Shih-Hsin Tu

Shih-Hsin Tu
Taipei Medical University | TMU · Department of Surgery

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73
Publications
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Publications

Publications (73)
Article
Background/purpose: Previously we had identified concurrent genes, which highlighted the interplay between copy number variation (CNV) and differential gene expression (GE) for Han Chinese breast cancers. The merit of the approach is to discovery biomarkers not identifiable by conventional GE only data, for which phenotype-correlation or gene vari...
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The microenvironment for tumor growth and developing metastasis should be essential. This study demonstrated that the hyaluronic acid synthase 3 (HAS3) protein and its enzymatic product hyaluronic acid (HA) encompassed in the subcutaneous extracellular matrix can attenuate the invasion of human breast tumor cells. Decreased HA levels in subcutaneou...
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Whole-genome doubling (WGD) is an early macro-evolutionary event in tumorigenesis, involving the doubling of an entire chromosome complement. However, its impact on breast cancer subtypes remains unclear. Here, we performed a comprehensive and quantitative analysis of WGD and its influence on breast cancer subtypes in patients from Taiwan and conse...
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The evolutionary trajectories that drive clinical and therapeutic consequences in localized breast cancers (BCs) with ipsilateral breast tumor relapse (IBTR) remain largely unknown. Analyses of longitudinal paired whole-exome sequencing data from 10 localized BC patients with IBTR reveal that, compared to primary breast tumors, homologous recombina...
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Triple-negative breast cancers (TNBCs) lack specific targeted therapy options and have evolved into highly chemo-resistant tumors that metastasize to multiple organs. The present study demonstrated that the proline dehydrogenase (PRODH) mRNA level in paired (tumor vs. normal) human breast tissue samples (n ¼ 234) was 6.6-fold greater than normal ce...
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Microcalcification is one of the most common radiological and pathological features of breast ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), and to a lesser extent, invasive ductal carcinoma. We evaluated messenger RNA (mRNA) transcriptional profiles associated with ectopic mammary mineralization. A total of 109 breast cancers were assayed with oligonucleotide m...
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Cigarette smoking is associated with an increased risk of melanoma metastasis. Smokers show higher PD-L1 expression and better responses to PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors than nonsmokers. Here, we investigate whether nicotine, a primary constituent of tobacco, induces PD-L1 expression and promotes melanoma cell proliferation and migration, which is mediated...
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Radiation therapy (RT) is one of the main treatments for triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC). However, many patients experience RT failure due to the metastatic potential of RT and the radiation resistance of several cancers. Histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACis) can serve as radiosensitizers. In this study, we investigated whether a novel HDACi...
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The cover image is based on the Original Research Melatonin promotes neuroblastoma cell differentiation by activating hyaluronan synthase 3‐induced mitophagy by Wen‐Jui Lee et al., https://doi.org/10.1002/cam4.2389. Cover image © Yuan Soon Ho Images.
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Alterations in membrane proteins (MPs) and their regulated pathways have been established as cancer hallmarks and extensively targeted in clinical applications. However, the analysis of MP-interacting proteins and downstream pathways across human malignancies remains challenging. Here, we present a systematically integrated method to generate a res...
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Neuroblastoma is the second most common pediatric malignancy and has a high rate of spontaneous remission. Uncovering the mechanisms underlying neuroblastoma cell differentiation is critical for therapeutic purposes. A neuroblastoma cell line (N2a) treated with either serum withdrawal (<2.5%) or melatonin (>0.1 nmol/L) for 24 hours was used as a ce...
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The function of small G protein signalling modulators (SGSM1/2/3) in cancer remains unknown. Our findings demonstrated that SGSM2 is a plasma membrane protein that strongly interacted with E-cadherin/β-catenin. SGSM2 downregulation enhanced the phosphorylation of focal adhesion kinase (FAK; Y576/577), decreased the expression of epithelial markers...
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Purpose: Glutathione S-transferase mu 3 (GSTM3) is an enzyme involving in the detoxification of electrophilic compounds by conjugation with glutathione. Higher GSTM3 mRNA levels were reported in patients with ERα-positive breast cancer who received only tamoxifen therapy after surgery. Thus, this study aimed to clarify the oncogenic characteristic...
