Siir Kilkis

Siir Kilkis
The Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey · TUBITAK · Ankara · TUBITAK · Ankara

PhD

About

70
Publications
17,730
Reads
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1,156
Citations
Additional affiliations
July 2008 - present
The Scientific & Technological Research Council of Turkey
Position
  • Senior Researcher
Education
January 2008 - December 2011

Publications

Publications (70)
Article
Benchmarking the performance of cities across aspects that relate to the sustainable development of energy, water and environment systems requires an integrated approach. This paper benchmarks a sample of 12 Southeast European cities based on a composite indicator that consists of 7 dimensions and 35 main indicators. The composite indicator is name...
Article
Urban areas provide strategic settings for attaining more sustainable urban systems. This paper provides fivefold contributions to the literature based on the Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems City Index. A comprehensive benchmarking of 120 cities is undertaken of which the first three cities are found to be Copenhage...
Article
There are critical mitigation opportunities in urban areas that can be better understood through urban level analyses in the context of climate scenarios. This research work develops an approach for emissions scenarios for specific urban areas based on Shared Socioeconomic and Representative Concentration Pathways with a focus on the green growth p...
Article
The urgency of mitigating climate change comes with opportunities to transition society towards a more sustainable future. Numerous options exist for immediate, deep, and sustained efforts to realise a 43% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2030. Beyond the recent reports of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, this editorial extend...
Article
Great claims have been made about the benefits of dematerialization in a digital service economy. However, digitalization has historically increased environmental impacts at local and planetary scales, affecting labor markets, resource use, governance, and power relationships. Here we study the past, present, and future of digitalization through th...
Article
Researchers must help to define science-based targets for water, nutrients, carbon emissions and more to avoid cascading effects and stave off tipping points in Earth’s systems. Researchers must help to define science-based targets for water, nutrients, carbon emissions and more to avoid cascading effects and stave off tipping points in Earth’s sys...
Chapter
Full-text available
This Cross-Working Group Box on Cities and Climate Change responds to the critical role of urbanisation as a megatrend impacting climate adaptation and mitigation. Issues associated with cities and urbanisation are covered in substantial depth within all three Working Groups (including WGI Box TS.14, WGII Chapter 6 ‘Cities, settlements and key infr...
Article
Full-text available
Today, more than 700 cities worldwide have made net-zero pledges. Managing these bold targets, however, is not easy given the complexity of urban systems. Although holistic mitigation efforts are vital, individual sectors are likely to face their own challenges and require tailor-made solutions. This Voices asks: what are the challenges and opportu...
Book
Full-text available
The Working Group III (WG III) contribution to the IPCC’s Sixth Assessment Report (AR6) assesses literature on the scientific, technological, environmental, economic and social aspects of mitigation of climate change. The report reflects new findings in the relevant literature and builds on previous IPCC reports, including the WG III contribution t...
Article
Projections of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are critical to enable a better understanding and anticipation of future climate change under different socioeconomic conditions and mitigation strategies. The climate projections and scenarios assessed by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, following the Shared Socioeconomic Pathway (SSP)-Re...
Preprint
Projections of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are critical to better understanding and anticipating future climate change under different socio-economic conditions and mitigation strategies. The climate projections and scenarios assessed by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, following the Shared Socioeconomic Pathway (SSP)-Representativ...
Article
Integrated approaches across energy, water and environment systems can accelerate the process of mitigating climate change through urgent action. New scientific advances that extend multiple opportunities in this direction have emanated from the 2nd Latin American, 1st Asia Pacific, 4th South East European and 15th Conferences on Sustainable Develo...
Article
Strengthening capacity for cross-sectoral coordination has a crucial role in enabling ambitious climate mitigation. This research work integrates the Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems Index into a policy framework with three main components to compare possibilities for improving urban system performance. Tiers of inte...
Article
The integration of energy, water and environment systems represents important opportunities for addressing the urgent imperative of climate neutrality. The 29 original papers in the virtual special issue of the 14th Conference on Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems exemplify multiple advances in integrated approaches. T...
