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Shiva Chandra Dhakal

Shiva Chandra Dhakal
AFU · ECONOMICS

Doctor of Philosophy

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65
Publications
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Introduction
Skills and Expertise

Publications

Publications (65)
Article
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Lentil is an important winter food legume crop component of farming and food systems, contributing significantly on food and nutrition security, soil health and livelihood improvement of rural and marginal farmers of Nepal. Because of diverse benefits and increasing population, demand of lentil is escalating while production is decreasing. With the...
Article
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A study was carried out to estimate and analyze the profitability and resource use efficiency of lentil grain and seed production in Nepal's terai and inner terai regions. Using a pre-tested questionnaire, primary data and information were collected from 300 lentil grain producing farmers, categorized by local seed users, improved seed users, and 1...
Article
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Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) is a leading vegetable crop with good market potentiality in Nepal. The knowledge of commodity flow and actors play a pivotal role to identify the gaps for improving competitiveness. A study was carried out to assess the contemporary status of the value chain for tomatoes in Lalitpur, Nepal in 2020. A total of 60 ho...
Article
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This study was conducted in the Ilam district of Nepal to analyse resource use efficiency and economies of scale of ginger farming. A total of 160 farmers and 20 traders (collector, wholesaler and retailers) from the study area were randomly selected as the sample. The pre-tested systematic questionnaire, fitted in KoBo Toolbox, was used to obtain...
Article
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This study has analysed the factors of production, viz; agricultural land, working force and gross fixed capital formation (GFCF) of Nepal between 2000/01-2017/18 AD and has determined their effects on national income, viz; Gross Domestic Product (GDP) by using Cobb-Douglas regression function. The results showed an average growth rate of GDP, agri...
Article
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The study employed cost-return analysis, Cobb-Douglas production function and marginal value product-marginal factor cost (MVP-MFC) approach to estimate and analyze profitability, productivity and resource use efficiency, respectively, of banana production in the Hetauda-Dumkibas road corridor. Primary data and information were collected from a tot...
Article
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Rice (Oryza sativa L.) is the major staple food crop of Nepal. A research was conducted in December, 2019 to examine the economic viability of organic rice farming and factors affecting its adoption. Fulbari area of Chitwan district of Nepal was purposively selected for this study on consultation with Agriculture Knowledge Centre, Chitwan and revie...
Article
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Government of Nepal has announced a super-zone of banana in Chitwan district and a block in Nawalparasi East district to enhance productivity and commercialization of banana subsector in the Hetauda-Dumkibas road corridor. This study is the first of its kind to analyze the competitive position of banana value chains in the corridor. Using the liter...
Article
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The study analyzed the factors motivating the farmers for collective action for the management of the Shardikhola Puranchaur Irrigation System of the Kaski district of Nepal in 2019. A cross-sectional data of 184 farmers were collected using a simple random sampling method. A logit regression was used for data analysis. Age of the household head, y...
Article
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Rice (Oryza sativa L.) is the major staple food in the Nepalese context. Chitwan district of Nepal was purposively selected to analyze the rice production from the socioeconomic and environmental perspective. A total of 100 rice growing farmers, 50 organic and 50 inorganic were selected as the sample for the purpose of the study using the simple ra...
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This study assessed the value chain analysis of large cardamom (Amomum subulatum Roxb) in Taplejung district, Nepal and explored the functional linkage and upgrading strategies among the key value chain actors. One hundred and sixty farmers were surveyed purposely along with 5 local and district level traders, 5 regional level traders and exporters...
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The trend of agricultural technologies and agricultural value-added growth based on time series data of Nepal over the period 2001–2018 has been examined in this paper. The technological progress plays a major role in enhancing the potential productivity of land and affecting the economic growth positively. The results indicated that there are some...
Article
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The vegetable seed is one of the growing high-value subsectors in Nepal because of the increasing commercialization of vegetable production, the deficit of seed supply, and the rising involvement of different actors at different levels of its value chain. In this context, the present study was designed to analysis the value chain of vegetable seeds...
Article
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The study examined the resource use efficiency of maize production in rainfed and irrigated conditions in Kaski, Nepal. It focused specially on the production function of maize, resource use efficiency and socioeconomic characteristics of the farmers. A well-structured interview schedule was used in this study. Out of the 368 households interviewed...
Article
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Irrigation is the most important input to Nepalese agriculture as most of the irrigation system here is rainfed. Farmers managed irrigation systems are a more efficient way of providing irrigation facilities to the farmers. Irrigation System is an essential proactive for farming in the Kaski district of Nepal. This study analyzed the factors affect...
Article
