Shuu-jiun Wang

Shuu-jiun Wang
Taipei Veterans General Hospital · Division of Neurology

MD

About

530
Publications
89,988
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25,498
Citations
Introduction
Additional affiliations
February 1989 - present
Taipei Veterans General Hospital
Position
  • Managing Director
October 1988 - present
National Yang Ming University
Position
  • Chair

Publications

Publications (530)
Article
Full-text available
Background Migraine has complex pathophysiological characteristics and episodic attacks. To decipher the cyclic neurophysiological features of migraine attacks, in this study, we compared neuronal excitability in the brainstem and primary somatosensory (S1) region between migraine phases for 30 consecutive days in two patients with episodic migrain...
Article
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Background Restless legs syndrome is a highly prevalent comorbidity of migraine; however, its genetic contributions remain unclear. Objectives To identify the genetic variants of restless legs syndrome in migraineurs and to investigate their potential pathogenic roles. Methods We conducted a two-stage genome-wide association study (GWAS) to ident...
Article
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Objective: Cerebral cavernous malformations (CCMs) present variably and epileptic seizures are the most common symptom. The factors contributing to cavernoma-related epilepsy (CRE) and drug resistance remain inconclusive. The outcomes of CRE after different treatment modalities have not yet been fully addressed. This study aimed to characterize th...
Article
Background We aimed to assess the differences in quantitative sensory testing between chronic migraine and healthy controls and to explore the association between pain sensitivities and outcomes in chronic migraine following preventive treatment. Methods In this prospective open-label study, preventive-naïve chronic migraine and healthy controls w...
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Purpose of Review Studies on event-related evoked potentials have indicated that altered cortical processing of sensory stimuli is associated with migraine. However, the results depend on the experimental method and patients. Electrophysiology of resting state cortical activity has revealed compelling results regarding the pathophysiology of migrai...
Article
Objective: To investigate the distribution, clinical associations, and treatment responses for the most bothersome symptoms of migraine in a large sample of patients with migraine in Taiwan. Background: The most bothersome symptom is recently recommended as a co-primary endpoint in clinical trials of acute treatment of migraine. However, most cl...
Article
Background: The role of the NOTCH3 p.R544C variant, the predominant variant of cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy in multiple East Asian regions, in migraine is unknown. Methods: Migraine patients (n = 2,884) (2,279F/605M, mean age 38.8 ± 11.7 years), including 324 (11.2%) with migraine wit...
Article
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Magnetic resonance fingerprinting (MRF) based on echo-planar imaging (EPI) enables whole-brain imaging to rapidly obtain T1 and T2* relaxation time maps. Reconstructing parametric maps from the MRF scanned baselines by the inner-product method is computationally expensive. We aimed to accelerate the reconstruction of parametric maps for MRF-EPI by...
Article
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Objectives To identify the neuroimaging predictors for the responsiveness of patients to sumatriptan and use an independent cohort for external validation. Methods Structuralized headache questionnaire and 3-Tesla brain magnetic resonance imaging were performed in migraine patients. Regional brain volumes were automatically calculated using FreeSu...
Preprint
Full-text available
Many patients with fibromyalgia (FM) experience fatigue, but the associated biological mechanisms have not been delineated. We aimed to investigate the neural signatures associated with fatigue severity in patients with FM using MRI. We consecutively recruited 138 patients with FM and collected their clinical profiles and brain-MRI data. We categor...
Article
Introduction: The development of quantitative, objective signatures or predictors to evaluate pain sensitivity is crucial in the clinical management of pain and in precision medicine. This study combined multimodal (neurophysiology and psychometrics) signatures to classify the training dataset and predict the testing dataset on individual heat pai...
Article
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Background Chronic headache may persist after the remission of reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome (RCVS) in some patients. We aimed to investigate the prevalence, characteristics, risk factors, and the impact of post-RCVS headache. Methods We prospectively recruited patients with RCVS and collected their baseline demographics, including...
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Background Behaviors of substance dependence are common among patients with medication-overuse headache (MOH). Whether MOH, like other substance use disorders, is associated with an increased risk for suicide is unknown. Methods In this cross-sectional study, newly diagnosed chronic migraine (CM) patients with or without coexisting MOH were enroll...
Article
Background Neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPS) could increase mortality risk in people with dementia due to Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, whether NPS affects mortality risk in people with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and whether any specific syndrome of NPS influences this risk are still unclear. Methods In total, 984 participants with dementi...
Article
Background/Purpose The long-term disease course and efficacy of maintenance therapies have rarely been investigated in Asian patients with neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD). Methods Medical records of patients fulfilling the 2015 International Consensus Diagnostic Criteria for NMOSD at three medical centers in Taiwan were systematical...
