# Shigui RuanUniversity of Miami | UM · Department of Mathematics

Shigui Ruan

PhD

## About

344

Publications

81,546

Reads

**How we measure 'reads'**

A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more

17,721

Citations

Citations since 2017

## Publications

Publications (344)

Aedes aegypti is one of the most dominant mosquito species in the urban areas of Miami-Dade County, Florida, and is responsible for the local arbovirus transmissions. Since August 2016, mosquito traps have been placed throughout the county to improve surveillance and guide mosquito control and arbovirus outbreak response. In this paper, we develop...

In this paper we study a three-dimensional tumor–immune system interaction model consisted of tumor cells, activated T cells, and immune checkpoint inhibitor anti-PD-1. Based on the uncontrollable character of tumor cells in the absence of immune response and treatment, the growth of tumor cells is assumed to be exponential. We discuss the distribu...

This paper is concerned with a nonlocal (convolution) dispersal susceptible-infected-susceptible (SIS) epidemic model with bilinear incidence and Neumann boundary conditions. First we establish the existence and uniqueness of stationary solutions by reducing the system to a single equation. Then we study the asymptotic profiles of the endemic stead...

Random diffusive age-structured population models have been studied by many researchers. Though nonlocal diffusion processes are more applicable to many biological and physical problems compared with random diffusion processes, there are very few theoretical results on age-structured population models with nonlocal diffusion. In this paper our obje...

Age-structured models with nonlocal diffusion arise naturally in describing the population dynamics of biological species and the transmission dynamics of infectious diseases in which individuals disperse nonlocally and interact each other and the age structure of individuals matters. In the first part of our series papers, we study the principal s...

We study the effect of population mobility on the transmission dynamics of infectious diseases by considering a susceptible-exposed-infectious-recovered (SEIR) epidemic model with graph Laplacian diffusion, that is, on a weighted network. First, we establish the existence and uniqueness of solutions to the SEIR model defined on a weighed graph. The...

This presentation presents our recent work on a susceptible-infected-susceptible epidemic model with L\'evy flights in which the dispersal of susceptible and infected individuals follows a heavy-tailed jump distribution

Recent experimental evidence suggests that spatial heterogeneity plays an important role in within‐host infections caused by different viruses including hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). To examine the spatial effects of viral infections, in this paper we study the asymptotic spreading in a wi...

Age structure of the host population is a crucial factor in the transmission and control of infectious diseases, since the risk from an infection increases along with age, different age groups interact heterogeneously, vaccination programs focus on specific age groups, and epidemiological data are reported according to ages. In this paper we consid...

In this paper, we consider a homogeneous Neumann initial-boundary value problem (IBVP) for the following two-species and two-stimuli chemotaxis model with both paracrine and autocrine loops:
\begin{document}$ \begin{equation*} \label{IBVP} \left\{ \begin{aligned} &u_t = \nabla\cdot(D_1(u)\nabla u-S_1(u)\nabla v), &\qquad x\in\Omega, \, t>0, \\ & \t...

Vector-borne diseases, such as chikungunya, dengue, malaria, West Nile virus, yellow fever and Zika, pose a major global public health problem worldwide. In this paper we investigate the propagation dynamics of diffusive vector-borne disease models in the whole space, which characterize the spatial expansion of the infected hosts and infected vecto...

A susceptible-infectious-recovered (SIRS) epidemic model with a generalized nonmonotone incidence rate \(\frac{kIS}{1+\beta I+\alpha I^2}\) (\(\beta >-2 \sqrt{\alpha }\) such that \(1+\beta I+\alpha I^{2}>0\) for all \(I\ge 0\)) is considered in this paper. It is shown that the basic reproduction number \(R_0\) does not act as a threshold value for...

Studies have shown that sexual transmission, both heterosexually and homosexually, is one of the main ways of HBV infection. Based on this fact, we propose a mathematical model to study the sexual transmission of HBV among adults by classifying adults into men and women and considering both same-sex and opposite-sex transmissions of HBV in adults....

In this paper we study the principal spectral theory and asynchronous exponential growth for age-structured models with nonlocal diffusion of Neumann type. First, we provide two general sufficient conditions to guarantee existence of the principal eigenvalue of the age-structured operator with nonlocal diffusion. Then we show that such conditions a...