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Breast cancer (BC) is the most common cancer affecting women worldwide and has been associated with active tobacco smoking. Low levels of nicotine (Nic) and 4‐(methylnitrosamino)‐1‐(3‐pyridyl)‐1‐butanone (NNK), have been detected in cases of second‐hand smoke (SHS). However, the correlation between SHS and BC risk remains controversial. In this stu...
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The DNA primase polypeptide 1 (PRIM1) is responsible for synthesizing small RNA primers for Okazaki fragments generated during discontinuous DNA replication. PRIM1 mRNA expression levels in breast tumor samples were detected by real‐time PCR analysis. Xenografted tumor model was established to study the carcinogenic role of PRIM1 and its potential...
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The transcription factor GATA3 plays a significant role in mammary gland development and differentiation. We analyzed expression of GATA3 in breast cancer (BC) cell lines and clinical specimens from BC patients in Taiwan. Semi-quantitative reverse transcriptase (RT)-polymerase chain reaction (PCR), quantitative real-time PCR carried out to determin...
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Vitamin E (Vit. E) is considered an essential dietary nutrient for humans and animals. An enormous body of evidence indicates the biological and protective effects of Vit. E consumption. Tocopherol-associated protein (TAP) is a major tocopherolbinding protein affecting Vit. E stimulation and downstream signaling transduction. However, how Vit. E ut...
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Background As cancer metastasis is the deadliest aspect of cancer, causing 90% of human deaths, evaluating the molecular mechanisms underlying this process is the major interest to those in the drug development field. Both therapeutic target identification and proof-of-concept experimentation in anti-cancer drug development require appropriate anim...
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Introduction Laparoscopic techniques are commonly used in abdominal and gynecologic surgery, while breast cancer surgery has remained largely unchanged. In Asia, especially in Japan, many surgeons have started to use endoscopic surgery for breast cancer. In Taiwan, endoscopy-assisted breast surgery started in 2010. The benefits of this surgical met...
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Surgery is the most effective treatment for breast cancer patients. However, some patients developed recurrence and distant metastasis after surgery. Adjuvant therapy is considered for high-risk patients depending on several prognostic markers, and lymphovascular invasion has become one of such prognostic markers that help physicians to identify th...
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Background Multiple common variants identified by genome-wide association studies showed limited evidence of the risk of breast cancer in Taiwan. In this study, we analyzed the breast cancer risk in relation to 13 individual single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) identified by a GWAS in an Asian population. Methods In total, 446 breast cancer patie...
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Breast cancer is a significant threat to women's health and has high incidence and mortality. Metastasis in breast cancer patients is a major cause of cancer deaths among women worldwide. Clinical experience suggests that patients with metastatic triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) relapse quickly and often have chemotherapy resistance. Taxol (pac...
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The purpose of this review is to update and discuss key findings from in vitro and in vivo studies on apple and its biocompounds, with a special focus on its anticancer role. Several studies have proposed that apple and its extracts exhibit a variety of biological functions that may contribute to health benefits including beneficial effects against...
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We previously demonstrated that the activation of α9-nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (α9-nAchR) signaling by smoking promotes breast cancer formation. To investigate the downstream signaling molecules involved in α9-nAChR-induced breast tumorigenesis, we used real-time polymerase chain reactions and Western blotting to assess expression of protein...
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Glucose transporters (GLUTs) are required for glucose uptake in malignant cells, and they are potentially useful as a molecular target for cancer therapy. An RT-PCR analysis was performed to investigate the mRNA levels in 14 subtypes of GLUTs in human colorectal cancer (COLO 205 and HT 29) and normal (FHC) cells. RT-PCR (n=27) was used to calculate...
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To assess whether drinking tea can effectively prevent smoking-induced atherosclerosis, a clinical trial ex vivo study was performed. The volunteers were randomly allocated to two groups (n = 55 per group) that received either Pu-erh tea powder or a cellulose placebo (0.5 g/capsule, T.I.D.) for two months. The circulating monocytes were isolated fr...
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In this study, the mechanisms by which Pu-Erh tea extract (PETE) attenuates nicotine-induced foam cell formation were investigated. Monocytes were purified from healthy individuals using commercial antibodies coated with magnetic beads. We found that the nicotine-induced (1-10 μM) expression of oxidized low-density lipoprotein receptors (ox-LDLRs)...
