Silvia Schneider

Silvia Schneider
Ruhr-Universität Bochum | RUB · Mental Health Research and Treatment Center, Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology

Prof. Dr.rer.nat.

About

398
Publications
114,047
Reads
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6,662
Citations
Citations since 2016
149 Research Items
4123 Citations
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20162017201820192020202120220200400600
20162017201820192020202120220200400600
20162017201820192020202120220200400600
Additional affiliations
August 2015 - February 2016
University of California, Los Angeles
Position
  • Professor
August 2010 - present
Ruhr-Universität Bochum
Position
  • Professor
Description
  • The department of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology is part of the Mental Health Research and Treatment Center of Ruhr-University Bochum which I co-direct together with professor Jürgen Margraf
July 2009 - June 2010
University of Pennsylvania
Position
  • Visiting Scholar at the Center for the Treatment and Study of Anxiety, Department of Psychiatry
Education
April 2002 - April 2002
Technische Universität Braunschweig
Field of study
  • Psychology
December 1998 - December 1998
Certification for Cognitive Behavior Therapy for Children and Adolescents
Field of study
August 1992 - August 1992

Publications

Publications (398)
Article
Full-text available
Individual responses to behavioral treatment of anxiety disorders vary considerably, which requires a better understanding of underlying processes. In this study, we examined the violation and change of threat beliefs during exposure. From 8,484 standardized exposure records of 605 patients with different anxiety disorders, learning indicators were...
Article
Full-text available
Background Body-related attentional biases are assumed to contribute to the development and maintenance of body-related concerns or specific mental disorders such as eating disorders. However, while studies have indicated gender-specific differences in body-related concerns, less is known about gender-specific differences in body-related attention...
Preprint
Full-text available
Individual responses to behavioral treatment of anxiety disorders vary considerably, calling for better understanding of underlying processes. This study examined the violation and change of threat beliefs during exposure. From 8484 standardized exposure records of 605 patients with different anxiety disorders, learning indicators were derived: Exp...
Article
Full-text available
The number of studies on fear conditioning in children and adolescents has increased in recent years. Most of these studies exclusively focus on data of completers while dropout rates, reasons for dropout, and specific characteristics of non-completers are underreported. This study systematically investigated data of 283 children and adolescents be...
Article
Viele Kinder und Jugendliche in Deutschland besuchen trotz Schulpflicht nicht regelmäßig die Schule. Manche von ihnen fehlen nur einzelne Schulstunden, andere hingegen bleiben ganze Tage, Monate oder bis hin zu einigen Jahren der Schule fern. Der Beitrag zeigt, wann Angststörungen Ursache für Schulabsentismus sein können, und wie dies therapeutisch...
Article
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Eine Leitlinie soll Fachpersonen, Betroffenen und der gesamten Bevölkerung evidenzbasierte Empfehlungen auf Basis des aktuellen wissenschaftlichen Erkenntnisstands zu Diagnostik- und Behandlungsmöglichkeiten geben. Der 3. Entwurf zur Nationalen Versorgungsleitlinie (NVL) Depression wird aktuell zur Diskussion gestellt. Gerade die Diskussionsvorlage...
Article
Here, we tested the feasibility of a new paradigm developed to investigate the mechanisms of exposure-therapy. The protocol was previously developed for the use with adults and optimized to closely model the mechanisms underlying exposure, i.e. extinction learning. We adapted this paradigm for the use with children, and tested its feasibility in ch...
Article
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Previous research provides evidence of maternally transmitted body-related attentional biases in female adolescents. In contrast, it remains unclear whether a familial transmission of body-related attentional biases also exists within father-son dyads. Therefore, the current study examined n = 42 male adolescents and their fathers with respect to d...
Article
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Metacognitive beliefs have repeatedly proven to play a role in anxiety disorders in children and adolescents, but few studies have investigated whether they change after cognitive behavioral therapy. This longitudinal intervention study explores whether positive and negative metacognitive beliefs in particular change after exposure-focused treatmen...
Research
Full-text available
Infektionsschutz und psychische Gesundheit für Kinder und Jugendliche müssen in der Pandemie nicht konträr, sondern gemeinsam gedacht und optimal gefördert werden! Hohe Pandemiedynamik macht psychosozialen Stress, je länger psychosozialer Stress andauert, desto mehr macht er psychisch und körperlich krank.
