Simon Buckingham Shum

Simon Buckingham Shum
University of Technology Sydney | UTS · Connected Intelligence Centre

PhD, University of York, UK

About

334
Publications
75,650
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
8,155
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 2008 - present
January 2008 - present
University of Birmingham
January 2008 - present
University of Dundee

Publications

Publications (334)
Article
Full-text available
There are emerging concerns about the Fairness, Accountability, Transparency, and Ethics (FATE) of educational interventions supported by the use of Artificial Intelligence (AI) algorithms. One of the emerging methods for increasing trust in AI systems is to use eXplainable AI (XAI), which promotes the use of methods that produce transparent explan...
Article
Full-text available
The proliferation of AI in many aspects of human life—from personal leisure, to collaborative professional work, to global policy decisions—poses a sharp question about how to prepare people for an interconnected, fast-changing world which is increasingly becoming saturated with technological devices and agentic machines. What kinds of capabilities...
Article
There is growing interest in creating learning analytics feedback interfaces that support students directly. While dashboards and other visualizations are proliferating, the evidence is that many fail to provide meaningful insights that help students reflect productively. The contribution of this paper is qualitative and quantitative evidence from...
Article
Teachers’ spatial behaviours in the classroom can strongly influence students’ engagement, motivation and other behaviours that shape their learning. However, classroom teaching behaviour is ephemeral, and has largely remained opaque to computational analysis. Inspired by the notion of Spatial Pedagogy, this paper presents a system called ‘Moodoo’...
Conference Paper
Teachers’ spatial behaviours in the classroom can strongly influence students’ engagement, motivation and other behaviours that shape their learning. However, classroom teaching behav-iour is ephemeral, and has largely remained opaque to computational analysis. This paper presents a library called ‘Moodoo’ that can serve to automatically model how...
Article
Full-text available
Using data to generate a deeper understanding of collaborative learning is not new, but automatically analyzing log data has enabled new means of identifying key indicators of effective collaboration and teamwork that can be used to predict outcomes and personalize feedback. Collaboration analytics is emerging as a new term to refer to computationa...
Article
Objective. To explore pharmacy students' perceptions of a novel web application tool (AcaWriter) implemented in a Master of Pharmacy curriculum to support reflective thinking in scientific research.Methods. A qualitative research design involving a 50-minute focus group (n=12) was used. The focus group session was audio-taped, transcribed verbatim,...
Article
The formative assessment of written reflection provides opportunities for students to improve their practice in an iterative manner using reflective writing. However, manual formative assessment of written reflection is time consuming and subjective. While progress has been made in deploying writing analytics tools to provide automated, formative f...
Article
Writing analytics has emerged as a sub-field of learning analytics, with applications including the provision of formative feedback to students in developing their writing capacities. Rhetorical markers in writing have become a key feature in this feedback, with a number of tools being developed across research and teaching contexts. However, there...
Article
Full-text available
Current writing support tools tend to focus on assessing final or intermediate products, rather than the writing process. However, sensing technologies, such as keystroke logging , can enable provision of automated feedback during, and on aspects of, the writing process. Despite this potential , little is known about the critical indicators that ca...
Article
Full-text available
Lay Description What is already known about this topic The term “Classroom Proxemics” refers to how teachers and students use the classroom space, and its impact on learning. A large number of teachers, particularly in higher education, receive no pedagogical training or feedback on classroom proxemics. Little is known about how to create interfac...
Chapter
Full-text available
This paper presents Moodoo, a system that models how teachers make use of classroom spaces by automatically analysing indoor positioning traces. We illustrate the potential of the system through an authentic study aimed at enabling the characterisation of teachers’ instructional behaviours in the classroom. Data were analysed from seven teachers de...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Human-centred software design gives all stakeholders an active voice in the design of the systems that they are expected to use. However, this is not yet commonplace in Learning Analytics (LA). Co-design techniques from other domains therefore have much to offer to LA, in principle, but there are few detailed accounts of exactly how such sessions u...
Article
Automatic tracking of activity and location in the classroom is becoming increasingly feasible and inexpensive. However, although there is a growing interest in creating classrooms embedded with tracking capabilities using computer vision and wearables, more work is still needed to understand teachers' perceived opportunities and concerns about usi...
Article
Full-text available
Failing to understand the perspectives of educators, and the constraints under which they work, is a hallmark of many educational technology innovations' failure to achieve usage in authentic contexts, and sustained adoption. Learning Analytics (LA) is no exception, and there are increasingly recognised policy and implementation challenges in highe...