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A total of 120 sample households were randomly selected from two municipalities of Surkhet for this study. The primary data were collected by survey questionnaire, direct observation, FGD whereas secondary data of rainfall temperature and rice productivity were collected from different sources. Majority of farmers perceived increase in temperature,...
Article
This study was done to analyze the value chain of cucumber in Arghakhanchi district during 2018. Four major cucumber producing areas, such as- Ghoche khola, Bhagwati, Baghi and Jagata were purposively selected. The value chain analysis was done with the objective to calculate benefit cost ratio in cucumber enterprise, draw the value chain map, asse...
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Male out-migration from rural areas to cities and abroad not only increased the number of female households head in Nepal but also shifted household and farm responsibilities to women. This study conducted from April to June 2018 measures time use poverty through a gender perspective, and analyze its determinants. For this study, a purposive and si...
Article
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Vegetable seeds are high-value and low-volume products, and one of the promising sub-sectors for improving agricultural production, poverty reduction, and food security in Nepal. It is an extremely prioritized sector for uplifting livelihood of rural people. Due to an increase in the area under vegetable production for both the main and offseason,...
Article
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Despite of the high rate of the orthodox tea, the net margin is still below the satisfactory level. Thus the present research was conducted to analyze the value chain of orthodox tea in Ilam district of Nepal. A total of 160 samples were collected, 80 each from organic and conventional tea growing area. Similarly, 4 tea processing factories and 5 l...
Article
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Despite of the high rate of the orthodox tea, the net margin is still below the satisfactory level. Thus, the present research was conducted to estimate the cost and production efficiency of orthodox tea in Ilam district of Nepal. A total of 160 samples were collected, 80 each from organic and conventional tea growing area of Deumai rural municipal...
Article
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Potato, a staple crop for hill and mountainous region has significant contribution in maintaining food and nutrition security. It alone shares around 2.17% of Gross Domestic Product. With phenomenal climate change, pest and disease are increased, hills are and mountains are getting dried leading to moisture deficit which in turn are decreasing the...
Article
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This study was conducted in the Ilam district of Nepal to identify the value chain actors of certified orthodox tea and estimating the share value of respective actors along the chain. 160 households (80 certified and 80 non-certified tea growers) from Ilam, Suryodaya, Dewmai Municipalities, and Phakphokthum Rural Municipality were selected by usin...
Article
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This study was conducted in the Ilam district of Nepal to identify the value chain actors of certified orthodox tea and estimating the share value of respective actors along the chain. 160 households (80 certified and 80 non-certified tea growers) from Ilam, Suryodaya, Dewmai Municipalities, and Phakphokthum Rural Municipality were selected by usin...
Article
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A study on "Effect of different mulching materials on yield and yield attributes of potato in Dadeldhura, District" was conducted from March to June, 2019 in Tadibata, the commanding area of potato superzone, Dadeldhura to detect the effective mulching materials for potato. Lack of irrigation and labor shortage along with high weed infestation were...
Article
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The study was conducted to determine the cost-benefit analysis and resource use efficiency of the rice production system in different agriculture landscapes in the Chitwan district in 2018. The sample size of 102 rice-growing farmers out of 600 farmers, having an area of farm size greater than 0.5 hectares, was determined using Raosoft Inc. Softwar...
Article
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An experiment was conducted at the research site of Dadeldhura, Nepal in 2019 to identify optimum plant spacing for potato under mulched condition. Three levels of inter row spacing; 60 cm with single row per bed (1RB), 45 cm with double row per bed (2RB) and 30 cm with triple row per bed (3RB) and intra row spacing (20, 30 and 40 cm) were laid out...
Article
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SSMP is the appropriate soil management technologies, very largely based on local resources, to mid-hill farming households with the aim of improving soil fertility and productivity, providing alternative cropping options and increasing the opportunities for food security and a cash income-and thereby enhancing livelihoods. Attracting farmers for S...
Article
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This study was conducted in 2017 AD to analyze the value chain of coffee in Gulmi and Palpa districts of Nepal. The major objective of this study is to map the value chain of coffee and to analyze marketing cost and margin of various marketing actors in the study area. One hundred and sixty coffee producers were selected by a three-stage sampling p...
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A survey research was conducted in Baskharka and Purnagaun Village Development Committees of Parbat district to access determinants of productivity and causes of citrus decline. The general objective of the research was to know the different management practices and dimensions of productivity under mandarin in Parbat district. Total sample size of...
Article
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Keywords: Maize Seed; Maize Grain; Economics; Problems Maize ranks topmost among the crops cultivated in hilly areas of Nepal, yet farmers fetch very marginal profit from their practice. Hence, a study was conducted to compare the socioeconomic status and identify major problems of maize seed and grain production in Rolpa district. For the purpose,...
Thesis
