Shorna Broussard Allred

Shorna Broussard Allred
Cornell University | CU · Department of Natural Resources and the Environment

Ph.D.

About

107
Publications
28,432
Reads
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1,436
Citations
Introduction
Shorna Broussard Allred is an Associate Professor and Extension Specialist in the Dept. of Natural Resources, Cornell University. Dr. Allred also serves as the Associate Director of the Center for Conservation Social Sciences in the Dept. of Natural Resources. Her research and extension program at Cornell focuses on understanding human attitudes, motivations, and behavior related to resource conservation and management. Dr. Allred also holds a core faculty appointment in the Southeast Asia program at Cornell and is a Visiting Professor at Universiti Malaysia Sarawak.
Additional affiliations
July 2007 - present
Cornell University
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
June 2007 - July 2007
Purdue University
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
January 2001 - June 2007
Purdue University
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)

Publications

Publications (107)
Article
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Early successional forest habitat (ESH) and associated wildlife species in the northeastern United States are in decline. One way to help create early successional forest conditions is engaging private forest landowners in even-aged forest management because their limited participation may have contributed to declines in ESH for wildlife species of...
Article
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Jonathan Haidt’s Moral Foundations Theory identifies five moral axes that can influence human motivation to take action on vital problems like climate change. The theory focuses on five moral foundations, including compassion, fairness, purity, authority, and ingroup loyalty; these have been found to differ between liberals and conservatives as wel...
Article
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Social capital, usually conceptualized as trusting relationships among members of a group, is often discussed as playing an important role in watershed groups. This study is grounded in the social networks conceptualization of social capital and seeks to identify how access to social resources aids in achieving watershed group outcomes. Three compa...
Article
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Community psychology (CP) research on the natural environment lacks a theoretical framework for analyzing the complex relationship between human systems and the natural world. We introduce other academic fields concerned with the interactions between humans and the natural environment, including environmental sociology and coupled human and natural...
Article
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Forestry researchers frequently conduct surveys to assess woodland owner attitudes, behavior, behavioral intentions, and program adoption. However, the ability to utilize survey results in applied research is dependent upon how accurately the sample respondents reflect the reference population. One major issue in survey research is nonresponse bias...
Article
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We examine the concept of cultural resilience among the eastern Penan community of Long Lamai in the Malaysian state of Sarawak on the island of Borneo. Long Lamai is in the Heart of Borneo, a global conservation priority region that contains some of the planet’s most biologically diverse equatorial rainforest habitats. The Penan have undergone sig...
Article
Woodland management is critical for ensuring forests are sustainably managed, yet few forest landowners have management plans and are often unsure of where to turn for advice. In New York State, the Master Forest Owner (MFO) Volunteer program provides free support from trained volunteers, however participation in the program has declined since 2012...
Article
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For decades, various institutions have attempted to improve rural livelihoods in Haiti by implementing agroforestry. While agroforestry provides ecological and economic benefits, little is known about the long-term livelihood outcomes of agroforestry interventions in Haiti. Using the Community Capitals Framework (CCF), this study investigated multi...
Article
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It is time to acknowledge and overcome conservation's deep-seated systemic racism, which has historically marginalized Black, Indigenous and people of colour (BIPOC) communities and continues to do so. We describe how the mutually reinforcing ‘twin spheres’ of conservation science and conservation practice perpetuate this systemic racism. We trace...
Article
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Concern is growing worldwide over the negative outcomes of rural abandonment. Yet, problematisation of this phenomenon remains limited by insufficient explanatory frameworks and lack of empirical evidence from the conditions which precede, underlie and succeed it. Accordingly, this paper presents a case from Turkey, where significant rural abandonm...
Article
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Public support for natural areas and engagement in place-specific pro-environmental behaviors (PS-PEB) has predominantly focused on individuals’ relationships with and attachments to a specific place. However, recent discussions suggest that individuals’ general connection to nature is equally important in determining individuals’ willingness to en...
Article
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Peer learning programs in forestry are a valuable resource for woodland owners, yet many forestry outreach programs in the U.S. and Europe are underutilized. Recent literature has suggested that current models peer learning and outreach programs could benefit from adopting a service-dominant logic, which centers on value creation through exchange,...
Article
In the United States, municipal governments play an essential role in creating plans, policies, and procedures that consider biodiversity. However, municipal leaders do not always have the knowledge or capacity to integrate conservation into land-use planning effectively. Habitats and natural areas that occur outside of protected areas are vulnerab...
Article
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Approximately 1.2 million family forest landowners (FFOs) manage nearly 37 million acres of forestland in five New England states. This means that efforts to sustain and conserve forests in the region are contingent upon short- and long-term management decisions of these owners. We applied the transtheoretical model of behavior change to understand...
Article
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Climate change has dramatically affected the rainfall patterns and water systems in Central Italy. The vulnerability of this area to climate change and natural hazards necessitates that appropriate adaptation policies be put in place to protect heritage sites. This study aims to develop a cultural and natural heritage conservation framework for Cen...
Article
