Sima Zach

Sima Zach
The Academic College at Wingate

Professor

About

90
Publications
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Publications

Publications (90)
Article
The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between different types and frequencies of feedback given by basketball coaches and the outcome of possessions during the game. The verbal behavior of three basketball coaches was recorded during five full games, and these games were also video recorded. On average, the coaches gave 2.54 feedbac...
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Background: The study's aim was to examine whether spatial orientation can be improved in students with cognitive disabilities. Method: Participants were 55 boys and girls with attention deficit and mild cognitive impairment from a special education school. The procedure included an intervention for two experimental groups that studied wayfindin...
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This study was designed to explore coaches' half-time speeches and whether players perceive these speeches as having an impact on their performance later in the game. A mixed-methods convergent design was used. Participants were nine male basketball players aged 19-34 (M = 27, SD = 4.76) from a team playing in the Israeli Basketball Premier League,...
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The 2016 "empty-goal" rule change in team handball allowed for swift goalkeeper-player substitutions, which opened the door to a variety of tactical solutions that could not be implemented prior to the change. This change is one of many rule changes that have taken place in ball games in general and in handball in particular that were aimed to impr...
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Governments worldwide have imposed harsh restrictions for decreasing the Covid-19 pandemic and maintaining public health. Yet such limitations have impacted people’s physical activity. This study examined relationships between changes in physical activity and resilience, emotions, and depression during two lockdowns in Israel. An online survey was...
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Objectives: This study aimed at exploring the relationships between physical activity, weight control, and psycho-social aspects of the COVID-19 lockdown, which have characterized the Israeli population's behavior during the COVID-19 global crisis. Design: Cross-sectional survey research. Methods: Participants included 1855 men and women aged...
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The present study aimed to assess the influence of an emotional-based program for novice physical education teachers on their perception of the affective domain in teaching, and the influence of the program on their social-emotional orientation. Thirty-two physical educators in their induction year participated. Instrumentations included reflective...
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The continuous trend of ultra-Orthodox ('Haredi') women enrolling in higher education institutions has not been widely investigated. The current study explored their reasons for pursuing an academic degree, their radical choice of physical education (PE) as a career, as well as their experiences and reflections on this process. Eighteen Israeli ult...
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Background: The main purpose of the research was to examine the differences between adults in the age group 70+ and two other age groups (45-59 and 60-69), concerning their healthy and active lifestyle. The death toll of the current COVID-19 pandemic is strongly biased toward the elderly. However, some studies of crises suggest that older adults t...
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The purpose of the study was to develop a comprehensive model that examines whether motor abilities and socioemotional adjustment contribute to the academic achievement and social functioning of students. Participants were 733 children, aged 6.04–13.72 years. Among them, 642 were typically achieving children, and 91 were children with learning diso...
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The purpose of this review was to examine the literature on gaze behavior in referees. A literature search found only 12 relevant studies. Five of those studies were conducted on referees in association football (soccer), three on judges in gymnastics, one on softball umpires, and one each on referees in team handball, rugby, and ice hockey. Seven...
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The purpose of the study was to characterize the relationships between behavior problems, academic achievement, and loneliness of students in the upper and lower thirds of a social skills classification. Participants were 733 students (359 boys and 374 girls) aged 9 to 14 years, 642 without learning disabilities (LDs) and 91 with LDs. Their homeroo...
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The phenomenon of high attrition and dropout among novice teachers has been widely recognized as an issue that must be addressed. The current study aimed to explore this phenomenon in the field of physical education (PE). A longitudinal study using a mixed-methods approach was conducted. The participants consisted of 119 novice teachers at three po...
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Purpose: This study examined the influence of simulation on flexible and reflective thinking in student teachers (STs), and appraised how they evaluate its potential contribution to teacher education programs. Method: Twenty-three Israeli physical education STs participated in a simulation course. They planned teaching-learning conflict scenarios,...
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Tis study compared the effect of the cooperative learning and direct instruction models on the motivational climate in physical education lessons. Participants were 121 seventh-grade students. Te Achievement Orientation Scale examined learners’ perceptions of the motivational climate in physical education lessons. One teacher taught a class of boys,...
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The World Health Organization (WHO) announced the ‘Global School Health Initiative’ in 1995 following recommendations formulated in the Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion. Hence, the aims of the present study were to describe the various programs for nurturing an active and healthy lifestyle implemented during 2011–12 in schools in Israel, and to...
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For many amateur long-distance runners the marathon is not merely an event – it is a demanding activity, both physically and mentally. While being immersed in this activity they enter the running social world and undergo a process of identity transformation. This process encompasses immersion into a ‘zone’ that is often outside the partnership of m...
