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Silvério Domingues Figueiredo

Silvério Domingues Figueiredo
Centro Português de Geo-História e Pré-História · Palaeontology

PhD
Professor Adjunto do Instituto Politécnico Tomar; Investigador do CPGP; Investigador Associado do Centro Geociências-UC

About

145
Publications
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289
Citations
Introduction
Researcher in the area of paleontology of vertebrates (dinosaurs and birds) and in ancient prehistory.
Additional affiliations
June 2010 - present
University of Coimbra
Position
  • Senior Researcher
September 2000 - present
Polytechnic Institute of Tomar
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
January 2000 - December 2001
Museu Nacional de Arqueologia
Position
  • Research Assistant
Education
September 2003 - June 2010
Universidad de Salamanca
Field of study
  • Prehistory
September 1995 - June 1996
University of Lisbon
Field of study
  • Paleontology
September 1991 - June 1994
Lusíada University
Field of study
  • History

Publications

Publications (145)
Article
We described a dinosaur tracksite found in the uppermost part of the Areia do Mastro Formation (lowermost Barremian, Lower Cretaceous), located at 1.5 km north of Cabo Espichel (Sesimbra, Portugal). The studied tracks are distributed in a heavily trampled limestone bed which crops out alongside the rocky beach. The studied trampled surface is highl...
Article
Full-text available
In the Iberian Peninsula the fossil record of artiodactyls spans over 53 million years. During the Pleistocene, wild cattle species such as Bison and especially Bos became common. In Late Pleistocene, the aurochs (Bos primigenius) was widespread and the only bovine living along the large river valleys of southern Iberia. Although commonly found in...
Chapter
Full-text available
Foz do Enxarrique is an open-air archaeological site from the end of the Middle Palaeolithic, with faunal remains and Mousterian industry, dated 44–32 Ka (Th/U and Qz-OSL e IRSL). The faunal accumulation shows evidence of human intervention. It can be seen as a paradigm for the interpretation of taphonomic processes typical of open-air sites and di...
Article
Full-text available
The Gruta da Furninha is a cave-site in Lower Jurassic limestones, of mainly marine genesis located at ~850 m SE of the Carvoeiro Cape, on the southern coast of the Peniche peninsula (central western mainland Portugal). The entrance of the gallery, situated in the middle of the cliff, is at ~15 m of altitude. This cave contained a rich and diverse...
Article
Two new ornithopod natural casts are reported from the Praia do Areia do Mastro site, at Espichel Cape (near Sesimbra), western central mainland Portugal (western Iberia). In this Tracksite two geological formations occur: Areia do Mastro Formation and Papo-Seco Formation (lower Barremian). This locality (Praia do Areia do Mastro) occurs in a sedim...
Article
Full-text available
No Cabo Mondego, as sucessões sedimentares do Jurássico Superior contêm vários níveis estratigráficos que preservam pegadas de dinossauros. Pelo menos 19 novas estruturas tridimensionais foram observadas em secções transversais. Estas estruturas são interpretadas como sendo produzidas pelo pisoteamento de dinossauros terópodes. A identificação des...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
At least 700 crocodylomorph trace fossils were discovered in 2021 at Ribeira do Chapim tracksite (Cabo Espichel, Sesimbra, SW Portugal) in one limestone bed on top of the Areia do Mastro Formation (lower Barremian), deposited in a carbonate shallow lagoon environment, under a tropical climate. The footprints have several sizes. The arrangement of s...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Ornithopod remains are reported from the Papo-Seco Formation, at Cabo Espichel area (Sesimbra County), in western central Portugal, south of Lisbon. The material was collected in three palaeontological sites: Boca do Chapim, Areia do Mastro and Praia do Guincho. We present new remains and the review of ornithopod already described from the Papo-Sec...