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This study centers upon understanding pro-environmental behavior to reduce flood risk among the private land-owning populace. As the trend of increasing number and severity of extreme rainfall events that cause flooding in the northeastern United States continues, such research can produce timely insights—especially given the preponderance of priva...
Article
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Mail surveys have long been a staple of social science research. Properly conducted, they can gather representative data about a population that provides important generalizations about that population. High response rates are one crucial element of this capacity to make such generalizations. Response rates to mail surveys–especially those targetin...
Article
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The European chestnut population is enduring multiple compounding exotic pest and disease outbreaks across Turkey. The deeply held value of the chestnut species for the Turkish public is reflected in substantial government conservation programming. Chestnut is predominantly found on state land managed by Turkey’s General Directorate of Forestry (GD...
Article
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Resilience to extreme weather events and other sudden changes is an issue facing many communities in the early twenty-first century. Planning to respond to disasters is particularly complicated in densely inhabited, multi-jurisdictional urban social-ecological systems like the watershed of Jamaica Bay, a large urbanized estuary on the south side of...
Article
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The general public’s perceptions of climate change may be shaped by local climate impacts through the mechanism of experiential processing. Although climate change is a long-term global trend, individuals personally experience it as weather from moment to moment. This study assesses how New York State adults’ overall perceptions of their personal e...
Article
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Family forest owners in the United States have an important role in providing social and ecological benefits across landscapes. Thus, a detailed understanding of their land management behavior is critical to determine whether or not these benefits will be realized. In this paper, we report on a vote-count meta-analysis of peer-reviewed quantitative...
Article
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Research Methods To understand perceptions of and aspirations for Binghamton's rivers, community residents were engaged through a combination of qualitative and quantitative research techniques in the summer of 2017, including a community survey and public prompts via chalkboards at community events. Data was collected during Live on the Waterfront...
Article
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Much of the family-forest-owned land in the United States is expected to change hands as current ownerships grow older and pass on their holdings. To date, little research has been conducted on this ownership decision. Using mail survey data from the northeastern United States, we explore family-forest-owner (FFO) legacy planning. We summarized FFO...
Article
Climate change impacts on agriculture have been intensifying in the Northeastern United States. In order to encourage the adoption of climate change adaptation and mitigation practices by farmers, it is critical to understand their perspectives on the risks they face and actions they are taking. However, very few empirical studies have considered h...
Article
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The Welikeia project and the corresponding free online tool Visionmaker.NYC focus on the historical landscape ecologies of New York City. This article provides a brief introduction to online participatory tools, describes the Visionmaker tool in detail, and offers suggested ways to use the tool for Extension professionals based in and outside New Y...
Article
Forested lands produce a multitude of societal benefits, and landowner decisions influence the provision of these benefits over space and time. The fate of over half of the 330 million hectares of forestland in the United States (U.S.) rests in the hands of private ownerships, and over 35% of U.S. forestland is owned by families. Landowner estate p...
Article
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Extension is responding to climate change through programming intended to encourage adaptation and mitigation in agricultural production and natural resources management. However, effectively engaging target audiences requires identifying appropriate delivery methods. We conducted a study to identify delivery methods researchers and Extension profe...
Article
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Climate change poses unprecedented challenges to agricultural production globally and in the United States; it is both vulnerable to the impacts of a changing climate and a contributor to greenhouse gas emissions. Because farmers need to quickly adapt to reduce their risks and emissions, there is a pressing need to better understand the process by...
Chapter
This chapter examines how urban environmental education can strengthen communities and enhance environmental quality in cities by focusing on three community assets—social capital, sense of community, and collective efficacy—that have been used to understand why some communities fare better than others and why people sometimes act not in their narr...
Article
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Climate change has serious implications for agricultural production, natural resource management, and food security. In the United States, land-grant universities and the U.S. Cooperative Extension System have a critical role to play in conducting basic and applied research related to climate change and translating findings into meaningful programm...
Article
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Cross-disciplinary research is necessary to solve many complex problems that affect society today, including problems involving linked social and environmental systems. Examples include natural resource management or scarcity problems, problematic effects of climate change, and environmental pollution issues. Intercultural research teams are needed...
Data
The explanatory variables and response variables from the survey in the order they were asked. The question about willingness to act (response variable) directly preceded the question about belief in climate change (one of our explanatory variables). There were 32 questions between the question about belief in climate change and the five questions...
Data
Results of model averaging showing the model weights for 4 models and the null model. (DOCX)
Data
Results of multinomial model after elimination of the ‘belief in climate change’ predictor variable. This model includes 65 additional participants who did not know whether they believed in climate change or not for a total of 980 participants. The analysis was conducted to look for bias due to not including those participants in the original set o...
Article
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Street trees provide numerous environmental, community, and health benefits, but municipal urban forestry programs often lack the public resources to adequately maintain trees, particularly in the time immediately following planting. Watering trees in the first three years after planting is critical for tree survival. A quasi-experimental design wa...
