Silvio Schueler

Silvio Schueler
Austrian Research Centre for Forests BFW · Department of Forest Growth, Silviculture and Genetics

Dr.

About

202
Publications
27,836
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Introduction
Silvio Schueler is head of the Department of Forest Growth, Silviculture and Genetics at the Austrian Research Centre for Forest in Vienna. Silvio does research in Silviculture, Forest Growth, Genetics, Botany and Evolutionary Biology. One of their current project is 'Conservation and sustainable utilization of forest tree diversity in climate change (SUSTREE).'

Publications

Publications (202)
Article
Riparian forests are among the most diverse terrestrial ecosystems, yet their biodiversity is increasingly threatened by habitat degradation, climate change, river regulation and invasive species. We investigated deadwood, widely recognized as an indicator for forest biodiversity, in riparian forests of the Mura-Drava-Danube Transboundary Biosphere...
Article
Full-text available
Background Needle rust caused by the fungus Chrysomyxa rhododendri causes significant growth decline and increased mortality of young Norway spruce trees in subalpine forests. Extremely rare trees with enhanced resistance represent promising candidates for practice-oriented reproduction approaches. They also enable the investigation of tree molecul...
Article
In a changing world, riparian forests are coming under more and more stress from biotic threats. This impacts all stages from saplings to older trees. One of the most dominant biotic threats are alien species and eruptive pest species. Sustainable silvicultural methods are required to reduce the risk of such biotic threats. We investigated the infl...
Article
Full-text available
Citation: Alizoti, P.; Bastien, J.-C.; Chakraborty, D.; Klisz, M.M.; Kroon, J.; Neophytou, C.; Schueler, S.; van Loo, M.; Westergren, M.; Konnert, M.; et al. Non-Native Forest Tree Species in Europe: The Question of Seed Origin in Afforestation. Forests 2022, 13, 273.
Article
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Significant gaps remain in understanding the response of plant reproduction to environmental change. This is partly because measuring reproduction in long-lived plants requires direct observation over many years and such datasets have rarely been made publicly available. Here we introduce MASTREE+, a dataset that collates reproductive time-series d...
Article
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Non-native tree species (NNT) are used in European forestry for many purposes including their growth performance, valuable timber, and resistance to drought and pest or pathogen damage. Yet, cultivating NNT may pose risks to biodiversity, ecosystem functioning, and the provisioning of ecosystem services, and several NNT have been classified as inva...
Article
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In forest tree breeding, assisted migration has been proposed to accelerate the adaptive response to climate change. Response functions are currently fitted across multiple populations and environments, enabling selections of the most appropriate seed sources for a specific reforestation site. So far, the approach has been limited to capturing adap...
Article
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The Leaf-Area-Index (LAI) is commonly used to characterize the plant canopy and is a fundamental indication of plant vitality and photosynthetic activity. The forest health status is not only vital for economical reasons, but also has a significant impact on global carbon sequestration. The LAI has a highly dynamic character among deciduous forests...
Technical Report
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The accelerating rate of species extinction worldwide and the inevitable impact of human activity on biodiversity have increased the demand for conservation, habitat restoration and the sustainable use of ecosystems. Biodiversity indicators are the most commonly used tool to monitor the status and changes of biodiversity and the related impact of m...
Article
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• Key message Understanding forest genetic diversity and national legislation on trade and utilization of forest reproductive material (FRM) are key aspects for management and adapting forests to climate change. Despite concerns about the negative effects of climate change on forests, awareness of the role of genetic diversity in climate change ada...
Article
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Litter decomposition is a key process for carbon and nutrient cycling in terrestrial ecosystems and is mainly controlled by environmental conditions, substrate quantity, and quality as well as microbial community abundance and composition. In particular, the effects of climate and atmospheric nitrogen (N) deposition on litter decomposition and its...
Article
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Intraspecific genetic variation in drought response is expected to play an important role in determining the persistence of tree populations in global change as it (1) allows for spontaneous selection and local adaptation of tree populations, (2) supports assisted seed transfer of less-drought-sensitive provenance, and (3) enables the integration o...
