Silvia Fanelli

Silvia Fanelli
Instituto de Limnología "Dr. Raúl A. Ringuelet" | ILPLA · Ciclos Biogeoquímicos

PhD Chemistry

About

38
Publications
2,096
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543
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December 2008 - present
Universidad Nacional de La Pampa
Position
  • Professor

Publications

Publications (38)
Article
Horticulture has greatly increased in Argentina in recent decades mainly due to increasing greenhouse utilization and agrochemical consumption, thus representing a threat to adjacent water bodies. Riparian wetlands, however, could attenuate agrochemical contamination. The present work therefore compared insecticide concentrations in bottom sediment...
Article
Full-text available
The agrochemicals used on crops can reach watercourses, affecting water quality and biologic communities. The aim of this research was to study the effects of horticulture on the water quality and invertebrate assemblages of adjacent streams in Buenos Aires province, Argentina. Four streams draining horticultural basins were compared with another f...
Article
The use of agrochemicals in Argentina has increased over the last decades and may represent an environmentalrisk for adjacent water bodies. In this work we study the invertebrate assemblages in nine streams sampled at 11sites with different land use on the adjacent plots in the years 2011–2014. Four sites were located inside a biosphere reserve, 4...
Article
Full-text available
Agricultural practices have been intensified in recent decades in Argentina. The Pampa plain is the main agricultural region of the country. The effect of increased application of agrochemicals on the invertebrate fauna of the Pampasic streams remains unreported. In the present study, we compared the abundance and composition of invertebrate assemb...
Article
Full-text available
Agriculture and livestock may contribute to water quality degradation in adjacent waterbodies and produce changes in the resident invertebrate composition. The objective of the present study was to assess land use effects on the stream invertebrate assemblages in rural areas of the Argentine Pampa. The four sampling events were performed at six sit...
Article
Full-text available
Concentrations of 17 insecticides were measured in sediments collected from 53 streams in soy production regions of South America (Argentina in 2011-2014, Paraguay and Brazil in 2013) during peak application periods. Although environmental regulations are quite different in each country, commonly used insecticides were detected at high frequencies...
Article
Full-text available
Pesticide consumption in Argentina has steadily increased over the last two decades, while one of these compounds, namely endosulfan, is commonly found in environmental samples. Also the fish Cnesterodon decemmaculatus and the amphipod Hyalella curvispina are widely distributed in agricultural areas of southern South America. The aim of the present...
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Full-text available
Glyphosate is the most used pesticide in Argentina. Hyalella curvispina is a widely distributed and commonly abundant component of the invertebrate assemblages in shallow waters of southern South America. The aim of this study was to assess the acute toxicity of the increasingly common Roundup Full II®, commercial formulation of the herbicide glyph...
Article
Full-text available
After alcohol exposure through a standard Lieber and De Carli diet for 28 days, a severe atrophy in the rat uteirne horn was observed, accompanied by significant alterations in its epithelial cells. Microsomal pathway of acetaldehyde production was slightly increased. Hydroxyl radicals were detected in the cytosolic fraction, and this was attribute...
Article
El Mal de Chagas es una enfermedad parasitaria endémica en América del Sur y Central. Existen dos fármacos disponibles para el tratamiento médico de la enfermedad, el Nifurtimox (Nfx) y el Benznidazol (Bz). No existen protocolos estandarizados, validados y accesibles en laboratorios regionales para determinar niveles de los antichagásicos en sangre...
Article
Chagas' Disease is an endemic parasitic disease in South and Central America. There are two drugs available for medical treatment of the disease, Nifurtimox (Nfx) and Benznidazol (Bz). There are no standardized or accessible protocols in regional laboratorios to determine the levels of antichagasic drugs in blood. A spectrophotometric method for Nf...
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Full-text available
Benznidazole (Bz) exhibits toxic side effects in animal studies and clinical use. Reductive metabolism of Bz in liver microsomes modulates the duration of its chemotherapeutic effect and its toxicity. The rate of this metabolism depends on age and is less intense in newborns and youngsters than in adults. In the present study, we determined Bz bloo...
Article
There is available evidence supporting a positive association between alcohol intake and risk of breast cancer. However, there is limited information regarding possible mechanisms for this effect. Past studies from our laboratory suggest that acetaldehyde accumulation in mammary tissue after alcohol intake may be of particular relevance and that cy...
Article
Highly purified rat-liver nuclei were previously shown to have nuclear ethanol (EtOH) metabolizing system able to bioactivate alcohol to acetaldehyde and 1-hydroxyethyl radicals. These reactive metabolites were able to covalently bind to nuclear proteins and lipids potentially being able to provoke oxidative stress of nuclear components. In this st...
Article
Previous studies reported the presence in rat mammary tissue of a cytosolic xanthine oxidoreductase pathway for the metabolism of alcohol to acetaldehyde and hydroxyl radicals and to the microsomal biotransformation of ethanol to acetaldehyde. It was also reported that after chronic ethanol drinking stressful oxidative conditions can be observed. T...
Article