Article
Preventive treatment is crucial for patients with chronic migraine (CM). This study explored the association between resting-state cortical oscillations and 3-month treatment outcome in patients with CM. Treatment-naïve patients with CM were recruited with their demographic data, psychosocial data, and headache profiles as well as the healthy contr...
Article
Background and Objectives Blood-brain barrier (BBB) disruption has been proposed important in the pathogenesis of reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome (RCVS), yet not all patients present an identifiable macroscopic BBB disruption, i.e., visible contrast leakage on contrast-enhanced T2-fluid attenuated inversion recovery (CE-T2-FLAIR) imag...
Preprint
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Background : Chronic migraine (CM) is a disabling headache disorder. Autonomic nervous system (ANS) disturbance, as evidenced from heart rate variability (HRV) studies, has been documented in patients with episodic migraine and other pain disorders but not specifically in patients with CM. This study aimed to explore whether the HRV in patients wit...
Article
Background The genetic substrate for headache in the general population has not been identified in Asians. We investigated susceptible genetic variants for self-reported headache in a large community-based Asian population. Methods We conducted a genome-wide association study in participants recruited from a community-based cohort to identify the...
Preprint
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Background: Patients with migraine without aura frequently report transient visual disturbances (TVD) other than typical visual aura, but the clinical correlates are not determined. Method: Patients with migraine without aura (MO) that attended the headache clinic were enrolled. Structured questionnaires were self-administered by the patients inclu...
Preprint
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Objectives: To investigate the characteristics and clinical correlates of transient visual disturbances (TVDs) in patients with migraine without aura (MO). Background: Patients with MO frequently report TVD other than typical visual aura, but the clinical significance of the TVDs is not determined. Method: Patients with MO that attended our headach...
Article
Background To differentiate primary headache associated with sexual activity from other devastating secondary causes. Methods In this prospective cohort, we recruited consecutive patients with at least 2 attacks of headache associated with sexual activity from the headache clinics or emergency department of a national medical center from 2005 to 2...
Article
Objective To determine the current availability of care for headaches, in particular migraine in the Asian Oceanian region. Method A questionnaire-based, cross-sectional study from August 2020 to February 2021, surveyed country representatives from the member countries of the Asian Oceanian Association of Neurology. The items of the survey were in...
Article
Despite diffuse tenderness, patients with fibromyalgia (FM) have reported a wide range of areas with musculoskeletal pain. This study investigated the neural structures and neuroanatomical networks associated with self-reported widespread pain in FM using magnetic resonance imaging. We collected clinical profiles and brain magnetic resonance imagin...
Article
Genetic background has been considered one of the important contributors to the rate of cognitive decline among patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). We conducted a 4-year longitudinal follow-up study, recruited 255 AD and 44 mild cognitive impairment (MCI) patients, and used a data-driven trajectory analysis to examine the influence of selected...
Article
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The ICD-11 chronic pain classification includes about 100 chronic pain diagnoses on different diagnostic levels. Each of these diagnoses requires specific operationalized diagnostic criteria to be present. The classification comprises more than 200 diagnostic criteria. The aim of the Classification Algorithm for Chronic Pain in ICD-11 (CAL-CP) is t...
Article
Objectives To assess the cost-effectiveness of 30 mg of mirogabalin versus no treatment or 300 mg of pregabalin in patients with diabetic peripheral neuropathic pain (DPNP) from a third-party perspective in Taiwan. Methods A Markov model, developed with cycles of 2-week and a 1-year timeframes, consisted of 3 health states: mild, moderate, and sev...
Article
Objective: To investigate the significance of circulating miRNAs in the pathogenesis of RCVS. Methods: We prospectively recruited three independent cohorts of patients with RCVS and age- and sex-matched controls in a single medical center. Next-generation small RNA sequencing followed by quantitative PCR was used to identify and validate different...
Article
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Background: Alzheimer's disease (AD) exerts significant financial expenses on caregivers, and knowledge of caregivers' support for out-of-pocket payment is of great importance for policymaking on the insurance coverage of future AD medication in Taiwan. We aimed to investigate caregivers' willingness-to-pay (WTP) for a hypothetical curative AD med...
Article
Pain disorders are associated with aberrant oscillations in the pain-related cortical regions; however, few studies have investigated the relationship between the functional cortical network and migraine chronification through direct neural signals. Magnetoencephalography was used to record the resting-state brain activity of healthy controls as we...
Article
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Sensory gating, a habituation-related but more basic protective mechanism against brain sensory overload, is altered in patients with migraine and linked to headache severity. This study investigated whether somatosensory (SI) gating responses determined 3-months treatment outcomes in patients with episodic migraine (EM) and chronic migraine (CM)....
