Shing Cheng Tan

Shing Cheng Tan
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia | ukm · UKM Medical Molecular Biology Institute (UMBI)

Ph.D. (Human Genetics)

About

63
Publications
9,911
Reads
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656
Citations
Citations since 2016
53 Research Items
609 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200
Education
September 2011 - October 2016
Universiti Sains Malaysia
Field of study
  • Human Genetics

Publications

Publications (63)
Article
Full-text available
Advances in high-throughput sequencing over the past decades have led to the identification of thousands of non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs), which play a major role in regulating gene expression. One emerging class of ncRNAs is the natural antisense transcripts (NATs), the RNA molecules transcribed from the opposite strand of a protein-coding gene locus....
Article
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Viral infections are a common cause of morbidity worldwide. The emergence of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) has led to more attention to viral infections and finding novel therapeutics. The CRISPR-Cas9 system has been recently proposed as a potential therapeutic tool for the treatment of viral diseases. Here, we review the research progress in...
Article
Chemotherapy is the first choice in the treatment of cancer and is always preferred to other approaches such as radiation and surgery, but it has never met the need of patients for a safe and effective drug. Therefore, new advances in cancer treatment are now needed to reduce the side effects and burdens associated with chemotherapy for cancer pati...
Article
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Cancer is one of the leading causes of death worldwide, and the factors responsible for its progression need to be elucidated. Exosomes are structures with an average size of 100 nm that can transport proteins, lipids, and nucleic acids. This review focuses on the role of exosomes in cancer progression and therapy. We discuss how exosomes are able...
Raw Data
Nanocarriers have received special attention in biomedicine for the treatment of various diseases, especially cancer, as one of the leading causes of death worldwide. Nanocarriers can improve the potential of contemporary strategies in cancer therapy and also provide new methods for diagnosis and biosensing. The present review focuses on the biomed...
Article
Full-text available
CYP2E1 encodes an enzyme that participates in the activation of several carcinogenic substances. Thus, numerous studies have investigated the association between CYP2E1 polymorphisms and colorectal cancer (CRC) risk, but inconclusive results have been obtained. We performed a meta-analysis to precisely evaluate the relationship of CYP2E1 rs2031920,...
Article
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Background The XRCC3 p.Thr241Met (rs861539) polymorphism has been extensively studied for its association with glioma risk, but results remain conflicting. Therefore, we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to resolve this inconsistency. Methods Studies published up to June 10, 2022, were searched in PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, VIP,...
Article
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The site-specific delivery of antitumor agents is of importance for providing effective cancer suppression. Poor bioavailability of anticancer compounds and the presence of biological barriers prevent their accumulation in tumor sites. These obstacles can be overcome using liposomal nanostructures. The challenges in cancer chemotherapy and stimuli-...
Chapter
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Next-generation sequencing (NGS) has transformed DNA sequencing in terms of speed and data volume, rendering genomics affordable and achievable by individual laboratories rather than big science that was once managed by international consortiums. In parallel, it is propelling contemporary healthcare into the age of precision medicine, whereby genet...
Article
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Many medical applications have arisen from the technological advancement of three-dimensional (3D) bioprinting, including the printing of cancer models for better therapeutic practice whilst imitating the human system more accurately than animal and conventional in vitro systems. The objective of this systematic review is to comprehensively summari...
Article
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Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is a rare form of aggressive skin cancer mainly caused by Merkel cell polyomavirus (MCPyV). Most MCC tumors express MCPyV large T (LT) antigens and play an important role in the growth-promoting activities of oncoproteins. Truncated LT promotes tumorigenicity as well as host cell proliferation by activating the viral rep...
Article
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a common motor disorder that has become increasingly prevalent in the ageing population. Recent works have suggested that circadian rhythms disruption is a common event in PD patients. Clock genes regulate the circadian rhythm of biological processes in eukaryotic organisms, but their roles in PD remain unclear. Despite...
Article