Presentation
Full-text available
This new tracksite, at Ribeira do Chapim, is located about 1 km north of Cabo Espichel and it is a stream with seasonal water (during winter) that flows into Boca do Chapim site. The footprints are in an area enlarged by the erosion of the stream. The tracksite is composed by two different areas (bounded in red) both with footprints and swimming tr...
Presentation
Full-text available
Ornithopod remains are reported from the Papo-Seco Formation, at Cabo Espichel area (Sesimbra County), in western central Portugal, south of Lisbon. The material was collected in three palaeontological sites: Boca do Chapim, Areia do Mastro and Praia do Guincho. Vertebrate fossils from Cabo Espichel are known since the 19th century. Dinosaur and cr...
Article
At Cabo Mondego (western central Portugal), the Upper Jurassic marine to coastal succession contains several stratigraphic levels preserving dinosaur footprints on the surface bedding plane, as well as convolute bedding and soft sediment injection structures interpreted as dinoturbation structures. At least nineteen new three-dimensional structures...
Article
Full-text available
Foz do Enxarrique (FENX) is an open-air archaeological site from the end of the Middle Palaeolithic, with faunal remains and Mousterian industry, dated 44–32 Ka. The faunal accumulation shows evidence of human intervention. It can be seen as a paradigm for the interpretation of taphonomic processes typical of open-air sites and difficulties of inte...
Chapter
Full-text available
Os terraços plistocénicos do Tejo que ocorrem no concelho da Chamusca encerram um importante conjunto de artefactos líticos, principalmente de quartzito. Durante a elaboração da presente Carta Arqueológica foram identificados 30 sítios paleolíticos, quer inéditos, resultantes dos trabalhos de prospeção, quer resultantes de anteriores trabalhos real...
Presentation
Full-text available
Em 2019 foi descoberto um conjunto de 614 pegadas de dinossáurios nas camadas superiores da Formação Areia do Mastro (129 milhões de anos: Barremiano, Cretácico Inferior). Trata-se da primeira descoberta de pegadas de dinossáurios nesta formação, localizadas entre os sítios da Boca do Chapim e de Areia do Mastro, no extremo ocidental da península d...
Chapter
Full-text available
No âmbito do projeto “Os Vertebrados do Cretácico Inferior do Cabo Espichel: o seu contexto ibérico, caracterização paleobiológica e as implicações paleoambientais e paleogeográficas”, em 2019, foi descoberto um conjunto de 614 pegadas de dinossáurios nas camadas superiores da Formação Areia do Mastro (129 milhões de anos: Barremiano, Cretácico Inf...
Article
Full-text available
We present a new tracksite with multiple dinosaur tracks from the lowermost Barremian (Lower Cretaceous) of the Cape Espichel (Sesimbra, Portugal). The tracks are localized on three beds on the top carbonate beds of the Areia do Mastro Formation. Those bioclastic, nodular limestones were deposited in a very shallow subtidal-intertidal, restricted l...
Article
Full-text available
In 2009, EFACEC requested a field work by a team of the Centro Português de Geo-história e Pré-história (CPGP) in an area where a wind farm was implanted. In this area, the presence of fossils had been identified in several limestones beds. From the research carried out in the field work, 17 layers of limestones and marls were characterized. Fossil...
Article
Full-text available
New ornithopod remains are reported from the Papo-Seco Formation (Lower Barremian, Lower Cretaceous) at the Espichel Cape, western central Portugal, south of Lisboa. Marine, lagoonal and estuarine sedimentary rocks, consisting in limestones, marls, sandstones and conglomerates, have yielded fossil remains of dinosaurs and other vertebrates since th...
Article
Full-text available
We present the exhibition and activities developed by Núcleo Museológico do Centro Português de Geo-História e Pré-História: NMCPGP (Museum Nucleus of the Portuguese Centre of Geo-History and Prehistory), founded in 2013 in a former primary school in the Portuguese town of Golegã. This nucleus resulted from a protocol signed between Centro Portuguê...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract Molecular species identification plays a crucial role in archaeology and palaeontology, especially when diagnostic morphological characters are unavailable. Molecular markers have been used in forensic science to trace the geographic origin of wildlife products, such as ivory. So far, only a few studies have applied genetic methods to both...