Article
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• Key message We developed a dataset of the potential distribution of seven ecologically and economically important tree species of Europe in terms of their climatic suitability with an ensemble approach while accounting for uncertainty due to model algorithms. The dataset was documented following the ODMAP protocol to ensure reproducibility. Our m...
Article
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• Conifers often occur along steep gradients of diverse climates throughout their natural ranges, which is expected to result in spatially varying selection to local climate conditions. However, signals of climatic adaptation can often be confounded, because unraveled clines covary with signals caused by neutral evolutionary processes such as gene...
Article
Full-text available
1. Conifers often occur along steep gradients of diverse climates throughout their natural ranges, which is expected to result in spatially varying selection to local climate conditions. However, signals of climatic adaptation can often be confounded, because unraveled clines covary with signals caused by neutral evolutionary processes such as gene...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Progress in the field of evolutionary forest ecology has been hampered by the huge challenge of phenotyping trees across their ranges in their natural environments, and the limitation in high-resolution environmental information. Findings: The GenTree Platform contains phenotypic and environmental data from 4,959 trees from 12 ecolog...
Article
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Limitierende Faktoren für den Douglasienanbau in Mitteleuropa im Klimawandel Die Douglasie ist eine der erfolgreichsten nicht heimischen Baumarten in Europa und wird im Klimawandel als wichtige alternative Wirtschaftsbaumart angesehen. Der Erfolg ihres zukünftigen Anbaus in Mitteleuropa hängt vom Verständnis ihrer klimatischen Nische und von der Be...
Article
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The understanding of spatial distribution patterns of native riparian tree species in Europe lacks accurate species distribution models (SDMs), since riparian forest habitats have a limited spatial extent and are strongly related to the associated watercourses, which needs to be represented in the environmental predictors. However, SDMs are urgentl...
Article
Full-text available
Climate change requires forest managers to explore new concepts in reforestation. High-elevation sites are posing challenges because the range of tree species that can cope with present and future conditions is small and limited experience with candidate species is available. Methods: We selected a mountain site with nutrient-poor silicatic soils....
Article
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Motivation: Trait variation within species can reveal plastic and/or genetic responses to environmental gradients, and may indicate where local adaptation has occurred. Here, we present a dataset of rangewide variation in leaf traits from seven of the most ecologically and economically important tree species in Europe. Sample collection and trait a...
Article
Full-text available
Climate is an important driver of many ecological and social processes; the availability of high-resolution climate data is thus one of the key presumptions for knowledge-based decisions. We created a new climate dataset for Europe referred to as ECLIPS (European CLimate Index ProjectionS), which contains gridded data for 80 annual, seasonal and mo...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Consequently, a tool like a "Real-Time European Forest Monitoring System, RT-EFMS" will be operated as a vibrant network-embedded transdisciplinary knowledge-hub for providing tangible expert information and knowledge for helping all stakeholders and actors to adapt to the changing environment and climate. This instrument will assure best performan...
Article
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Background: Norway spruce trees in subalpine forests frequently face infections by the needle rust fungus Chrysomyxa rhododendri, which causes significant growth decline and increased mortality of young trees. Yet, it is unknown whether trees actively respond to fungal attack by activating molecular defence responses and/or respective gene expressi...
Article
Full-text available
The expected benefits and potential risks of non-native tree species (NNT) to European geographic regions have polarized the opinions of experts and citizens. Benefits include climate change (CC) mitigation and adaptation, contributions to bioeconomy, urban and peri-urban green infrastructure and mitigation of natural hazards. However, NNT may beco...
Article
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An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.
Poster
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Climate change (CC) will considerably alter environmental conditions like temperature and precipitation patterns affecting Central European tree species, especially in alpine regions. To reduce CC-related risks for forests, the planting of different tree species and provenances better adapted to the expected climate has been suggested. However, the...
