Sigfríður Inga Karlsdóttir

Sigfríður Inga Karlsdóttir
University of Akureyri · School of Health Sciences

RN, RM,MS, PhD in Midwifery

About

30
Publications
10,355
Reads
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722
Citations
Additional affiliations
August 1990 - present
University of Akureyri
Position
  • Professor (Associate)

Publications

Publications (30)
Article
Full-text available
Introduction A positive childbirth experience promotes women’s health, both during and beyond the perinatal period. Understanding what constitutes a positive childbirth experience is thus critical to providing high‐quality maternity care. Currently, there is no clear, inclusive, woman‐centered definition of a positive childbirth experience to guide...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Many women experience giving birth as traumatic. Although women's subjective experiences of trauma are considered the most important, currently there is no clear inclusive definition of a traumatic birth to help guide practice, education, and research. Aim To formulate a woman-centered, inclusive definition of a traumatic childbirth e...
Article
Full-text available
Background High numbers of women experience a traumatic birth, which can lead to childbirth-related post-traumatic stress disorder (CB-PTSD) onset, and negative and pervasive impacts for women, infants, and families. Policies, suitable service provision, and training are needed to identify and treat psychological morbidity following a traumatic bir...
Article
Full-text available
The women’s right to respectful and dignified care during labour and childbirth is strategically accepted [1]. As management committee members of the EU COST Action CA18211 network (‘DEVOTION’) focused on traumatic childbirth (www.ca18211.eu), we are concerned with ensuring a positive birth experience for all. We work on a pan‐European level to ens...
Article
Full-text available
Background: With increasing incidence resulting from newer national guidelines of risk assessment, diagnosis and management of gestational diabetes, Iceland’s rural midwives care for more women in high-risk pregnancies without assessment of the effect it has on their work. Purpose: To explore the lived experience of rural midwives, who work far aw...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study is to report on the validation process of a questionnaire that explores health science students’ attitudes towards women’s childbirth experiences. This questionnaire can help inform education programs to enhance the quality of woman-professional interactions, and to improve women’s experiences of childbirth. A standardized...
Article
Full-text available
Background Psychological aspects of labor and birth have received little attention within maternity care service planning or clinical practice. The aim of this paper is to propose a model demonstrating how neurohormonal processes, in particular oxytocinergic mechanisms, not only control the physiological aspects of labor and birth, but also contrib...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Rates of induction of labor (IOL) in Iceland and most neighboring countries have increased. Recent literature on IOL provided contradicting effects on mode of delivery, maternal and neonatal outcome. Material and methods: The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of IOL in late term pregnancies (≥41 weeks) on mode of delivery,...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Rates of induction of labor (IOL) in Iceland and most neighboring countries have increased. Recent literature on IOL provided contradicting effects on mode of delivery, maternal and neonatal outcome. Material and methods: The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of IOL in late term pregnancies (≥41 weeks) on mode of deliver...
Experiment Findings
The review comprised 81 articles, 10 videos, six birth shows, two informational leaflets and one scientific paper. The central themes were: 1) CS as risky and unnecessary intervention, failure of maternity system; 2) cS as a necessary, life-saving intervention; 3) the ethical dimensions of cS; 4) the changing landscape of childbirth and medicalizat...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: To synthesis qualitative studies on women’s psychological experiences of physiological childbirth. Design Meta-synthesis. Methods Studies exploring women’s psychological experiences of physiological birth using qualitative methods were eligible. Results Eight studies involving 94 women were included. Three third order interpretations we...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Cyprus has Europe's highest rate of births by Caesarean Section (CS). In 2015 56% of all babies were born by CS. This compares with 36% in Italy, and 16% in Iceland, which is among the lowest rates in Europe. There is some evidence that CS rates are partly driven by maternal request and media representation. Purpose: To explore the d...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Pain in childbirth has been identified as one of the major components in the childbirth experience and an important topic that needs to be addressed during pregnancy, birth and the after-birth period. Aim: The aim of the study was to describe women's childbirth pain experience and to identify predictors of women's positive childbirth...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Pregnant women expect childbirth to be painful. However, little is known about their expectations of the intensity of pain in childbirth (EIPC) and their attitudes to pain management. Method: The design was a cross-sectional survey, with self-reported questionnaires used to collect data from low-risk pregnant women (N = 1111) early in p...
Article
Full-text available
Women's experiences regarding labour pain preparation and management have been largely neglected. Explore women's experiences regarding labour pain preparation and management in normal childbirth. The Vancouver School of doing phenomenology was the methodological approach of the study since it provides inside information about the lived experience....
Chapter
Full-text available
Midwives are a key profession in the care of women during the childbearing process, and research results indicate that they can have a major effect upon their wellbeing and health as well as upon their attitude to future births and to their new born child. Women's need for caring in the childbearing process and the great importance of the caring mi...
Article
Full-text available
Theory is the acknowledged foundation to practise methodology, professional identity and growth of formalized knowledge. It has been noted that practice must not only be evidence-based but also theory-based. Hence, midwifery must be theory based because theories serve as a broad framework for practice and may also articulate the goals of a professi...
Article
Full-text available
The experience of childbirth is an important life experience for women. However, in-depth knowledge about long-term experiences is limited. The aim of the study was to describe women's experiences two to 20 years after birth. This study is a part of a meta-synthesis project about childbearing in the Nordic countries. Methodologically, the study was...
Article
Objective: To study consumption of folic acid supplements by women before conception and during pregnancy. Concurrently, the incidence of planned pregnancy and the women's knowledge of the preventive value of folic acid was investigated. Material and methods: A questionnaire was presented to all 128 pregnant women attending a maternal clinic in...
Article
Full-text available
The objective of this study was to explore the essential structure of caring and uncaring encounters with nurse-midwives and other health professionals during labor and delivery as perceived by women who have given birth. The phenomenological perspective of qualitative research theory guided the methodological approach to the study, in which true d...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to explore the essential structure of the lived experience of childbearing, as seen from the perspective of women who have given birth. The phenomenological perspective of qualitative research theory guided the methodological approach to the study, in which interactive interviews were conducted with a purposeful sample of...
Article
Full-text available
Neðst á síðunni er hægt að nálgast greinina í heild sinni með því að smella á hlekkinn View/Open Margar konur upplifa mikið álag þegar þær verða mæður og fjölmargar rannsóknir sýna fram á að og foreldrastreita er fylgifiskur þessa mikla álags. Segja má að rannsóknin sem kynnt er hér sé þríþætt. Í þessari grein verður fjallað um fyrsta hluta hennar...
Article
Full-text available
Neðst á síðunni er hægt að nálgast greinina í heild sinni með því að smella á hlekkinn View/Open Í þessari grein er fjallað um rannsókn sem framkvæmd var á Heilsugæslustöðinni á Akureyri í þeim tilgangi að reyna að vapa ljósi á það hvort upplýsingar sem safnað er á meðgöngu kvenna hafi tengsl við fæðingarþunglyndiseinkenni og foreldrastreitu við þr...
Article
Full-text available
Neðst á síðunni er hægt að nálgast greinina í heild sinni með því að smella á hlekkinn View/Open Objective: To study consumption of folic acid supplements by women before conception and during pregnancy. Concurrently, the incidence of planned pregnancy and the women's knowledge of the preventive value of folic acid was investigated. Material and me...
Article
Full-text available
Neðst á síðunni er hægt að nálgast greinina í heild sinni með því að smella á hlekkinn View/Open Þar sem meðganga er tími mikilla breytinga hjá konum, sérstaklega konum sem eiga von á sínu fyrsta barni álíta margir eðlilegt að tilfinningar eins áhyggjur og kvíði skjóti upp kollinum einhverntímann á meðgöngunni. En hvað er það sem veldur konum áhygg...