Article
Full-text available
This palaeontological study focuses on the sedimentology and palaeofauna of Areia do Mastro locale in Cabo Espichel (Sesimbra, south of Lisbon). Two main geological formations are identified in Areia do Mastro: the Areia do Mastro Formation and the Papo-Seco Formation. We report herein the fossilized vertebrate and invertebrate remains from the bas...
Article
In his short joint ventures across the world of vertebrate tracks, Richard Bromley recognized the aeolian sands as unsuitable soft substrates for their preservation. Only after his work in the Balearic Islands, a more systematic study of coastal aeolianites worldwide revealed that these depositional systems could preserve a highly important record...
Presentation
Full-text available
O registo paleontológico do Cabo Espichel é conhecido desde o século XIX. Na formação do Papo Seco, na jazida ad Boca do Chapim, foram encontrados dentes de dinossáurio e de crocodilo (Sauvage 1897, 1898). Mais tarde, restos de tartaruga e outros restos de crocodilo e de dinossáurios foram descritos. Alguns restos de dinossauro herbívoros também fo...
Data
O registo paleontológico do Cabo Espichel é conhecido desde o século XIX. Na formação do Papo Seco, na jazida ad Boca do Chapim, foram encontrados dentes de dinossáurio e de crocodilo (Sauvage 1897, 1898). Mais tarde, restos de tartaruga e outros restos de crocodilo e de dinossáurios foram descritos. Alguns restos de dinossauro herbívoros também fo...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The authors have been undertaking comparison of the scientific records of the two important European rivers, Thames and Tejo, which share lower reaches with important evidence of hominin occupation during the Quaternary. Key differences are that the Thames also has an exemplary palaeontological record (largely lacking in the Tejo) and the Tejo has...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
New vertebrate and invertebrate fossilized remains are reported herein from the basal deposits (marls, sands and gravels) of Papo-Seco Formation (Lower Barremian, Lower Cretaceous) Cabo Espichel (Sesimbra, south of Lisbon), in coordinates 38°24′50.8″N 9°13′20.8″W (fig. 1). Papo-Seco formation lies between Areias do Mastro Formation and Boca do Chap...
Poster
Full-text available
Fossil elephants are present in the sedimentary record of Portugal since the Miocene. There are several remains of Pleistocene elephants in paleontological and archaeological sites (Sousa & Figueiredo, 2001; Figueiredo & Sousa, 2003; Figueiredo, 2012). These occurrences of Palaeoloxodon antiquus in Portugal, indicate that since Middle Pleistocene u...
Poster
Full-text available
New vertebrate and invertebrate fossilized remains are reported herein from the basal deposits (marls, sands and gravels) of Papo-Seco Formation (Lower Barremian, Lower Cretaceous) Cabo Espichel (Sesimbra, south of Lisbon), in coordinates 38°24′50.8″N 9°13′20.8″W (fig. 1). Papo-Seco formation lies between Areias do Mastro Formation and Boca do Chap...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Fossil elephants are present in the sedimentary record of Portugal since the Miocene. There are several remains of Pleistocene elephants in paleontological and archaeological sites (Sousa & Figueiredo, 2001; Figueiredo & Sousa, 2003; Figueiredo, 2012). These occurrences of Palaeoloxodon antiquus in Portugal, indicate that since Middle Pleistocene u...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This is a brief study on paleoenvironmental and paleoclimatic indicators provided by Iberian bird remains present in Pleistocene sedimentary deposits and is based on data resulting from published studies on Pleistocene sites with birds.