Traveling wave solutions in general time-dependent (including time-periodic) reaction–diffusion equations and systems of equations have attracted great attention in the last two decades. The aim of this paper is to study the propagation phenomenon in a general time-heterogeneous environment. More specifically, we investigate generalized traveling w...

In this paper we propose an age-structured susceptible-infectious-susceptible epidemic model with nonlocal (convolution) diffusion to describe the geographic spread of infectious diseases via long-distance travel. We analyze the well-posedness of the model, investigate the existence and uniqueness of the nontrivial steady state corresponding to an...

For a slow-fast system of the form p'=εf(p,z,ε)+h(p,z,ε), z'=g(p,z,ε) for (p,z) in R^{n+m}, we consider the scenario that the system has invariant sets M_i={(p,z): z=z_i}, i=1,2,...,N, linked by a singular closed orbit formed by trajectories of the limiting slow and fast systems. Assuming that the stability of M_i changes along the slow trajectorie...

In this paper we study the approximation of random diffusion by nonlocal diffusion with properly rescaled kernels in age-structured models. First we show that solutions of age-structured models with nonlocal diffusion under Dirichlet and Neumann boundary conditions converge to solutions of the corresponding age-structured models with random diffusi...

In this paper, we investigate the complex dynamics in a discrete SIS epidemic model with Ricker-type recruitment and disease-induced death. It is shown that the model has a unique disease-free equilibrium if the basic reproduction number R0≤1\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{am...

Background
The COVID-19 outbreak in Wuhan started in December 2019 and was under control by the end of March 2020 with a total of 50,006 confirmed cases by the implementation of a series of nonpharmaceutical interventions (NPIs) including unprecedented lockdown of the city. This study analyzes the complete outbreak data from Wuhan, assesses the imp...

Since intraguild predation (IGP) is a ubiquitous and important community module in nature and Allee effect has strong impact on population dynamics, in this paper we propose a three-species IGP food web model consisted of the IG predator, IG prey and basal prey, in which the basal prey follows a logistic growth with strong Allee effect. We investig...

In this paper, we investigate the complex dynamics in a discrete SIS epidemic model with Ricker-type recruitment and disease-induced death. It is shown that the model has a unique disease-free equilibrium if the basic reproduction number $\mathcal{R}_{0}\leq 1$ and a unique endemic equilibrium if $\mathcal{R}_{0}> 1$. Sufficient conditions for the...

In this paper, we develop some basic theory for age-structured population models with nonlocal diffusion and nonlocal boundary conditions. We first apply the theory of integrated semigroups and non-densely defined operators to a linear equation, study the spectrum, and analyze the asymptotic behavior via asynchronous exponential growth. Then we con...

In this paper we focus on three problems about the spreading speeds of nonlocal dispersal Fisher-KPP equations. First, we study the signs of spreading speeds and find that they are determined by the asymmetry level of the nonlocal dispersal and f′(0), where f is the reaction function. This indicates that asymmetric dispersal can influence the spati...

We consider a Lotka-Volterra system with both local and nonlocal intraspecific and interspecific competitions, where nonlocal competitions depend on both spatial and temporal effects in a general form. Firstly, global stability of two constant semi-trivial equilibria and global convergence of the coexistence equilibrium are derived by using the fun...

It has been reported that COVID-19 patients had an increased neutrophil count and a decreased lymphocyte count in the severe phase and neutrophils may contribute to organ damage and mortality. In this paper, we present the bifurcation analysis of a dynamical model for the initial innate system response to pulmonary infection. The model describes th...

First-order hyperbolic partial differential equations with two internal variables have been used to model biological and epidemiological problems with two physiological structures, such as chronological age and infection age in epidemic models, age and another physiological character (maturation, size, stage) in population models, and cell-age and...

In this paper, we study the existence of mild periodic solutions of abstract semilinear equations in a setting that includes several other types of equations such as delay differential equations, first-order hyperbolic partial differential equations, and reaction-diffusion equations. Under different assumptions on the linear operator and the nonhom...

Background: The COVID-19 outbreak in Wuhan started in December 2019 and was under control by the end of March 2020 with a total of 50,006 confirmed cases by the implementation of a series of nonpharmaceutical interventions (NPIs) including unprecedented lockdown of the city. This study analyzes the complete outbreak data from Wuhan, assesses the im...