Preprint
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Background Whether blood pressure (BP) per secorrelateswith headache frequencyinmigraineis uncertain. Methods Newly diagnosed migrainepatients withoutanti-hypertensive or migraine preventive treatmentwere prospectively enrolled.Standardized BPmeasurementwas doneat each visit. Patientswere dichotomized bythe overall arithmetic mean of baseline systo...
Article
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IntroductionFibromyalgia (FM) is a chronic pain condition characterized by impaired emotional regulation. This study explored the brain response to pain-related fear as a potential brain signature of FM.Methods We used a conditioned fear task and magnetoencephalography to record pain-related fear responses in patients with FM. Two blocks of 30 fear...
Article
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Purpose of Review Tension-type headache is often regarded as the “normal” headache due to its high prevalence and mild disability in contrast with migraine. Clinically, both headaches are common comorbidities to each other. To date there has been many studies linked migraine to a brain excitability disorder. This review summarized earlier studies o...
Article
Full-text available
Background Pain sensitivity may determine the risk, severity, prognosis, and efficacy of treatment of clinical pain. Magnetic resonance imaging studies have linked thermal pain sensitivity to changes in brain structure. However, the neural correlates of mechanical pain sensitivity remain to be clarified through investigation of direct neural activi...
Article
Objective: To evaluate human glymphatics and meningeal lymphatics noninvasively. Methods: This prospective study implemented 3-dimensional (3D) isotropic contrast-enhanced T2 fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (CE-T2-FLAIR) imaging with a 3T magnetic resonance machine to study cerebral glymphatics and meningeal lymphatics in patients with rever...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPS) could increase mortality risk in people with dementia due to Alzheimer’s disease (AD). However, whether NPS affects mortality risk in people with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and whether any specific syndrome of NPS influences this risk are still unclear.Methods In total, 984 participants with dementia...
Article
The primary somatosensory cortex (SI) is a critical part of the neural substrate underlying interindividual differences in pain sensitivity. Here, we investigated whether resting-state functional connectivity, grey matter density (GMD) and GABA and Glx (glutamate and glutamine) levels of the sensorimotor cortices were related to pain thresholds and...
Article
Aim: To investigate the association between candidate gene variants and domains of neuropsychiatric symptoms and its change in a 1-year period. Methods: Seven hundred and ninety-three Taiwanese participants with 47.8% of female, with Alzheimer's disease (AD) were enrolled. Genes associated with a risk of developing AD were selected as candidate...
Article
Objectives In the application of the Monro-Kellie doctrine in spontaneous intracranial hypotension, the brain tissue volume is generally considered as a fixed constant. Traditionally, cerebral venous dilation is thought to compensate for decreased cerebrospinal fluid. However, whether brain tissue volume is invariable has not yet been explored. The...
Article
Clinical trials are a key component of the evidence base for the treatment of headache disorders. In 1991, the International Headache Society Clinical Trials Standing Committee developed and published the first edition of the Guidelines for Controlled Trials of Drugs in Migraine. Advances in drugs, devices, and biologicals, as well as novel trial d...
Article
Objective The current study explored whether the chances of having migraine are influenced by a youth’s friendship with a migraineur. Methods The study was centered on a community-based non-referral cohort of eighth graders from two middle schools in Taiwan. Among the 642 recruited adolescent students, 610 (95%) (mean age 14.1 years, male ratio 51...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background:Pain sensitivitymay determine the risk, severity, prognosis, and efficacy of treatment of clinical pain. Magnetic resonance imaging studies have linked thermal pain sensitivity to changes in brain structure. However, the neural correlates ofmechanical pain sensitivityremain to be clarified through investigation ofdirect neural activities...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Pain sensitivity may determine the risk, severity, prognosis, and efficacy of treatment of clinical pain. Magnetic resonance imaging studies have linked thermal pain sensitivity to changes in brain structure. However, the neural correlates of mechanical pain sensitivity remain to be clarified through investigation of direct neural activi...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Pain sensitivity may determine the risk, severity, prognosis, and efficacy of treatment of clinical pain. Magnetic resonance imaging studies have linked thermal pain sensitivity to changes in brain structure. However, the neural correlates of mechanical pain sensitivity remain to be clarified through investigation of direct neural activi...
Article
Objective Previous studies regarding the quantitative sensory testing are inconsistent in migraine. We hypothesized that the quantitative sensory testing results were influenced by headache frequency or migraine phase. Methods This study recruited chronic and episodic migraine patients as well as healthy controls. Participants underwent quantitati...
Article
Background and Purpose— Reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome (RCVS) has a unique temporal course of vasoconstriction. Blood-brain barrier (BBB) breakdown is part of the pathophysiology of RCVS, but its temporal course is unknown. We aimed to investigate the temporal profile of BBB breakdown and relevant clinical profiles in a large sample...
