Silvano Piazza

Silvano Piazza
International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology | ICGEB · Computational Biology

PhD

About

102
Publications
16,920
Reads
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8,256
Citations
Additional affiliations
June 2013 - present
AREA Science Park
Position
  • Junior Group Leader
Education
November 2002 - November 2009

Publications

Publications (102)
Article
Full-text available
High Mobility Group A1 (HMGA1) is an architectural chromatin factor involved in the regulation of gene expression and a master regulator in Triple Negative Breast Cancer (TNBC). In TNBC, HMGA1 is overexpressed and coordinates a gene network that controls cellular processes involved in tumour development, progression, and metastasis formation. Here,...
Article
Full-text available
Pathways that direct the selection of the telomerase-dependent or recombination-based, alternative lengthening of telomere (ALT) maintenance pathway in cancer cells are poorly understood. Using human lung cancer cells and tumor organoids we show that formation of the 2,2,7-trimethylguanosine (TMG) cap structure at the human telomerase RNA 5′ end by...
Preprint
Alternative splicing (AS) appears to be altered in Huntington’s disease (HD), but its significance for early, pre-symptomatic disease stages has not been inspected. Here, taking advantage of Htt CAG knock-in mouse in vitro and in vivo models, we demonstrate a strong correlation between Htt CAG repeat length and increased aberrant linear AS, specifi...
Article
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The specification of the endostyle in non-vertebrate chordates and of the thyroid gland in vertebrates are fundamental steps in the evolution of the thyroid hormone (TH) signaling to coordinate development and body physiology in response to a range of environmental signals. The physiology and biology of TH signaling in vertebrates have been studied...
Article
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Studies on bacterial plant diseases have thus far been focused on the single bacterial species causing the disease, with very little attention given to the many other microorganisms present in the microbiome. This study intends to use pathobiome analysis of the rice foot rot disease, caused by Dickeya zeae, as a case study to investigate the effect...
Article
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Impairment of the p53 pathway is a critical event in cancer. Therefore, reestablishing p53 activity has become one of the most appealing anticancer therapeutic strategies. Here, we disclose the p53-activating anticancer drug (3S)-6,7-bis(hydroxymethyl)-5-methyl-3-phenyl-1H,3H-pyrrolo[1,2-c]thiazole (MANIO). MANIO demonstrates a notable selectivity...
Article
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Background Colossoma macropomum (tambaqui) and Piaractus mesopotamicus (pacu) are good fish species for aquaculture. The tambacu, individuals originating from the induced hybridization of the female tambaqui with the male pacu, present rapid growth and robustness, characteristics which have made the tambacu a good choice for Brazilian fish farms. H...
Article
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Background It is commonly accepted that in obesity free fatty acids (FFA) cause insulin resistance and hyperglycemia, which drives hyperinsulinemia. However, hyperinsulinemia is observed in subjects with normoglycaemia and thus the paradigm above should be reevaluated. Methods We describe two studies: MD-Lipolysis, a case control study investigati...
Article
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An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.
Article
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Waterlogged archaeological wood is exposed to a high risk of biological degradation during the post-excavation phases of storage and restoration. For this reason, often biocides must be used to preserve wooden remains. In the present work three essential oils (cinnamon, wild thyme, and common thyme) were tested as possible alternative biocides to u...
Article
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Low-grade gliomas (LGG) are infiltrative primary brain tumors that in 70% of the cases undergo anaplastic transformation, deeply affecting prognosis. However, the timing of progression is heterogeneous. Recently, the tumor microenvironment (TME) has gained much attention either as prognostic factor or therapeutic target. Through the release of extr...
Article
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Pediatric myelodysplastic syndrome (PMDS) is a very rare and still poorly characterized disorder. In this work, we identified novel potential targets of PMDS by determining genes with aberrant expression, which can be correlated with PMDS pathogenesis. We identified 291 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in PMDS patients, comprising genes involv...
Article