This paper studies an epidemic model with nonlocal dispersals. We focus on the influences of initial data and nonlocal dispersals on its spatial propagation. Here, initial data stand for the spatial concentrations of the infectious agent and the infectious human population when the epidemic breaks out and the nonlocal dispersals mean their diffusio...

In this paper we focus on three problems about the spreading speeds of nonlocal dispersal Fisher-KPP equations. First, we study the signs of spreading speeds and find that they are determined by the asymmetry level of the nonlocal dispersal and $f'(0)$, where $f$ is the reaction function. This indicates that asymmetric dispersal can influence the s...

This paper studies an epidemic model with nonlocal dispersals. We focus on the influences of initial data and nonlocal dispersals on its spatial propagation. Here the initial data stand for the spatial concentrations of infectious agent and infectious human population when the epidemic breaks out and the nonlocal dispersals mean their diffusion str...

In this paper we develop fundamental theories for a scalar first-order hyperbolic partial differential equation with two internal variables which models single-species population dynamics with two physiological structures such as age–age, age–maturation, age–size, and age–stage. Classical techniques of treating structured models with a single inter...

In this paper, we study the spreading speed in an integrodifference system which models invasion of predators into the habitat of the prey. Without the requirement of comparison principle, we construct several auxiliary integrodifference equations and use the results of monotone scalar equations to estimate the spreading speed of the invading preda...

When the asymptotic spreading for classical monostable Lotka–Volterra competition diffusion systems is concerned, extinction or persistence of the two competitive species is completely determined by the dynamics of the corresponding kinetic systems, while the size of initial values does not affect the final states. The purpose of this paper is to d...

Coinfection of hosts with multiple strains or serotypes of the same agent, such as different influenza virus strains, different human papilloma virus strains, and different dengue virus serotypes, is not only a very serious public health issue but also a very challenging mathematical modeling problem. In this paper, we study a time-periodic two-str...

For a slow-fast system of the form $\dot{p}=\epsilon f(p,z,\epsilon)+h(p,z,\epsilon)$, $\dot{z}=g(p,z,\epsilon)$ for $(p,z)\in \mathbb R^n\times \mathbb R^m$, we consider the scenario that the system has invariant sets $M_i=\{(p,z): z=z_i\}$, $1\le i\le N$, linked by a singular closed orbit formed by trajectories of the limiting slow and fast syste...

In this paper we study a host-generalist parasitoid model with Holling II functional response where the generalist parasitoids are introduced to control the invasion of the hosts. It is shown that the model can undergo a sequence of bifurcations including cusp, focus and elliptic types degenerate Bogdanov-Takens bifurcations of codimension three, a...

In this paper, we construct an infection-age model to study the interaction between viruses and the immune system within the host. In the model, the mortality rate of infected cells, the rate that cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) kill infected cells, the rate that infected cells produce new virus, and the CTL proliferate rate may depend on the infecti...

Diapause, a period of arrested development caused by adverse environmental conditions, serves as a key survival mechanism for insects and other invertebrate organisms in temperate and subtropical areas. In this paper, a novel modelling framework, motivated by mosquito species, is proposed to investigate the effects of diapause on seasonal populatio...

In this paper both deterministic and stochastic models are developed to explore the roles that antibiotic exposure and environmental contamination play in the spread of antibiotic-resistant bacteria, such as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), in hospitals. Uncolonized patients without or with antibiotic exposure, colonized patients...

In this paper we study a nonlocal dispersal susceptible-infected-susceptible (SIS) epidemic model with Neumann boundary condition, where the spatial movement of individuals is described by a nonlocal (convolution) diffusion operator, the transmission rate and recovery rate are spatially heterogeneous, and the total population number is constant. We...

In this paper, we study a susceptible-infectious-recovered (SIRS) epidemic model with a generalized nonmonotone and saturated incidence rate [Formula presented], in which the infection function first increases to a maximum when a new infectious disease emerges, then decreases due to psychological effect, and eventually tends to a saturation level d...

A network is introduced to describe the spatiotemporal dynamics of two-species competitive and allelopathic plankton models, where the network structure represents the movement directions between every two patches. Time delay is also incorporated to describe the time required to produce stimulatory effect of one species on the growth of the other s...

