Shu-Hui Juan

Shu-Hui Juan
Taipei Medical University | TMU · Department of Physiology

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69
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Publications

Publications (69)
Article
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Objective Plasma dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP4) levels were significantly lower in patients with colorectal and liver cancers, and animal studies also showed DPP4 inhibitors (DPP4is) have procarcinogenic effects in colorectal cancer. Until now, whether DPP4is therapy affects the progression of liver cancer and colorectal cancer in patients with T2DM...
Article
Full-text available
We previously reported that perfluorooctanesulfonate (PFOS) causes autophagy-induced apoptosis in renal tubular cells (RTCs) through a mechanism dependent on reactive oxygen species (ROS)/extracellular signal-regulated kinase. This study extended our findings and determined the therapeutic potency of l-Carnitine in PFOS-treated RTCs. l-Carnitine (1...
Article
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Methylprednisolone (MP) is an anti-inflammatory drug approved for the treatment of acute spinal cord injuries (SCIs). However, MP administration for SCIs has become a controversial issue while the molecular effects of MP remain unexplored to date. Therefore, delineating the benefits and side effects of MP and determining what MP cannot cure in SCIs...
Article
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Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) is among the most abundant organic pollutants and is widely distributed in the environment, wildlife, and humans. Its toxic effects and biological hazards are associated with its long elimination half-life in humans. However, how it affects renal tubular cells (RTCs) remains unclear. In this study, PFOS was observed...
Preprint
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Background and aim Several studies showed plasma dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP4) levels were significantly lower in patients with colorectal and liver cancers, and animal studies also showed DPP4 inhibitors (DPP4is) have procarcinogenic effects in colorectal cancer. The aims of this study were to investigate the association between cumulative defined...
Article
Full-text available
The therapeutic effects of simvastatin for renal cell carcinoma (RCC) are controversial. In this study, the effects of simvastatin on the carcinogenic properties of 3-methylcholanthrene (3MC; an aryl-hydrocarbon receptor [AhR] agonist) in human renal epithelial cells (hRECs) were investigated. We exposed in vitro and in vivo models to 3MC to induce...
Article
We previously synthesized new tubulin inhibitors, MPT0B169 and MPT0B002, which induced growth inhibition and apoptosis in leukemia cells. However, their effects on solid tumor cells have not been determined. In this study, we investigated the effects of MPT0B169 and MPT0B002 on glioblastoma, breast, lung, and colorectal cancer (CRC) cell lines. A c...
Article
Background We previously showed that 3-O‐β‐D‐glucopyranosyl‐(3R)‐hydroxybutanolide (kinsenoside), a major compound of Anoectochilus formosanus, increased lipolysis through an AMP–activated protein kinase (AMPK)–dependent pathway. Purpose To extend our previous finding, we investigated the in vivo and in vitro effects of kinsenoside on lipolysis an...
Article
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Introduction: The renin-angiotensin system and epithelial-mesenchymal transition play crucial roles in the development of kidney fibrosis. The connection between the renin-angiotensin system and transforming growth factor-β in epithelial-mesenchymal transition remains largely unknown. Materials and methods: We assessed oxidative stress, cytokine...
Article
Diabetes mellitus (DM) reduces lung function and increases the risk of asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, pneumonia, and pulmonary fibrosis. Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) plays a crucial role in the development of pulmonary fibrosis. The pathogenesis of pulmonary fibrosis in diabetes remains unknown. We investigated the effect...
Article
We have previously reported that perfluorooctanesulfonate (PFOS) causes cell apoptosis in renal tubular epithelial cells (RTCs). Here, we extend our findings and provide evidence of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT)-associated renal fibrosis caused by PFOS and the protection by L-carnitine. Our results demonstrate that PFOS increased the expr...
Article
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Growth differentiation factor 15 (GDF15) is a strong predictor of cardiovascular events and mortality in individuals with or without cardiovascular diseases. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in microRNA (miRNA) target sites, also known as miRSNPs, are known to enhance or weaken miRNA-mRNA interactions and have been linked to diseases such as...
Article
Endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) modulates vascular blood pressure and is predominantly expressed in endothelial cells and activated through the protein kinase B (Akt/PKB)-dependent pathway. We previously reported that 3-methylcholanthrene (3MC) activates the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) and reduces PI3K/Akt phosphorylation. This study i...
Article
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Perfluorinated chemicals (PFCs) are ubiquitously distributed in the environments including stainless pan-coating, raincoat, fire extinguisher, and semiconductor products. The PPAR family has been shown to contribute to the toxic effects of PFCs in thymus, immune and excretory systems. Herein, we demonstrated that perfluorooctanesulfonate (PFOS) cau...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: Previous genome-wide association studies have indicated an association between CDH13 genotypes and adiponectin levels. In this study, we used mediation analysis to assess the statistical association between CDH13 locus variants and adiponectin levels, metabolic syndrome, and related metabolic phenotypes. Methods and results: A sample...