Article
Full-text available
Reconstruction of Pleistocene environments and processes in the sensitive geographical location of westernmost Iberia, facing the North Atlantic Ocean, is crucial for understanding impacts on early human communities. We provide a characterization of the lowest terrace (T6) of the Lower Tejo River, at Vila Velha de Ródão (eastern central Portugal)....
Article
Full-text available
Resumo A Gruta Nova da Columbeira e a Foz do Enxarrique são sítios arqueológicos do Paleolítico Médio. A primeira é um sitio em gruta, enquanto a segunda é um sítio de ar-livre. A Gruta Nova da Columbeira tem datações entre os 14.8 e os 28.9 Ka BP (14 C) e os 35.9 e os 101.5 Ka (séries de urânio), enquanto na Foz do Enxarrique, as datações obtidas...
Article
We present the fossil record of birds in Portugal, with emphasis for the earlier Pleistocene deposits. This work consisted in bibliographical survey about the remains of birds already described and published and in the study of a set of remains of fossil birds not yet published, most of which are on deposit at the geological Museum, in Lisbon. Ther...
Article
Full-text available
This museum, the ‘Núcleo Museológico do Centro Português de Geo-História e Pré-História’ was founded in 2013 in a former primary school in Golegã, a small town in the middle Portuguese reach of the River Tagus, c. 35 km north of Santarém and 150 km upstream of Lisbon. It comprises a Natural History exhibition and a library specializing in palaeonto...
Article
Full-text available
This museum, the ‘Núcleo Museológico do Centro Português de Geo-História e Pré-História’ was founded in 2013 in a former primary school in Golegã, a small town in the middle Portuguese reach of the River Tagus, c. 35 km north of Santarém and 150 km upstream of Lisbon. It comprises a Natural History exhibition and a library specializing in palaeonto...
Poster
Full-text available
We present the exhibition and activities developed by Núcleo Museológico do Centro Português de Geo-História e Pré-História: NMCPGP (Museum Nucleus of the Portuguese Centre of Geo-History and Prehistory), founded in 2013 in a former primary school in the Portuguese town of Golegã. This nucleus resulted from a protocol signed between Centro Portuguê...
Presentation
Full-text available
No Núcleo Museológico do CPGP está patente ao público uma exposição de História Natural, onde, de uma forma didática e interativa, o visitante pode conhecer a história evolutiva da vida e a evolução física e tecnológica do Homem. Neste espaço têm sido feitas palestras e desenvolvidas atividades didáticas e educativas, especialmente direcionadas ao...
Poster
Full-text available
A atividade pretendeu demonstrar como se estudam os fósseis, partindo do exemplo de um dos grupos de vertebrados mais conhecido e dos que desperta mais interesse, os Dinossáurios. O objetivo desta atividade junto do público estudantil do 1º ciclo foi o de simular a atividade de laboratório paleontológico, fazendo a classificação de fósseis, efetuar...
Presentation
Full-text available
New ornithopod remains are reported from the Papo-Seco Formation (Lower Barremian, Lower Cretaceous) at the Espichel Cape, situated about 40 km south of Lisbon, western central Portugal. Marine, lagoonal and estuarine sedimentary records, consisting in limestones, marls, sands and conglomerates, have yielded fossil remains of dinosaurs and other ve...
Chapter
Full-text available
We report new ornithopod remains from the Papo-Seco Formation at the Espichel Cape (40 km south of Lisbon, western central Portugal). The Papo-Seco Formation, stratigraphically located between the Areias do Mastro Formation and the Boca do Chapim Formation and assigned to the Lower Barremian (Lower Cretaceous). This study is based on ornithopod bon...
Article
Full-text available
Discovered in 1962, the Columbeira cave has a Mousterian sequence dated between 101 and 35 Ka (U-series) and between 28,900 and 18,000 BP 14C. Excavations recovered abundant lithic implements and provided rich assemblage of vertebrates, including mammals, reptiles, birds and a remain of Homo neanderthalensis. In this work, authors present the taxon...