Article
Learning Analytics (LA) systems can offer new insights into learners’ behaviours through analysis of multiple data streams. There remains however a dearth of research about how LA interfaces can enable effective communication of educationally meaningful insights to teachers and learners. This highlights the need for a participatory, horizontal co-d...
Chapter
Full-text available
This paper seeks to contribute to the emerging field of Quantitative Ethnography (QE) by demonstrating its utility to solve a complex challenge in Learning Analytics: the provision of timely feedback to collocated teams and their coaches. We define two requirements that extend the QE concept in order to operationalise it such a design process, name...
Article
The design of effective learning analytics extends beyond sound technical and pedagogical principles. If these analytics are to be adopted and used successfully to support learning and teaching, their design process needs to take into account a range of human factors, including why and how they will be used. In this editorial, we introduce principl...
Chapter
Reflective writing is widely acknowledged to be one of the most effective learning activities for promoting students’ self-reflection and critical thinking. However, manually assessing and giving feedback on reflective writing is time consuming, and known to be challenging for educators. There is little work investigating the potential of automated...
Article
The title is provocative: Quantitative Ethnography. Those two words are rarely uttered in the same breath except in conflict! For the former to be an adjective to the latter is surely ridiculous. Yet the “quant/qual” gulf is precisely what David Williamson Shaffer seeks to bridge. His message: people, we’re all on the same side, and I’m not asking...
Book
Full-text available
This project brought together learning analytics experts from across Australia to explore key ethical issues relating to the development and use of learning analytics in higher education. The result of these discussions was a discussion paper that provides an outline of seven ethical principles as well as practical considerations associated with th...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A major promise of learning analytics is that through the collection of large amounts of data we can derive insights from authentic learning environments, and impact many learners at scale. However, the context in which the learning occurs is important for educational innovations to impact student learning. In particular, for student-facing learnin...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Collocated, face-to-face teamwork remains a pervasive mode of working, which is hard to replicate online. Team members' embodied, multimodal interaction with each other and artefacts has been studied by researchers, but due to its complexity, has remained opaque to automated analysis. However, the ready availability of sensors makes it increasingly...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose – Many of today’s information and technology systems and environments facilitate inquiry, learning, consciousness-raising and knowledge-building. Such platforms include e-learning systems which have learning, education and/or training as explicit goals or objectives. They also include search engines, social media platforms, video-sharing pl...
Article
Full-text available
The learning analytics community has matured significantly over the past few years as a middle space where technology and pedagogy combine to support learning experiences. To continue to grow and connect these perspectives, research needs to move beyond the level of basic support actions. This means exploring the use of data to prove richer forms o...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this paper we present a three-phase process for crafting Learner-Data Journey maps and using them as communication tools to involve other stakeholders in the co-design of a data-intensive educational tool. The three phases in this process are i) scaffolding groups of learners to collaboratively co-create a Learner-Data Journey based on their own...
Article
Full-text available
From a human-centred computing perspective, supporting the interpretation of educational dashboards and visualizations by the people intended to use them exposes critical design challenges that may often be trivialized. Empirical evidence already shows that “usable” visualizations are not necessarily effective from an educational perspective. Since...
Chapter
In this chapter, we outline a project which traces its source of inspiration back to the grand visions of Vannevar Bush (scholarly trails of linked concepts), Doug Engelbart (highly interactive intellectual tools, particularly for argumentation), and Ted Nelson (large scale internet publishing with recognised intellectual property). In essence, we...
Chapter
Full-text available
Providing immediate, effective feedback on team and individual performance in healthcare simulations is a challenging task for educators, such is their complexity. Focusing on emergency procedures on patient manikins, our prior work has demonstrated the feasibility of using multimodal data capture and analysis to generate visualisations of student...
Chapter
Text revision is regarded as an important process in improving written products. To study the process of revision activity from authentic classroom contexts, this paper introduces a novel visualization method called Revision Graph to aid detailed analysis of the writing process. This opens up the possibility of exploring the stages in students’ rev...
Article
Full-text available
