider Earth system. PCM sediments are large repositories of volatiles including hydrates, nitrogen species, ca...
Book
Ultrahigh pressure metamorphism (UHPM) is a relatively new but fast growing discipline related to the deep subduction of slabs of continental and/or oceanic crust into the Earth's mantle and their return towards the surface as important components of mountain belts. The discipline was established ~25 years ago after discoveries of high pressure min...
Article
The distribution and characterization of UHP rocks within the Western Gneiss Region (WGR) of the Norwegian Caledonides is reviewed. While recent studies have documented a significantly increased number of eclogite localities preserving mineralogical evidence for Scandian-aged UHP metamorphism, much uncertainty remains over the regional extent of an...
Article
Full-text available
A compilation of published and unpublished geochronological and isotopic data from garnet-bearing orogenic peridotites in the HP/UHP Western Gneiss Region (WGR) of the Norwegian Caledonides indicate a common origin for all WGR peridotites, followed by different, though related, Proterozoic and Phanerozoic histories for those in the northwestern WGR...
Article
Full-text available
The wettability relationships between oil, brine, gas. and rock are Important in understanding reservoir dynamics. Chemical surfactants, scale inhibitors, and microbes introduced during exploration and production are all known to affect reservoir wettabilty. However, little thought has been given to the possibility of microbial contamination of cor...
Article
This special issue of the European Journal of Mineralogy is dedicated to ultrahigh-pressure (UH P ) metamorphism and its increasing role in the geosciences. The term UH P metamorphism refers to those rock types that were formed or embedded in shallow levels of the continental or oceanic lithosphere and subsequently experienced PT -conditions within...
Article
This set of six papers arises from the International Eclogite Field Symposium held in Scotland during July 2007 (IEFS2007). A second set of papers from IEFS2007 has been published elsewhere (see Dobrzhinetskaya et al . 2008). The meeting was one of a biennial series organized under the auspices of the International Eclogite Conference Co-ordinating...
Article
Orthopyroxene (opx) eclogites have been recognised in the Norwegian Western Gneiss Complex (WGC) since the work of Eskola. They have played a key role in pressure-temperature evaluation, but their complexity has fueled controversy. "External" eclogites are those directly enclosed in gneiss and are distinguished from "internal" eclogites enclosed wi...
Article
Full-text available
The mobility and bioavailability of As and Sb in relation to soil-biota transfer were evaluated at a former Sb mining and smelting site (Glendinning, SW Scotland, UK). The study specifically assessed the accumulation of As and Sb in different environmental components (soil, plants and earthworms) across mining area to estimate risk factors for the...
Article
A review of currently available information relevant to the Basal Gneiss Complex (BGC) of Western South Norway, combined with the authors’own observations, leads to the following conclusions.1. Most of the BGC consists of Proterozoic crystalline rocks and probably subordinate Lower Palaeozoic cover.2. The last major deformation of these rocks was d...
Article
Total concentrations and extractable fractionations of As and Sb were determined in soil samples from former mining sites in Scotland and Italy. Pseudo-total levels of As and Sb in the sample were between 5017,428 mg/kg and 10-1,187 mg/kg (Scotland), and 16691 mg/kg and 1.63-11.44 mg/kg (Italy). Between 0.001-0.63% and <0.001-8.82% of the total soi...
Article
Full-text available
Gaseous secondary electron (GSE) imaging of eclogite garnets under the environmental scanning electron microscope (ESEM) at low chamber gas pressures reveals detailed image contrast patterns (charge-contrast images, CCI) that are not present in back-scattered or secondary electron images. Image intensity is a function of the amount of surface charg...
Article
New petrographic evidence and a review of the latest radiometric age data are taken to indicate that formation of the ultra-high pressure (UHP) eclogites within the Western Gneiss Region of Norway probably occurred within the 400–410 Ma time frame. Thus, this event took place significantly later than the previous, widely accepted age of c. 425 Ma f...
Article
For many years it has been realised that the weathering of stone is not merely determined by physical and chemical factors but also by biological agents. When the stone in question is a historic building or monument, the damage done constitutes an irretrievable loss of our heritage and history. Laboratory studies have commenced in Paisley to study...
Article
Ever since the landmark paper by England and Richardson (1977) it has been clear that metamorphic rocks are not merely passively advected towards the surface during unroofing, but respond in a dynamic and interactive way to the mechanisms and rates of exhumation. England and Richardson based their modelling upon erosion-driven exhumation dominated...
Article
The Western Gneiss Region (WGR) marks the outcrop of a composite terrane consisting of variably re-worked Proterozoic basement and parautochthonous or autochthonous cover units. The WGR exhibits a gross structural, petrographic and thermobarometric zonation from southeast to northwest, reflecting an increasing intensity of Scandian (late Palaeozoic...
Article
Twelfth and thirteenth Century lime mortars from the west of Scotland were examined using optical polarising microscopy and SEM on impregnated, polished thin sections, and of fracture surfaces by secondary electron SEM. The non-hydraulic calcite binder in these mortars is locally inhomogeneous, exhibiting variations in texture and density. Spongifo...
Article
ColemanR. G., & WangX. (eds) 1995. Ultrahigh Pressure Metamorphism. x + 528 pp. Cambridge, New York, Port Chester, Melbourne, Sydney: Cambridge University Press. Price £55.00, US$79.95 (hard covers). ISBN 0 521 43214 6. - Volume 133 Issue 3 - S. J. Cuthbert
Article
The geology of the Devonian Hornelen Basin and the surrounding Western Gneiss Region (WGR), western Norway has been examined in detail. Structural, clast provenance and geothermobarometric data have been combined to reconstruct the motion history of part of a major late-orogenic extensional shear zone in the southern Scandinavian Caledonides, the N...
Article
The Middle Devonian Hornelen Basin of western Norway is a continental fault-basin which formed during the late stages of the Caledonian orogeny, closely following the Late Silurian crustal thickening and high pressure metamophism responsible for the formation of eclogites in the adjacent Western Gneiss Region. Clasts from alluvial fan conglomerates...
Article
Occurrences of medium-T eclogite-facies assemblages in the Norwegian Caledonides, Western Alps and Central European Variscides are reviewed with reference to a generalized tectono-thermal model for their stabilization in continental plate collision zones involving A-type subduction. It is demonstrated that the respective P-T time paths for lower co...
Article
Full-text available
The Western Gneiss Complex (WGC) is the assemblage of rocks outcropping within the Western Gneiss Region in the southern Scandinavian Caledonides. This contribution examines the distribution of HP and UHP rocks in the WGC from macroscopic to microscopic scales, and attempts to draw conclusions about the factors responsible for creating HP/UHP trans...
Article
Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Sheffield, 1985. In 2 vols; map relating to this thesis has not been filmed - please apply direct to issuing university.

