Silvia Enzi

Silvia Enzi
Kleiò

PhD

About

62
Publications
39,336
Reads
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1,469
Citations
Citations since 2016
14 Research Items
592 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120
Introduction
Silvia Enzi currently works at Kleiò and CNR ISAC in Padova, Italy. Silvia does research in Climatology and Cultural History. Her current project is 'River floods in the past and their impact on society.'
Additional affiliations
April 2000 - present
Kleiò
Position
  • Professional
December 1988 - March 1993
Italian National Research Council
Position
  • Researcher
January 1988 - December 2000
Italian National Research Council
Position
  • Researcher

Publications

Publications (62)
Article
Full-text available
Roman best practices concerning construction technology were well consolidated and implemented in ancient times. These are traditionally belonging to Vitruvius, who coded the classic rules on architecture. Amongst these, the destination of use of the different rooms is paramount, especially in respect to the orientation of the building. Dynamic ene...
Article
Full-text available
There are concerns that recent climate change is altering the frequency and magnitude of river floods in an unprecedented way1. Historical studies have identified flood-rich periods in the past half millennium in various regions of Europe2. However, because of the low temporal resolution of existing datasets and the relatively low number of series,...
Book
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This volume investigates environmental and political crises that occurred in Europe during the late Middle Ages and the early Modern Period, and considers their effects on people’s lives. At this time, the fragile human existence was imagined as a ‘Dance of Death’, where anyone, regardless of social status or age, could perish unexpectedly. This bo...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper we will combine various proxies and instrumental readings, i.e.: written documentary sources since the origin of Venice; evidence from visual arts referring to 1709, 1789 and 1791 as well as some pictures taken in 1929 and 2012; finally, instrumental observations since 1716. Of course, all documentary evidence provides insight into pa...
Poster
Full-text available
Documentary series of Tiber floods in Rome: 2000 years of interactions between the town and the river. A focus on the LIA period. The Tiber floods documentary series is the longest and most complete existing in Italy, covering a time span of almost 2500 years. The first record dates back to 414 BC (Titus Livius). Flowing across Rome, this river alw...
Article
Full-text available
Snow events are not a rare episode in Mediterranean area, especially in northern and hilly areas of Italy. However, snowfall occurring quasi-simultaneously in the whole peninsula is extraordinary. This study collects, reconstructs, and analyzes the extraordinary snowfall episodes that occurred simultaneously in the whole Italian peninsula since 170...
Article
Full-text available
The past climate reconstruction is of major relevance in order to produce the best climate model projections possible. The study of proxy data contained in ancient documents is one of the most valuable tools available to reach this goal. In the regions where written history had an early and widespread diffusion, it provides precious and long series...
Data
Full-text available
Two European temperature reconstructions for the past half-millennium, January-to-April air temperature for Stockholm (Sweden) and seasonal temperature for a Central European region, both derived from the analysis of documentary sources and long instrumental records, are compared with the output of climate simulations with the model ECHO-G. The ana...
Data
Full-text available
Past climate variations in the pre-instrumental period can be estimated from different kinds of proxy data. Apart from natural proxy archives, important information can be found in documentary non-instrumental man-made sources, primarily for Europe and a few other regions with a long tradition of keeping documentary records related to weather and c...
Data
Full-text available
The paper presents a qualitative and quantitative analysis of flood variability and forcing of major European rivers since AD 1500. We compile and investigate flood reconstructions which are based on documentary evidence for twelve Central European rivers and for eight Mediterranean rivers. Flood variability and underlying climatological causes are...
Data
Full-text available
Floods in Central Europe since AD 1500 and their Relation to the Atmospheric Circulation Abstract: In the course of an international research project on "Extreme hydrological events in Central Europe since 1500" for the first time data on flood events of several Central European river systems have been compiled comprising the last five cen- turies,...
Data
Full-text available
We use long instrumental temperature series together with available field reconstructions of sea-level pressure (SLP) and three-dimensional climate model simulations to analyze relations between temperature anomalies and atmospheric circulation patterns over much of Europe and the Mediterranean for the late winter/early spring (January–April, JFMA...
Article
Full-text available
The paper reports the main results of the EU project Millennium in the Mediterranean area over the last 500years. It analyses a long series of temperature from Portugal, Spain, France, Italy and Greece. The series are obtained by combining indices from documentary sources from AD 1500 to the onset of regular instrumental observations. There is an o...
Article
Full-text available
The paper presents a qualitative and quantitative analysis of flood variability and forcing of major European rivers since AD 1500. We compile and investigate flood reconstructions which are based on documentary evidence for twelve Central European rivers and for eight Mediterranean rivers. Flood variability and underlying climatological causes are...