Article
Full-text available
Interdisciplinarity is present in paleontological and archaeozoological studies. In this study, we highlight Mathematics in obtaining taxonomic and palaeoecological data of birds’ fossil species and their ancestors. Using Mathematics, it is possible to identify species in the osteometric studies and to identify palaeobiotopes of bird species from t...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this paper is to present the studies of a fragment of an ulna and a humerus of a cf. Coelurosaurus, discovery in Areias do Mastro (Cabo Espichel – Sesimbra, Portugal). It has been reported several remains of dinosaurs and other reptiles since de 19th century, in this area of Cabo Espichel. During the campaigns of palaeontologic prosp...
Article
Full-text available
Gruta da Furninha is a coastal cave in Jurassic limestones, of marine genesis, some 850m to the SE of Cabo Carvoeiro (Peniche, Portugal). Its entrance is to be found at ca. 15m of altitude in the middle of the cliff. A rich and diverse fossiliferous set of Late Pleistocene vertebrates, including birds, was found there; they are currently stored in...
Presentation
Full-text available
This communication aims to present the importance of interdisciplinarity in scientific dissemination and how to promote it in local communities, as a way of development of scientific culture. Scientific projects such as the Museum Centre of Centro Português de Geo História e Pré História are developed in low density territories, stimulating these l...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Caracterizam-se e interpretam-se os registos geomorfoló-gicos e sedimentares do Pliocénico e do Plistocénico do litoral de Peniche-Atouguia da Baleia (Portugal central). Foram identificadas e cartografadas superfícies de abrasão marinha aos: 33-36 m, vasta plataforma culminante, mas só preservada localmente e sobreposta por areias amarelas finas a...
Article
Full-text available
Because of their geomorphological and sedimentary records, rivers provide relevant archives of paleoenvironmental change, namely palaeoclimatic. Well-dated long-term sedimentar successions sequences are of the most value, with the ages of sedimentary events, included fossils and archaeological materials provided by a range of numerical dating techn...
Article
Full-text available
A protocol signed in 2011 between the Golegã Municipally (CMG) and the Centro Português de Geo-História e Pré-História (CPGP) (Portuguese Center of Geo-History and Prehistory), in which the CMG made available to the CPGP the facilities of the former São Caetano primary school in order to be used as Museum, it was established that the CPGP would do...
Chapter
Full-text available
Having regard to the importance of the set of the cretaceous vetebrates remains of Papo-Seco Formation, this work aims to describe, characterize and contextualize stratigraphically this set of new ornithopod dinosaur fossils found. In addition to the remains of ornithopod, was discovery an extensive set of skeletal remains of vertebrates, including...
Article
Full-text available
Através dos registos geomorfológicos e sedimentares, os rios fornecem relevantes arquivos de mudanças paleoambientais, nomeadamente paleoclimáticas e paleogeográficas. As sucessões sedimentares melhor datadas são as mais importantes, com as idades numéricas dos respetivos dos eventos sedimentares, de fósseis e de materiais arqueológicos, obtidas po...
Presentation
Full-text available
A Gruta da Furninha é uma cavidade em calcários jurássicos, de génese marinha localizada a ca. de 850 m a SE do Cabo Carvoeiro, na costa sul da península de Peniche (Portugal). O patamar da galeria de entrada, situado a meio da arriba, encontra-se a ca. 15 m de altitude. Esta gruta continha um rico e diversificado conjunto fossilífero de vertebrado...
Presentation
Full-text available
Em Portugal, os fósseis Paleoloxodon antiquus aparecem em contexto estratigráfico e associados a ocupações humanas: Gruta da Figueira-Brava (ca. 30 ka), Algar de João Ramos, Praia dos Bifaces (ca. 150 ka) e Gruta da Furninha (ca. 81 ka) (Antunes, 1990; Zilhão, 1991; Sousa e Figueiredo, 2001; Figueiredo, 2012); os restantes sítios arqueológicos são...