Chapter
The urgency of climate change clearly indicates that human civilization cannot continue as before, and entire systems, particularly urban systems, need to be open to realizing transitions that alter the ways of using energy, water, and natural resources. Urban emissions can be summarized based on three drivers, namely the use of embodied and operat...
Article
Sustainable energy conversion and management processes increasingly require an integrated approach, especially in the context of addressing the climate crisis. This editorial puts forth related research frontiers based on 28 research articles of the special issue that is dedicated to the 13th Conference on Sustainable Development of Energy, Water a...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The IEA EBC Annex 64 – LowEx Communities was a three year international research project which aims to demonstrate the potentials of low exergy thinking on a community level as energy and cost efficient solutions to achieve 100 % renewable and GHG emission-free energy systems. Central challenges are the identification of promising and efficient tec...
Article
The realization of net-zero exergy districts can be supported by urbanization options for district density and building characteristics. This research work formulates an urbanization algorithm to minimize the carbon dioxide emissions responsibility of districts based on energy usage and aspects of embodied energy to tackle multiple drivers of urban...
Article
Full-text available
Local authorities and cities are at the forefront of driving the energy transition, which plays a crucial role in mitigating the effects of climate change. The greenhouse gas emissions in cities, due to energy consumption, are placed into two categories: direct emissions generated from the combustion of fossil fuels mainly in buildings and transpor...
Article
Full-text available
The data set of this article is related to an original research article entitled “Benchmarking the sustainability of urban energy, water and environment systems and envisioning a cross-sectoral scenario for the future” Kılkış, 2019. The data article provides data compilations in the context of benchmarking studies based on the composite indicator o...
Article
In this paper, a new model for the embodied exergy payback period is presented, which considers the exergy savings during acceleration and take-off, climb, trim-level cruise, descent and thrust reversal in landing for each flight versus higher exergy embodiment of composites that are used during manufacturing when compared to metals. The research w...
Article
In this paper, a new model for the embodied exergy payback period is presented, which considers the exergy savings during acceleration and take-off, climb, trim-level cruise, descent and thrust reversal in landing for each flight versus higher exergy embodiment of composites that are used during manufacturing when compared to metals. The research w...
Article
The integration of sectors for more sustainable systems and processes provide a multi-disciplinary research domain to which researchers are contributing with intense motivation in the context of urgency for addressing global climate change. The 26 papers in the current special issue of the 12th Conference on Sustainable Development of Energy, Water...
Article
Urban sustainability is one of the most prominent challenges in the global agenda waiting to be addressed since the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro. This research work applies a composite indicator that has been developed as the Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems Index to benchmark the performance of a new sample of 26...
Article
Full-text available
The energy base of urban settlements requires greater integration of renewable energy sources. This study presents a “hydrogen city” model with two cycles at the district and building levels. The main cycle comprises of hydrogen gas production, hydrogen storage, and a hydrogen distribution network. The electrolysis of water is based on surplus powe...
Article
Tools that can benchmark cities, including cities in South East Europe, are necessary to enable the comparison and diffusion of more sustainable practices for urban systems. The Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems Index provides a composite indicator for benchmarking city performance based on 7 dimensions and 35 main in...
Article
Policy learning between cities is a vital process to enable the diffusion of more sustainable practices. The Sustainable Development of Energy, Water, and Environment Systems (SDEWES) Index provides a composite indicator to benchmark city performance based on 7 dimensions and 35 main indicators. In this research work, the SDEWES Index is applied to...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, a multi-objective optimization approach is applied to the energy system design of the Albano university campus in Stockholm. The greenhouse gas emissions, the life cycle cost and the net exergy deficit of the campus are minimized, while the nearly zero energy requirements are respected. Four optimal solutions are identified based on...
Article
This paper introduces the Nearly-Zero Exergy Airport (nZEXAP) concept that brings an energy, environment, and economy nexus to a common basis using the Second-Law of Thermodynamics. An nZEXAP airport has a district energy plant of its own, which receives at least 70% of the total exergy input at winter design conditions and 60% at summer design con...
