Shivani Sharma

Shivani Sharma
University of Westminster · Department of Marketing and Business Strategy

About

79
Publications
25,111
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634
Citations
Citations since 2017
46 Research Items
562 Citations
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120140
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120140
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120140
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120140

Publications

Publications (79)
Article
Objective Subclinical life style disease can cause endothelial dysfunction associated with perfusion abnormalities and reduced vascular compliance. Subclinical elevated beta type natriuretic peptide (BNP) has been associated with altered fluid shift from extra to intracellular space during acute hypoxia. Therefore we measured vascular response and...
Chapter
Economically, cotton ( Gossypium spp.) represents the most important family of the crop for the textile industry and a cornerstone of the rural economy. Domestication, agronomic practices, and breeding systems have made cotton the most cultivated and utilized fiber crop globally. Cotton breeders continuously adapt tools and technologies that encomp...
Chapter
Genome editing has become one of the most promising genetic engineering functional tools for crop traits improvement. As crops are the major staple food consumed globally and hence crop improvement in terms of yield and nutritional quality is requisite to feed a large population. Much work has been done for crop improvement using traditional breedi...
Chapter
Full-text available
Micronutrients are crucial for plant growth and human health. Up to two billion people worldwide suffer from iron and zinc deficiencies, particularly in regions with predominantly cereal-based diets. Wheat is recognized as a widely consumed staple food and a rich source of protein and dietary fibre, which contains a low level of the essential micro...
Article
The present study aimed to investigate the differential response of oxidative (soleus) and glycolytic (gastrocnemius) muscles to heat-induced endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. It was hypothesized that due to compositional and functional differences, both muscles respond differently to acute heat stress. To address this, male Sprague Dawley rats (1...
Article
Aims: Baseline elevated B-type Natriuretic Peptide (BNP) has been found in high altitude pulmonary edema susceptible population. Exaggerated pulmonary vascular response to hypoxia may be related to endothelial dysfunction in hypoxia susceptible. We hypothesize that baseline BNP levels can predict hypoxia susceptibility in healthy individuals. Mai...
Thesis
In the present investigation entitled “Biochemical evaluation of Adzuki Bean [Vigna angularis (Willd.) Ohwi and Ohashi] Genotypes” fourteen genotypes of adzuki bean procured from NBPGR Research station, Shimla were evaluated for various biochemical constituents of quality significance. Besides, effect of heat treatment and sprouting on biochemical...
Thesis
The work embodied in this thesis entitled, ‘Molecular characterization of major Begomovirus infecting pulse crops in Himachal Pradesh’ focused on the scenario of emerging begomoviral diseases in sub-temperate areas of Himachal Pradesh, India. This is one of the important studies related to begomoviral diseases in Himachal Pradesh. As majority of pe...
Thesis
In the present investigation entitled “Nutritional Status of Chenopodium ambrosioides grown in Kangra Valley” the leaf samples of Chenopodium ambrosioides collected from twelve locations of Kangra valley were evaluated for various biochemical and phytochemical constituents of quality significance. Significant variation in biochemical constituents a...
Article
MoS2 and its composite with multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWCNTs) were synthesized using facile hydrothermal approach. Structural and vibrational analysis revealed the presence of various defects in MoS2 and its composite with MWCNT. Two-terminal devices were made on a quartz substrate with pre-deposited silver contacts. The resulting Ag/MoS2/Ag an...
Article
Novel corona virus disease, designated by WHO as COVID-19, took the world by storm. The brunt of the disease has to be borne by the respiratory system, although like any systemic disease, it affects almost every body organ system. The disease left us for too long a time wondering about its pathogenesis, and the best strategy to manage it regarding...
Article
A 55-year old male patient with history of smoking for the past 30-years presents to emergency room with complains of respiratory distress since 2-days. On examination his respiratory rate is 30/min with accessory muscles of respiration at work. His SpO2 is 82% on room air. He is administered O2 via face mask with reservoir bag @ 5 L/min and improv...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
WS2 nanostructures prepared by using low cost probe sonication technique were used for making sensor device. Structural analysis revealed the layered and crystalline structure together with the presence of strain in these nanostructures. Raman spectra displayed the first order Raman modes E¹2g and A1g along with longitudinal acoustical (LA) mode. F...