Chapter
Exposure is a highly effective treatment for anxiety disorders in children and a key ingredient in many empirically supported therapies. Exposure aims to provide the child with new experiences in anxiety-provoking situations, and is usually used as a complement to other CBT interventions. Its effectiveness and high acceptance by patients strongly s...
Preprint
The administration of glucocorticoids (GC) as an adjunct to exposure might represent a promising strategy to improve exposure therapy outcome in anxiety disorders (AD). The beneficial effects, however, might be sex-dependent and/or further modulated by hormonal factors (e.g., contraceptive usage in women). In the present study, we investigated whet...
Article
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Researcher teams around the globe including the “Project Lightspeed” are intensively working on vaccines to fight the Covid-19 pandemic. However, the availability of effective vaccines does not guarantee the vaccination willingness among the population. In spring 2021, we investigated the vaccination willingness and its potential predictors in repr...
Article
Introduction: Adherence to Covid-19 safety measures reduces the spread of the pathogen and lowers mortality rates. The present study examines microlevel (including sociodemographics, health risk factors, and mental health) and perceived macrolevel variables (including freedom, justice, and wealth) concerning self-perceived and self-reported Covid-1...
Article
Full-text available
In treating childhood anxiety disorders, therapists use highly individualized anxiety hierarchies to assess anxiety-eliciting situations and to personalize treatment. In contrast, psychometric assessment of anxiety symptoms in children usually consists of standardized questionnaires, assessing either total anxiety or disorder-specific symptom score...
Article
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Little is known about toddlers’ acquisition of specific emotion regulation (ER) strategies, and how early ER is shaped by temperament. This study investigated if 24-month-old German toddlers, predominantly from families with high levels of parental education (N = 96, n = 49 male), learned the ER strategy distraction through observational learning,...
Article
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Background: The need to optimize exposure treatments for anxiety disorders may be addressed by temporally intensified exposure sessions. Effects on symptom reduction and public health benefits should be examined across different anxiety disorders with comorbid conditions. Methods: This multicenter randomized controlled trial compared two variant...
Article
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Contrary to the well-documented link between parental and offspring clinical anxiety, little is known about the relationship between parental everyday-life anxieties (e.g., concerning family, finances, health) and offspring anxieties. To close this gap, we assessed the frequency of parental symptoms of DSM-IV anxiety disorders and everyday-life anx...
Article
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic is one of the most serious health and economic crises of the 21st century. From a psychological point of view, the COVID-19 pandemic and its consequences can be conceptualized as a multidimensional and potentially toxic stressor for mental health in the general population. This selective literature review provides an overview...
Article
This cross-national study investigated the extent of social media use (SMU) as a source of information about COVID-19, and its relationship with the experienced burden caused by the pandemic. Representative data from eight countries (France, Germany, Poland, Russia, Spain, Sweden, the UK, the USA) were collected online (end of May to the beginning...
Article
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The present study examines the relationship between obesity and mental health using longitudinal data. Participants with data at baseline and one-year follow-up were included from two countries: Germany (364) and China (9007). A series of structural equation models with three mediators and one moderator were conducted separately for female and male...
Article
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Introduction An increase of suicidal thinking within the COVID-19 pandemic has been postulated. Yet, direct comparisons with pre-COVID-19 rates are missing. Methods The present study investigated whether levels and rates of suicidal ideation have changed between 2016 and 2020. Data of N=664 university students (five cohorts: 2016: n=105, 2017: n=1...
Article
This study examined the consequences of media exposure to thin ideals compared to pictures of landscapes in healthy young women and women with eating and mixed mental disorders and investigated whether appearance-related cognitive factors and cognitive distortions moderate the effects. Two hundred seventy-five women in a multisite laboratory trial...
Article
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The present study examines the relationship between smoking and panic, depression, and anxiety over time and across two cultures, using data from the BOOM studies, . The relationship between smoking and anxiety disorders, including panic requires further exploration, in order to reconcile inconsistent, contradictory findings and cross-cultural diff...
Article
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In the absence of vaccines or causal therapies, behavioral measures such as wearing face masks and maintaining social distance are central to fighting Covid-19. Yet, their benefits are often questioned by the population and the level of adherence to the measures is variable. We examined in representative samples across eight countries ( N = 7,568)...