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Objectives: A meta-analysis was employed to examine the effects of mental imagery (MI) on bio-psychological variables, namely functional mobility, perceived pain, and self-efficacy. Method: Ten studies were included in the meta-analytical review. Cohen's d effect sizes (ES) and Hedge's g weighted mean ES (WMES) were computed for all dependent varia...
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Investigations of in-game coaches’ comments and behaviours are scarce. An area of particular neglect has been that of the half-time coach-team interactions. This study addresses the half-time meeting and provides a glance at coach-team communication during this critical time in competition. Six male soccer coaches (aged 35–47) served as one data so...
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Abstract The purpose of this review was to organize the results of studies conducted during the last 18 years into a body of knowledge concerning the link between physical education (PE) and academic achievement (AA). Such knowledge may help in clarifying the role of PE in the schools, whose main focus is on improving the AA of the children. The t...
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Abstract Purpose: The World Health Organization (WHO) announced the "Global School Health Initiative" following recommendations formulated in the Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion. Hence, the aims of the present study were to describe the various programs for nurturing an active and healthy lifestyle implemented during 2011-2012 in schools in Is...
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This article has three goals: to examine whether any changes occurred in leisure time exercise patterns in the adult Jewish Israeli population between 2007 and 2012; to identify the barriers that prevented adult Israelis from exercising and what changes if any occurred in the barriers; and to examine the relationship between frequency of exercise a...
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This study aimed to examine to what extent academic achievements, learning disorders, behavior problems and loneliness explain the variance of students’ social skills. The differences between students diagnosed with learning disorders and students without learning disorders in all four variables were examined. Participants were 733 elementary stude...
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This paper demonstrates the value of researching the emic perceptions expressed by participants of sport for development and peace (SDP) programs about their program. An Israeli SDP program was chosen which addresses Arab children’s educational needs through sport. Ten semi-structured interviews were held with participants: two Jewish male managers...
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Despite scientific evidence regarding the benefits of strength training, participation rates in the general population, particularly among females, remain low. Physical education student teachers are a subset of the population whose aim is to educate the public about the paramount importance of physical activity, including the importance of strengt...
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The effect of three types of physical activity on two types of working memory were investigated. Participants were 20 adult males who trained twice a week in volleyball two hours per session. Procedures included two pre and post intervention tests of working memory: the Digit span and Visual Memory Span subtests of the Wechsler Memory Scale–Revised...
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Purpose: The aim of this study was to test and expand the Motivation of Marathoners Scale (MOMS) model (Masters, Ogles, Jolton, 1993). Methods: The MOMS questionnaire was distributed to 306 male and female marathon runners (age range 20–77 years), with experience in marathon running (range: 1–44 runs). A confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) revealed...
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The aim of this paper is to highlight the nature of the barriers facing women in terms of their participation in decision-making in Israeli sport, and to identify and evaluate some of the strategies and tactics adopted to overcome these barriers. This is done by making reference to a particular case study, the case of the process of establishing a...
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Purpose: The aim of this study was to test and expand the Motivation of Marathoners Scale (MOMS) model (Masters et al., 1993). Methods: The MOMS questionnaire was distributed to 306 male and female marathon runners (age range: 20-77 years) with experience in marathon running (range: 1-44 runs). A confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) revealed that the...
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Purpose: The aim of this study was to test and expand the Motivation of Marathoners Scale (MOMS) model (Masters et al., 1993). Methods: The MOMS questionnaire was distributed to 306 male and female marathon runners (age range: 20–77 years) with experience in marathon running (range: 1–44 runs). A confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) revealed that the...
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Purpose: Examining the differences in motivation between learners in schools with a choice-based physical education (PE) curriculum and those with a non-choice-based curriculum, and identifying which sport activities these students prefer, using SDT as a conceptual framework. Method: Participants were 536 pupils from grades 10-12 from eight schools...
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This article explored how 45 novice physical education teachers perceived success, and how success affected their motivation to continue teaching. Self-determination theory (SDT) was used to interpret the teachers' written reports, and focus group discussions were held concerning their success. Satisfaction with the competence, relatedness, and aut...
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Purpose: Examining the differences in motivation between learners in schools with a choice-based physical education (PE) curriculum and those with a non-choice-based curriculum, and identifying which sport activities these students prefer, using SDT as a conceptual framework. Method: Participants were 536 pupils from grades 10-12 from eight schools...
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Advanced age is associated with degenerative changes in body composition. There is evidence suggesting that changes may vary upon differences in lifestyle, environment, or gender. Physical activity engagement is considered an important component of lifestyle definition. There are suggestions that engaging in physical activity might alleviate degene...
