Silvia Tavares

Silvia Tavares
University of the Sunshine Coast | USC · School of Law and Society

PhD (Lincoln University NZ), MSc (UFRGS Brazil), BArch (UFPel Brazil)
Senior Lecturer in Urban Design and Town Planning

About

44
Publications
15,753
Reads
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96
Citations
Introduction
Senior Lecturer in Urban Design at the University of the Sunshine Coast (Australia). I am interested in the production of high-quality well-designed public spaces which enhance the quality of life of the people using them. My research focuses on providing evidence to produce public open spaces that are thermally comfortable and economically effective, while promoting the good health of users and the natural environments that surround them.
Additional affiliations
March 2020 - present
University of the Sunshine Coast
Position
  • Lecturer
January 2017 - January 2020
James Cook University
Position
  • Lecturer
November 2015 - December 2016
Lincoln University New Zealand
Position
  • Lecturer
Education
February 2011 - June 2014
Lincoln University New Zealand
Field of study
  • Urban comfort, landscape and microclimate
April 2005 - March 2007
Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Field of study
  • Building Science
April 1999 - April 2004
Universidade Federal de Pelotas
Field of study
  • Architecture and Urbanism

Publications

Publications (44)
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Heatwaves are Australia’s deadliest natural hazard (Coates et al., 2014). This study was performed in the City of Ipswich, Australia which has been identified as one of the most heatwave vulnerable Local Government Areas in Queensland (Chesnais et al., 2019). The Urban Heat Island (UHI) effect is the meteorological impact of urbanisation which lead...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Governments have an obligation to utilise community consultation to inform policy decision-making and to establish strategic planning proposals. Increasingly these consultative processes utilise digital renders and 3D visualisations to enhance the community and stakeholder interpretation of these complex planning issues. However, such visual repres...
Article
Economies depend on ecosystem services, but only recently have ecosystem service values been incorporated into economic and political decision-making. Increasingly, offsets have become a common valuation tool for incor- porating the value of nature into economics. To offset means to compensate ecosystem losses in one place by creating equivalent ga...
Article
Full-text available
Urban vegetation is a nature-based solution for cooling cities. Under global warming and urban population growth, it is essential to optimize urban vegetation configuration in the urban area to bring maximum cooling benefit. This paper reviews 85 optimized urban vegetation configuration studies published from 2010 to 2020 to provide an insight into...
Article
This paper explores multi-method community engagement activities used to quickly and effectively produce an action plan based on city stakeholders’ perceptions and wishes. A UN-Habitat Urban Thinkers Campus (UTC), focused on promoting urban liveability, adopted a methodology aimed to effectively engage participants through the completion of urban d...
Article
The concern for urban design in Australia and its role in the creation of urban environments have increased and matured over the last decades. Placing a focussed lens on Australia, this paper aims at analysing Urban Design Guidelines (UDGs) through the three pillars of sustainability. This study set out to identify gaps in the existing UDGs at thre...
Article
Full-text available
Parents in academic careers face notable challenges that may go unrecognized by university management and/or policy makers. The COVID-19 pandemic has shed light on some of these challenges, as academic parents shifted to working from home while simultaneously caring for children. On the other hand, many parents found that the shift to working from...
Article
The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID‐19) pandemic has had a dramatic impact on the way in which the community interacts within public spaces. Consequently, the design of these urban environments requires new approaches. It is our view that Human Factors and Ergonomics approaches can be used to provide these insights. This article explores the opport...
Article
Full-text available
Federal and local governments around the world usually hail urbanisation as a sign of economic progress. However, the relationship is not that simple. The existence of agglomeration economies does not mean that urbanisation will directly result in positive economic outcomes. Also, there is significant diversity in urban growth patterns, with each p...
Article
Full-text available
Este artigo apresenta uma análise do impacto do COVID-19 nos espaços públicos e a necessidade de integrar medidas de segurança em todo o processo de projeto urbano. Adotamos uma abordagem de Ergonomia e Fatores Humanos e Sistemas Sociotécnicos (HFE & STS), com base no modelo 'ideal' de espaço público previamente desenvolvido para Queensland (Austrá...
Article
Full-text available
This paper offers a Human Factors and Ergonomic & Sociotechnical Systems (HFE & STS) methodology to assist in the exploration and description of COVID-19 lockdown impacts on public spaces in Queensland, Australia. The approach utilises an existing - before COVID - systems model of an archetype public space to identify activities that were restricte...
Article
Full-text available
Problems caused by urban climate phenomena such as urban heat island intensification, nuisance winds, or the lack of ventilation, are a growing concern with urban population growth and aging infrastructure. While many possible solutions are known, effective adaptation strategies have been insufficiently implemented to ameliorate urban climate probl...
Article
Full-text available
Urban climate manifests itself through thermal and wind environments specific to cities and can cause wind danger or overheating. Cities can benefit from preventing these effects through adaptation measures. However, before any action can be taken in improving these urban climate conditions, an awareness of the problems is needed. Numerous studies...
Article
Full-text available
The urban fabric enables people to move between climate-controlled environments (such as home and indoors work) and non-controlled ones (such as parks and beaches). The planning and design of urban spaces, on the other hand, largely define the way we live and affect our health as it can, for instance, promote or hinder active lifestyles and social...
Article
Full-text available
https://theconversation.com/cities-will-endure-but-urban-design-must-adapt-to-coronavirus-risks-and-fears-135949