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Background: Accumulated evidence indicates that the incidence of early-onset breast cancer has rapidly increased in Taiwan and other Asian compared to Western countries. The mismatch repair (MMR) pathway might be one of the crucial mechanisms of predisposition to early breast cancer. In this study, we explored whether MMR gene polymorphisms contri...
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The regulation of RagA(GTP) is important for amino-acid-induced mTORC1 activation. Although GATOR1 complex has been identified as a negative regulator for mTORC1 by hydrolyzing RagA(GTP), how GATOR1 is recruited to RagA to attenuate mTORC1 signaling remains unclear. Moreover, how mTORC1 signaling is terminated upon amino acid stimulation is also un...
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α-L-fucosidase 1 (FUCA1) is a lysosomal enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolytic cleavage of the terminal fucose residue in breast cancer cells. FUCA1 mRNA levels were detected by real-time PCR, and there was a greater than 139-fold increase in FUCA1 mRNA expression in breast tumor samples compared with normal breast tissue samples (*P = 0.005, n = 236...
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This study aimed to evaluate the conceptual structure of the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Core Questionnaire 30 (EORTC QLQ-C30) by analyzing data collected from patients with major cancers in Taiwan. The conceptual structure underlying QLQ-C30, including higher-order factors, was explored by structural...
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Our recent work had identified concurrent gene signatures which highlighted the interplay between copy number variation (CNV) and differential gene expression (GE) for Han Chinese breast cancers. The merit of the approach is the discovery of biomarkers not readily identified by conventional GE only data, for which phenotype-correlation or gene vari...
Article
Several prognostic signatures have been identified for breast cancer. However, these signatures vary extensively in their gene compositions, and the poor concordance of the risk groups defined by the prognostic signatures hinders their clinical applicability. Breast cancer risk prediction was refined with a novel approach to finding concordant gene...
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Previous studies indicated that smoking exposure is associated with an increased risk of breast cancer, and α9-nicotine acetylcholine receptors (α9-nAChRs) are involved in breast tumorigenesis. However, no studies have explored the joint effect of α9-nAChRs (CHRNA9) genes and cigarette smoking exposure on breast cancer risk. A case–control study wa...
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The aim of the study is to evaluate gene component analysis for microarray studies. Three dimensional reduction strategies, Principle Component Regression (PCR), Partial Least Square (PLS) and Reduced Rank Regression (RRR) were applied to publicly available breast cancer microarray dataset and the derived gene components were used for tumor classif...
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Luteolin is a flavonoid that has been identified in many plant tissues and exhibits chemopreventive or chemosensitising properties against human breast cancer. However, the oncogenic molecules in human breast cancer cells that are inhibited by luteolin treatment have not been identified. This study found that the level of cyclin E2 (CCNE2) mRNA was...
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The interplay between copy number variation (CNV) and differential gene expression may be able to shed light on molecular process underlying breast cancer and lead to the discovery of cancer-related genes. In the current study, genes concurrently identified in array comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) and gene expression microarrays were used t...
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Breast cancer is the most common malignancy among women and has an age-specific incidence profile. Over the last decade, many studies have demonstrated the anticancer activity of α-tocopherol, the main and most active form of natural vitamin E. α-Tocopherol-associated protein (TAP) was found to be one of the major α-tocopherol binding proteins in h...
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Ethanol consumption induces hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cell metastasis by changing the extracellular matrix (ECM). Lysyl oxidase (LOX) catalyzes the cross-linkage of collagen or elastin in the ECM. LOX protein and mRNA overexpression (>21-fold compared with controls, n=6) was detected in cirrhotic HCC patients with a history of alcoholism. LOX...
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Purpose: The aim of the study was to perform genome-wide characterization of Taiwanese breast cancer at the molecular level by integrating 2 microarray technologies: comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) for analyzing DNA copy number changes, and gene expression profiles for determining transcriptional variations. Concurrent gains and losses from...
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Multiclass prediction remains an obstacle for high-throughput data analysis such as microarray gene expression profiles. Despite recent advancements in machine learning and bioinformatics, most classification tools were limited to the applications of binary responses. Our aim was to apply partial least square (PLS) regression for breast cancer intr...