Article
We previously identified that activation of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) by 3-methylcholanthrene (3MC) exerts antiproliferative and antimigratory effects on human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) through the upregulation of p21/p27 transcription and RhoA activation. In this study, we investigated the mechanisms of 3MC-mediated downr...
Article
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We have previously shown that carboplatin induces inflammation and apoptosis in renal tubular cells (RTCs) through the activation of the nuclear factor of activated T cells-3 (NFAT3) protein by reactive oxygen species (ROS), and that the ROS-mediated activation of NFAT3 is prevented by N-acetyl cysteine and heme oxygenase-1 treatment. In the curren...
Article
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We previously showed that treating vascular endothelial cells with 3-methylcholanthrene (3MC) caused cell-cycle arrest in the Go/G1 phase; this resulted from the induction of p21 and p27 and a decreased level and activity of the cyclin-dependent kinase, Cdk2. We further investigated the molecular mechanisms that modulate cell-cycle regulatory prote...
Article
Activating transcription factor 3 (ATF3), a CREB/ATF family transcription factors member, has been implicated in cardiovascular and inflammatory system and is rapidly induced by ischemic-reperfusion injuries. We performed transverse aortic banding (TAB) experiments using ATF3 gene-deleted mice (ATF3(-/-)) and wild-type (WT) mice to find out what ef...
Article
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Our previous study indicated that Thy-1, which is expressed on blood vessel endothelium in settings of pathological and a specific of physiological, but not during embryonic, angiogenesis, may be used as a marker for angiogenesis. However, the function of Thy-1 during angiogenesis is still not clear. Here, we demonstrate that knock-down of the endo...
Article
Objective: Previous investigations have revealed an association between the ABO locus/blood group and total cholesterol and inflammatory biomarker levels. We aimed to test the statistical association of ABO locus variants with lipid profiles and levels of thirteen inflammatory markers in a Taiwanese population. Methods and results: A sample popu...
Article
Homocysteine is an intermediate product formed during the metabolism of methionine, and is increased in cells with folate deficiency. Patients with hyperhomocysteinemia tend to develop cardiovascular disease. Here, we have examined the molecular mechanisms underlying the anti-proliferative and anti-migratory effects of folate on homocysteine-challe...
Article
We have demonstrated previously that focal adhesion kinase (FAK)/RhoA alteration by the aryl-hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) agonist 3-methylcholanthrene (3MC) is involved in the antimigratory effects of 3MC in human umbilical vascular endothelial cells. Here, we identified that signaling properties and molecular mechanisms of RhoA/β-catenin were both i...
Article
Retinal ischemia-induced neuronal death plays a crucial role in certain severe visual impairment diseases. The aims of this study were to investigate the effects of low dose cobalt protoporphyrin IX (CoPP), an inducer of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), on the retina of rats against ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury. Retinal IR was achieved in rats by raisi...
Article
Although carboplatin is currently used as a therapeutic drug for ovarian, breast, and non-small cell lung cancers, it has serious side effects including renal and cardiac toxicity. Herein, we examined the effect of carboplatin on murine renal tubular cell (RTC) apoptosis both in vivo and in vitro and the underlying molecular mechanisms associated w...
Article
Full-text available
We previously reported that the activation of the nuclear factor of activated T-lymphocyte-3 (NFAT3) by carboplatin leads to renal apoptosis as a result of oxidative stress, which is reversed by N-acetylcysteine. Herein, we extend our previous work to provide evidence of the molecular mechanisms of haem oxygenase (HO)-1 in protecting against injury...
Article
Protective effects of adiponectin (APN; an adipocytokine) were shown against various oxidative challenges; however, its therapeutic implications and the mechanisms underlying hepatic iron overload remain unclear. Herein, we show that the deleterious effects of iron dextran on liver function and iron deposition were significantly reversed by adipone...
Article
Adiponectin (APN)-mediated cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 induction is known to have various protective effects on cardiovascular diseases. However, the molecular mechanisms of APN-mediated COX-2 induction and its protection against iron-mediated injury in hepatocytes are still unclear. Herein, we show that AMP-mediated peroxisome proliferator-activated re...
Article
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Glucocorticoids are commonly used in treating diseases with white matter lesions, including demyelinating diseases and spinal cord injury (SCI). However, glucocorticoids are ineffective in gray matter injuries, such as head injury and stroke. The differential glucocorticoid effects in white and gray matter injuries are unclear. We report here a nov...
Article
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We previously showed that an increase in the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-delta (PPARdelta), together with subsequent induction of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) by beraprost (BPS), inhibits aortic smooth muscle cell proliferation. Herein, we delineated the mechanisms of the antiproliferative effects of BPS through the inducti...