Releasing sterile mosquitoes is a method of mosquito control that uses area-wide inundative releases of sterile male mosquitoes to reduce reproduction in a field population of wild mosquitoes. In this paper, we consider a mosquito population model with a nonlinear saturated release rate of sterile mosquitoes and study the complex dynamics and bifur...

Human rabies is one of the major public health problems in China with an average of 1977 cases per year. It is estimated that 95% of these human rabies cases are due to dog bites. In recent years, the number of wildlife-associated human rabies cases has increased, particularly in the southeast and northeast regions of mainland China. Chinese ferret...

Host heterogeneity can be modeled by using multi-group structures in the population. In this paper we investigate the existence and nonexistence of traveling waves of a two-group SIR epidemic model with time delay and constant recruitment and show that the existence of traveling waves is determined by the basic reproduction number \(R_{0}.\) More s...

The goal of this chapter is to apply the theories developed in the previous chapters to functional differential equations. In Section 7.1 retarded functional differential equations are rewritten as abstract Cauchy problems and the integrated semigroup theory is used to study the existence of integrated solutions and to establish a general Hopf bifu...

Measles, a highly contagious infection caused by the measles virus, is a major public health problem in China. The reported measles cases decreased dramatically from 2004 to 2012 due to the mandatory measles vaccine program started in 2005 and the goal of eliminating measles by 2012. However, after reaching its lowest level in 2012, measles has res...

Clonorchiasis, known as the Chinese liver fluke disease, is caused by Clonorchis sinensis infection with food-borne liver fluke, which is transmitted via snails to freshwater fish and then to human beings or other piscivorous mammals. Clonorchis sinensis infection is mainly related to liver and biliary disorders, especially cholangiocarcinoma, and...

We present a nonlinear first-order hyperbolic partial differential equation model to describe age-structured tumor cell populations with proliferating and quiescent phases at the avascular stage in vitro. The division rate of the proliferating cells is assumed to be nonlinear due to the limitation of the nutrient and space. The model includes a pro...

Background:
Many vector-borne diseases co-circulate, as the viruses from the same family are also transmitted by the same vector species. For example, Zika and dengue viruses belong to the same Flavivirus family and are primarily transmitted by a common mosquito species Aedes aegypti. Zika outbreaks have also commonly occurred in dengue-endemic ar...

This paper deals with traveling wave solutions for time periodic reaction-diffiusion systems. The existence of traveling wave solutions is established by combining the fixed point theorem with super-and sub-solutions, which reduces the existence of traveling wave solutions to the existence of super-and sub-solutions. The asymptotic behavior is dete...

A deterministic mathematical model with periodic antibiotic prescribing rate is constructed to study the seasonality of Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infections taking antibiotic exposure and environmental contamination into consideration. The basic reproduction number
R
0
for the periodic model is calculated under the assum...

There is evidence showing that vertical transmission of dengue virus exists in Aedes mosquitoes. In this paper, we propose a deterministic dengue model with vertical transmission in mosquitoes by including aquatic mosquitoes (eggs, larvae and pupae), adult mosquitoes (susceptible, exposed and infectious) and human hosts (susceptible, exposed, infec...

Chikungunya, dengue, and Zika viruses are all transmitted by Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus mosquito species, had been imported to Florida and caused local outbreaks. We propose a deterministic model to study the importation and local transmission of these mosquito-borne diseases. The purpose is to model and mimic the importation of these virus...

Based on the invasion of the Aedes albopictus mosquitoes and the competition between Ae. albopictus and Ae. aegypti mosquitoes in the United States, we consider an advection–reaction–diffusion competition system with two free boundaries consisting of an invasive species (Ae. albopictus) with density u and a local species (Ae. aegypti) with density...

The predator–prey/consumer–resource interaction is the most fundamental and important process in population dynamics. Many species, such as monocarpic plants and semelparous animals, have discrete nonoverlapping generations and their births occur in regular breeding seasons. Their interactions are described by difference equations or formulated as...

This paper deals with the spatial propagation for reaction–diffusion cooperative systems. It is well-known that the solution of a reaction–diffusion equation with monostable nonlinearity spreads at a finite speed when the initial condition decays to zero exponentially or faster, and propagates fast when the initial condition decays to zero more slo...