Cisplatin (CisPt) is an effective chemotherapeutic agent against several human cancers, but it produces important nephrotoxicity, leukopenia, and mortality. In this work, we report initial results on the potential ability of diallyl disulfide (DADS) to block these toxicities without compromising chemotherapy. Male Sprague Dawley rats were used (con...
Article
Nifurtimox (Nfx) and Benznidazole (Bz) are being used for the treatment of the acute phase of Chagas' disease. Recently, they were also considered for use in the indeterminate phase. Both the nitroheterocyclic drugs have serious toxic side effects. The mechanism of Nfx toxicity is associated with the formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) gener...
Article
Nifurtimox (Nfx) is a nitroheterocyclic drug used in the treatment of Chagas' disease. It has serious side effects which frequently force to interrupt the treatment. Nfx toxicity has been linked to its nitroreduction to a nitroanion radical with a subsequent redox cycling which generate reactive oxygen species. We analyzed the ability of Sprague Da...
Article
Previous studies showed that cytosolic and microsomal fractions from rat ventral prostate are able to biotransform ethanol to acetaldehyde and 1-hydroxyethyl radicals via xanthine oxidase and a non P450 dependent pathway respectively. Sprague Dawley male rats were fed with a Lieber and De Carli diet containing ethanol for 28 days and compared again...
Article
In previous studies from our laboratory, the presence in highly purified liver nuclei of metabolic pathways for processing ethanol (EtOH), N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA), carbon tetrachloride and chloroform was reported. All these chemicals are known to be metabolized in liver microsomes, via cytochrome P450 2E1 (CYP2E)-mediated processes. In the pr...
Article
Recent studies from our laboratory provided evidence that part of the carcinogenic effects of ethanol consumption might be related to its in situ metabolism at cytosolic and microsomal levels, to the mutagen acetaldehyde and to hydroxyl and 1-hydroxyethyl radicals. In this work, we report on our experiments where Sprague-Dawley female rats were exp...
Article
Benznidazole (Bz) is a drug used in the chemotherapy of the acute and intermediate phases of Chagas' disease (American Trypanosomiasis), an endemic parasitic disease afflicting more than 16 million people in Latin America. Serious toxic side effects of Bz have been reported in treated human beings and in experimental animals. Bz toxicity would be l...
Article
In previous studies from our laboratory we reported the presence in highly purified liver nuclei, free of contamination with other organelles, of an ethanol metabolizing system (NEMS) able to lead to acetaldehyde and 1-hydroxyethyl free radicals (1HEt). In the present study we tested whether this NEMS is inducible by chronic alcohol administration...
Article
Recent studies from the laboratory reported the presence in highly purified liver nuclear preparations free of endoplasmic reticulum, mitochondria or cytosol, of an ethanol metabolizing group of enzymes (NEMS) leading to acetaldehyde and to hydroxyl and 1-hydroxyethyl (1HEt) free radicals. In the present study it is reported that when NEMS metaboli...
Article
Previous studies evidenced that garlic extracts and/or garlic components were able to prevent against chemically induced tumors or acute toxic effects of chemicals (e.g. CCl4 induced liver injury). The chemopreventive potential of garlic has been attributed to the presence in it of several bioactive organosulfur compounds. Those components might ac...
Article
The formation of •CCl3 radicals in liver nuclei was suggested by spin trapping of them with N-t-butyl-α-phenylnitrone followed by GC/MS detection of the resulting adduct. Comparison of its formation in microsomal biotransformation of CCl4 was made. In aerobic nuclear activation mixtures containing NADPH and CCl4, significant decrease in the arachid...
Article
The reaction between cholesterol (Ch) and trichloromethyl or trichloromethyl peroxyl radicals was studied. The latter were generated from CCl4 either by benzoyl peroxide (BP) catalysis or via thermal activation or by liver microsomal NADPH-dependent biotransformation of CBrCl3. The structure of the products formed was elucidated by gas chromatograp...
Article
The formation of CCI r ad icals was establ ished by spin rcipping of t hm w ,th N-t -butyl -phenyl nitrons fol lowed by M.s detection ->t the resulting adciuct. Comparison against mextures was made. In aerobic microsomel, in microsoraal incubation n- ; xtur-if was made. In aer >bi - nuclear activation mixtures containing NADPH and CC] , significant...
Article
The interaction between carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-reactive metabolites and liver microsomal or nuclear lipids (covalent binding = CB) was studied in male rats from Osborne Mendel (OM) and Sprague Dawley (SD), strains with different cancer susceptibility. The in vitro or in vivo CB was more intense in OM than in SD. Most of the CB was with phospho...
Article
CCl4 is a hepatic carcinogen in male Osborne-Mendel (OM) but not in Sprague Dawley (SD) male rats. We demonstrate the occurrence of NADPH-dependent CCl4-promoted lipid peroxidation processes (LP) leading to malondialdehyde (MDA) formation in liver microsomal and nuclear preparations from OM and SD rats which do not correlate with the cancer suscept...

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Project (1)
Project
Canales de drenaje como fuentes puntuales de contaminación en arroyos. Uso de vegetación en canales para mitigar el impacto de los agroquímicos en los arroyos. Impacto diferencial de diferentes modelos de producción. Adecuación de herramientas de mitigación en base al tipo de producción.** Drainage ditches as point sources of pollution in streams. Use of vegetation in ditches to mitigate agrochemicals' impact on streams. Differential impact of different production modality. Adequacy of mitigation tools according to production modality.