Article
The Conferences on Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems (SDEWES) at the beginning of the 21st century have become a significant venue for researchers to meet, and initiate, discuss, share, and disseminate new ideas in various disciplines of sustainable development. In 2002, the first conference was organised in Dubrovnik...
Article
This paper develops and applies a Sustainable Aviation Sector Index to benchmark the performance of airport and airline pairs. The index is composed of two sub-indices that address the landside and airside of the aviation sector. The sub-indices involve 5 dimensions and 25 indicators on the landside as well as 4 dimensions and 20 indicators on the...
Article
Despite an emerging trend in the higher education sector towards sustainable campuses, comparative analyses that span multiple themes across multiple campuses are still limited. This paper reduces such a gap by comparing universities that are members of the International Sustainable Campus Network across themes related to environmental quality. In...
Article
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to define and measure the outputs of a specific kind of innovation system, namely a sustainability-oriented innovation system (SoIS) for India, Russia, Mexico, and Turkey, with a view to compare and draw best practises for other emerging economies. Design/methodology/approach In a mixed methods design, the re...
Article
Universities have responsibilities for accelerating pedagogical innovation to enable a more sustainable future. This research work develops a three-phased approach for integrating principles of a circular economy system within a course in energy policy. The phases involve scanning available resources, identifying possible matches based on the quali...
Article
Full-text available
The planning of urban settlements requires a targeted approach towards more sustainable energy, water, and environment systems. This research work analyses the city of Uppsala and a district that is an urban renewal project at the site of former high voltage power lines, namely Östra Sala backe, which will have a new energy concept. The latter is a...
Article
Airlines are mobile, micro-communities that exhibit varying levels of performance. This paper develops and applies a composite indicator to address a gap in the literature for benchmarking airlines based on aspects of sustainable aviation. First, the concept of aircraft metabolism is developed to relate flows of energy, carbon dioxide emissions, wa...
Article
Principles based on the quality of energy, namely exergy, can assist in attaining a more efficient and cleaner energy supply structure. This paper analyzes two building clusters in campus areas based on a stepwise approach with four steps according to the Rational Exergy Management Model. The clusters involve 8 buildings at the KTH Royal Institute...
Article
The Conferences on Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems – SDEWES conferences at the beginning of the 21st century become a significant venue for researchers to meet, and initiate, discuss, share, and disseminate new ideas in various disciplines of sustainable development. In 2002, the first conference was organised in Du...
Article
The coherency of research, development, and innovation processes are vital in promoting a more resource efficient society. Sustainability-oriented innovation systems define specific kinds of innovation systems, i.e. those that are directed to the aims of sustainable development. This paper develops an integrated method with four layers of analysis...
Article
Full-text available
Micro grids interconnect loads and distributed energy resources as a single controllable entity. New installations of renewable energy sources (RES) in urban areas, such as Building Integrated Photovoltaic (BIPV), provide opportunities to increase energy independence and diversify energy sources in the energy system. This paper explores the integra...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A micro grid is by definition of USA Department of Energy "A group of interconnected loads and distributed energy resources with clearly defined boundaries that act as a single controllable entity with respect to the grid, and can connect and disconnect from the grid to enable it to operate in both connected or island mode." [1] The optimized desig...
Article
This paper analyzes the case study of an interdisciplinary course in Energy Economy that was developed at the Energy Engineering Graduate Program at Başkent University. The course integrated several unique pedagogical features to satisfy the aim of developing a working knowledge in energy economy with an energy systems perspective. The novel aspect...
Article
Full-text available
This paper integrates several streams of literature in transition management and proposes a holistic framework for its application in policy-making. Separate fields of study, such as motors of change and strategic intelligence tools, are unified in a single analytical process. The process involves five steps that may be repeated until a desired pol...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Energy efficiency is a strategic component of urban sustainability. The aim of this workshop is to address benchmarking techniques in energy efficiency and sustainability as a management tool in the context of urban and local community actions towards sustainability. The workshop also identifies and discusses methodologies and tools to measure urba...