Recent studies suggest that spatial heterogeneity plays an important role in the within-host infection of viruses such as HBV, HCV, and HIV. In this paper we propose a spatial model of viral dynamics on a bounded domain in which virus movement is described by a nonlocal (convolution) diffusion operator. The model is a spatial generalization of a ba...

In this chapter we apply the results obtained in the previous chapters to age-structured models. In Section 8.1, a Hopf bifurcation theorem is established for the general age-structured systems. Section 8.2 deals with a susceptible-infectious epidemic model with age of infection, uniform persistence of the model is established, local and global sta...

This chapter covers fundamental results on the spectral theory, including Fredholm alternative theorem and Nussbaum’s theorem on the radius of essential spectrum for bounded linear operators; growth bound and essential growth bound of linear operators; the relationship between the spectrum of semigroups and the spectrum of their infinitesimal gener...

The purpose of this chapter is to develop the center manifold theory, Hopf bifurcation theorem, and normal form theory for abstract semilinear Cauchy problems with non-dense domain.

The main purpose of this chapter is to present a comprehensive semilinear theory that will allow us to study the properties of solutions of the non-densely defined Cauchy problems, such as existence and uniqueness of a maximal semiflow, positivity, Lipschitz perturbation, differentiability with respect to the state variable, time differentiability,...

The theories developed in the previous chapters can be used to study some parabolic equations as well. In this chapter, we first consider linear abstract Cauchy problems with non-densely defined and almost sectorial operators; that is, the part of this operator in the closure of its domain is sectorial. Such problems naturally arise for parabolic e...

The aim of this chapter is to introduce the basic concepts and results about semigroups, resolvents, and infinitesimal generators for linear operators and to present the Hille-Yosida theorem for strongly continuous semigroups.

The goal of this chapter is to introduce the integrated semigroup theory and use it to investigate the existence and uniqueness of integrated (mild) solutions of the nonhomogeneous Cauchy problems when the domain of the linear operator A is not dense in the state space and A is not a Hille-Yosida operator.

Several types of differential equations, such as functional differential equation, age-structured models, transport equations, reaction-diffusion equations, and partial differential equations with delay, can be formulated as abstract Cauchy problems with non-dense domain. This monograph provides a self-contained and comprehensive presentation of th...

Zika virus (ZIKV) disease outbreaks occurred in French Polynesia in 2013–2014 and in Brazil and Colombia in 2015–2016, respectively. Using our recently developed ZIKV disease model, we simulated the reported ZIKV infection cases from French Polynesia, Colombia and the State of Bahia of Brazil. Moreover, we estimated that the infection attack rates...

In this work, we investigate the role of environmental contamination on the clinical epidemiology of antibiotic-resistant bacteria in hospitals. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a bacterium that causes infections in different parts of the body. It is tougher to treat than most strains of Staphylococcus aureus or staph, because...

Rabies is serious concern to public health and wildlife management worldwide. Over the last three decades, various mathematical models have been proposed to study the transmission dynamics of rabies. In this paper we provide a mini-review on some reaction-diffusion models describing the spatial spread of rabies among animals. More specifically, we...

This paper is concerned with the following two-species Lotka-Volterra competition-diffusion system in the three-dimensional spatial space ∂ ∂t u 1 (x, t) = ∆u 1 (x, t) + u 1 (x, t) [1 − u 1 (x, t) − k 1 u 2 (x, t)] , ∂ ∂t u 2 (x, t) = d∆u 2 (x, t) + ru 2 (x, t) [1 − u 2 (x, t) − k 2 u 1 (x, t)] , where x ∈ R 3 and t > 0. For the bistable case, name...

Since there exist extrinsic and intrinsic incubation periods of pathogens in the feedback interactions between the vectors and hosts, it is necessary to consider the incubation delays in vector?host disease transmission dynamics. In this paper, we propose vector?host disease models with two time delays, one describing the incubation period in the v...

In this paper, we develop a mathematical model to study the transmission dynamics of visceral leishmaniasis. Three populations: dogs, sandflies and humans, are considered in the model. Based on recent studies, we include vertical transmission of dogs in the spread of the disease. We also investigate the impact of asymptomatic humans and dogs as sec...