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Projects

Projects (3)
Project
Unlike other sources of trauma, perinatal or birth-related trauma is relatively unrecognised. Evidence suggests up to 30% of women describe their birth experience as traumatic and experience some symptoms of intrusion, avoidance or hyper-arousal. Meta-analyses show post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) affects 4% of women after birth and up to 18% of women in high risk groups. Rectification of this situation is essential. In 2016, 5.11 million babies were born in Europe, indicating that up to 1.5 million women may have had sub-optimal birth experiences and over 200,000 may have developed PTSD as a result. Developmental research has firmly established that the quality of infant-parent relationships is a critical factor in early and later childhood development, consequently, a family-centred approach to any investigation of birth-related trauma is critical, as trauma can be transmitted within the family system. Given the enormous economic burden it places on women, health systems, and particularly children, relatively small improvements in services to prevent, detect and treat this problem can benefit society significantly. The main aim of this Action is two-fold. The Action will establish an international multidisciplinary network of researchers, clinicians, NGOs and SMEs to 1) consolidate and disseminate current evidence and coordinate a joint effort to seek ways to prevent, minimise and resolve birth-related trauma, and to optimise emotional and psychological outcomes for parents and families and 2) accelerate the translation of that knowledge into best practices that can be shared across Europe to reduce the societal and economic burden arising from birth-related negative/traumatic experiences.
Project
The Women's Paradigm in Midwifery