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Background and Objective Very few studies have investigated the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and risk of urinary tract infection (UTI), and conclusions from these available studies have been inconsistent. To resolve this inconsistency, we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to precisely examine the association between BMI...
Article
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The ESR1 rs9340799 polymorphism has been frequently investigated with regard to its association with breast cancer (BC) susceptibility, but the findings have been inconclusive. In this work, we aimed to address the inconsistencies in study findings by performing a systematic review and meta-analysis. Eligible studies were identified from the Web of...
Article
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Purpose Many studies have investigated the association between serum IGF-1 and IGFBP levels with gastric cancer (GC), but the results remained inconclusive. In this work, we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to examine the precise association of serum levels of IGF-1 and IGFBP with GC. Methods A comprehensive systematic search was ca...
Article
Purpose Leptin and adiponectin are adipokines which have been commonly implicated in carcinogenesis. As such, many studies have investigated the association of circulating leptin and adiponectin levels with colorectal cancer (CRC) risk. However, the results remained inconsistent. Methods In this work, we performed a systematic review and meta-anal...
Article
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Studies investigating the effects of tocotrienols on inflammation and oxidative stress have yielded inconsistent results. This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the effects of tocotrienols supplementation on inflammatory and oxidative stress biomarkers. We searched PubMed, Scopus, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Tria...
Article
Breast cancer is the most common and deadliest cancer in women worldwide. Although notable advances have been achieved in the treatment of breast cancer, the overall survival rate of metastatic breast cancer patients is still considerably low due to the development of resistance to breast cancer chemotherapeutic agents and the non-optimal specifici...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic and life-threatening autoimmune disease. Its prevalence and clinical manifestations are known to be particularly severe in the Asian populations. Although genetics is known to play an important role in SLE susceptibility and clinical manifestations, the specific polymorphisms associated...
Article
Background Inconsistencies exist with regard to the influence of omega-3 supplementation on 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels, which could be attributed to many factors, such as the duration and dose of omega-3 supplementation, and individuals’ baseline 25(OH)D levels. Therefore, to address the inconsistencies, we conducted a systematic review a...
Article
Objective Although many studies have attempted to unravel the relationship between vitamin D deficiency and the incidence of VTE, the results remained inconsistent. To address this discrepancy, we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to precisely disentangle the relationship between serum vitamin D levels and VTE risk. Methods The Web o...
Article
Background Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) has been aggressively sold as a dietary supplement to boost testosterone levels although the impact of DHEA supplementation on testosterone levels has not been fully established. Therefore, we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of RCTs to investigate the effect of oral DHEA supplementation on te...
Article
Background & aims Fasting and energy-restricted diets have been evaluated in several studies as a means of improving cardiometabolic biomarkers related to body fat loss. However, further investigation is required to understand potential alterations of leptin and adiponectin concentrations. Thus, we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to...
Article
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Nutritional assessment is essential to identify patients with acute kidney injury (AKI) who are protein-energy wasting (PEW) and at risk of poor clinical outcomes. This systematic review aimed to investigate the relationship of nutritional assessments for PEW with clinical outcomes in patients with AKI. A systematic search was performed in PubMed,...
Article
Inconsistencies exist with regard to influence of fasting and energy-restricting diets on markers of glucose and insulin controls. To address these controversial, this study was conducted to determine the impact of fasting diets on fasting blood sugars (FBSs), insulin, homeostatic model assessment insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) and hemoglobin A1c (Hb...
Article
Background and aim Previous studies lack consistent conclusions as to whether astaxanthin is actually linked to various health benefits as claimed. Here, we attempt to unravel the association of astaxanthin consumption with selected health benefits by performing a systematic review and meta-analysis. Methods Online literature search databases incl...
Article