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The purpose of this study was to reevaluate the multi-dimensional model of humor creation, which is comprised of three dimensions: humor motivation, humor cognition, and humor communication, using in vivo (natural setting) methodology. Thirty-four lecturers from colleges and universities completed a questionnaire. Additionally, 1530 students observ...
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We examined the relationship between social physique anxiety (SPA) and physical activity (PA) in 3-generation families, and also looked at gender differences related to SPA and PA. Self-presentation concerns as related to PA were examined by means of SPA in a sample of 811 participants from 218 families and spanning 3 generations. Participants asse...
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Civic service is a form of active citizenship in which individuals contribute time and effort to the public good that exists in many countries (Douglas & Brandt, 2009; Nieves, 2004; Perry, 2004) Although mostly voluntary, in countries such as Germany, Cyprus, Switzerland, Finland, Norway, France, Spain, and Italy, a national civic service framework...
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Abstract This study examined whether body perception (BP) and body satisfaction (BS) among adolescents correspond with healthy body size criteria as recommended by various world health authorities, and assessed the relationships between BP and BS and physical activity (PA) among adolescents. Participants included 6274 Israeli boys and girls from gr...
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The New Horizon ("Ofek Hadash" in Hebrew) educational reform agreement was signed between the Israeli government and the Teachers' Union in 2008. The purposes of the educational reform document were (a) to improve students' achievements, (b) to provide fair recompense to teachers, and (c) to strengthen teachers' status in society. Research goals we...
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The impetus for this chapter is twofold: first, to argue for the importance of teaching pedagogical models in physical education teacher education (PETE), and second, to respond to perceived need for practical knowledge about Cooperative Learning in physical education in general and in PETE in particular. one of the major challenges of teacher-educ...
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This study was designed to validate a new instrument created to measure motives for physical activity (PA) – the PALMS (Physical Activity and Leisure Motivation Scale), which was found to yield sound psychometric properties. Regular exercisers, ages 9 – 89 (M = 28.65; SD = 16.48), from over 30 different fitness and recreational facilities in Israel...
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Background: An accurate measurement of full height while standing is sometimes not possible among older adults, in particular among the frail elderly. For such cases, the use of knee height (KH) and ulna bone length (UL) has been suggested for standing height estimation. Studies have shown that predictive equations of height were ethnic-specific....
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Background: Cooperative Learning (CL) is an inclusive name for various models of teaching/learning methods, all of which emphasize the fundamental of meaningful collaboration among learners during their learning activities. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine whether the CL teaching model contributed to the teaching efficacy and plann...
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Background: Official health organizations have established the dose of physical activity needed for preserving both physical and psychological health in old age. The objective of this study was to explore whether adherence to the recommended criterion of physical activity accounted for better psychological functioning in older adults in Israel. M...
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Background: The MABAT Youth National Health and Nutrition Survey was conducted in Israel by the Ministry of Health and the Center for Disease Control. This article presents results of physical activity (PA) habits in Israel, in relation to recommendations by world health organizations. Methods: Participants were 6274 adolescents, grades 7-12, en...
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This investigation examined how wives of senior politicians perceived their role as the spouse of a politician, and how this perception affected their lives. Ten wives of Israeli senior politicians participated in the study. Semi-structured, in-depth interviews were conducted individually, with topics and issues specified in advance. Results demons...
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Background: Official health organizations have established the dose of physical activity needed for preserving both physical and psychological health in old age. The objective of this study was to explore whether adherence to the recommended criterion of physical activity accounted for better psychological functioning in older adults in Israel.
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Background: The term teacher efficacy is defined as teachers' belief in their ability to significantly affect their pupils' learning. Studies in the physical education (PE) domain seeking sources of teaching efficacy reported on the links among external environmental factors, content knowledge, and ‘learners’ active engagement in learning, and the...
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To examine whether physical-activity patterns over a period of 4 years are associated with well-being. A sample of 399 women aged 50-60 years participated in the study. Measures included rate of physical activity and other life style behaviors, well-being, health status, and interpersonal stress. Sufficient and insufficient exercisers were identifi...
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This study examined the patterns of leisure time physical activity and factors influencing those patterns among family members in 3 generations. The purpose of the study was threefold: to examine physical activity patterns in 3 generations of middle-school students' families; to examine the motives, obstacles, and incentives of family members who e...
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This study examined the benefits of a graduated training program for security officers on physical performance in stressful situations and identified predictors of effective coping with stress. In addition, a comprehensive model was developed to present the relationship between physical and psychological performance. Training effectiveness was dete...
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This study extends support for the construct validity of the three strongest physical self-concept measures for 395 Israeli university students (60% women) aged 18 to 54, demonstrating a new extension of the multitrait-multimethod (MTMM) design that incorporates external validity criteria and a test of jingle-jangle fallacies. Structural equation m...