Article
Full-text available
We previously demonstrated the antiproliferative and antiangiogenic effects of 3-methylcholanthrene (3MC), an aryl-hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) agonist, in human umbilical vascular endothelial cells (HUVECs). Herein, we unraveled its molecular mechanisms in inhibiting HUVEC motility. 3MC down-regulated FAK, but up-regulated RhoA, which was rescued by...
Article
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Gentamicin, a widely used antibiotic for the treatment of bacterial infection, can cause nephrotoxicity. Tetramethylpyrazine (TMP) is a compound purified from the rhizome of Ligusticum wallichi (called chuanxiong in Chinese). Besides its protection against ischaemia-reperfusion injury and nephritis in mice, we previously reported that TMP reverses...
Article
Previous studies have shown that progesterone inhibits endothelial cell proliferation through a nuclear receptor-mediated mechanism. Here, we further demonstrate that progesterone at physiologic levels (5 - 500 nM) dose- and time-dependently inhibited DNA synthesis of cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC). The mRNA and protein lev...
Article
Quercetin (QUE; 3,5,7,3',4'-tetrahydroxyflavone) has been shown to possess several beneficial biological activities including antitumor, anti-inflammation and antioxidant properties; however, the effects of QUE in preventing invasion by breast carcinoma cells are still undefined. Increases in the protein, messenger RNA and enzyme activity levels of...
Article
Full-text available
The objective of this study was to evaluate the cardiac toxicity induced by carboplatin, a second generation platinum-containing anti-cancer drug, and to test whether pravastatin can reduce this cardio-toxicity. In the present study, infusion of carboplatin (100 mg/kg) to mice resulted in decreased survival rates and abnormal cardiac histology, con...
Article
We previously reported that 3-methylcholanthrene (3MC), an aryl-hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) agonist, inhibits the proliferation of human umbilical vascular endothelial cells (HUVECs; Juan et al., 2006, Eur J Pharmacol 530: 1-8). Herein, pretreatment of HUVECs with p21 or p27 small interfering (si)RNA reduced 3MC-induced elimination of [(3)H]thymidin...
Article
The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) is a ligand-activated transcription factor activated by dioxin and polyaromatic hydrocarbons. Recent studies have revealed that AhR activity in central neurons depends on the NMDA receptor. In this study, we investigated how the neuronal activity influence AhR-mediated dioxin-responsive gene expression and neurot...
Article
RGC (retinal ganglion cell) death following ischaemic insult is the major cause of a number of vision-threatening diseases, including glaucoma. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the role of HO-1 (haem oxygenase-1) in the retina against IR (ischaemia/reperfusion) injury. Adenovirus-mediated HO-1 gene transfer (Adv-HO-1) was carried out by...
Article
Prostacyclin (PGI2) has been shown to inhibit proliferation in vascular smooth muscle cells. To clarify the underlying molecular mechanism, we investigated the vasoprotection of beraprost (a PGI2 agonist) both in vivo and in vitro. Beraprost eliminated increases in proliferation of rat aortic smooth muscle cells (RASMCs) by 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbo...
Article
Previously, we showed that magnolol induces cell-cycle arrest in cultured colon and liver cancer cells through an upregulation of the p21 protein. The aim of this study was to delineate the molecular mechanism underlying this magnolol-induced increase of p21 protein. Thus our RT-PCR analysis demonstrated that the mRNA levels of p21 were increased a...
Article
Full-text available
Gentamicin, a widely used antibiotic for the treatment of bacterial infection, can cause nephrotoxicity. Tetramethylpyrazine (TMP) is a compound purified from the rhizome of Ligusticum wallichi (Chuanxiong) and has been found to protect against ischaemia-reperfusion injury, nephritis and alcohol-induced toxicity in rat kidneys. We used rat renal tu...
Article
Recent studies have shown biological effects of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) induction and antioxidation in cardiovascular disorders. The ethanol extracts of leaves of 12 selected indigenous Taiwanese plants were investigated for their antioxidant activities, evaluated using assays of 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), hydroxyl, and superoxide radica...
Article
There is increasing interest in the effects of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD, dioxin) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons on cardiovascular diseases. Their chemical structures are similar, although polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons contain no chlorine as does TCDD. The biochemical mechanism of their action is mainly mediated by the aryl...
Article
Resveratrol-mediated heme oxgenase-1 (HO-1) induction has been shown to occur in primary neuronal cultures and has been implicated as having potential neuroprotective action. Further, antioxidant properties of resveratrol have been reported to protect against coronary heart disease. We attempted to examine the HO-1 inducing potency of resveratrol a...