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TP53 missense mutations leading to the expression of mutant p53 oncoproteins are frequent driver events during tumorigenesis. p53 mutants promote tumor growth, metastasis and chemoresistance by affecting fundamental cellular pathways and functions. Here, we demonstrate that p53 mutants modify structure and function of the Golgi apparatus, culminati...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Colossoma macropomum (tambaqui) and Piaractus mesopotamicus (pacu) are good fish species for aquaculture. The tambacu, individuals originating from the induced hybridization of the female tambaqui with the male pacu, present rapid growth and robustness, characteristics which have made the tambacu a good choice for Brazilian fish farms....
Article
Full-text available
Approximately 75% of all breast cancers express the oestrogen and/or progesterone receptors. Endocrine therapy is usually effective in these hormone-receptor-positive tumours, but primary and acquired resistance limits its long-term benefit1,2. Here we show that in mouse models of hormone-receptor-positive breast cancer, periodic fasting or a fasti...
Article
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Waterlogged archaeological wood (WAW) is considered a precious material, first-hand account of past civilizations. Like any organic material, it is subjected to biodegradative action of microorganisms whose activity could be particularly fast and dangerous during the phases of excavation, storage and restoration. The present work aimed to character...
Preprint
Disruptive mutations in the chromodomain helicase DNA binding protein 8 ( CHD8 ) have been recurrently associated with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). In normal cellular physiology, CHD8 co-purifies with MLL1 and MOF transcriptional activation complex, with elongating RNAPII and directly binds to DNA promoters and enhancers regions, thus a regulat...
Article
Disruptive mutations in the chromodomain helicase DNA binding protein 8 (CHD8) have been recurrently associated with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). In normal cellular physiology, CHD8 co-purifies with MLL1 and MOF transcriptional activation complex, with elongating RNAPII and directly binds to DNA promoters and enhancers regions, thus a regulator...
Article
Full-text available
Medulloblastoma (MB) is the most common malignant brain tumor in children and among the subtypes, Group 3 MB has the worst outcome. Here, we perform an in vivo, patient-specific screen leading to the identification of Otx2 and c-MYC as strong Group 3 MB inducers. We validated our findings in human cerebellar organoids where Otx2/c-MYC give rise to...
Article
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Black patinas are very common biological deterioration phenomena on lapideous artworks in outdoor environments. These substrates, exposed to sunlight, and atmospheric and environmental agents (i.e. wind and temperature changes), represent extreme environments that can only be colonized by highly versatile and adaptable microorganisms. Black patinas...
Article
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APE1 is essential in cancer cells due to its central role in the Base Excision Repair pathway of DNA lesions and in the transcriptional regulation of genes involved in tumor progression/chemoresistance. Indeed, APE1 overexpression correlates with chemoresistance in more aggressive cancers, and APE1 protein-protein interactions (PPIs) specifically m...
Article
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Background Breast cancer is the most common malignancy in women worldwide. Among the breast cancer subtypes, triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is the most aggressive and the most difficult to treat. One of the master regulators in TNBC progression is the architectural transcription factor HMGA1. This study aimed to further explore the HMGA1 mole...
Article
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The transition of neural progenitors to differentiated postmitotic neurons is mainly considered irreversible in physiological conditions. In the present work, we show that Shh pathway activation through SmoM2 expression promotes postmitotic neurons dedifferentiation, re-entering in the cell cycle and originating medulloblastoma in vivo. Notably, hu...
Article
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Half of human cancers harbor TP53 mutations that render p53 inactive as a tumor suppressor. In these cancers, reactivation of mutant p53 (mutp53) through restoration of wild-type-like function constitutes a valuable anticancer therapeutic strategy. In order to search for mutp53 reactivators, a small library of tryptophanol-derived oxazoloisoindolin...
Preprint
Full-text available
The activation of a telomere maintenance mechanism (TMM) is an essential step in cancer progression to escape replicative senescence and apoptosis. Paediatric brain tumors frequently exhibit Alternative Lengthening of Telomere (ALT) as active TMM, but the mechanisms involved in the induction of ALT in brain tumor cells are not clear. Here, we repor...
Article
The identification of effective biomarkers for early diagnosis, prognosis, and response to treatments remains a challenge in ovarian cancer (OC) research. Here, we present an unbiased high-throughput approach to profile ascitic fluid autoantibodies in order to obtain a tumor-specific antigen signature in OC. We first reported the reactivity of immu...
Conference Paper
Background Huntington’s Disease (HD), is a hereditary, fatal neurodegenerative disorder due to CAG trinucleotide expansion in exon 1 of the HD gene (HTT). Recent findings revealed that the process of alternative splicing (AS) might be compromised in HD. AS regulation is crucial not only to the establishment of a repertoire of protein coding isoform...