Objective. To assess pharmacy students' perceptions of the benefits and utility of a novel online reflective-writing tool. Methods. After completing a required Academic Writing Analytics (AWA) workshop, Master of Pharmacy students submitted a reflective writing assignment in the AWA web application. A six-item survey was administered to students pr...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Data science is now impacting the education sector, with a growing number of commercial products and research prototypes providing learning dashboards. From a human-centred computing perspective, the end-user's interpretation of these visualisations is a critical challenge to design for, with empirical evidence already showing that `usable' visuali...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Learning Analytics (LA) sits at the confluence of many contributing disciplines, which brings the risk of hidden assumptions inherited from those fields. Here, we consider a hidden assumption derived from computer science, namely, that improving computational accuracy in classification is always a worthy goal. We demonstrate that this assumption is...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Academic writing is a key skill required for higher education students, which is often challenging to learn. A promising approach to help students develop this skill is the use of automated tools that provide formative feedback on writing. However, such tools are not widely adopted by students unless useful for their discipline-related writing, and...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Data science is now impacting the educational sector, with a growing number of commercial products and research prototypes providing learning dashboards as feedback for both educators and students. From a human-centred computing perspective, the end-user's interpretation of these visualisations is a critical challenge to design for, with empirical...
Poster
Full-text available
Awarded the Teaching Innovation Prize- The Poster describes the utilization of a novel online tool, AWA-Academic Writing Analytics, which is currently trialled as a research pilot in the first year Masters of Pharmacy Curriculum at the University of Technology Sydney (UTS). AWA provides a student guide to constructive, formative feedback on drafts...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In many situations, it remains critical for team members to develop strategies to effectively use the space and tools available to complete demanding tasks. However, despite the availability of sensors and analytics for instrumenting physical space, relatively little progress has been made in modelling the embodied dimensions of co-located teamwork...
Article
Full-text available
Learning to collaborate effectively requires practice, awareness of group dynamics, reflection and, often, it benefits from coaching by an expert facilitator. However, in physical spaces it is not always easy to provide teams with evidence to support collaboration. Emerging technology provides a promising opportunity to make collocated collaboratio...
Article
Full-text available
When used effectively, reflective writing tasks can deepen learners’ understanding of key concepts, help them critically appraise their developing professional identity, and build qualities for lifelong learning. As such, reflecting writing is attracting substantial interest from universities concerned with experiential learning, reflective practic...
Article
Full-text available
The continuous advancement of Natural User Interfaces is allowing the development of novel and creative ways to support collocated collaborative work in a wide range of areas, including teaching and learning. In terms of Learning Analytics (LA), the use of interactive surfaces and Tangible User Interfaces can offer unique opportunities for automati...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
There is untapped potential in achieving the full impact of learning analytics through the integration of tools into practical pedagogic contexts. To meet this potential, more work must be conducted to support educators in developing learning analytics literacy. The proposed workshop addresses this need by building capacity in the learning analytic...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Healthcare simulations are hands-on learning experiences aimed at allowing students to practice essential skills that they may need when working with real patients in clinical workplaces. Some clinical classrooms are equipped with patient manikins that can respond to actions or that can be programmed to deteriorate over time. Students can perform a...
Conference Paper
Reflective writing can provide a powerful way for students to integrate professional experience and academic learning. However, writing reflectively requires high quality actionable feedback, which is time-consuming to provide at scale. This paper reports progress on the design, implementation, and validation of a Reflective Writing Analytics platf...
Conference Paper
There is an increasing interest in the analysis of both student's writing and the temporal aspects of learning data. The analysis of higher-level learning features in writing contexts requires analyses of data that could be characterised in terms of the sequences and processes of textual features present. This paper (1) discusses the extant literat...
Conference Paper
For students, in particular freshmen, the degree pathway from semester to semester is not that transparent, although students have a reasonable idea what courses are expected to be taken each semester. An often-pondered question by students is: "what can I expect in the next semester?" More precisely, given the commitment and engagement I presented...
Conference Paper
The amount of data extracted from learning experiences has grown at an astonishing pace both in depth due to the increasing variety of data sources, and in breath with courses now being offered to massive student cohorts. However, in this emerging scenario instructors are now facing the challenge of connecting the knowledge emerging from data analy...
Presentation
Full-text available