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A survey research was conducted in Palpa district for study of profitability and resource use efficiency in coffee production and the major constraints affecting their production. Altogether 110 coffee farmers were selected purposively for the study. Pretested interview schedule, focus group discussion, direct observation and key informant intervie...
Article
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The study has attempted to identify the factor affecting the adoption of certified orthodox tea production in Eastern Himalayan corridor of Nepal. Total 160 households (80 certified and 80 non-certified tea growers) were selected using random sampling technique from Ilam, Suryodaya, Dewmai Municipalities and Phakphokthum Rural Municipality of Ilam...
Article
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Maize is sensitive to weed infestation; losses in crop yield vary from 28-100%. Manual weeding is the most dominant method in Nepal, however, a majority of the farmers still does not adopt any specific method of weed control. An experiment was conducted to evaluate the influence of plant spacing and weed management practices on weed dynamics and yi...
Article
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Cauliflower is one of the major sources of income among vegetable growing farmers of suburb of Kathmandu valley, Nepal. Income from cauliflower farming can be increased by increasing level of technical efficiency. Therefore, a study was undertaken to determine the level of technical efficiency of cauliflower production in suburbs of Kathmandu valle...
Article
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Vegetable seed sector, though emerging both in area and production, knowledge regarding profitability and resource productivity is not clear among the seed producers. In this context, a study to estimate the economics of vegetable seed production was conducted in Arghakhanchi district of Nepal. Cost and return analysis showed that the average cost...
Article
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A study was conducted in 2016 to analyze the economics of fish production at Chitwan District of Nepal. Three study sites: East, West and South part of Chitwan were selected purposively. A total of 90 households, 30 from each study site were selected randomly and were interviewed by using pre-tested semi structured questionnaire. Secondary data nee...
Article
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p>Vermicompost production technology uses half decomposed organic wastes to feed earthworms which produces nutrient enriched compost. Vermicompost production supports both organic waste management as well as organic farming. A research was conducted with the aim to assess the production and marketing aspect of vermicompost in Chitwan district durin...
Article
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Using simple random sampling technique, primary data were collected from 120 vegetable producers in Dhading district of Nepal with aid of pre-tested semi-structured interview schedule. Household income analysis resulted increased in income from vegetable farming significantly by 35.21% with increased area of 2.24 Ropani after adopting measures of s...
Article
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Background When the natural pollinator’s declines, beekeeping can contribute to the pollination services, assuring crop yields, and can also be used to strengthen the livelihoods through commercialization to increase economic revenue. MethodsA farmers’ survey and field experiment were conducted on 2011 to assess the economics of beekeeping as polli...
Article
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Biogas plant has been seen as one of the most popular and environmentally friendly strategies for tackling with climate change and improving livelihood of people in developing countries. However, the financial feasibility of establishing in the rural and low income communities is the major issue. A survey research was conducted to study the feasibi...
Article
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A survey was carried out to assess the resource use efficiency of Rainbow Trout production under one village one program in Nuwakot -Rasuwa corridors, Nepal 2013. Two hundred of Rainbow Trout farmers were completely enumerate. No of economically active family members were found 3.56±0.18. The study revealed that in study area was 72% respondents ha...
Article
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The study was conducted to determine the profitability and resource use efficiency of mustard production in Chitwan. The study used 159 mustard growers from 300 farmers adopting different pollinator friendly practices. Descriptive and statistical tools including Cobb-Douglas production function were used to analyze data which were collected from st...
Article
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The study was conducted to determine the productivity, profitability and resource use efficiency of maize-pumpkin mix crop production in Chitwan. The study used 53 maize-pumpkin mix crop adopting farmers from among 300 farmers adopting different pollinator friendly practices. Descriptive and statistical tools including Cobb-Douglas production funct...
Article
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p>The study was designed to determine the profitability and resource use efficiency of buckwheat production in Chitwan. The study used 42 buckwheat growers from 300 farmers adopting different pollinator friendly practices. Descriptive and statistical tools including Cobb-Douglas production function were used on data collected from structured interv...
Article
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This survey was conducted to assess the profitability and resource use efficiency of coffee production in Palpa district in 2013. The survey was conducted in Barangdi, Boughapokharathok, Madanpokhara and Khaseauli. A house holds survey of 110 coffee growers which includes 30 households each from first three VDCs and 20 from Khaseauli. Face to face...
Article
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The information on production and marketing of vermicompost was collected from all the 32 vermicompost producers within the study area and 32 adjacent non-producers were selected through snowball sampling making the total respondents' size of 64. The non-producers were farmers with few of them vermicompost users. The total cost of production was Rs...