Shi Wu Wen

Shi Wu Wen
Ottawa Hospital Research Institute | OHRI · Chronic Disease Program

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417
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Publications

Publications (417)
Article
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Background Central venous catheter (CVC) insertion complications are a prevalent and important problem in the intensive care unit (ICU), and source control by immediate catheter removal is considered urgent in patients with septic shock suspected to be caused by catheter-related bloodstream infection (CRBSI). We sought to determine the impact of im...
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Objective To accurately estimate the global prevalence of non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) in adults with non-cystic fibrosis (non-CF) bronchiectasis and to determine the proportion of NTM species and subspecies in clinical patients from 2006 to 2021. Design Systematic review and meta-analysis using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic R...
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Background The 2019 novel coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic remains rampant in many countries/regions. Improving the positive detection rate of COVID-19 infection is an important measure for control and prevention of this pandemic. This meta-analysis aims to systematically summarize the current characteristics of the auxiliary screening methods by se...
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Objective Obstetrical patients are at risk of complications from COVID-19 and face increased stress due to the pandemic and changes in hospital birth setting. The objective was to describe the perinatal care experiences of obstetrical patients who gave birth during the early phases of the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods A descriptive epidemiological su...
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Introduction The novel SARS-CoV-2 pandemic has provided a set of unique challenges for paediatric patients requiring emergency care across the globe. Reduction in paediatric emergency department (ED) usage during the COVID-19 pandemic has been widely reported, but no studies to date have consolidated and described what ramifications these reduction...
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Introduction Racial differences in adverse maternal and birth outcomes have been studied in other countries, however, there are few studies specific to the Canadian population. In this study, we sought to examine the inequities in adverse perinatal outcomes between Black and White pregnant people in Ontario, Canada. Methods We conducted a populati...
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This study aims to quantify the difference in prevalence of eczema between cesarean-born and vaginal-born infants within 1 year of age through a systematic review and meta-analysis. Six electronic databases were searched from inception to August 31, 2021. Studies were included if they reported the prevalence of eczema in infants within 1 year of ag...
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Importance: There is conflicting evidence on the association between intrapartum epidural analgesia and risk of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in offspring. Objective: To evaluate the association between intrapartum epidural analgesia and the risk of ASD in offspring. Design, setting, and participants: This population-based cohort study was co...
Preprint
Background Birth trauma may be a risk factor for postpartum post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, no systematic review on postpartum PTSD in women with traumatic childbirth has been reported. Objective This study aimed to estimate the incidence of PTSD following traumatic childbirth through systematic review and meta-analysis. Search stra...
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Background: Education is considered one of the most robust determinants of health. However, it is unclear whether maternal education and paternal education have differential impacts on perinatal health outcomes. We assess maternal and paternal education differences and their association with adverse birth outcomes in a large birth cohort from Onta...
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Aim To evaluate the impact of quetiapine treatment on central set point of thyroid homeostasis in patients with acute phase schizophrenia. Methods During Jan. 2016 to Dec. 2018, we conducted a retrospective cohort study in “the Second Affiliated Hospital of Xinxiang Medical University”. All patients admitted for treatment of schizophrenia being eu...
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Background Previous studies suggested that chemokines may play an important role in the formation and mediation of immune microenvironments of patients affected by Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus (T1DM). The aim of this study was to summarise available evidence on the associations of different chemokines with T1DM. Methods Following PRISMA guidelines, we...
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Background Studies investigating chemokines in gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) have yielded mixed results. The purpose of this meta-analysis was to explore whether concentrations of chemokines in patients with GDM differed from that of the controls. Methods Following Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) g...
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Objective: To investigate the interrelationships between maternal socioeconomic status (SES), race and congenital heart diseases (CHD) among infants. Design: Retrospective cohort study. Study setting: Ontario, Canada. Study population: All singleton stillbirths and live births born in hospitals between 1 April 2012 and 31 March 2018 in Ontar...
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We used a prospective cohort of pregnant women at 12 to 20 weeks gestation between 2002 and 2008 in Ottawa and Kingston to evaluate the impact of early pregnancy folic acid supplementation on the risk of gestational diabetes mellitus. Among 7552 eligible women, 84 (1.11%) were diagnosed of gestational diabetes mellitus. Non-significant associations...
