Shichang Kang

Shichang Kang
State Key Laboratory of Cryosphere Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou, China

PhD
Atmospheric Pollution and Cryospheric Change (APCC)

About

940
Publications
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Introduction
Atmospheric Pollutants and Cryospheric Change

Publications

Publications (940)
Article
Our understanding of water-soluble organic constituents and their transformation in the unique aqueous continuum over cryosphere region is scarce. Here, dissolved organic carbon (DOC), dissolved organic nitrogen (DON), and dissolved total nitrogen (DTN) and water-soluble inorganic ions in multiple water bodies from the eastern Tibetan Plateau (TP)...
Article
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Refractory black carbon (rBC) is an important climate‐forcing agent emitted by biomass burning and fossil fuel combustion. Antarctica can receive rBC aerosols emitted in Southern Hemisphere (SH) and preserve the history of emissions and atmospheric transport. Here, we present a high‐resolution record of rBC in an ice core (CA2016‐75) acquired from...
Article
Carbonaceous particles are an important radiative forcing agent in the atmosphere, with large temporal and spatial variations in their concentrations and compositions, especially in remote regions. This study reported the Δ¹⁴C and δ¹³C of total carbon (TC) and water-insoluble particulate carbon (IPC) of the total suspended particles (TSP) and PM2.5...
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Full-text available
We collected surface snow samples from three different glaciers-Yala, Thana, and Sachin-in the central and western Himalayas to understand the spatial variability and radiative impacts of light-absorbing particles. The Yala and Thana glaciers in Nepal and Bhutan, respectively, were selected to represent the central Himalayas. The Sachin glacier in...
Preprint
Atmospheric aerosol in the Tibetan Plateau (TP) and its surroundings has received widely scientific concern in recent decades owing to its significant impacts on regional climatic and cryospheric changes, ecological and environmental securities, and hydrological cycle. However, our understanding on the atmospheric aerosol in this remote region is h...
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Full-text available
Investigation of extreme precipitation events in arid and semiarid regions, especially for occurrence time and the associated circulation mechanisms, is vital to support the forecasting of and the advanced response to resultant disasters. In this study, the spatiotemporal pattern of occurrence time of extreme precipitation and atmospheric circulati...
Article
Knowledge of the elemental composition of aerosols at remote sites is important for evaluating the influence of anthropogenic activities. In this study, the elemental composition and sources of total suspended particles (TSP) at Yaze, a remote site in the southeastern Tibetan Plateau (TP), were investigated. The results showed that the mean element...
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Linking snow cover frequency (SCF) and atmospheric circulation is vital for comprehension of hemispheric-scale change mechanisms and for accurate forecasting. This study combined MODIS imagery with meteorological observations to investigate the variation of annual SCFs in the Qilian Mountains. Results indicated that more than 80% of annual SCF is d...
Article
Glaciers are recognized as a biome dominated by microorganisms and a reservoir of organic carbon and nutrients. Global warming remarkably increases glacier melting rate and runoff volume, which have significant impacts on the carbon and nitrogen cycles in downstream ecosystems. The Tibetan Plateau (TP), dubbed “the water tower of Asia”, owns the la...
Article
In this work, the influence of South Asian biomass burning emissions on O3 and PM2.5 concentrations over the Tibetan Plateau (TP) is investigated by using the regional climate chemistry transport model WRF-Chem. The simulation is validated by comparing meteorological fields and pollutant concentrations against in situ observations and gridded datas...
Article
Permafrost is a potential mercury (Hg) pool released by thawing, which can raise the risk of Hg pollution under global warming. Tree rings are useful archives of environment-specific Hg exposure over long periods. We determined Hg concentrations in tree rings of two dominant tree species (Larix gmelinii and Pinus sylvestris) at permafrost sites in...
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This study reports for the first time a comprehensive analysis of nitrogenous and carbonaceous aerosols in simultaneously collected PM 2.5 and TSP during pre-monsoon (March-May 2018) from a highly polluted urban Kathmandu Valley (KV) of the Himalayan foothills. The mean mass concentration of PM 2.5 (129.8 μg/m 3) was only ˜25% of TSP mass (558.7 μg...
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Runoff in the Arctic region has changed greatly under climate change and human activities. However, the quantitative impacts remain unclear in this region. In this study, the changes in climate and discharge were examined in the Ob River Basin during 1980–2017. Increasing trends were found for the variables annual air temperature, precipitation, ev...