Article
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Die Klinische Psychologie ist essentieller Bestandteil interdisziplinärer Forschung im Bereich psychischer Störungen. Ziel der präsentierten Analyse war es, den individuellen Beitrag der Psychologie abzubilden. Wir bestimmten daher objektive Indikatoren für die Mitwirkung der deutschsprachigen Klinischen Psychologie und ihrer psychologischen Nachba...
Article
Full-text available
In ambiguous situations, infants have the tendency to gather information from a social interaction partner to regulate their behavior [social referencing (SR)]. There are two main competing theories concerning SR’s function. According to social-cognitive information-seeking accounts, infants look at social interaction partners to gain information a...
Article
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Behavioral measures, such as the wearing of facemasks and maintaining of distance to other people, have been central in fighting the COVID-19 pandemic and will continue to be important in curbing its spread. We therefore investigated their perceived usefulness, adherence and their predictors in representative online samples in eight countries (Fran...
Article
Zusammenfassung. Fragestellung: Bullying hat kurz- und langfristige negative Auswirkungen auf die körperliche und psychische Gesundheit. Daher ist zu erwarten, dass Kinder/Jugendliche aus klinischen Einrichtungen besonders häufig von Bullying-Opfererfahrungen betroffen sind. Diese Studie beschreibt erstmalig die Prävalenz der Bullying-Rollen und -M...
Article
Background: The desire to have children has been declining globally, especially in industrialized nations. This study examines the physical health correlates, and positive and negative mental health correlates of the wish to have a child across time and in two countries. Method: Questionnaire data were obtained from large-scale university sample...
Article
Zusammenfassung. Das Gesetz zur Reform der Psychotherapeutenausbildung bringt Veränderungen mit sich, die eine Neupositionierung der Klinischen Neuropsychologie im Rahmen der neuen Masterstudiengänge zur Vorbereitung auf das Staatsexamen Psychotherapie ermöglichen, aber auch erforderlich machen. Da künftig der Zugang zur Approbation und zur vertief...
Article
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Assisting the Forgotten Ones - Interventions for Children of Parents with Psychological Disorders Mental diseases are associated with high levels of distress in various areas of life for those, who are affected. Taking a closer look at the social circumstances, not exclusively the people themselves but also their family members are affected, especi...
Article
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Why do infants remember some things and not others? Human infants frequently cycle through different states such as calm attentiveness, wakeful activity, and crying. Given that cognitive processes do not occur in isolation, such fluctuations in internal state might influence memory processing. In the present experiment, declarative memory in 9-mont...
Article
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Associative learning can be observed from the neonatal period onward, providing opportunities to examine changes in basic learning and memory abilities. One method that is suitable to study associative learning is classical eyeblink conditioning (EBC) which is dependent on the cerebellum. Extinction learning can be systematically investigated in th...
Article
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Anxiety disorders (ADs) are characterized by increased chronicity and comorbidity with other ADs. Although exposure is the most effective therapy option for ADs, some patients show poor treatment response and a heightened vulnerability for relapse after treatment completion. Hence, significant research effort needs to be devoted to improve the long...
Article
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The present study examines a broad range of longitudinal predictors of dimensional positive mental health (PMH) and negative mental health (NMH), using data from the BOOM study. Participants were drawn from university student samples in Germany (1,608), Russia (677) and China (12,057). A structural equation model was conducted with four groups of p...
Article
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Das Gesetz zur Reform der Psychotherapeutenausbildung bringt es mit sich, dass Studierende in Deutschland in stärkerem Maße auf die klinisch-praktische Patient*innenbehandlung vorbereitet werden müssen. Ein wichtiger Teil dieser berufsvorbereitenden Ausbildung besteht aus der sogenannten berufsqualifizierenden Tätigkeit (BQT): Im Rahmen dieser Semi...
Article
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Background: In children and adolescents, anxiety disorders (ADs) are among the most prevalent mental disorders. While there is a solid empirical foundation to support CBT as an evidence-based treatment for childhood ADs, the mechanisms underlying the efficacy of CBT are not well explored. Exposure is assumed to be vital to the efficacy of CBT in A...