Article
Full-text available
The involvement of microRNAs in malignant transformation and cancer progression was previously grounded. The observations made by multiple published studies led to the conclusion that some of these small sequences could be eventually used as biomarkers for diagnosis/prognosis. This meta-analysis investigated whether microRNA-181 family members coul...
Article
Background: While recent genome wide association studies have suggested novel low-grade glioma (LGG) stratification models based on a molecular classification, we explored the potential clinical utility of patient-derived cells. Specifically, we assayed glioma-associated stem cells (GASC) that are patient-derived stem cells representative of the g...
Article
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Mammalian apurinic/apyrimidinic endonuclease 1 is a DNA repair enzyme involved in genome stability and expression of genes involved in oxidative stress responses, tumor progression and chemoresistance. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying the role of apurinic/apyrimidinic endonuclease 1 in these processes are still unclear. Recent findings...
Article
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The catalytic subunit of the telomerase complex, hTERT, ensures unlimited proliferative potential of cancer cells by maintaining telomere function and protecting from apoptosis. Using a miRNA screening approach we identified miR-296-5p and miR-512-5p as miRNAs that target hTERT in breast cancer cells. Ectopic miR-296-5p and miR-512-5p reduce telome...
Article
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Cancer cells secrete proteins that modify the extracellular environment acting as autocrine and paracrine stimulatory factors and have a relevant role in cancer progression. The HMGA1 oncofetal protein has a prominent role in controlling the expression of an articulated set of genes involved in various aspect of cancer cell transformation. However,...
Article
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GTSE1 over-expression has been reported as a potential marker for metastasis in various types of malignancies, including breast cancer. Despite this, the transcriptional regulation of this protein and the causes of its misregulation in tumors remain largely unknown. The aims of this work were to elucidate how GTSE1 is regulated at the transcription...
Article
Full-text available
GTSE1 over-expression has been reported as a potential marker for metastasis in various types of malignancies, including breast cancer. Despite this, the transcriptional regulation of this protein and the causes of its misregulation in tumors remain largely unknown. The aims of this work were to elucidate how GTSE1 is regulated at the transcription...
Data
Supplementary Figures, Supplementary Tables, Supplementary Methods and Supplementary References
Article
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OCT4 (Octamer-binding transcription factor 4) is essential for embryonic stem cell self-renewal. Here we show that OCT4 increases the aggressiveness of high-grade serous ovarian cancer (HG-SOC) by inactivating the Retinoblastoma tumor suppressor pathway and enhancing mitotic stability in cancer cells. OCT4 drives the expression of Nuclear Inhibitor...
Article
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Mammary gland development, various stages of mammary tumorigenesis and breast cancer progression have the peptidyl-prolyl cis/trans isomerase PIN1 at their centerpiece, in virtue of the ability of this unique enzyme to fine-tune the dynamic crosstalk between multiple molecular pathways. PIN1 exerts its action by inducing conformational and function...
Article
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Palbociclib is a CDK4/6 inhibitor that received FDA approval for treatment of hormone receptor positive (HR+) HER2 negative (HER2neg) advanced breast cancer. To better personalize patients treatment it is critical to identify subgroups that would mostly benefit from it. We hypothesize that complex alterations of the Retinoblastoma (Rb) pathway migh...
Article
Methods and results: Bioinformatics analysis conducted on genes differentially expressed between D- and E-CSC identified lysosomal-related gene sets as significantly enriched. Moreover, 29 differentially expressed genes were part of CLEAR (Coordinated Lysosomal Expression and Regulation) gene network, by which Transcription Factor EB (TFEB) regula...
Article
Full-text available
In cancer, the tumour suppressor gene TP53 undergoes frequent missense mutations that endow mutant p53 proteins with oncogenic properties. Until now, a universal mutant p53 gain-of-function program has not been defined. By means of multi-omics: proteome, DNA interactome (chromatin immunoprecipitation followed by sequencing) and transcriptome (RNA s...
Data
Supplementary Table 3 (from the manuscript: Proteasome machinery is instrumental in a common gain-of-function program of the p53 missense mutants in cancer, NCB, 2016) 5 TNBC Cell Lines Transcriptomics Results of transcriptomic analyses in five indicated TNBC cell lines upon mutant TP53 silencing. Transcripts detected in all five experiments are s...