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Importance Several studies have shown that older married couples share a propensity for accruing the same cardiovascular risk factors such as hypertension and dyslipidemia. However, it remains unclear if these spousal associations reflect their shared home environment and lifestyle or the tendency to choose a partner with a similar perspective on l...
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Background Open appendectomy, laparoscopic appendectomy, and non-surgical treatment are three options to treat acute appendicitis during pregnancy. Previous studies on the association of different treatment methods for acute appendicitis with pregnancy outcomes have been limited by small sample sizes and residual confounding, especially with respec...
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Aim: Hypothyroxinemia might be easily ignored, due to attention is typically paid to individuals with elevated thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH). In this study, we aimed to evaluate the association of oxcarbazepine use as adjuvant for treatment of schizophrenia with hypothyroxinemia and central set point of thyroid homeostasis. Methods: This ret...
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There is evidence that nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is affected by gut microbiota, glucose, and lipid. However, the function of water-electrolyte metabolism remains undefined in children with NAFLD. Therefore, the aim of this case-control study was to better understand these interactions. The sample consisted of 75 children, aged betwee...
Preprint
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Background Central venous catheter (CVC) insertion complications are a prevalent and significant problem in the intensive care unit (ICU), but optimal strategy for management in patients with suspected catheter-related bloodstream infection (CRBSI) remains unclear. We sought to determine the effect of immediate reinsertion of new catheter (IRINC) o...
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Background/objective: Previous studies have consistently demonstrated that maternal weight status both before and during pregnancy is associated with infant birthweight. However, a fundamental limitation across this literature remains that previous studies have not evaluated the concomitant impact of paternal weight at conception, owing to the pau...
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Aim To assess the association between acute phase treatment by valproate as an adjunctive drug and risk of new onset hypothyroidism in a large cohort of patients affected by schizophrenia. Methods We conducted a retrospective cohort study in a psychiatric hospital in China between January 2016 and December 2018. We obtained approval from the Ethic...
Preprint
BACKGROUND Background: Postpartum depression is a highly prevalent mental health problem with potential for serious adverse consequences. Telehealth interventions can increase the accessibility to treatments for postpartum depression and their effectiveness has been assessed by clinical trials. However, no comprehensive synthesis of findings by sys...
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Background: Postpartum depression (PPD) is a prevalent mental health problem with serious adverse consequences for affected women and their infants. Clinical trials have found that telehealth interventions for women with PPD result in increased accessibility and improved treatment effectiveness. However, no comprehensive synthesis of evidence from...
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Background To summarize evidence of benefits and risks of maternal and neonatal outcomes among pregnant women after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery. Methods A systematic search was conducted in MEDLINE, EMBASE, Web of Science, Ovid and Cochrane Library until 21st December 2018. Inclusion criteria were randomized trails or observational studies in...
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Objective: To assess the association between women's perceived birth trauma and risk of postpartum depression (PPD). Methods: We conducted a prospective cohort study in China between December 2018 and November 2019. Women aged 18-45 years who gave a singleton live birth at a university teaching hospital were enrolled after written consent was ob...
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Aim: Hypothyroxinemia could be easily neglected, if attention is paid only to patients with elevated TSH. We aimed to assess the association between mirtazapine use and hypothyroxinemia in patients affected by major depressive disorder. Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Xinxiang Medical Unive...
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Grade 4 peripheral intravenous infiltration with skin tears has seldom been reported. On 4 August 2020, a 35‐year‐old female patient was admitted to the emergency department of our hospital because of postprandial abdominal pain for 2 hours. She was diagnosed with a severe acute pancreatitis with type II diabetes mellitus. On 7 August, a vein detai...
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Background: The prevalence of cannabis use among pregnant individuals in Canada is increasing. In the design of new cohort studies to evaluate the patterns and outcomes of cannabis use in pregnancy, consideration must be given to the factors influencing participation, data sharing, and contribution of biological samples. Our objective was to assess...
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Background: Data on the effect of cesarean delivery on maternal request (CDMR) on maternal and neonatal outcomes are inconsistent and often limited by inadequate case definitions and other methodological issues. Our objective was to evaluate the trends, determinants and outcomes of CDMR using an intent-to-treat approach. Methods: We designed a p...
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Background A growing number of studies found inconsistent results on the role of chemokines in the progression of type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and prediabetes (PDM). The purpose of this meta-analysis was to summarize the results of previous studies on the association between the chemokines system and T2DM/PDM. Methods We searched in the databases, PubMe...