Article
This paper explores how an interpretive case-based research strategy can reveal new empirical and theoretical insights into microclimate design. Innovative fieldwork in Christchurch, New Zealand investigated the nature and social meanings of urban comfort in a city with a seasonal climate featuring microclimatic variability, and with a physical lan...
Article
Full-text available
https://theconversation.com/cities-can-grow-without-wrecking-reefs-and-oceans-heres-how-107263
Technical Report
Full-text available
This report provides a summary of the Urban Thinkers Campus (UTC) held at James Cook University, Australia in June 2018. It includes details regarding the sessions, their outcomes and the next steps forward. With 105 participants, 29 partners, and representatives from 9 countries, the UTC entitled ‘Urban Health and Liveability in Tropical Australia...
Chapter
While indoor microclimates are readily controllable by air conditioning, urban out- door microclimates are often accepted as public open spaces with innate character- istics. There are, however, psychological factors and cultural expectations that influ- ence micro climate experience in open spaces. As public open spaces are essentially congregatio...
Article
Full-text available
https://theconversation.com/making-a-global-agenda-work-locally-for-healthy-sustainable-living-in-tropical-australia-97069 1/3
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Urbanization is one of the twenty-first century’s most transformative trends, and increasing urban population along with the impacts of climate change provide new challenges and new opportunities. However, there are significant differences in the way countries are perceiving the phenomenon of climate change and implementing adaptation strategies to...
Article
Full-text available
The increase in urban population has required cities to rethink their strategies for minimising greenhouse gas impacts and adapting to climate change. While urban design and planning policy have been guided by principles such as walkability (to reduce the dependence on cars) and green infrastructure (to enhance the quality of open spaces to support...
Article
Full-text available
Este artigo investiga relações entre sociedade, cultura e adaptação ao clima através do conceito de conforto urbano. Conforto urbanorelaciona experiências de conforto a valores sociais e culturais vinculados à paisagem física e social. O conceito oferece, portanto,uma perspectiva inovadoraà investigação da capacidade adaptativa a micro- climas urba...
Thesis
Full-text available
The urban environment influences the way people live and shape their everyday lives, and microclimate sensitive design can enhance the use of urban streets and public spaces. Innovative approaches to urban microclimate design will become more important as the world’s population becomes ever more urban, and climate change generates more variability...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Este artigo tem como objetivo explorar e comparar o ensino de paisagismo no Brasil (vinculado a cursos de Arquitetura e Urbanismo) e na Nova Zelândia (onde arquitetura da paisagem é uma disciplina independente). O estudo comparativo foi feito baseado nos currículos de dois cursos: o Curso de Arquitetura e Urbanismo da Universidade Federal de Uberlâ...
Data
Full-text available
Collected by Silvia G. Tavares as part of her PhD research at the School of Landscape Architecture, Lincoln University (Christchurch, New Zealand)
Data
Full-text available
Collected by Silvia G. Tavares as part of her PhD research at the School of Landscape Architecture, Lincoln University (Christchurch, New Zealand)
Data
Full-text available
Collected by Silvia G. Tavares as part of her PhD research at the School of Landscape Architecture, Lincoln University (Christchurch, New Zealand)
Data
Collected by Silvia G. Tavares as part of her PhD research at the School of Landscape Architecture, Lincoln University (Christchurch, New Zealand)
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Medium-sized cities are common in Brazil and are responsible for the local regional development of their areas. The fast development of these cities generates urban territorial expansion and the substitution of natural landscapes for urban ones. That is, productive land is substituted for urban developments. A similar phenomenon has been happening...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A series of earthquakes has forced Christchurch to re-plan and rebuild. Discussions about rebuilding strategies have emphasized the intention of making it a city for the future, sustainable and vibrant. This paper discusses the relationship between microclimate and urban culture in Christchurch based upon the concept of urban comfort. It explores t...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Palmas, a última cidade brasileira projetada no Século XX, tornou-se capital do Estado do Tocantins em 1990. Localizada no cerrado, entre a Serra do Lajeado e o Lago da Usina Hidrelétrica Luiz Eduardo Magalhães. A capital do Tocantins mescla hábitos culturais de diversas partes do país, reflexo da criação de uma cidade planejada. A divergência cult...
Article
Full-text available
Emphasis on daylight is given to non-domestic buildings because in such buildings the specificity of the activities or the high levels of illumination demand a more careful control on daylighting examined for design purposes. Clearly energy saving in that situation is one of the reasons for that emphasis. This paper deals with light coming into the...
Article
Full-text available
The climate data information available for architectural design variables is either derived from climatology science or from empirical knowledge domain. From this stand point of view, one can ask: - is it the architectural practice aware of this? This paper is about the most needed information that architects should be aware of whenever climate aff...
Chapter
Full-text available
The Ministério da Educação e Saúde (MESP) building, located in Rio de Janeiro and designed by Lúcio Costa, Affonso Reidy, Carlos Leão, Jorge Moreira, Ernani Vasconcelos and Oscar Niemeyer, is an example of Modern Architecture in tropical climate. This work deals with an evaluation of the solar shading devices. To develop the analysis, winter and su...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The paper investigates various projects variables namely geometry, window size, quantity and distribution of artificial light. The ECOTECT software is the analytical tool, which permits space adequacy studies and optimization of the energy used on artificial lightings due to its parametrical capacity. This investigation is carried out in a 36m² off...