Article
Full-text available
The nanostructures of TiS2 have been successfully synthesized in a single-step process using probe sonication in various liquid media. Initial visual inspection confirmed that the nanostructures prepared in de-ionized water and de-ionized water–ethanol mixture change color from black to white with time. Various structural, optical and vibrational m...
Preprint
The sensitive correlation between optical parameters and strain in Mo$S_2$ results in a totally different approach to tune the optical properties. Usually, an external source of strain is employed to monitor the optical and vibrational properties of a material. It is always challenging to have a precise control over the strain and its consequences...
Article
This is the cliniquiz, answers are appended at the end of file.
Article
Full-text available
Autonomous Cars are a technological miracle but we have to ask, is it really feasible to adopt driverless electric vehicles in India. India have its own hurdles those have to be dealt with before successfully implementing driverless cars. As electric transformation of Indian roads and traffic have bubbled up to top priority by government and locomo...
Chapter
Nowadays with an increase in industrialisation there is also an increase in the need of such techniques that can protect the environment and living being from the harmful effects of the industrialisation. The techniques may involve the use of natural resources like wind, sunlight or tidal or may include the use of waste materials like food wastes,...
Article
Full-text available
The present study deals with the comparison of different types of pretreatment (thermo-dilute acid, thermo-dilute alkaline, microwave assisted thermo-dilute acid and microwave assisted thermo-dilute alkaline) of groundnut shell. Based on structural characterization (Fourier transformed infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, scanning electron mic...
Article
Pure and W doped nanocrystalline rutile TiO2 samples were synthesized using high energy ball milling process. Rietveld refinement results of X-ray diffraction data confirmed that pure sample exhibited rutile TiO2 phase whereas doped samples contained both rutile TiO2 and a secondary Ti0.54W0.46O2 phase. Different models of Williamson–Hall method we...
Article
Full-text available
Owing to their intriguing physical properties, two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides such as WS2 and MoS2 have gained significant attention in the research community. Their tunable bandgap justify their use in future optical and nanoelectronics devices. Here, we report the room temperature Raman spectra and temperature dependent photolum...
Article
Chronic hypobaric hypoxia induced muscle atrophy results in decreased physical performance at high altitude. Curcumin has been shown to have muscle sparing effects under cachectic conditions. However, the protective effects of curcumin under chronic hypobaric hypoxia have not been studied till now. Therefore, the present study aims at evaluating th...
Chapter
This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction Rate of Microbial Death How do Sterilants Work? Types of Sterilization Sterilization of the Culture Media Sterilization of the Additives Sterilization of the Fermenter Vessel Filter Sterilization Sterilization of Air
Article
An experiment was conducted to study the influence of flower to water ratio and distillation time of damask rose (Rosa damascena Mill.) flowers on essential oil content and composition in the western Himalayas. Essential oil was produced by hydrodistillation extraction method using a Clevenger-type apparatus. The experiment consists of 12 treatment...
Conference Paper
Thin nanosheets of 2-dimensional WS2 were prepared using highly energetic probe-sonication method. In bulk form WS2 possesses an indirect band gap and photoluminescence emission is very feeble to detect. Contrary to this an intense photoluminescence emission from WS2 nanosheets has been observed. The structural analysis together with Raman spectros...
Conference Paper
α-Fe2O3 doped with different amount of Sm2O3 has been prepared through ball milling process and resulted samples were heat treated at 500°C for 14 hrs. X-ray diffraction has been used for identification of phase and purity of the samples. From XRD diffraction pattern, dependence of lattice parameters, unit cell volume, particle size and strain on t...
Article
Full-text available
Lignocellulosic biofuel production mainly carried out by two ways: simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF) and separate hydrolysis and fermentation (SHF). In the present study, simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF) was carried out using microwave assisted thermochemically pretreated (0.5 M NaOH for 20 minutes at 120°C in...
Article
An aerobic, endospore-forming, haloalkali-tolerant, Gram-stain-positive, motile, rod-shaped bacterium, designated strain AK73T, was isolated from a sediment sample collected from Sambhar lake, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India. Colonies were circular, 1-2 mm in diameter, glossy, smooth, yellowish and convex with an entire margin after 48 h growth on marine...
Article
Full-text available
The present study compared dilute acid and alkaline pretreatment of corn husk. It showed that maximum reducing sugar production was obtained when biomass was pretreated using dilute sodium hydroxide. Further, effectiveness of dilute alkaline pretreatment was evaluated through Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD),...