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Objective Maternal weight during pregnancy impacts the health of both mother and baby. This project investigated associations between maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and the child's future health service utilization. Methods The study population comprised all women who delivered a singleton, live infant in Ontario between 2012 and 201...
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Objective The objectives of this study were to: (1) document violent and controlling behaviours within intimate partnerships during the perinatal period; and (2) determine individual, interpersonal and household-level factors influencing the risk of perinatal intimate partner violence (IPV). Design Cross-sectional survey. Setting The Ottawa Hospi...
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Aim: To assess association between quetiapine treatment and risk of new onset hypothyroidism in schizophrenia patients. Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study in a tertiary hospital in China between January 2016 and December 2018. Schizophrenia patients with normal thyroid tests at admission were included. Hypothyroidism, which was d...
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Background: Periconceptional folic acid (FA) supplementation is recommended to prevent neural tube defects; however, the extent to which recommendations are met through dietary sources and supplements is not clear. Objectives: Our objective was to evaluate the dietary and supplemental intakes of FA in a Canadian pregnancy cohort and to determine...
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Background: Periconceptional folic acid (FA) supplementation is recommended to prevent the occurrence of neural tube defects. Currently, most over-the-counter FA supplements in Canada and the United States contain 1 mg FA and some women are prescribed 5 mg FA/d. High-dose FA is hypothesized to impair 1-carbon metabolism. We aimed to determine fola...
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Background: Women with a history of certain adverse outcomes in pregnancy (preterm birth, delivery of a small-for-gestational age [SGA] infant, preeclampsia, and gestational diabetes mellitus [GDM]) have an elevated lifetime prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and cardiovascular disease, compared with their peers. However, it is not known if Me...
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Background : Homelessness is a compelling public health problem, and homeless individuals are at increased risk for attempting suicide. However, the reported lifetime prevalence of suicidal attempt among homeless individuals in North America varied considerably. Therefore, this meta-analysis aimed to estimate the pooled lifetime prevalence of suici...
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Aims and objectives To explore the Chinese nurses’ knowledge and attitudes concerning advance care planning (ACP) and their engagement in ACP practice. Background Nurses’ knowledge, attitude, and practice of ACP are important in promoting ACP in patients, but little is known about knowledge, attitudes, and practice of ACP among nurses in countries...
Preprint
Background Hypothyroxinemia, i.e. Low free T4 with normal TSH level, which overlaps, to a great extent, with the laboratory criteria of central hypothyroidism, could be easily neglected, if attention is paid only to patients with elevated TSH. We aimed to assess the association between mirtazapine use and hypothyroxinemia in patients affected by ma...
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Objective Comprehensive comparison of maternal and neonatal outcomes between placenta previa with and without a history of caesarean delivery is sparse in the literature. The objective of this study was to conduct such an analysis. Methods We conducted a retrospective cohort study involving all cases of placenta previa among 56 070 singleton birth...
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Background Pregnancy is a time of increased vulnerability for the development of anxiety and depression. The purpose of this study was to compare the risk of developing adverse maternal and perinatal outcomes between pregnant women with moderate-severe depression and those who had mild depression. Methods Our study was performed in a prospective c...
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Background This study aimed to examine the relationships between various maternal socioeconomic status (SES) indicators and the risk of congenital heart disease (CHD). Methods This was a population-based retrospective cohort study, including all singleton stillbirths and live births in Ontario hospitals from April 1, 2012 to March 31, 2018. Multiv...
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Background Racial disparities in adverse perinatal outcomes have been studied in other countries, but little has been done for the Canadian population. In this study, we sought to examine the disparities in adverse perinatal outcomes between Asians and Caucasians in Ontario, Canada. Methods We conducted a population-based retrospective cohort stud...
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Objectives The aim of the study is to synthesize the evidence and evaluate the total cell-free deoxyribonucleic (cfDNA) associated with the prediction of preeclampsia (PE). Total cfDNA is constituted by both cell-free fetal DNA (cffDNA) originated mainly from the placenta, and maternal cfDNA derived from maternal leukocytes. Methods A systematic re...
Preprint
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Background Previous studies on the association between mode of delivery and posttraumatic stress disorder have yielded inconsistent results. This study aimed to further investigate the association between mode of delivery and posttraumatic stress disorder in a cohort of Chinese women with a high rate of cesarean delivery. Methods We conducted a pro...
