Shivani Sharma

Shivani Sharma
University of Hertfordshire | UH · Department of Psychology

BSc, PhD, MBPsS, PGCert, FHEA

About

39
Publications
3,283
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137
Citations
Introduction
My research is based in the area of health inequalities, especially how they relate to the experiences and outcomes of people identifying with a protected characteristic. I have particular expertise in increasing participation from under-represented groups in research; patient reported outcomes; cross-cultural research; kidney failure; autism; mixed-methods research; and systematic reviews. I have been involved with grant awards over £3m, with over £1m as a Principal Investigator.

Publications

Publications (39)
Article
Full-text available
This study explored the contribution of personal construct psychology (PCP) and the repertory grid technique to understanding stress when raising a child diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Associations between child level of functional impairment, parenting stress, psychological distress, and maternal construing were examined in mothers...
Article
The repertory grid was used to elicit personal constructs with 10 elements, including three interpersonal self roles, in 33 participants (age M = 20.79, SD = 2.70). Each participant also rated a selection of supplied personality trait constructs and completed several psychological outcome measures. The distance between the self roles was associated...
Article
Full-text available
Personality trait questionnaires are regularly used in individual differences research to examine personality scores between participants, although trait researchers tend to place little value on intra-individual variation in item ratings within a measured trait. The few studies that examine variability indices have not considered how they are rela...
Article
Background Not all patients are suitable for kidney transplantation; however, little is known about the views and attitudes of patients who are not on the waiting list for transplantation. Objective This study aimed to determine the views and attitudes of patients who are not on the waiting list regarding the process of transplant allocation. Metho...
Article
Full-text available
Depression is a prevalent burden for patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and one that is under-recognized and consequently under-treated. Although several studies have explored the association between depression symptoms, treatment adherence and outcomes in Euro-American patient groups, quantitative and qualitative exploration of these iss...
Article
Between 2020-21, BAPIO through its arms length Institute for Health Research (BIHR) and partners in the Alliance for Equality for Healthcare Professions, undertook a comprehensive, thematic synthesis of differential attainment as affecting the lifecycle of a health professional from entry to exit in the profession. This was followed by a series of...
Article
Full-text available
The association of early life adversities and psychosis symptoms is well documented in clinical populations; however, whether this relationship also extends into subclinical psychosis remains unclear. In particular, are early life adversities associated with increased levels of schizotypal personality traits in non-clinical samples? We conducted a...
Article
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Background Robot-mediated interventions show promise in supporting the development of children on the autism spectrum. Objectives In this systematic review and meta-analysis, we summarize key features of available evidence on robot-interventions for children and young people on the autism spectrum aged up to 18 years old, as well as consider their...
Article
Background Patient experience is a recognised aspect of quality of care for people with chronic kidney disease (CKD), but current patient-reported experience measures (PREMs) only focus on dialysis care. We developed and validated the Kidney PREM to assess patients’ experience with renal services in secondary care for any CKD stage or treatment (tr...
Article
Full-text available
Background Patients receiving dialysis for end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) commonly co-exhibit risk factors for hepatic impairment. This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to quantify the co-existence of chronic liver disease (CLD) and characterise risk factors and outcomes. Methods We searched the following databases from inception to May...
Article
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Background Anxiety is common in youth on the autism spectrum and cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) has been adapted to address associated symptoms. The aim of the current systematic review and meta-analysis was to examine the efficacy of CBT for reducing anxiety in autistic youth. Method Searches of PubMed and Scopus databases were undertaken fr...
Article
Bridging the Gap- Workshop series 2020-21 This is the full report and discussions in the consensus building workshops and highlights of the thematic synthesis.
Article
Full-text available
Differential Attainment Healthcare professionals are among the most respected, valued members in any society- and also the most regulated. It attracts some of the most talented, innovative and resilient individuals who are keen to do good. Respect, job satisfaction and autonomy are fundamental to the experience of any professional, and often valued...
Preprint
Background: Depression is common amongst patients receiving haemodialysis (HD). Assessment and intervention when faced with language and cultural barriers is challenging. To support clinician decisions, we assessed the use of culturally adapted and translated versions of commonly-used depression screening questionnaires with South Asian patients re...
Article
Differential attainment (DA) exists in research and academia, where individuals with protected characteristics face barriers to progression at different stages from selection in training or career pathways through to obtaining funding and getting research published. The causes of DA are multifactorial, however more barriers are associated with an i...