Article
Full-text available
Sustainable and efficient forestry in a rapidly changing climate is a daunting task. The sessile nature of trees makes adaptation to climate change challenging; thereby, ecological services and economic potential are under risk. Current long-term and costly gene resources management practices have been primarily directed at a few economically impor...
Article
Full-text available
The dataset presented here was collected by the GenTree project (EU-Horizon 2020), which aims to improve the use of forest genetic resources across Europe by better understanding how trees adapt to their local environment. This dataset of individual tree-core characteristics including ring-width series and whole-core wood density was collected for...
Article
Full-text available
Key message Autumn and spring frost events caused wide variation in the survival of juvenile Douglas-fir in Austrian forest sites located in the transition zone from Atlantic to continental climate. Survival rate can be optimized by planting provenances originating from an altitudinal belt of 500–1400 m in North America. Neither the variety nor the...
Article
Full-text available
Genetic admixture and plasticity along with propagule pressure, large seed dispersal distances and fast adaptation support successful establishment and spread of introduced species outside their native range. Consequently, introductions may display climatic niche shifts in the introduced range. Douglas-fir, a controversial forest and ornamental con...
Poster
Full-text available
Climate is an important driver of many ecological and social processes, and the availability of high-resolution climate data is thus one of the presumptions for knowledge-based decisions. We created a new climate dataset for Europe referred to as ECLIPS (European CLimate Index ProjectionS), which contains gridded data for 80 annual, seasonal, and m...
Article
Full-text available
Consequences of climate change will severely affect forest ecosystems in the near future, yet our understanding of how and why trees are responding to their abiotic environment is still limited. Intra-specific variation (ITV) in the growth response of trees to warming and drought has been widely neglected so far, but could play a key role for adapt...
Presentation
ValoFor: Small Forests - Big Players, Valorizing small scale forestry for a bio-based economy. A ForestValue research project.
Article
When considering options for adapting forests under climate change, climate is treated as the dominant driver of forest growth, while soil properties are often ignored mainly due to shortage of accurate data. The effects of climate and soil on forest growth may vary due to local adaptation to both climate and soil, and these local adaptations might...
Poster
Full-text available
Adaptive capacity of forest trees depends upon their genetic background. Both high genetic diversity and suitable origin are important for future adaptation. In contrast to native species, introduced ones lack autochthonous provenances with adaptation to the local conditions over many generations. Douglas-fir is one of the most widely used non-nati...
Article
Full-text available
Since the nineteenth century, Douglas-fir seed sources have been widely used for establishment of forest stands outside its natural distribution range. In Europe, some of these old Douglas-fir stands are registered as seed stands and provide seed sources for nurseries, although it is unclear from which region in North America they originate. In rec...
Article
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Background and Purpose: Natural stands of pedunculate oak in Croatia have been delineated in seed areas, zones and regions. The current bylaw recommends that the transfer of reproductive material remains limited within zones, but that it is permitted within areas. Clonal seed orchards (CSOs) of pedunculate oak were established to increase genetic q...
Article
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Climate change is likely to result in novel conditions with no analogy to current climate. Therefore, the application of species distribution models (SDMs) based on the correlation between observed species' occurrence and their environment is questionable and calls for a better understanding of the traits that determine species occurrence. Here, we...
Article
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To avoid unintentional loss of wood quality when selecting for higher productivity in tree breeding programs, non-destructive methods for fast and reliable assessment of wood quality on standing trees are required. In this study, we tested and applied Pilodyn penetration (PP) and measures of stress wave velocity (SWV) in trees within a European lar...
Article
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Norway spruce (Picea abies)is by far the most important timber species in Europe, but its outstanding role in future forests is jeopardized by its high sensitivity to drought. We analyzed drought response of Norway spruce at the warmest fringe of its natural range. Based on a 35-year old provenance experiment we tested for genetic variation among a...