Article
Full-text available
The cave-site of Gruta da Furninha is a coastal karstic cavity. In the late 19th century, excavation of the sedimentary infill of the cave allowed the identification of two lithostratigraphic units: a Holocene one dominated by sands, containing human bones and a Neolithic industry; and a Late Pleistocene one, containing a diverse set of fossils set...
Article
Full-text available
We present a new dinosaur footprint from Praia do Guincho, Portugal. Praia do Guincho is a seaside locality, situated 2 km north of Cabo Espichel. A loose cast of a tridactyl dinosaur footprint was discovered during fieldwork in 2011. The cliff where the footprint was found is composed of limestones, marls, sandstones and conglomerates that were de...
Article
Full-text available
New dinosaur and turtle’s remains are reported from the basal deposits of Papo-Seco Formation (Lower Barremian, Lower Cretaceous). In this Formation, remains of several groups of vertebrates were reported. The remains were found in Areias do Mastro, nearby Cabo Espichel, Sesimbra, south of Lisbon. During fieldwork, in 2015-16, were discovery some f...
Chapter
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Sintetizam-se as principais características das jazidas com Paleoloxodon antiquus, em arquivos do Plistocénico do Baixo Tejo. Em contexto arqueológico, conhecem-se três jazidas: uma em gruta em maciço calcário e duas em estratigrafia em depósitos de terraços do rio Tejo (Santo Antão do Tojal e Foz do Enxarrique).Na jazida da Praia dos Bifaces (Comp...
Chapter
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Os restos de bovídeos pleistocénicos encontrados em Portugal distribuem-se por três espécies: Bos primigenius, Capra pyrenaica e Rupricapa rupricapa. A primeira espécie encontra-se extinta desde o século XVII, enquanto as segundas, encontram-se, em estado selvagem, confinadas às regiões montanhosas. O Bos primigenius era um boi selvagem de grandes...
Article
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Apresentam-se os resultados das III Jornadas de Arqueologia do Vale do Tejo, organizadas pelo Centro Português de Geo-História e Pré-História e que decorreram em Viva Velha de Ródão em Maio de 2016, com o apoio da Câmara Municipal daquela vila.
Poster
Full-text available
This study is based on a two works already published in which it is described the paleo-environmental context of a number of vertebrate remains found in 6 layers. New vertebrate and invertebrate remains are reported from the basal deposits (marls, sands and gravels) of Papo-Seco Formation (Lower Barremian, Lower Cretaceous) of Areias do Mastro, nea...
Article
Full-text available
New vertebrate and invertebrate remains are reported from the basal deposits (marls, sands and gravels) of Papo-Seco Formation (Lower Barremian, Lower Cretaceous) of Areias do Mastro, nearby Cabo Espichel, Sesimbra, south of Lisbon. The studied layers were formed in an environment of shallow-marine features (lagoon, estuary). Recent paleontological...
Chapter
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Bulls and horses, the central theme of this Congress, belong to two ordersof mammals: respectively Artiodactyls and Perissodactyls. 4e presence of these two groups abundantly represented in Neogene sedimentary deposits of the Intermediate and Distal sectors of Lower Tagus basin it’s very well known since very soon, existing a vast collection collec...
Chapter
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Since Prehistory man has “crossed” with fossils. Our ancestors wanted to know and understand the world and nature, but when they observed fossil remains generally they interpreted it on the basis of the reality surrounding them and on religious beliefs. 3e trace fossils (icnofossils) of large vertebrates, in particular the dinosaurs are at the orig...
Conference Paper
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Os restos de aves plistocénicas, encontradas em Portugal encontram-se em contexto arqueológico, com exceção dos vestígios encontrados recentemente na costa alentejana (pegadas). Apresentam-se as jazidas encontradas no Vale do Tejo e as questões relacionadas com a interpretação paleoecológica e taxonómica das acumulações de restos de aves nestas jaz...