Network

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Projects

Projects (14)
Project
Green Infrastructure (GI) can cool urban areas primarily through a combination of shading and evapotranspiration. This is vital to mitigate Urban Heat Island (UHI) effects which we are currently observing and will exacerbate the heat-related impacts of climate change. Our current development practices inadequately protect trees and vegetated space, and do not sufficiently result in new forms of GI being introduced. The reality of urban development is that this is a highly complex process, with many different entities involved – and a wide range of reasons for which the amount of GI almost always reduces as areas are developed. Councils need insight and evidence of how to retain, increase and optimise GI to maximise urban cooling within these development systems. This research has three main steps: (1) model the complex sociotechnical systems (STS) influencing a) the constraints and significance for the provision of on-ground GI, and b) the range of actors, policies and approaches to better understand the barriers, enablers and opportunities to implement GI; (2) multi-source remote sensing, geospatial modelling and mapping at the regional scale (Sunshine Coast Region) to examine urban heat archipelago at a broad scale; (3) modelling the urban microclimate at a neighbourhood scale resulting from typical Sunshine Coast urban typologies. These methods of analysis support each other and will provide evidence to support Council’s efforts to regulate and advocate for change and inform future design opportunities to communicate how GI can mitigate the heatwave impacts of climate change. This project is a partnership with the Sunshine Coast Council.
Project
This thesis investigates which urban design solutions can assist in mitigating the human health risks associated with extreme heat events and identifies avenues for policy implementation of best practice solutions, within a Sunshine Coast and South-East Queensland (SEQ) context. It also explores built environment professional’s understanding of extreme heat and heat-mitigation design.
Project
In 2020, the Planning Institute of Australia (PIA) declared a climate emergency, and in 2021 PIA called for every Australian state and territory planning system to undertake ten key reforms to become climate-conscious. PIA Queensland, for instance, has responded with its ‘Planning to tackle climate change: 10 actions for a climate-conscious planning system in Queensland’. Over the last decade, however, international studies have shown that climate knowledge has had a low impact on the urban planning process despite the abundance of scientific studies in urban climatology and climatic design. In this context, Urban Design and Town Planning are well positioned to make a meaningful contribution in ameliorating undesirable effects through climate-appropriate responses, as it is known that the orientation of buildings, composition and colour of surface materials, and types and locations of vegetation have major effects on the urban heat islands and on microclimates. These interventions can improve outdoor climate and facilitate the use of public spaces. They can also contribute to a better indoor climate and thus lower use of heating or air conditioners and hence CO2 emissions. Such climate adaptation can be influenced at various scales, and it is consequently important to address climate responsive design at different scales as well. To help prepare the new generations of Australian planners for the climate challenges they will face in their future urban planning and design careers, this study aims at identifying existing climate-responsive design and planning courses offered in the Planning degrees in Australia, as well as how planners see their role in responding to the future climate challenges, how much they know about the topic and how prepared they feel to face the urban climate challenges.