Silvia Pla García

Silvia Pla García
King's College London | KCL · Department of Physics

PhD

About

24
Publications
671
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41
Citations
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July 2018 - June 2022
University of Valencia
Position
  • PhD Student

Publications

Publications (24)
Article
The Feynman propagator in curved spacetime admits an asymptotic (Schwinger-DeWitt) series expansion in derivatives of the metric. Remarkably, all terms in the series containing the Ricci scalar R can be summed exactly. We show that this (nonperturbative) property of the Schwinger-DeWitt series has a natural and equivalent counterpart in the adiabat...
Preprint
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The validity of the semiclassical approximation to scalar and spinor quantum electrodynamics is investigated in $1+1$ dimensions for the case of the Schwinger effect in which particles are produced due to the presence of a strong, time-varying electric field. The semiclassical backreaction equations can be used to describe the resulting damping of...
Article
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We conjecture that the proper-time series expansion of the one-loop effective Lagrangian of quantum electrodynamics can be summed in all terms containing the field-strength invariants F=14FμνFμν(x), G=14F˜μνFμν(x), including those also possessing derivatives of the electromagnetic field strength. This partial resummation is exactly encapsulated in...
Preprint
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In this paper, we further analyze the CPT-invariant vacua in a radiation-dominated spacetime, recently described in [Phys. Rev. Lett. 121, 251301 (2018), Annals Phys. 438, 168767], by imposing the quantum states to be ultraviolet regular. To this end we provide an alternative description of the CPT-invariant vacuum states by naturally setting invar...
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We extend the method of adiabatic regularization by introducing an arbitrary parameter $\mu$ for a scalar field with quartic self-coupling in a Friedmann-Lema\^itre-Robertson-Walker (FLRW) spacetime at one-loop order. The subtraction terms constructed from this extended version allow us to define a preferred vacuum state at a fixed time $\eta = \et...
Article
We extend the method of adiabatic regularization by introducing an arbitrary parameter μ for a scalar field with quartic self-coupling in a Friedmann-Lemaître-Robertson-Walker spacetime at one-loop order. The subtraction terms constructed from this extended version allow us to define a preferred vacuum state at a fixed time η=η0 for this theory. We...
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We examine the relationship between three approaches (Hadamard, DeWitt-Schwinger and adiabatic) to the renormalization of expectation values of field operators acting on a charged quantum scalar field. First, we demonstrate that the DeWitt-Schwinger representation of the Feynman Green's function is a particular case of the Hadamard representation....
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Vacuum and particles can be naturally defined in the adiabatic regime of an expanding universe. In general, however, there is no preferred choice of a vacuum state, unless the spacetime background possesses special symmetries. In the absence of symmetries the standard viewpoint is to construct distinguished adiabatic states permitting renormalizabi...
Preprint
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We explain a conjecture which states that the proper-time series expansion of the one-loop effective Lagrangian of quantum electrodynamics can be partially summed in all terms containing the field-strength invariants $\mathcal{F} = \frac{1}{4} F_{\mu\nu}F^{\mu\nu} (x)$, $\mathcal{G}= \frac{1}{4} \tilde F_{\mu\nu}F^{\mu\nu}(x)$. This summation is en...
Article
Solutions to the backreaction equation in 1+1-dimensional semiclassical electrodynamics are obtained and analyzed when considering a time-varying homogeneous electric field initially generated by a classical electric current, coupled to either a quantized scalar field or a quantized spin-12 field. Particle production by way of the Schwinger effect...
Preprint
Full-text available
We conjecture that the proper-time series expansion of the one-loop effective Lagrangian of quantum electrodynamics can be summed in all terms containing the field-strength invariants $\mathcal{F} = \frac{1}{4} F_{\mu\nu}F^{\mu\nu} (x)$, $\mathcal{G}= \frac{1}{4} \tilde F_{\mu\nu}F^{\mu\nu}(x)$, including those also possessing derivatives of the el...
Article
Full-text available
The adiabatic regularization method was originally proposed by Parker and Fulling to renormalize the energy-momentum tensor of scalar fields in expanding universes. It can be extended to renormalize the electric current induced by quantized scalar fields in a time-varying electric background. This can be done in a way consistent with gravity if the...
Preprint
Full-text available
The Feynman propagator in curved spacetime admits an asymptotic (Schwinger-DeWitt) series expansion in derivatives of the metric. Remarkably, all terms in the series containing the Ricci scalar R can be summed exactly. We show that this (non-perturbative) property of the Schwinger-DeWitt series has a natural and equivalent counterpart in the adiaba...
Preprint
Full-text available
The adiabatic regularization method was originally proposed by Parker and Fulling to renormalize the energy-momentum tensor of scalar fields in expanding universes. It can be extended to renormalize the electric current induced by quantized scalar fields in a time-varying electric background. In this work we further extend the method to deal with D...
Article
Full-text available
Particles are spontaneously created from the vacuum by time-varying gravitational or electromagnetic backgrounds. It has been proven that the particle number operator in an expanding universe is an adiabatic invariant. In this paper we show that, in some special cases, the expected adiabatic invariance of the particle number fails in presence of el...
Preprint
Full-text available
Particles are spontaneously created from the vacuum by time-varying gravitational or electromagnetic backgrounds. It has been proven that the particle number operator in an expanding universe is an adiabatic invariant. In this paper we show that, in some special cases, the expected adiabatic invariance of the particle number fails in presence of el...
Article
Full-text available
It is well known that a quantized two-dimensional Weyl fermion coupled to gravity spoils general covariance and breaks the covariant conservation of the energy-momentum tensor. In this brief article, we point out that the quantum conservation of the momentum can also fail in flat spacetime, provided the Weyl fermion is coupled to a time-varying hom...
Preprint
Full-text available
It is well known that a quantized two-dimensional Weyl fermion coupled to gravity spoils general covariance and breaks the covariant conservation of the energy-momentum tensor. In this brief article, we point out that the quantum conservation of the momentum can also fail in flat spacetime, provided the Weyl fermion is coupled to a time-varying hom...
Preprint
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We extend the adiabatic regularization method for an expanding universe to include the Yukawa interaction between a quantized Dirac field and a homogeneous time-dependent scalar field. We present the renormalized semiclassical equations that are needed in order to take into account the backreaction of the produced Dirac fermions in both gravitation...
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We consider pair production phenomena in spatially homogeneous strong electric fields. We focus on spinor QED in two-dimensions and discuss the potential ambiguity in the adiabatic order assignment for the electromagnetic potential required to fix the renormalization subtractions. This ambiguity can be univocally fixed by imposing, at the semiclass...
Preprint
We analyze the pair production induced by homogenous, time-dependent electric fields in an expanding space-time background. We point out that, in obtaining the semiclassical Maxwell equations, two distinct notions of adiabatic renormalization are possible. In Minkowski space the two recipes turn out to be equivalent. However, in the presence of gra...
Article
Full-text available
We analyze the pair production induced by homogenous, time-dependent electric fields in an expanding space-time background. We point out that, in obtaining the semiclassical Maxwell equations, two distinct notions of adiabatic renormalization are possible. In Minkowski space, the two recipes turn out to be equivalent. However, in the presence of gr...

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Projects

Projects (3)
Archived project
To investigate the validity of the semiclassical approximation to 1+1 scalar and spinor quantum electrodynamics using a criterion which has been previously used in, and adapted from, semiclassical gravity and the preheating process in chaotic inflation.