Data
Full-text available
Article
Full-text available
Foreland basins are flat elongated areas occurring along subduction and collision zones worldwide. We show that, in such basins, subsidence can be induced by earthquakes generated along bordering thrust faults due to coseismic displacement, postseismic displacement and liquefaction-induced compaction.As an example, the potential effects of earthqua...
Article
Full-text available
Venice risks to be submerged as a consequence of two problems: 10- calland subsidence and sea level rise due to global warming. They both contribute to what is referred as Apparent Sea Level Rise (ASLR). Flooding Tides (Iocally: Acqua Alta) submerge Venice with an exponentially increasing frequency. The Acqua Alta is generated by a number of factor...
Article
Full-text available
In northern Italy, and especially in the Po Valley, instability phenomena such as hail and thunder storms are mainly associated with the penetration of Atlantic disturbances, especially cold fronts, or pre-frontal squall lines in the mid-seasons, and with the thermal convection of hot and moist air in the summer. Changes of their seasonal distribut...
Article
Full-text available
The severity and frequency of sixteenth-century floods of the Rhine, the Main, the middle and upper Elbe with its tributaries, rivers of northern and central Italy, the Garonne and rivers in Catalonia and Andalusia are analyzed using documentary evidence. The basic topographical and hydrological characteristics of the rivers investigated as well as...
Article
Full-text available
The known documentary climatic evidence from six European countries — Switzerland, Germany, the Czech Republic, ancient Hungary, Italy and Spain — is presented and classified in this article and then further analyzed in subsequent papers included in this volume. The sixteenth century witnessed an increase in the number and variety of sources in Swi...
Chapter
Full-text available
The analysis of a long series of hydrological events is very important in improving our knowledge of the climate of the past. However, the reliability of each mathematical analysis depends mainly on two factors: the objectivity and homogeneity of the series. Objectivity depends on the definition of the event: if the floods occurring at only one poi...
Article
Full-text available
The analysis of a long series of hydrological events is very imponant in improving our knowledge of the climate of the past. However, the reliability of each mathematical analysis depends mainly on two factors: the objectivity and homogeneity of the series. Objectivity depends on the definition of the event: if the floods occurring at only onc poin...
Article
Full-text available
Hundreds of documents containing data about the climate of the past, collected in public libraries and archives of Northern Italy, have been gathered and analyzed. All the descriptions of the sea surges that have occurred in Venice fromad 787 till the beginning of the modern instrumental records have been here reported and critically commented. Thi...
Article
Full-text available
The first aim of this article is to increase knowledge about climate by looking for and analysing written sources over a long period of time. If the earth system's response to the climatic forcing agents is known exactly in the various climatic epoches, on the basis of documentary evidence taken from the past, then reliable models can be constructe...
Article
Full-text available
Intense natural pollution has occurred in the past in Italy corresponding to intense volcanic activity, which appears to have diminished somewhat in recent times. Between 1500 and 1900, Etna, Vesuvius, Vulcano and Stromboli, plus volcanoes outside Italy were very active and there are numerous, well documented episodes of atmospheric acidification w...
Article
Full-text available
A chronology and some comments about the occurrence of ‘dry fogs’ i.e. clouds of volcanic aerosols trapped in the planetary boundary layer (PBL) are reported. The dry fogs have severely affected the biosphere, and they also had local climatic effects affecting the terrestrial albedo. In the most severe cases the fog persisted for months and obscure...
Article
Full-text available
Primary aim of the paper is to improve climatic information by recovering and analysing a long time series of written sources. Moreover, climatic changes are related to solar activity in order to verify whether there is an actual relationship of cause-effect as suggested by Eddy (1977). Conclusions are drawn from the analysis of a long series of im...
Chapter
Full-text available
A large collection of data and a cri tical analysis of the existing arch ive sources in Northern Italy is under way. The aims are: to create a data bank of meteorological events and climatic hazards and to show the different cultural approach which characterized each period, the progress of historiography, and the critical editing of old manuscript...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Damage to crops due to Volcanic eruptions in Italy
Article
Full-text available
Locust migrations are strictly connected with climatic factors and a historical reconstruction of their invasions in Europe may be useful in dealing with this plague. From records of medieval chroniclers and more recent sources till 1800, some 100 detailed descriptions of locust invasions have been collected and analyzed. Some of them include the m...

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Projects

Projects (2)
Project
To reconstruct the river floods event in the past, both for climatological studies and in order to evaluate the impact on society and compare the past experience (causes, impact, solutions) with the present time one.