Article
Background: Illness perceptions refer to cognitive appraisals that help patients understand and make sense of their condition. Although their importance in health behaviour and outcomes has been evidenced, less is known about cultural influences on mental representations of kidney failure amongst patients receiving haemodialysis in different settin...
Article
Background: Illness perceptions refer to cognitive appraisals that help patients understand and make sense of their condition. Although their importance in health behaviour and outcomes has been evidenced, less is known about cultural influences on mental representations of kidney failure amongst patients receiving haemodialysis in different settin...
Article
Full-text available
Transplant programmes are being scaled back as healthcare systems worldwide respond to COVID‐19. Most centres are now taking only super urgent and urgent cases, if at all. Management of donor organs is also impacted. Contingency protocols may prioritise distance over equitable sharing principles. Live and deceased donation is either being selective...
Article
Background The lay public often conceptualise mental disorders in a different way to mental health professionals, and this can negatively impact on outcomes when in treatment. Aims This study explored which disorders the lay public are familiar with, which theoretical models they understand, which they endorse and how they compared to a sample of...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives End-stage kidney disease disproportionately affects people of South Asian origin. This study aimed to uncover the lived experiences of this group of patients on centre-based haemodialysis (HD), the most prevalent dialysis modality. Design The study utilised a qualitative focus group methodology. Seven focus groups were conducted across...
Article
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Introduction: Nonadherence is common in both hemodialysis (HD) and kidney transplant recipients and is a major risk factor for poor clinical outcomes. This retrospective study explored whether nonadherent HD patients become nonadherent transplant recipients. Methods: Data were collected for 88 patients from the electronic patient system at a sub...
Article
Diary studies of personality have shown that personality is variable, and can help the person deal appropriately with the different interpersonal demands they encounter. This study aims to demonstrate how interpersonal context predicts personality states. Thirty-six participants (9 male, 27 female, Mage = 24.72, SD = 7.11) kept an online diary for...
Article
Full-text available
Patients with psychosis report higher levels of adverse events in childhood. This relationship has not been extensively examined in healthy individuals who score highly on schizotypal personality traits. This study examined the association between different childhood traumas and psychosis-like traits in a general population sample, as well as diffe...
Article
Full-text available
Background While it has been repeatedly documented that people with schizophrenia report higher levels of adverse events in childhood (emotional, physical and sexual abuse), this has not been extensively examined in healthy individuals who score highly on schizotypal personality traits. The continuum hypothesis of psychosis and schizophrenia sugges...
Article
Background Little is currently understood about the ways in which caregivers represent the internal mental states of their child with autism. Previous research has shown that being mind-minded can limit the experience of parenting stress in typically developing samples. The current study explored mind-mindedness in mothers of children with autism s...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Adherence to immunosuppressant medication is essential for renal transplant recipients. This review aims to summarise what is known about non-adherence, with a view to providing comprehensive evidence to inform strategies aimed at advancing adherent behaviour. Methods and analysis A systematic review of quantitative studies that repor...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Interventions using robot-assisted therapy may be beneficial for the social skills development of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD); however, randomised controlled trials (RCTs) are lacking. The present research aims to assess the feasibility of conducting an RCT evaluating the effectiveness of a social skills intervention u...
Article
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Introduction Individuals from Black and Asian Minority Ethnic (BAME) groups are less likely to receive a diagnosis and to engage with treatment for depression. This review aims to draw on international literature to summarise what is known about how people specifically of South Asian origin, migrants and non-migrants, understand and experience depr...
Article
Full-text available
Black and Asian Minority Ethnic (BAME) groups are over-represented on active kidney transplantation waiting lists and have relatively long waiting times. This inequality arises from a particularly high need for kidney transplantation combined with a low rate of deceased donation among BAME groups which limits the availability of a well-matched graf...
Article
Background: The way that information is presented is well known to induce a range of biases in human decision tasks. Little research exists on framing effects in psychiatric decision making, but it is reasonable to assume that psychiatrists are not immune and, if so, there may be implications for the welfare of patients, staff and the general publ...

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Projects

Projects (4)
Project
To use qualitative focus group methodology to find out more about the role of carers of South Asian dialysis patients in developing psychological interventions for low mood.
Project
To use qualitative focus group methodology to explore, for the first time, the illness perceptions of two of the most prominent groups of South Asian renal patients- those who primarily communicate in Urdu or Guajarati.