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Context: The compound 4,7-dimethoxy-5-(2-propen-1-yl)-1,3-benzodioxole (apiole) has been isolated from several different plant species, including Petroselinum sativum. Our recent study found that apiole is a chemical derivative of 4,7-dimethoxy-5-methyl-l,3-benzodioxole (SY-1), which has been isolated from dried Antrodia camphorata (AC ) fruiting b...
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Breast cancer is a heterogeneous disease in terms of transcriptional aberrations; moreover, microarray gene expression profiles had defined 5 molecular subtypes based on certain intrinsic genes. This study aimed to evaluate the prediction consistency of breast cancer molecular subtypes from 3 distinct intrinsic gene sets (Sørlie 500, Hu 306 and PAM...
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Supplementary Table S2 Supplementary Table S2 contained pairwise comparisons between 3 intrinsic gene lists for the assignment of the samples.
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Supplementary Table S3 Table S3 showed the distributions of molecular subtypes defined by intrinsic genes (Hu 306 and PAM50 with gene-centring and DWD) stratified by subtypes defined by IHC results.
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Supplementary materials and methods This file included the mapping process of intrinsic genes to Affymetrix® probesets, and the source of Chinese breast cancer microarrays. Table S1 summarized intrinsic subtype distributions stratified by clinical phenotypes.
Article
Vaccines utilizing cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) epitopes are promising for the treatment of cancer and chronic infectious diseases. Tumor-associated antigen L6 (TAL6) is overexpressed in some epithelial cancer cells. In this report, we detected TAL6 expression in breast cancer tissue using quantitative reverse-transcriptase-polymerase chain reactio...
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The extracellular matrix (ECM) plays a critical role in the development and invasion of primary breast tumors. Lysyl oxidase (LOX), which is an ECM remodeling enzyme, appears to play roles in promoting cancer cell motility and invasion. To ascertain whether LOX overexpression in breast tumor tissues from Asian patients is associated with decreases...
Article
In this study, 4,7-dimethoxy-5-methyl-1,3-benzodioxole (SY-1) was isolated from three different sources of dried Antrodia camphorata (AC) fruiting bodies. AC is a medicinal mushroom that grows on the inner heartwood wall of Cinnamomum kanehirai Hay (Lauraceae), which is an endemic species that is used in Chinese medicine for its antitumor propertie...
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Circular Binary Segmentation (CBS) is a permutation-based algorithm for array Comparative Genomic Hybridization (aCGH) data analysis. CBS accurately segments data by detecting change-points using a maximal-t test; but extensive computational burden is involved for evaluating the significance of change-points using permutations. A recent implementat...
Data
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This additional file contains supplementary materials, supplementary figures and supplementary tables.
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To examine changes in quality of life among patients with breast cancer and factors related to it, during the first three months after diagnosis. Numerous studies have examined quality of life among cancer survivors or among patients with cancer after aggressive treatment; such research has demonstrated that quality of life in the third month after...
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The aim of this research was to explore whether the tea-polyphenol (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) could be used as a potential agent for blocking smoking (nicotine, Nic)- or hormone (estradiol, E2)-induced breast cancer cell proliferation through inhibition of a common signaling pathway. To explore whether Nic (>0.1 μM, 24 h) and E2 (>1 nM,...
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The primary aim of this study was to elucidate the role of the estrogen receptor (ER), a transcription factor involved in the nicotine- and 17β-estradiol (E2)-mediated up-regulation of α9-nAChR gene expression. A real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay was used to quantify the α9-nAChR mRNA expression levels of surgically isolated (n=339) a...
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Large epidemiological cohort studies in the United States have indicated that active and passive smoking are associated with increased breast cancer risk. However, there was no direct evidence of an effect of tobacco carcinogens on the cellular molecules involved in breast tumorigenesis. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction was used to d...
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The aim of this study was to test whether long-term ethanol consumption confers therapeutic resistance to human liver cancer patients infected with hepatitis B virus (HBV). Chronic ethanol-treated cells were established by consecutively culturing a human hepatocellular carcinoma cell line, Hep 3B, which contains integrated HBV sequences, for 20-40...