Article
A strictly aerobic, alkaliphilic, Gram-stain-positive, motile, rod-shaped bacterium, designated strain AK74T, was isolated from a water sample collected from Sambhar salt lake, Rajasthan, India. Colonies were circular, 1.2 mm in diameter, shiny, smooth, whitish and convex with an entire margin after 48 h growth at 37 °C with pH 9.0. Growth occurred...
Article
A novel Gram-negative, rod shaped, non-motile bacterium, designated strain YK2T, was isolated from yak milk from Leh, India. The strain was positive for oxidase- and catalase-activities and negative for starch hydrolysis, nitrate reduction, citrate utilization, urease, lysine decarboxylase and ornithine decarboxylase activities. The predominant fat...
Article
The present study describes about cellulase production under submerged fermentation using locally isolated cellulolytic fungal strain (Fusarium incarnatum KU377454). Cellulase production from thermo-chemical pretreated groundnut shell was optimized using statistical technique. The highest cellulolytic activity (4.12 IU/mL) was achieved after 5 days...
Article
Full-text available
Crystalline and hetero-dimensional nanostructures of WS2 quantum dots and a few layered sheets have been successfully synthesized in a single-step process using liquid exfoliation in deionized water. The X-rays diffraction analysis confirmed the presence of hexagonal as well as tetragonal phase of WS2 in quantum dots. The nanostructures so obtained...
Article
Full-text available
Lignocelllulosic biofuel production is the area of focus of different researchers. Cellulase mediated saccharification of delignified biomass is the rate limiting stage in biofuel generation. For enzymatic hydrolysis cellulase is key enzyme. There are several researches going on for cost effective cellulose production. In the current research, Chen...
Article
Full-text available
Enzymatic hydrolysis of pretreated lignocellulosic raw material is one of the major steps in the biofuel production. In this study, sorghum straw was pretreated under previously optimized conditions (using 0.5 M sodium hydroxide, 8% substrate concentration, 120 °C temperature and 20 min of incubation time). Cellulase enzymes were produced using thr...
Article
Full-text available
Phospholipid-based deformable nanovesicles (DNVs) that have flexibility in shape offer an adaptable and facile method to encapsulate diverse classes of therapeutics and facilitate localized transdermal delivery while minimizing systemic exposure. Here we report the use of a microfluidic reactor for the synthesis of DNVs and show that alteration of...
Article
Full-text available
In this research paper we have designed green comparator to attain less power consumption. We have implemented our design with LVCMOS IOs standard which is stands for Low voltage complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor. We have taken different frequency range (1GHz, 2GHz, 3GHz) at which we have tested the power consumption by the different LVCMOS I...
Data
Supplementary Figure 1. AF647-Zol in skin and femur. The AF647-Zol signal is shown in calvarial skin from a non-treated control (A) and 3 mice each receiving drug by DNV (B), NV (C), or aqueous solution (D). In 2 of 3 mice, the signal is lowest for DNVs as compared to other groups (excluding control). Signal from femur reflects distribution beyond...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, we have introduced the idea of I- convergence of filters and studied its various properties. We have proved the necessary and sufficient condition for a filter to be I- convergent.
Article
Experiments were conducted to study the effect of drying methods and distillation time on essential oil content and composition of Acorus calamus L. rhizomes under western Himalaya during 2013–2014. In the first experiment, the effect of different drying methods (sun drying, shade drying, oven drying at 40 °C for 60 h and 70 °C for 24 h) on essenti...
Article
Full-text available
Lignocellulosic bioethanol is an important renewable fuel for transportation purpose. Commercial production of lignocellulosic bioethanol mainly depends on cost of cellulase production, efficient pretreatment and enzymatic hydrolysis process. In the present study cellulase production from Aspergillus niger under submerged fermentation (SmF) was opt...
Research
Full-text available
Paper discussed the comparative analysis ofdifferent full adder cells with two logic styles.The logic styles used for implementation of FinFET based 1-bit full adder are Complementary MOS (CMOS) and Transmission Gate (TG). The simulations of full adders have being done at 10nm, 20nm and 32nm technology node. PTM models for multi-gate transistors (P...
Article
Wireless ad-hoc networks is a parent breed to Mobile ad-hoc networks, comprising of many mobile nodes capable of dynamically exchanging data amongst nodes without demanding a centralized infrastructure. Re-routing based Hybrid ACO-PSO based routing algorithm for MANETs have been discussed in this paper and is studied for evaluating its performance....