Article
The Rational Exergy Management Model (REMM) provides an analytical model to curb primary energy spending and CO2 emissions by means of considering the level of match between the grade/quality of energy resources (exergy) on the supply and demand sides. This model is useful for developing forward-looking concepts with an energy systems perspective....
Article
Full-text available
There is a revival of mission-oriented R&D and innovation programs in prioritized areas that serve the aim of decoupling economic growth from environmental pressures. This paper analyzes the governance process in activating the innovation actors in the area of energy technologies in Turkey. This process that was coordinated by TÜBİTAK led to the Na...
Article
Based on two case studies, this paper explores the nexus of exergy, net-zero targets, and sustainable cities as a means of analyzing the role of exergy-aware strategies at the building and district level. The first case study is a premier building in Ankara that is ready to meet the net-zero exergy target. It is also the first building in Turkey to...
Article
Full-text available
This paper puts forth energy quality management as the stepwise process of taking care of the quality of energy better. Energy quality can also be expressed as exergy, which measures the useful work potential of a given amount or flow of energy. Energy quality management is particularly useful to reduce the primary energy use in the built environme...
Chapter
Full-text available
The entry presents four steps to model the supply and demand of energy resources using exergy analysis to transform the energy base of cities toward reducing CO2 emissions. These steps put forth a systemic view that shows how the mismatch between the supply and demand of exergy results in an excess of energy spending in current cities. Alongside a...
Article
Beyond a low-energy and low-exergy building concept, the mechanical system that converts energy resources to useful mechanical power and HVAC functions need to be optimized for maximum efficiency with minimum energy waste and exergy destruction. This paper provides a new analytical algorithm, which optimizes the CHP, absorption chiller, heat pump,...
Conference Paper
One of the dilemmas of this decade seems to be the fact that the need for comfort and high-density cooling increases with global warming while global warming further increases with its resultant CO2 emissions. This dilemma can only be solved by achieving cooling systems with smaller CO 2 footprints. This effort involves multiple fronts, namely, new...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This study analyzes environmental, energy, and economical benefits of a ground source heat pump coupled poly-generation system by incorporating exergy into the energy efficiency analysis. Two additional terms, namely the rational exergy efficiency and the coefficient of performance were introduced to the primary energy savings equation in the Europ...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this study a new carbon equivalency metric was developed in order to quantify the compound carbon emissions that buildings are responsible in the built environment. This metric first analyses the rationale about the management of exergy balance among supply and demand involved in satisfying building power and energy loads. Then using the degree...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A rational exergy management model was developed, which establishes a common metric and provides a tool for matching the exergy of energy sources with different applications in the built environment for global sustainability. In order to develop and evaluate this model, first a base case was defined, which involves a building using a natural gas bo...
Article
Recognizing that the energy-saving potential of combined heat and power (CHP) systems is underused, the Council of the European Union has issued a Cogeneration Directive. In terms of specific guidelines and rating parameters based on energy efficiency, the objective was to promote "high-energy cogeneration." This paper makes a critical review of th...

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Projects (4)
Project
Dear Colleagues, We are pleased to invite you to the 14th Conference on Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems – SDEWES Conference, to be held October 1-6, 2019 in Valamar Lacroma hotel in Dubrovnik, Croatia. SDEWES Conference is dedicated to the improvement and dissemination of knowledge on methods, policies and technologies for increasing the sustainability of development. Thus, SDEWES2019 will be an essential venue for researchers in those areas to meet, and originate, discuss, share, and disseminate new ideas. Please visit and explore our conference website at http://www.dubrovnik2019.sdewes.org/ and do not hesitate to contact us via the official conference email: sdewes2019@sdewes.org. SDEWES2019 will bring you invited lectures from prominent experts in the field, panels and poster sessions as well as technical visits and a rich social programme. Presenting a paper on SDEWES2019 is also a great way to get your paper published in special issues of our partner journals. Register here for the Conference and don't miss out information and updates about SDEWES2019. Kind regards, Prof. Neven Duić, Conference Chair, University of Zagreb SDEWES2019 Organizing Committee Date: 1 October 2019 - 6 October 2019