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Climate change is expected to result in more frequent and intense heat waves (HWs) in South Asia (SA). The simultaneous increases in temperature and population will exacerbate the population exposure to future HWs. Here we estimate the future population exposure to daytime and nighttime HWs in SA using the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project 6 (C...
Article
Brown carbon (BrC)/water-soluble organic carbon (WSOC) plays a crucial role in glacier melting. A quantitative evaluation of the light absorption characteristics of WSOC on glacier melting is urgently needed, as the WSOC release from glaciers potentially affects the hydrological cycle, downstream ecological balance, and the global carbon cycle. In...
Article
Micoroplastics (MPs) can be transported through atmospheric circulations, and have caused global attentions due to their potential risk to the environment. In this study, MPs in snowpit samples collected from Demula (DML) glacier in southeast Tibetan Plateau were investigated. The results showed that the average abundance of MPs in snow was 9.55 ±...
Article
Investigation of mercury (Hg) from atmospheric precipitation is important for evaluating its ecological impacts and developing mitigation strategies. Western China, which includes the Tibetan Plateau and the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, is one of the most remote region in the world and is understudied in regards to Hg precipitation. Here we r...
Preprint
Full-text available
The Pan-Third Pole (PTP) owns complex geography and demographic features where aerosol roles and their impact cannot be neglected as it jeopardizes both the environment and human health. Therefore, we analyzed spatio-temporal aerosol concentration, the influence of meteorological conditions, and underlying aerosol transport mechanisms over the PTP...
Article
Endolithic micro-environments of rock are unique, ranging from high mountains and deep-sea floors to deserts and the Arctic and Antarctic regions colonized by high diversity of microbes. Endolithic microorganisms survive the extreme environmental conditions of rock pores and fissures with their survival strategies. In addition, the bulk rock provid...
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In recent decades, the Barents Sea has warmed more than twice as fast as the rest of the Arctic in winter, but the exact causes behind this amplified warming remain unclear. In this study, we quantify the wintertime Barents Sea warming (BSW) with an average linear trend of 1.74℃/decade and an interdecadal change around 2003 from 1979 to 2019 based...
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Here, the taxonomical composition and seasonal dynamics of airborne microbial communities were described in the urban city of Lanzhou, Northwest China. Year-long samples were studied in two filter membranes (Quartz and PTFE). Higher microbial loads were reported in the PTFE than in the quartz filter. Onefold decrease was reported in bacterial loads...
Article
As an important component of carbonaceous aerosols (CA), organic carbon (OC) exerts a strong, yet insufficiently constrained perturbation of the climate. In this study, we reported sources of OC based on its natural abundance radiocarbon (¹⁴C) fingerprinting in aerosols and water-insoluble organic carbon (WIOC) in snowpits across the Tibetan Platea...
Article
As an important component of carbonaceous particles, organic carbon (OC) plays a significant role in radiative forcing in the atmosphere. Recently, the warming effect of light-absorbing OC has been emphasized. Water-soluble organic carbon (WSOC) is commonly used as a surrogate to investigate the light absorption of OC. Thus far, filters with 0.45 μ...
Article
Glaciers in the Himalayan region have been receding rapidly in recent decades, drawing increasing concerns about the release of legacy pollutants (e.g., mercury (Hg)). To investigate the distribution, transport and controlling factors of Hg in glacier-fed runoff, from June 2019 to July 2020, a continuous monitoring and an intensive sampling campaig...
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The Pan‐Third Pole contains the largest number of glaciers outside the polar region that plays a crucial role in atmospheric circulation and the hydrological cycle. However, this pristine region has undergone rapid change through complex interactions including the black carbon (BC) enhanced warming effect and glacier melting. Study shows, Weather R...
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The behavior and fates of environmental pollutants within the cryosphere and the associated environmental impacts are of increasing concerns in the context of global warming. The Tibetan Plateau (TP), also known as the "Third Pole", represents one of the most important cryospheric regions in the world. Mercury (Hg) is recognized as a global polluta...
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Microplastics are widely detected in terrestrial environments. However, microplastic features in the soil of remote areas are still sparse. In this study, microplastic pollution in soil across the Tibetan Plateau was systematically investigated. The results revealed that microplastic was ubiquitous in the soil of the Tibetan Plateau with an average...
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To characterize the spatiotemporal variations of glacier surface speed on the Kenai Peninsula, Alaska (∼3,900 km²), we derived 92 surface speed fields between October 2014 and December 2019 using intensity offset tracking on Sentinel‐1 data. On average, speeds are 50% greater in spring (March‐May) than the annual mean (69 m a⁻¹) while winter speeds...