Metformin administration has been reported to influence the carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) in humans. However, since previously conducted studies have yielded inconsistent results, the exact effect of metformin on CIMT remains unclear. Causes that could lead to inconsistency in reported research could be the duration and dose of the interven...
Article
Prolonged inflammation could be considered as the leading cause of chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disorders, type two diabetes, and obesity. N-acetylcysteine (NAC) is considered an antioxidant. The present meta-analysis aims to determine the efficacy of NAC in alleviating inflammation and oxidative stress. PubMed-Medline, SCOPUS, Web of Sc...
Article
Background and Aims Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) supplementation has gained attention in individuals with adrenal insufficiency, and as a tool for increasing androgens and estrogens whereby is proposed to improve the accretion of muscle and bone mass. However, DHEA supplementation has demonstrated negative effects on the lipid profile and, thus, w...
Article
The effect of saffron supplementation on subclinical inflammation remains inconclusive. We performed a systematic review and meta‐analysis to summarize available findings on the effect of saffron supplementation on inflammatory biomarkers (C‐reactive protein [CRP], tumor necrosis factor‐α [TNF‐α], and interleukin‐6 [IL‐6]) in adults. We searched Pu...
Article
Background Inconsistencies exist with regard to effect of maternal vitamin D supplementation on infant vitamin D status. The inconsistencies could be attributed to numerous factors, such as duration of intervention and dosage, among others. In this work, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to determine the influence of maternal vitam...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: Diet quality is known to influence cancer risk. The Healthy Eating Index (HEI) is one of the most frequently used measures of diet quality. However, the association between HEI-2015 and breast cancer risk is not known. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the association between HEI-2015 and breast cancer risk. Methods: A case...
Preprint
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Background: Numerous groups have reported the clinical and epidemiological characteristics of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) cases; however, the data remained inconsistent. This paper aimed to pool the available data to provide a more complete picture of the characteristics of COVID-19 patients. Methods: A systematic review and pooled analysis...
Article
Background & objective Effects of walnut intake on anthropometric measurements have been inconsistent among clinical studies. Thus, we conducted a meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials (RCTs) to evaluate and quantify the effects of walnut intake on anthropometric characteristics. Methods We carried out a systematic search of all available RC...
Article
Background and aim Inconsistencies exist with regard to the influence of dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) supplementation on insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) levels. The inconsistencies could be attributed to several factors, such as dosage, gender, and duration of intervention, among others. To address these inconsistencies, we conducted a system...
Article
Full-text available
Numerous studies have investigated the association of MIR499A rs3746444 polymorphism with breast cancer susceptibility, but the results have been inconsistent. In this work, we performed a meta-analysis to obtain a more reliable estimate of the association between the polymorphism and susceptibility to breast cancer. A comprehensive literature sear...
Article
Hormone therapy continues to be a favourable option in the management of menopausal symptomatology, but the associated risk-benefit ratios with respect to neurodegenerative diseases remain controversial. The study aim was to determine the relation between menopausal hormone therapy and Alzheimer's disease, dementia, and Parkinson's disease in human...
Article
Background Data about the effects of resistance exercise on level of IGF-1 in the serum are conflicting. To resolve this inconsistency, we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to precisely examine the effects of resistance exercise on the levels of serum IGF-1. Methods PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, and Embase databases were systematic...
Article
Background: A meta-analysis is needed to comprehensively consolidate findings from the influence of metformin on IGF-1 levels. The present study was conducted with the objective to accurately evaluate the influence of metformin intake on IGF-1 levels via a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Methods: A comprehensive systematic search...
Article
Objective: Glucose disorders and dyslipidemia are closely associated with obesity and metabolic disease. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of Carnosine supplementation on lipid profile, fasting blood glucose, HbA1C and Insulin resistance. Method: MEDLINE/PubMed, Scopus and Web of sciences were investigated to identify relev...
Article
Received: May 18, 2019 Accepted: June 22, 2019 Published online: July 03, 2019 Issue release date: Published online first
Article
Full-text available