Article
Interleukin 5 (IL-5) inhibition of apoptosis is required throughout many hematopoietic lineages to regulate proliferation and differentiation. It is not clear how IL-5 mediates the intracellular molecular events regulating the anti-apoptotic effect. The cell lines TF-1 and JYTF-1 expressed different amounts of the IL-5 receptor alpha (IL-5R alpha)...
Article
Resveratrol is a phytoestrogen naturally found in grapes and is the major constituent of wine thought to have a cardioprotective effect. The aims of this study were to examine whether resveratrol alters angiotenisn II-induced cell proliferation and endothelin-1 gene expression and to identify the putative underlying signaling pathways in rat aortic...
Article
Full-text available
To examine whether 17-beta-oestradiol (E(2)) may alter angiotensin II (Ang II) induced cell proliferation and to identify the putative underlying signalling pathways in rat cardiac fibroblasts. Cultured rat cardiac fibroblasts were preincubated with E(2) then stimulated with Ang II. [(3)H]Thymidine incorporation and endothelin-1 (ET-1) gene express...
Article
Resveratrol-mediated heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) induction has been shown to occur in primary neuronal cultures and is thought to have potential neuroprotective action. Further, antioxidant properties of resveratrol have been reported to protect against coronary heart disease. We attempted to examine resveratrol's HO-1 inducing potency and its inductio...
Article
Full-text available
It has been well documented previously that 17beta-estradiol (E2) exerts a protective effect on cardiovascular tissue. The possible role of E2 in the regulation of endothelin (ET)-1 production has been previously reported, although the complex mechanisms by which E2 inhibits ET-1 expression are not completely understood. The aims of this study were...
Article
Quercetin is one of the most ubiquitous bioflavonoids in foods of plant origin. Although quercetin is generally considered to provide protection against oxidative injury and inflammation, recent studies have demonstrated that its cytoprotective effects occur within a narrow concentration range. We attempted to examine the concentration-dependent ef...
Article
We previously reported that adenovirus-mediated gene transfer of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) inhibits the development of atherosclerosis in apolipoprotein E-deficient mice. This finding implies that HO-1 induction is beneficial for protecting blood vessels. We also found that quercetin, a common polyphenolic compound in foods of plant origin, induces H...
Article
Angiotensin II (Ang II) increases vascular endothelin-1 (ET-1) tissue levels, which in turn mediate a major part of Ang II-stimulated vascular growth and hypertension in vivo. Ang II also stimulates reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation in vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs). However, whether ROS are involved in Ang II-induced ET-1 gene expressi...
Article
It is well documented that 17β-estradiol (E2) exerts a cardiovascular protective effect. A possible role of E2 in the regulation of endothelin-1 (ET-1) production has been reported. However, the complex mechanisms by which E2 inhibits ET-1 expression are not completely understood. The aims of this study were to examine whether E 2 may alter angiote...
Article
The role of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) played in the inhibitory mechanism of flavonoids in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced responses remained unresolved. In the present study, flavonoids, including 3-OH flavone, baicalein, kaempferol, and quercetin, induced HO-1 gene expression at the protein and mRNA levels in the presence or absence of LPS in RAW26...
Article
This study was designed to investigate the effect of YC-1, 3-(5'-hydroxymethyl-2'-furyl)-1-benzylindazole, in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) proliferation and its underlying mechanism. YC-1 at a range of concentrations (5-50 microM) inhibited DNA synthesis and decreased cell number in cultured HUVEC in a dose- and time-dependent ma...
Article
Previously we demonstrated that progesterone at physiologic levels dose dependently inhibited cell proliferation in cultured rat aortic smooth muscle cells (RASMCs). However, the molecular mechanism underlying of progesterone-induced antiproliferation was not clear. Here we demonstrated that progesterone induced a reduction of the [(3)H]thymidine i...
Article
Endothelin-1 (ET-1) has been implicated in fibroblast proliferation. However, the mechanism involving ET-1 is not clear. The present study was performed to examine the role of endogenous ET-1 in ET-1-stimulated fibroblast proliferation and to investigate the regulatory mechanism of ET-1-induced ET-1 gene expression in cardiac fibroblasts. Both ET(A...
Chapter
Heme oxygenase (HO) is the rate-limiting enzyme to catalyze the heme degradation, leading to the generation of biliverdin, which is subsequently converted to antioxidant bilirubin by biliverdin reductase,1,2 free iron, and carbon monoxide (CO). Three HO isozymes derived from distinct genes were identified.3 Among them, HO-1 is a stress-responsive p...
Article
Increasing evidence supports the role of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) in cytoprotective response and iron homeostasis. The object of this study was to investigate whether adenovirus-mediated gene transfer of HO-1 in arteries reduces iron overload and inhibits lesion formation in apolipoprotein E (apoE)-deficient mice. Infection of rat aortic smooth musc...

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