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The Tibetan Plateau is generally considered to be a significantly clean area owing to its high altitude; however, the transport of atmospheric pollutants from the Indian subcontinent to the Tibetan Plateau has influenced the Tibetan environments. Nyingchi is located at the end of an important water vapor channel. In this study, continuous monitorin...
Article
Full-text available
The Tibetan Plateau and its surroundings, also known as the Third Pole, play an important role in the global and regional climate and hydrological cycle. Carbonaceous aerosols (CAs), including black carbon (BC) and organic carbon (OC), can directly or indirectly absorb and scatter solar radiation and change the energy balance on the Earth. CAs, alo...
Preprint
Glaciers have proven to be a particularly sensitive indicator of climate change, and the impact of glacier melting on downstream water supplies is becoming increasingly important as the world’s population expands and global warming continues. Data scarcity in mountainous catchments, on the other hand, has been a substantial impediment to hydrologic...
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Mountain glacier systems are decreasing in volume worldwide yet relatively little is known about their upper reaches (>5000 m). Here we show, based on the world's highest ice core and highest automatic weather stations, the significant and increasing role that melting and sublimation have on the mass loss of even Mt. Everest's highest glacier (Sout...
Article
Atmospheric nitrogen deposition is an important contributor to global and regional nitrogen cycles, and atmospheric nitrogen could be a critical limit nutrient for remote areas. In this study, nitrogen species compositions, deposition fluxes, and historical records in the mountains of Western China, including the Tibetan Plateau, were determined fr...
Article
In this study, we compiled a high-quality, in situ observational dataset to evaluate snow depth simulations from 22 CMIP6 models across high-latitude regions of the Northern Hemisphere over the period 1955–2014. Simulated snow depths have low accuracy (RMSE = 17–36 cm) and are biased high, exceeding the observed baseline (1976–2005) on average (18±...
Article
Human health risk a b s t r a c t Much attention is drawn to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) as an air pollutant due to their toxic, mutagenic and carcinogenic properties. Therefore, to understand the levels, seasonality, sources and potential health risk of PAHs in two distinct geographical locations at Karachi and Mardan in Pakistan, tota...
Article
Due to increased anthropogenic activities in recent decades, many heavy metal elements have been emitted into the atmosphere and transported to remote regions. The Enrichment factors (EFs) is a normally used method for evaluating the source of heavy metal elements. However, because of some flaws of this method (e.g., higher solubility of heavy meta...
Article
To elucidate the molecular composition and sources of organic aerosols in Central Asia, carbonaceous compounds, major ions, and 15 organic molecular tracers of total suspended particulates (TSP) were analyzed from September 2018 to August 2019 in Dushanbe, Tajikistan. Extremely high TSP concentrations (annual mean ± std: 211 ± 131 μg m⁻³) were obse...
Article
The cryosphere is the term used to describe the frozen areas of the Earth, including all forms of snow and ice, which are primarily influenced by anthropogenic pollutants through atmospheric transport. In this review, we described the current status of newly emergent pollutant-microplastics-in the snow and ice of typical cryospheric regions (e.g.,...
Preprint
Glaciers are recognized as a biome dominated by microorganisms and a reservoir of organic carbon and nutrients. Global warming remarkably increases glacier melting and runoff, which has a significant impact on the carbon and nitrogen cycle of downstream ecosystems. The Tibetan Plateau (TP), dubbed “the water tower of Asia”, owns the largest mountai...
Article
Full-text available
Physical erosion and chemical weathering rates beneath glaciers are expected to increase in a warming climate with enhanced melting but are poorly constrained. We present a global dataset of cations in meltwaters of 77 glaciers, including new data from 19 Asian glaciers. Our study shows that contemporary cation denudation rates (CDRs) beneath glaci...
Article
The high-spatial-resolution distributions of the mass concentration and chemical composition of submicron particulate matter (PM1) across four different functional districts in Lanzhou, a typical northwestern city in China, were studied during the winter haze pollution period using an on-road real-time mobile monitoring system. The purpose of this...
Article
The airborne microbiome is one of the relevant topics in ecology, biogeochemistry, environment, and human health. Bioaerosols are ubiquitous air pollutants that play a vital role in the linking of the ecosystem with the biosphere, atmosphere, climate, and public health. However, the sources, abundance, composition, properties, and atmospheric trans...