Conference Paper
Paper discussed the comparative analysis of different FinFET based full adder cells designed with various logic styles. The logic styles used for implementation of FinFET based 1-bit full adder are Complementary MOS (CMOS), Transmission Gate (TG) and Complementary Pass-Transistor Logic (CPL). The simulations have being done at 10nm, 20nm and 32nm t...
Conference Paper
Steganography enables user to hide confidential data in any digital medium such that its existence cannot be concealed by the third party. Several research work is being is conducted to improve steganography algorithm's efficiency. Recent trends in computing technology use steganography as an important tool for hiding confidential data. This paper...
Conference Paper
Steganography is an art and branch of science of hiding data secretly. Steganography can be applied to various digital mediums such as image, text, audio, video, protocols, radio waves, floppy disk, hard drive, network packet etc. Audio steganography uses audio file as the cover medium. It is more difficult to implement than image steganography as...
Article
The objective of the present study was to develop a formulation for sustained release of phytotherapeutics through nasal membrane for brain targeting (anti-Alzheimer) in order to overcome their low residence time and poor nasal permeability issues. A dual approach containing nanoemulsions within gel (NE-gels) was used to achieve the objectives util...
Article
Foliar application of nutrients plays a vital role in plant metabolism. Very little research has been carried out with foliar spray of nutrients on growth, yield, essential oil content and composition of damask rose (Rosa damascena Mill.) under western Himalayas, hence the experiments were conducted from December 2012 to May 2014, to study the effe...
Article
For the bottleneck problem of broadband access networks, the Ethernet passive optical network comes out as a striking and promising solution. Even though, Ethernet passive optical network nodes necessitate a cost-effective up-gradation. Accordingly, we propose and demonstrate a hybrid orthogonal frequency division multiplexing-Ethernet passive opti...
Article
Full-text available
Phytic acid (PA) biosynthesis pathway genes were reported from multiple crop species. PA accumulation was enhanced during grain filling and at that time, hormones like Abscisic acid (ABA) and Gibberellic acid (GA3) interplay to control the process of seed development. Regulation of wheat PA pathway genes has not yet been reported in seeds. In an at...
Article
For bottleneck problem of the broadband access networks, Ethernet-PON comes out as a striking and promising solution. Even though, EPON nodes necessitate a cost-effective up-gradation, WDM based topology proves to be a vigilant up-grading approach that deals with the deployment of multiple wavelengths in the upstream/downstream directions. Furtherm...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Steganography is an art of hiding information. There are several existing approaches, of which LSB is the popular known technique. While performing image steganography, there are certain limitations, in terms of time, robustness, distortion, quantity of data to hide etc. A common major limitation involved in these approaches is: altering the pixel...
Conference Paper
For bottleneck problem of the broadband access networks, Ethernet-PON comes out as a striking and promising solution. Even though the EPON provides higher bandwidth than long-established networks, there exists necessitate for further increasing the bandwidth of the PON. The employment of CWDM/DWDM technology proves to be a vigilant up-grading appro...
Article
Irritable bowel syndrome with constipation (IBS-C) and chronic idiopathic constipation (CIC) are highly prevalent gastrointestinal disorders. Traditional symptoms based therapies had somewhat limited success and efficacy in addressing the disorders. Recently, linaclotide emerged as novel peptide capable of improving abdominal symptoms in patients s...
Article
Prostate cancer is the most common malignancy among men found to be the second leading cause of male cancer-related mortality due to development of resistance against androgen deprivation therapy (ADT). With the advancement in understanding of prostate cancer, numbers of agents have been emerged to target Androgen-Receptor (AR) signaling for the tr...
Article
Mobile Adhoc Networks is a collection of wireless mobile nodes, which form temporary networks without relying on any existing infrastructure or centralized administration or standard support services regularly available in wide area networks to which the host may normally be connected. In this paper the simulation results has been compared between...
Article
Angiogenesisis is the process of formation of new blood vessels due to over expression of VEGF (vascular endothelial growth factor) which plays a critical role in the growth and development of all solid tumor types. With the advancement in understanding of tumor angiogenesis and VEGF, there have been a number of agents developed to target VEGF for...
Article
Full-text available
Structure activity relationship has been reported for 34 compounds derived from α-amino suberic acid. Compounds in this class typically inhibit human histone deacetylase by hyperacetylation of histone protein in both normal and cancer cells induce expression of p21 and differentiate surviving cancer cells to a non-proliferating phenotype. In the pr...

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