Network

Cited By

Projects

Projects (4)
Project
Many studies of continental growth and modification have focused on the major phase of growth in the early history of the Earth, but a major goal of our proposed study is to investigate an important, but hitherto little-recognised example of more recent (Phanerozoic) continental growth by accretion in a subduction-collision system – the Caledonian orogen of Scandinavia. Here, crust generated in arcs, back-arcs, fore-arcs and mid-ocean ridges within the Iapetus Ocean has been accreted to the Baltic craton by a combination of arc collisions and final continental collision with Laurentia. The accreted rocks are now preserved in the Köli Nappe Complex (KNC) in Sweden and Norway.
Project
It is widely accepted that the Iapetus Ocean opened in the latest Neoproterozoic, but the exact timing of this event is still debated. Nearly all evidence for such timing and reasoning about it are based on geochronological data obtained from mafic igneous rocks and their contact aureoles. However, the question arises whether the timing of this voluminous igneous activity is indeed representative for true opening of the Iapetus. If so, do we have a stratigraphic record of this event? Even more importantly, what was the role and where was located the centre of the mantle plume that was supposed to contribute to the Iapetus opening process ? To answer these questions, we propose to focus on the Neoproterozoic to Cambrian evolution of Baltica and possible peri-Baltican terranes.
Project
This project focuses on the subduction history of the Baltoscnadian margin of the continent Baltica and, in particular on the continent-arc collision that occurred in the Ordovician during closure of the Iapetus Ocean, prior to Baltica-Laurentia collision. This long process of ocean-closure may have involved a sequence of subduction-eduction events. The overall goal is to get a broad understanding of the complexity of long-lasting collisional orogeny and apply this knowledge to the other such orogens, including Himalaya-Tibet.