Article
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Natural resource professionals, ranging from forest managers and educators to floodplain managers, play a critical role in implementing and conducting outreach with regards to climate mitigation and adaptation appropriate to local and regional scales. Natural resource professionals can also pave the way by adopting actions that serve as demonstrati...
Article
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Visual charting is a technique for improving communication between and among participants while improving the productivity of meetings. The process of drawing visual charts brings participants closer together by involving everyone in recording the proceedings of the meeting. The use of visual aids clarifies and simplifies communication and is there...
Chapter
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The interconnections between community resilience and vulnerability are complex and fraught. They are also different in kind and scope from aspects of ecological resilience described in earlier chapters. Building on interviews conducted with community leaders and experts in 2014 and reported in chapter 6, this chapter highlights best practices that...
Chapter
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The challenges and opportunities for resilience for urban estuaries such as Jamaica Bay come from the people who live, work, and visit there. Soils, rocks, and the weather; birds, fish, and salt marsh grasses, may or may not be resilient on their own terms, but what human beings do and how we think is where resilience practice by people begins. Thr...
Chapter
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The view from Rulers Bar Hassock in the center of Jamaica Bay is at once wild and urban. You can watch shorebirds hunt for the eggs of horseshoe crabs, and lift your eyes to Wall Street skyscrapers on the horizon. Rulers Bar is an amalgamation of human and nonhuman processes in its own right. Having decayed in recent decades due to increasing pollu...
Article
Full-text available
Visual charting is a technique for improving communication between and among participants while improving the productivity of meetings. The process of drawing visual charts brings participants closer together by involving everyone in recording the proceedings of the meeting. The use of visual aids clarifies and simplifies communication and is there...
Technical Report
Full-text available
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Background Since 2001, the goal of the Hudson River Estuary Program’s (hereafter, Estuary Program) Biodiversity Outreach Program has been to help municipalities and other local and regional decision makers in New York’s Hudson River Estuary watershed to conserve and enhance biodiversity through land-use planning. The Estuary Prog...
Technical Report
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EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Land-use decisions by private landowners can have social and environmental impacts that cross property lines, resulting in negative impacts often far from the source of the problem), such as flooding, erosion, and pollution. Eighty-five percent of the land in New York State is privately owned (NYSDEC 2012), which makes private...
Conference Paper
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Global Citizenship and Sustainability " (GCS) is an exchange program that fosters engaged research, global learning, teamwork, leadership, and civic and social responsibility for students at Cornell University (Ithaca, NY, USA) and Mahidol University (Nakon Pathom, Bangkok, Thailand). In 2011, floods devastated local communities near both universit...
Article
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Landowner typologies help researchers and practitioners understand similarities and differences among landowners, allowing more targeted education and communications. These typologies have rarely been rigorously assessed before recommended for use. We assessed three typologies created with one data set using three methods: reliability through split...
Article
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Education is an important tool to increase the capacity of local government officials for community flood adaptation. To address flood adaptation and post-flood stream management in municipalities, Cornell Cooperative Extension and collaborators developed an educational program to increase municipal officials' knowledge about how to work effectivel...
Article
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Wildlife organizations often engage landowners in habitat management. Landowner typology research can provide suggestions for how to work with diverse types of landowners. We explored how typologies can inform selection of tools to engage landowners in early successional habitat (ESH) management. Using a survey, effectiveness of three kinds of tool...
Article
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The New England cottontail (NEC) is a rabbit that lives in New York and parts of New England. Unfortunately, the young forest habitat that these rabbits depend on to find food, raise their young, and escape predators has been lost, putting NEC at risk for possible extinction. Across NY, the amount of young forest has declined due to development and...
Article
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Cities are currently planting millions of trees for the numerous environmental, health and economic benefits that urban forests provide, such as improved air quality and community beautification. The post-planting maintenance of newly planted trees is critical for the survival of these trees and for the success of urban tree planting efforts. Many...
Article
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The Conservation Awareness Index (CAI) is a survey instrument used to assess how prepared family forest landowners are to make informed decisions about their land. First developed in Massachusetts, we report results of its application in New York. Administered to 496 randomly selected New York family forest landowners and 158 benchmark landowners w...
Article
Full-text available
The Conservation Awareness Index (CAI) is a survey instrument used to assess how prepared family forest landowners are to make informed decisions about their land. First developed in Massachusetts, we report results of its application in New York. Administered to 496 randomly selected New York family forest landowners and 158 benchmark landowners w...
Article
Full-text available
Over the next century, climate change is predicted to expand the areas at risk for flooding in the U.S. by 40-45%1. In the past decade alone, numerous extreme weather events have led to devastating floods in New York State’s (NYS) Hudson Valley, even in several areas that may not have experienced flooding before. Climate change is expected to incre...
Article
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Many land-owning families face the difficult challenge of maintaining their property in family ownership, an issue deserving greater attention among Extension educators. In the longitudinal study reported here we assessed the effectiveness of an educational program in helping family woodland owners prepare to pass land on to the next generation and...