Article
Background Previous voxel- or surface-based morphometric analysis studies have revealed alterations in cortical structure in patients with chronic migraine, yet with inconsistent results. The discrepancies may be derived partly from the sample heterogeneity. Employing both methods in a clinically homogenous group may provide a clearer view. Method...
Article
Full-text available
Previous studies have reported an association between tooth loss and gray matter volume (GMV) in healthy adults. The study aims to elucidate the link between tooth loss, brain volume differences, and cognitive impairment by investigating the total and regional differences in GMV associated with tooth loss in older people with and without cognitive...
Article
Older patients with cognitive impairment exhibit worse masticatory performance (MP), which may be attributed to poorer abilities of control, learning, and adaptation of oral sensorimotor functions. This study tested the hypothesis that the association between the structural signature of the right premotor cortex (which relates to sensorimotor integ...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The increase of headache frequency is associated with higher headache related disability and lower quality of life in patients with migraine. However, the pathophysiology of migraine progression, persistence, or remission is elusive. The purpose of this study is to identify the brain signatures that are predictive of the long-term outc...
Article
Background Medication overuse headache may be associated with widespread alterations along the thalamocortical pathway, a pathway involved in pain perception and disease progression. This study addressed whether brain metabolites in key regions of the thalamocortical pathway differed between chronic migraine patients with medication overuse headach...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: To assess the cost-effectiveness of mirogabalin versus no treatment or pregabalin in patients with post-herpetic neuralgia (PHN) from a third-party perspective in Taiwan. Methods: A Markov model, which was developed with 2-week cycles and 1-year time horizon from the Taiwanese National Health Insurance Administration perspective, consis...
Article
Objective We aimed to evaluate associations of human leukocyte antigen variants with migraine or headache in hospital and population-based settings. Methods The case-control study population, aged 30–70, included 605 clinic-based migraine patients in a medical center and 8449 population-based participants in Taiwan Biobank (TWB). Clinic-based case...
Article
Background The pathophysiology of reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome is unclear. An unbiased systems-based approach might help to illustrate the metabolite profiling and underlying pathophysiology. Methods Urine samples were collected from reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome patients and matched controls recruited in Taipei Ve...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Many single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) have been reported to be associated with migraine susceptibility. However, evidences for their associations with migraine endophenotypes or subtypes are scarce. We aimed to investigate the associations of pre-identified migraine susceptibility loci in Taiwanese with migraine endophenotypes or...
Article
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Amnestic mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is a prodromal stage of dementia, with a higher incidence of these patients progressing to Alzheimer’s disease (AD) than normal aging people. A biomarker for the early detection and prediction for this progression is important. We recruited MCI subjects in three teaching hospitals and conducted longitudinal...
Article
Aim: To examine the effect of vitamin D level on cognitive function and white matter hyperintensity (WMH) in patients with mild Alzheimer's disease (AD). Methods: We recruited patients with mild AD, and carried out clinical interviews, neuropsychological assessments, laboratory tests and brain magnetic resonance imaging. Results: In total, 146...
Article
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Objectives: To investigate the summative effects of vascular risk factors (VRFs) on the progression of Alzheimer disease (AD). Design: Longitudinal follow-up cohort study. Setting: AD patients from two teaching hospitals in Taiwan with 3-year follow-ups. Participants: A total of 330 AD patients with a mean age of 80.7 years, a mean Mini-Ment...
Article
Background Migraine is associated with syncope. We investigated risk factors for syncope and burden of syncope in migraine patients. Methods Participants were recruited from a headache clinic. All participants provided information on lifestyle, co-morbidity, syncope, headache and suicide, and completed the MIDAS and HADS questionnaires. Genetic da...
Article
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Background Few studies have investigated the associations of comorbid migraine with other painful physical symptoms (PPS) in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) at the two-year follow-up point. This study aimed to investigate this issue. Methods At baseline, 155 outpatients with MDD were enrolled. Migraine was diagnosed at baseline accor...
Data
The dataset includes demographic variables, scores of psychometric scales, headache indices, and different pain intensities at baseline and 2-year follow-up. (XLSX)
Article
Inherent fuzzy entropy is an objective measurement of electroencephalography (EEG) complexity reflecting the robustness of brain systems. In this study, we present a novel application of multiscale relative inherent fuzzy entropy using repetitive steady-state visual evoked potentials (SSVEPs) to investigate EEG complexity change between two migrain...
Article
Background Cold weather is reportedly a precipitator of reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome (RCVS) in a few cases. We systematically investigated whether meteorological factors correlate with the occurrence of RCVS. Methods We conducted a retrospective analysis of a cohort of patients diagnosed with RCVS or probable RCVS, based on Intern...