Article
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Obwohl heute für die meisten psychischen Störungen über die gesamte Lebensspanne hinweg wirksame psychotherapeutische Behandlungsangebote zur Verfügung stehen, besteht immer noch eine zu große Variabilität in Bezug auf den kurz- und langfristigen Erfolg solcher Interventionen. Das Feld der Therapiegenetik beschäftigt sich mit der Vorhersage des Erf...
Article
Die Klinische Psychologie ist essentieller Bestandteil interdisziplinärer Forschung im Bereich psychischer Störungen. Ziel der präsentierten Analyse war es, den individuellen Beitrag der Psychologie abzubilden. Wir bestimmten daher objektive Indikatoren für die Mitwirkung der deutschsprachigen Klinischen Psychologie und ihrer psychologischen Nachba...
Article
Full-text available
Access to psychological interventions during early stages of psychosis is essential for ameliorating outcomes and improving prognosis. However, reaching and engaging individuals at these stages of the illness can be very challenging for early intervention teams. Recent digital technological advances have emerged to overcome some of these challenges...
Article
The course of maternal repetitive negative thinking at the transition to motherhood and early mother–infant interactions: Is there a link? – ADDENDUM - Dana Müller, Tobias Teismann, Gerrit Hirschfeld, Norbert Zmyj, Sabrina Fuths, Silja Vocks, Silvia Schneider, Sabine Seehagen
Article
Full-text available
The retrieval of personal mastery experiences has been linked to adaptive functions, such as increased perceived self-efficacy and coping capability. Successful exposure leads to an increased mastery experience with respect to anxiety provoking situations, possibly due to a violation of expected negative outcomes. We investigated whether the reacti...
Article
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Problems in infant mental health such as the ability to experience, regulate, and express emotional states is expressed in behavioral problems like excessive crying, feeding, and sleeping problems. Parenting programs are popular but their effectiveness on infant mental health remains uncertain. Possibly, because recent studies have focused only on...
Article
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Zusammenfassung: Theoretischer Hintergrund: Die Anzahl universitärer psychotherapeutischer Ambulanzen für Kinder und Jugendliche an psychologischen Instituten ist in nur wenigen Jahren deutlich angestiegen. Diese erfreuliche Entwicklung ist potentiell für die Versorgung von Kindern und Jugendlichen mit psychischen Störungen, die praxisnahe Lehre im...
Article
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This study investigates the temporal patterning of infant self-regulatory behaviors (crying/fussing, sleeping) in relation to both infant (age, sex, regulatory problems) and maternal variables (soothing behaviors, mood). Self-regulatory and soothing behaviors were assessed in 121 mother-infant dyads (4–44 weeks) by the Baby’s Day Diary at 5 min int...
Presentation
Full-text available
Avoidance plays a critical role in the development and the maintenance of anxiety disorders. However, valid and reliable psychometric measures for children, which differ between different avoidance strategies, are scarce. Derived from Gross‘ process model of emotion regulation the BAER-C was developed. This new questionnaire assesses the use of thr...
Article
Full-text available
Major depressive disorder and the anxiety disorders are highly prevalent, disabling and moderately heritable. Depression and anxiety are also highly comorbid and have a strong genetic correlation (rg ≈ 1). Cognitive behavioural therapy is a leading evidence-based treatment but has variable outcomes. Currently, there are no strong predictors of outc...
Article
Full-text available
Questionnaire measures offer a time and cost-effective alternative to full diagnostic assessments for identifying and differentiating between potential anxiety disorders and are commonly used in clinical practice. Little is known, however, about the capacity of questionnaire measures to detect specific anxiety disorders in clinically anxious preado...
Chapter
Innovations in CBT for Childhood Anxiety, OCD, and PTSD - edited by Lara J. Farrell April 2019
Article
Background Vegetarianism is linked with better physical health, but also to increased anxiety and depression. The aim of the present study is to examine the relationship between vegetarianism and both positive and negative mental health, across cultures and over time. Method Self-report questionnaire data were obtained from a large-scale multi-nat...
Article
Full-text available
Prevalence rates for mental health problems are higher when an individual's socioeconomic status (SES) is low, but the underlying mechanisms are not clearly understood. We investigated associations between education as indicator for SES and depressive symptoms as well as positive mental health (PMH). Moreover, we hypothesized that low education is...