Article
Full-text available
The Tibetan Plateau (TP) has received wide scientific concern in recent decades owing to its important impacts on regional climatic and cryospheric changes, hydrological cycles, and environments. However, our understanding of the spatial distribution of the chemical and optical properties of aerosols is still limited based on prior single‐site obse...
Preprint
Full-text available
We collected surface snow samples from three different glaciers: Yala, Thana, and Sachin in the central and western Himalayas to understand the spatial variability and radiative impacts of light-absorbing particles. The Yala and Thana glaciers in Nepal and Bhutan, respectively, were selected to represent the central Himalayas. The Sachin glacier in...
Article
Full-text available
The retreat of sea ice has been found to be very significant in the Arctic under global warming. It is projected to continue and will have great impacts on navigation. Perspectives on the changes in sea ice and navigability are crucial to the circulation pattern and future of the Arctic. In this investigation, the decadal changes in sea ice paramet...
Article
This study was conducted in the Central Himalayan middle hills to understand the nature of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) embedded in aerosol particles, their sources and human health risk assessments. The level of sum of 15 particlephase PAHs was between 9 and 335 ng/m3, with an average concentration of 73±66 ng/ m3. There were strong sea...
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Full-text available
Under global warming, terrestrial water resource regulated by precipitation may become more unevenly distributed across space, and some regions are likely to be highly water-stressed. From the perspective of the hydrological cycle, we propose a method to quantify the water resource with potential precipitation capacity in the atmosphere, or hydrome...
Article
The Tibetan Plateau (TP), as a remote and sparsely populated area, is regularly exposed to polluted air masses sourcing from surrounding regions. Atmospheric circulation, as the major driving force generating long-range transport processes of air pollutants, contributes to high-pollution episodes on the TP. Therefore, using reanalysis data from the...
Article
Black carbon (BC) exerts potential effect on climate, especially in the Tibetan Plateau (TP), where the cryosphere and environment are very sensitive to climate change. Although transport of atmospheric BC from South and East Asia to the TP has been comprehensively investigated, transport of BC from Central and West Asia (CWA) to the TP and its cli...
Article
Mt. Everest (Qomolangma or Sagarmatha), the highest mount on Earth and located in the central Himalayas between China and Nepal, is characterized by highly concentrated glaciers and diverse landscapes, and is considered to be one of the most sensitive area to climate change. In this paper, we comprehensively synthesized the climate and environmenta...
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Full-text available
Air pollution is a grand challenge of our time due to its multitude of adverse impacts on environment and society, with the scale of impacts more severe in developing countries, including China. Thus, China has initiated and implemented strict air pollution control measures over last several years to reduce impacts of air pollution. Monitoring data...
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The location of Central Asia, almost at the center of the global dust belt region, makes it susceptible for dust events. The studies on atmospheric impact of dust over the region are very limited despite the large area occupied by the region and its proximity to the mountain regions (Tianshan, Hindu Kush-Karakoram-Himalayas, and Tibetan Plateau). I...
Article
Dissolved organic carbon (DOC) makes an important contribution to glacier melting in the Himalayas and the Tibetan Plateau (HTP). Photobleaching can effectively reduce the light absorption ability of DOC, further changing its impact on glacier melting, which is not yet well researched in the HTP. Therefore, snowpit samples from the Bayi, Ganglongji...
Article
The frequency and the intensity of extreme temperature events have both increased globally because of the effects of climate warming. Such extreme events should be distinct in high-elevation areas owing to the phenomenon of elevation-dependent warming; however, corroborating evidence remains limited because of scarce observations. This study used t...
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Full-text available
In this work, samples of surface snow, surface ice, snow pit and meltwater from the Laohugou Glacier No. 12 on the northern edge of Tibetan Plateau (TP) were collected during the summer of 2015. The average concentration of Hg in surface snow/ice was 22.41 ng L⁻¹, while the percentage of dissolved mercury (HgD) was observed to be around 26%. An alt...
Article
Most glaciers in the Tibetan Plateau (TP) are experiencing dramatic retreat, which is resulting in serious environmental and ecological consequences. In addition to temperature increases, increased light-absorbing particles (LAPs) and decreased precipitation were proposed to, independently, play important roles in reducing glacier accumulation. Bas...
Article
As a highly biotoxic element, mercury (Hg) can be enriched by the food chain and has negative effect on ecosystems. Changes of Hg flux and reserves in forest have important effects on its biogeochemical cycle in forest ecosystem. Due to limitation of temporal and spatial monitoring, there is not comprehensive understanding on Hg distribution. Widel...