Background and aim: Although some earlier studies have indicated the effect of phytosterol (PS) supplementation on serum lipoprotein(a) (Lp(a)) and free fatty acid (FFA) concentration, findings are still conflicting. We aimed to assess the impact of PS supplementation on serum Lp(a) and FFA concentration through a systematic review and meta-analysi...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Stroke is a major global health problem that contributes to a significant burden of morbidity and mortality. The association of several foods and nutrients with stroke has been well-established. However, the effect of the whole diet on stroke is poorly understood. In this work, we aimed to examine the association between the quality of...
Article
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Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is a sudden, unexpected death that is caused by the loss of heart function. While SCD affects many patients suffering from coronary artery diseases (CAD) and heart failure (HF), a considerable number of SCD events occur in asymptomatic individuals. Certain risk factors for SCD have been identified and incorporated in diff...
Article
Colorectal cancer is a leading form of cancer in both males and females. Early detection of individuals at risk of colorectal cancer allows proper treatment and management of the disease to be implemented, which can potentially reduce the burden of colorectal cancer incidence, morbidity and mortality. In recent years, the role of genetic susceptibi...
Article
To date, limited studies have been performed to investigate the frequency of ACE I/D and ACTN3 R577X polymorphisms in Malay population. Moreover, information on the association of these two polymorphisms with muscular performance, aerobic and Wingate anaerobic capacities in Malay physically active males are limited. Hence, the present study was des...
Article
Full-text available
Information on the prevalence and type distribution of HPV among Malaysian women is currently limited. This study therefore aimed to provide an updated estimate on the prevalence and type distribution of HPV among Malaysian women with and without cervical cancer. Total DNA was isolated from the cervical cell specimens of 185 histopathologically-con...
Article
This study aimed to identify the most stably expressed reference genes from a panel of 32 candidate genes for normalization of reverse transcription-quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction data in cancerous and non-cancerous tissues of human uterine cervix. Overall, PUM1, YWHAZ, and RPLP0 were identified as the most stably expressed genes...
Article
This study aimed to investigate the association between FAS c.–671A>G polymorphism and cervical cancer risk in a case–control setting, followed by a meta-analysis of the published literatures. The case–control study involved genotyping of the polymorphism in 185 histopathologically confirmed cervical cancer patients and 209 cancer-free female contr...
Article
Cervical cancer is a common malignancy which poses a significant health burden among women, especially those living in the developing countries. Although human papillomavirus (HPV) infection has been unequivocally implicated in the etiopathogenesis of the cancer, it alone is not adequate to contribute to the malignant transformation of cervical cel...
Article
Introduction: Assessment of the prevalence and type distribution of human papillomavirus (HPV) is important for designing effective cervical cancer prevention programs. In this study, we evaluated the prevalence and type distribution of HPV among women with cervical cancer in Malaysia. Materials and Methods: Total DNA was isolated from the cervical...
Article
Myostatin, encoded by the MSTN gene, is a strong regulator of skeletal muscle growth. The present study aimed to investigate whether the A55T and K153R polymorphisms of MSTN were associated with the strength training-induced muscle hypertrophy among Han Chinese men. A total of 94 healthy, untrained men were recruited for an 8-week strength training...
Article
Aims: Apoptosis evasion is a hallmark of cancer. Fas receptor, encoded by FAS gene, is a transmembrane protein which plays a major function in mediating apoptosis. The –670A>G promoter polymorphism of FAS can alter the transcriptional activity of the gene. We aimed to investigate the association of FAS –670A>G polymorphism with human papillomavirus...
Article
Full-text available
The inhibitory protein IκBα, encoded by the NFKBIA gene, plays an important role in regulating the activity of nuclear factor-kappa B, a transcription factor which has been implicated in the initiation and progression of cancers. This study aimed to evaluate the association of NFKBIA −826C>T (rs2233406) and −881A>G (rs3138053) polymorphisms with th...
Article
Objective: To investigate the allele and genotype frequencies of NFKB1 -94 ins/del ATTG (rs28720239) polymorphism and to evaluate the association between the polymorphism and colorectal cancer (CRC) risk in Malaysian population. Methods: Genomic DNA was extracted from the peripheral blood samples of 474 study subjects, which consisted of 237 his...
Article
The inhibitory protein IκBα plays an important role in regulating the activity of nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB), a transcription factor which has been implicated in the initiation and progression of cancers. Genetic variations, such as single nucleotide polymorphisms in the NFKBIA gene which encodes for IκBα, could potentially lead to functional c...

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