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Background: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has become a pandemic with no specific and widely accepted effective drug or vaccine. However, studies have shown that Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) may play a significant role as an auxiliary treatment for COVID-19. Objective: This study aimed to assess the effects of TCM as an auxiliary treatm...
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Since fetal programming is sex-specific, there may also be sex-specific in parental influences on newborn birth weight. We aimed to investigate the influence of parental factors on small-for-gestational-age (SGA) infants of different sexes. Based on a pre-pregnancy cohort, multivariate logistic regression was used. 2275 couples were included for an...
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We sought to assess chronic inflammatory responses in patients who achieved pregnancy by oocyte donation and non-oocyte donation-assisted reproductive technology and delivered at The Ottawa Hospital. Data describing maternal health, obstetrical outcomes, neonatal outcomes, and placental pathology were collected and analyzed from electronic medical...
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Introduction Racial differences in the association between type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and large-for-gestational-age (LGA) neonates remain unclear. The objective of this study was to compare the effect of T1DM on LGA neonates between Caucasian and Asian women. Research design and methods A population-based retrospective cohort study was conduc...
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Background Previous studies on the association between chemokines concentrations and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) yielded inconsistent results. Therefore, the purpose of this network meta-analysis was to summarize these results. Methods The databases of PubMed, Web of Science, Psyc-ARTICLES, Embase and Cochrane Library were searched for r...
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RATIONALE Despite potential importance, the epidemiology of coexisting obstructive sleep apnea and asthma (OSA/asthma) or OSA and COPD (OSA/COPD) has not been well studied. OBJECTIVES To access the trends in prevalence and mortality of coexisting OSA/asthma or OSA/COPD among individuals 35-years or older in Ontario, Canada. METHODS AND MEASUREMEN...
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Accumulating evidence suggests that chemokines may play an important role in the formation and mediating of the immune microenvironment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The purpose of this meta-analysis was to explore the differences in blood or tissues chemokines concentrations between HCC patients and controls. Online databases, namely PubMed,...
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Cannabis use in pregnancy has increased1,2, and many women continue to use it throughout pregnancy3. With the legalization of recreational cannabis in many jurisdictions, there is concern about potentially adverse childhood outcomes related to prenatal exposure4. Using the provincial birth registry containing information on cannabis use during preg...
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Background and Purpose: Previous studies found inconsistent results regarding the relationship between Alzheimer's disease (AD) and catecholamines, such as dopamine (DA), norepinephrine (NE), and epinephrine (EPI). Therefore, the purpose of this study was to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the results of previous studies o...
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Background: Previous results on the relationship between non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and chemokine concentrations were inconsistent. The purpose of this network meta-analysis was to evaluate the link between chemokine system and NAFLD. Methods: Relevant data, published not later than June 31, 2019, were searched in the databases of Pu...
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Introduction Caesarean delivery under maternal request (CDMR) is a major factor contributing to the rising global rates of caesarean section (CS) procedure. The choice of CDMR without medical indications could provide a sense of assured safety by avoiding the experiences and complications of vaginal birth, and the risks related to an emergency CS....
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Importance A recent epidemic of opioid abuse has been described in many communities, although population-based data on trends in use in pregnancy and perinatal outcomes after in utero exposure remain limited. Objective To assess trends in prenatal opioid use and the potential association between prenatal opioid use and preterm birth and adverse pe...
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Background The clinical implications of potential interactions between proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) and clopidogrel have been debated for over a decade.Objective We assessed the association between combined clopidogrel–PPI treatment and the risk of recurrent myocardial infarction (MI) and three secondary outcomes.Patients and MethodsA nested case–...
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To examine the racial differences in the population attributable fraction (PAF) of prepregnancy obesity and excessive gestational weight gain to large-for-gestational-age (LGA) neonates. We conducted a population-based retrospective cohort study among all women who had prenatal screening and had a singleton live birth in a hospital (1 April 2016–31...
Preprint
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Background There is sparse in the literature on resting energy expenditure guided intervention to manage gestational weight gain in obese and overweight women. Methods We conducted a prospective cohort study in Beijing, China between May 1, 2017 and April 30, 2018. Obese/overweight women who visited the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at Lu...
Preprint
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Background To summarize evidence on the association of maternal alcohol consumption during pregnancy with preeclampsia (PE) or hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP). Methods We searched PubMed, EMBASE, PsycINFO, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials databases. We included original studies that presented relative risks, odds ratios,...